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Stairs

August 12, 2017 18:06

Making the stairs " goose step" on their own - a turn-based technology

The small two-storey houses full ladder device often takes precious square footage, so you have to choose the design of compact lestnits.nim refers ladder "goose-step" with the increased angle and cut in one side of the steps.Going up and down stairs on a carried out in a specific pattern, due to the cut shape up only a certain side of the steps.

Ladder "goose step" allows you to save 30 to 70 percent of the area of ​​the first floor.The houses for permanent residence ladder "goose-step" is used more often as an auxiliary.The lodges or small cottages for temporary accommodation of this type of ladder is used more widely.

Description ladders "goose step»

stairs of this type may be straight or turning on kosour, bowstrings or rails.When used on a support kosour ladder based on a specially sawn projections in bearing beams.handrail supports with the set on the steps themselves.Form stringers for stairs "goose step" rather complicated, with different profile ledges, so it needs to perform at a pre-prep

ared templates.

Making goose step ladder with his hands

Making goose-step ladder with his hands

ladder with withs installed in slots in the side beams - bowstring groove depth in this case is 20-30 mm.Notches mark out a template, do not forget to alternate them to varying degrees of width.For greater strength staircase on the string pull together with metal or wood strands located under the stairs.Railing stairs in this design are fixed on the string, trying at the place of balusters and cutting them at an angle.

stairs design

staircase design

rails - self-supporting elements, tightening steps and takes the pressure off.Their location depends on the shape of steps, and the whole design of this staircase is quite difficult for the independent design.

Mounting the stairs and rails

mount the stairs and rails

stair treads are usually made of pine, beech and oak.The thickness of the stages should be at least 36 mm, and the width in the wide portion - 30 cm. The width of the narrow portion is selected depending on the ladder inclination angle so that it does not overlap below the step, but it had sufficient strength so that it canit was mounted on poles.The total width of the stairs should allow convenient to move through it one person at the same time does not make it too broad you need to not have when going up and down to make too big steps.Optimum width of the stairs "goose-step." - 60-80 cm

performance ladder "goose-step" technology with their hands

With minimum skills working with wood to perform a simple straight ladder "goose-step" can be their own hands.To do this, you must advance to settle and determine the width of the stairs, the angle of elevation, the number of stages and the size of the span in plan.If you do not have the skills of the designer, you can use ready-made drawing.

performance technology ladder

technology performance ladder

Production support beams

presented in the figure refers to the small-sized staircase stairs tetivnogo type that is based on the stage of the grooves in the bearing support beams - string.The side ropes are made of thick, dry planed boards.The optimum thickness of the board - 60 mm, width - 30 cm Recommended ladder angle -. 45 to 60 degrees, and the length of each string with a ceiling height of 2.5 m shown in the table of the first floor.

Table Corner stairs inclination to the length of the string

Table Corner stairs inclination to the length of the string

markup on prepared board is applied on a pre-drawn on cardboard templates.When applying the marking must be remembered that the steps are staggered, alternating on each bowstring wide and narrow side.landing steps jacks operate with a manual mill.To improve the accuracy of the pattern can be made of plywood or MDF with grooves and the rack, providing a template fixation on the board at the desired angle.

The process of applying a markup on prepared board

process of applying a markup on prepared board

steps Making

steps made of dry pine boards 36 mm thick.Board cut width, one front corner is cut in a straight line or patterns, and then treated with a grinder all sharp corners.The lower level is done without cut corners.

ladder assembly

Ladder collect on the floor or other flat surface.Lay one string and set up nests in her step, promazyvaya sealant joints for wood.On top of the steps laid a second string and combine stage with sockets.Fasten the string on the stairs with a wooden hammer.

The process of assembling the ladder

process build a ladder

Installation strands

When load step bend, and then back straightened.This creates a force contributing to divergence bowstrings in different directions.To avoid this, in three or four places under the stairs installed metal or wooden bands.Wood strands made of a dry bar.They are inserted into specially made through the grooves, and the ends propped steel or wooden wedges.Metal strands are the desired length studs.Under them into bowstrings drill hole of the required diameter, fix them with the nuts and close decorative elements.

Different ways of mounting withs

Various methods of attachment withs

Installing stair railing and fastening

ladder put on a dedicated place for it, the lower end resting on the supporting bar and the top - in a pre-made grooves in the beam overlap.Fix the support bar on the floor beam with anchor bolts.Handrails for stairs "goose step" should be strong, if the ladder with one hand, runs along the walls, they operate with just one hand.The supporting pillars railing put on the floor of the first floor in a pre-prepared nest, additionally fix them on the studs.Balusters and rails for the railing is mounted on the top or side of the bowstrings using pins or screws previously missed joiner's glue joints.Railings fastened with screws from the inside.

installation technology ladder and mounting handrails

staircase installation technology and fastening of handrails

ladders Finishing

Ladder "goose-step" usually has a fairly steep shape, so steps coating must not be slippery.The best option is to finish the ladder paint and varnish materials, followed by fixing pads on the steps of the non-slip material, such as carpet.The varnish or paint is applied to all wooden staircase structure after pre-sanding and dust removal.If the tree can be seen traces of the fastening elements, their closed wooden plugs or sealant.If desired, the tree can be given any color, covering it stained or color scheme for the tree.Covering well dried, if necessary, again grind very fine sandpaper and coated with a second layer of varnish.

Ladder "goose-step" refers to the compact stairs.It looks original and takes up little space, but in the homes of permanent residence may not be very convenient, especially if some members of the family have the elderly or small children.In this case it is better to install marching straight stairway to the second floor or the rotary ladder.