Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:05

Installation of drip irrigation in greenhouses with their own hands

Comprehensive care of the plants suggests including regular soil irrigation organization.But it must be borne in mind that for each crop in this case has its own peculiarities.For example, the rate of supply of moisture, the uniformity of its distribution on the plot.In greenhouses the greatest application is the method of drip irrigation planting, which is quite possible to do with their hands on your site.

Features

  1. not going soil erosion, the soil is saturated as possible, to a great depth, whereas in surface irrigation is not all the moisture reaches the root system of plants.
  2. excluded irrational use of liquid, giving her savings to 50%.
  3. Continuity and regularity of soil moisture.
  4. Plants do not get burns that often occurs when watering the usual way, as in this case, any drop of water on a leaf becomes a sort of "lens", refracting a ray of sunshine (the light from the lighting device).
  5. Plant roots do not extend in different directions, and develop in a limited area that allows you to fit mo
    re frequent, making the most of the usable area.
  6. provides the most favorable temperature of water for watering plants.
  7. probability of occurrence of weeds is minimized, there is no erosion.

Konica Minolta DIGITAL CAMERA

significantly reduces the time and effort required to conduct irrigation activities, not to mention the convenience of using sistemoy.Takaya organization of care of plants provides their good growth, higher yields (by 60 - 70%), can reduce the use of various fertilizers,which has a positive effect on the "environmental friendliness of products."And seedlings planted under these conditions will require less.From this perspective, drip irrigation is a method of cost-effective.

scheme for drip irrigation in greenhouses is quite simple: a source of water - Cleaning Filter - capillary system.If the first two parts of the design do not have too much difficulty, then drip line is to understand more.

sale in 2 versions - a tape or tube.However, the "Ribbon" - the code name.In fact it is the same pipe, but elastic.It looks like a ribbon in the collapsed state, in the bay.At the end of each section of the line is placed "spray" - dropper.It is available as a built-in tube (tape), and joins her.Recent

are diverse - liquid flow rate, the number of holes, the design (compensated or not).




System - watering

Preparations

Pre-defined "seedlings" layout depending on the type of culture (the spaces between rows in a greenhouse, their length).It should be noted that for each type of plant has its own peculiarities irrigation.If a "garden of" different planted seedlings, you will have to make separate subsystem watering.

calculates the required fluid requirements for each type of seedlings.On the basis of this determined maximum water flow while watering all plants.

component elements of the system layout - lengths of tubes, connectors (adapters, crosses), a dropper.

counted kinds of fittings required, their number, the number of droppers (if installed separately), the total length of the hose.

samol diagram

Mounting System Installation

Kapel_enl capacity is used every tank of sufficient capacity, providing full irrigation for the entire time of planting 1.Please note that it should be placed approximately 2 - 2.5 m above the level of the beds.In this case, the water will go samotokom and the pump is not required.Depending on the type of container can be docked or on a wall, or mounted on a stand.

place in the greenhouse should be chosen based on how it is more convenient to bring it to the regular tube filled with liquid.The output is placed in compulsory tap.It must allow not only the opening / closing of the watering lines, and fine adjustment of the volume of water passing through it.

desirable to "vessel" has the cover.During the operation will be precipitation in the bottom of it, so it shall be possible cleaning capacity.Incidentally, it is therefore an outlet (together with the crane) is mounted above the bottom (about 2 cm) to a "line" left clean water without suspensions.

Filter

Much depends on where the water comes from.If from a natural body of water, that is, the risk of falling in different microorganisms.They will reproduce, and have often changed and nozzles and tubes (tapes, hoses), as all the holes are clogged.Given their diameter, they are unlikely to be cleaned, especially throughout the length of the line.

is better if the water is from a well or wells.The liquid from the central water supply system also needs a high-quality cleaning, especially if the metal pipe.In a lot of water solids (rust, for example).

What type of filter to choose, everyone decides, depending on local conditions.But it is advisable to do is not only tough, but also a fine purification of water.Spending on the filter will reduce the cost of subsequent repair of the system elements.Yes, and the soil is to "plantations" will not become contaminated with all sorts of deposits.

system capillaries

kapel03 can buy an ordinary garden hose.Recommended opaque (to avoid the growth of microorganisms on its inner walls) of not more than 1.5 mm of thickness.This is easier to lay on the irrigation sector.

In accordance with the scheme developed by the hose is cut to the desired number of pieces of a certain length.All are interconnected fittings in accordance with the scheme laid.

to mark the location of the seats droppers.Accordingly, in the segments of hose are pierced hole.Their diameter must be such that the drip is securely fixed.If possible, it joins the small-tube bends (if the design) for simultaneous irrigation of several plants.

Automation can improve the system, if desired.To do this you will need a control device (controller), and a solenoid valve.According to the program established by the owner of the crane will independently opened / closed.The same principle can be automated and content capacity (if necessary).

It is advisable to do when the owner of the site prevented the regular care of planting in the greenhouse (work + Other economic affairs, travel and so on).

Sprinkle 1 Approximate costs

estimate depends on many factors - the number of elements, the length of lines, price policy in the region.It is therefore appropriate to bring only the approximate prices for the main components:

  • «Tape» (with hole spacing of 0.4 m) - 4 rubles / rm .;
  • hose uncompensated (1.5 l / h, 0.3 m - the distance between droppers) - 28.5 rubles / rm .;
  • dropper foreign - from 6.5 rubles / pcs .;
  • fitting (for Micro-irrigation) - from 13 rubles / pcs .;
  • filters: coarse - 280, fine - 350 rubles;
  • pressure reducers - 580 p .;
  • fitting - 15 p .:
  • air valves - 36 p .:
  • tees - 34 p.

Recommendations

better to get a dropper, which is supposed to self-cleaning.All other models are usually disposable, as most of them do not provide removing structure.

is also advisable to use the product, which can be connected outlets.This will allow a drip watering multiple plants.

«Feeds» produced by different technologies.There are options with welded walls, and they are much cheaper.But their life is very small.

necessary to consider the maximum pressure in the pipes.0.1 mm wall thickness - less than 0.1 atm.

hose must not be too soft, otherwise the water pressure will be simply "thrown away" dropper.But it should not be too hard, as this would complicate the installation of the system and securing droppers.

We hope that this article has been helpful.In any case, the cost of drip irrigation system is fully repaid.