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August 12, 2017 18:06

Lighthouses for leveling the floor with their hands : installation, styling

If your intention is to change in your office or home flooring, then before choosing linoleum, parquet or laminate, you absolutely need to check the height of the drops on the floor.Virtually all modern floor coverings are very critical to the smooth surface of the floor.In the case under the old flooring you found protrusions, cracks, bumps and elevation changes, the new flooring will repeat these shortcomings.

Lighthouses for floor leveling

Lighthouses for floor leveling

About any aesthetic appeal in this case is out of the question.In addition, an uneven floor surface can cause premature wear of the floor covering, linoleum or plate will break, abrasions, cuts, cracks will form and rupture.For the same reason it is not recommended to lay floor screed to the building, which is usually done very badly.

main methods of floor leveling

There are several basic ways of leveling the floor, bring it to a perfectly smooth state.Depending on the initial conditions can be used:

  1. dry;
  2. moist;
  3. wet screed types.Accordingly

mixtures are used with the addition of water or dry compositions.

Lighthouse - the key to a smooth floor

In order to start leveling the floor before laying floor covering, you must first verify the existing vertical drop and set the special beacon, indicating a flat surface.Focusing on the exposed beacons, you can calculate the required number of roughing and finishing leveling coat.

first stage: Zero level

for planning work on the laying of the screed is necessary to expose the so-called zero level.The most modern way of its definition and the designation is to use a laser level, on the basis of evidence that make a mark on the walls of the room.Ideally, mark set on a laser beam are joined subsequently by a solid line.

minimum vertical distance to which you need to retreat from the highest point of the floor is 30 mm.

Setting the zero level

Setting zero

Connect the risks posed on the basis of the laser beam level readings can be with a pencil and a cord.Based on the deduced pencil lines and beacons will be exhibited for the calculation and execution of the leveling floor screed.However, you can just spend a solid line on the wall, focusing on the beam when using laser level.

Leveling the floor with a laser level

floor leveling with a laser level

second stage: Profile beacons

Profile beacons for leveling the floor should be installed at a distance of about 20-30 cm from the wall.First, mark the location of the beacon on the floor.This can be done in the usual chalk.

Setting profile beacons

Installation profile lighthouses

There is a way to refer to the required level of the floor with screws.Their spin on the grid marked on the floor, focusing on beam laser level.Each screw is twisted to a desired depth, after which the heads of screws are interconnected durable thread.Directly under the thread fit "roller coaster" of the fixing solution, and only then on the "roller coaster" is located profile, the upper edge of which must match the thread taut.

Lighthouses for floor screeds based on screws

Lighthouses for floor screeds based on screws

Stage Three: intermediate beacons

for leveling screed is used "rule."Depending on the length of the tool calculate the distance between the profiles that act as beacons.It should be 10-15 cm less than the length of the "rules", so that the tool is slid along the edges of the lighthouses are not dropping in.Typically beacons arranged parallel to each other and one of the walls of the room.

Setting intermediate beacons

Setting intermediate beacons

Fourth stage: the alignment guides

To facilitate the issuing of beacons at a level coinciding with strained strings, for them can lay a solid object such as a tile or wooden blocks.

Heed to the choice of material such pads.When using "wet" lining covering, made of moisture-absorbent material may deform and break the horizontal profile used as a lighthouse.However, when using dry screed hygroscopic pads do not play a special role to this end, even sheets of cardboard can be used.To prevent sagging and deformations of the profile, used as a beacon, place the liner at a small distance from each other about 30 inches.

algorithm issuing beacons for dry screed

When using the "dry" screed on the floor surface scatter and line the dry particulate matter.One of the most popular materials for such a tie is a concrete block (see the article about the floor screed with expanded clay).When organizing dry grievous beacons can be manufactured from a wide range of materials.Subsequently, they will remain in a layer of screed, its dry matter.In this case, the height of the beacons should not exceed the height of the superimposed ties.Note that when the dry screed minimum its height should not exceed 3 cm.Best used in this case, beacons of durable profile, preventing their deformation when placing the dry flowable screed substance.

Recall that when organizing ties at the most they can be laid waterproofing layer.Accordingly, the use of screws for attaching the beacon to the surface may not be feasible because the sharp ends of the screws may break waterproofing.

To arrange dry screed, we recommend that you use as beacons U-shaped profile, which must be laid on a layer of waterproofing pointed ends up.Since the minimum height of the screed is 3 centimeters, the height of the profile must comply with this indicator.

floor screed using expanded clay

screed using expanded clay

space between the lighthouse and the inner surface of the profile is filled with dry solids, the back side of it is based on waterproofing without damaging it.As well as the installation of wet screed - the distance between the beacons should be more than the length of the "rules."By moving the "rule", you remove the excess material and expose a flat floor surface.

can be used in the organization of dry screed and a massive profile, for example, used in the construction of drywall partitions.In some such beacons resemble logs of wood, which are placed in the construction of the wooden floor.The device includes a wood floor installation lag beacons at a close distance, about 40 inches apart.These logs beacons may subsequently be laid plaster-fiber sheet.

Also as in wet screed, the profile used as a beacon fixed on the floor surface by a fixing solution, such as gypsum.Such an approach, in contrast to the use of cement and lime fixation allows for short time to start the work to continue.

After drying, fixing plaster solution can begin laying the screed.To enhance the strength of the profiles used as a beacon, you can use them in pairs, putting one into the other.

Important!
Approach exhibiting level beacons need with special attention as to their correct location depends on horizontal finish.In some cases, we recommend positioning beacons in the form of a grid, for a more accurate fixing the necessary level of ties.

Video - beacons for floor leveling