Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

Blind area of pavement tiles with their hands

blind area - it's not just the foundation of protection against moisture and frost, but also a decorative element of the building, giving the appearance of its completeness and charm.In addition, the blind area is often used as a footpath along the walls of the house, so the blind area of ​​the paving slabs is the best perform its intended function.

Blind area of pavement tiles with their hands

blind area of ​​pavement tiles with their hands

The advantages of the blind area of ​​paving tiles or pavers include:

  • good waterproofing and thermal insulation of the foundation;
  • Long service life;
  • for its implementation does not need heavy equipment and cubic meters of concrete, all work can be done with his own hands;
  • No need to perform a reinforcing frame;
  • blind area of ​​sidewalk tile aesthetic looks, the correct choice of tile or pavers fit into any style of the building;
  • If necessary blind area may be partially dismantled and then put in place.This communication is important when repairs.

to perform blind area, you can use almost any p

aving tiles or pavers.In addition, you will need:

  • Border tile;
  • roll waterproofing dense film ;;
  • Clay hydraulic lock device;
  • Sand;
  • Rubble;
  • geotextiles;
  • small amount of cement to secure the joints;
  • the presence of drains - sewers and pipes.

On execution of the blind area of ​​the paving slabs with their hands in a private home usually takes a few days off, and most of the time necessary for the compaction of layers and spilling.Tiling very long time does not take.

technology implementation blind area of ​​paving slabs

  1. determines the width of the blind area based on the width of the selected tile, taking into account the width of the border.Mark up the blind area with a tape, pegs and strings and remove the soil to a depth of about 40 cm If the top layer of soil -. Clay, enough clean
  2. 30 cm Line the bottom of the resulting trench and stack desyatisantimetrovyh layer of clay, making a small deviation from the outside of the foundation walls..Clay carefully ram.In the area with clay soil this operation can not do.

    The width of the blind area noted by a thread

    width of the blind area noted by a thread

  3. laid on the bottom of the trench layer is durable waterproofing film with overlapping on the foundation being built above the blind area.The joints of the film with the base treated with sealant to the exterior.

    At the bottom of the trench is laid a waterproof film with overlapping home

    At the bottom of the trench is laid a waterproof film with overlapping home

  4. Poured on top of the waterproofing layer of sand 5-10 cm. Align it and throw water to seal carefully ram.For better sealing spilling can be repeated several times.At the same time you can not use a jet of water - it washes out the sand.The width of the blind area noted by a thread

    On top of the waterproofing film is poured layer of sand

    top of waterproofing film is poured layer of sand

  5. lay pipes from the future to the general drainage collector the well.Expose the curb on the markup and the level of temporarily fixing it with the help of wooden pegs.

    Installation Technology curb

    curb installation technology

  6. fall asleep trench gravel layer with the value of the fraction of 20-30 mm.A layer of gravel - about 10 cm His appointment -. Creation of an air cushion, which allows to improve the hydro and thermal insulation properties of the blind area.Crushed as ram, then temporary removed the pegs fixing the curb.

    Filling otmostki rubble

    Filling otmostki rubble

  7. blanketed gravel layer of geotextile.This layer is required in order to prevent siltation and sand filling of air gaps in the rubble.Additionally, geotextile prevents germination of plant roots through the blind area, which can cause swelling tiles.

    Rubble poured a layer of geotextile

    Rubble poured a layer of geotextile

  8. top of the geotextile is poured layer of sand and sand also shed ram thickness of 7-10 cm., And then align the rack so as to create a bias in the outer side in the 3-6 degrees.For convenience, can be mounted on a supporting foundation of the bar using a level, and putting it on the curb and leveling rail, smooth sand.

    Over geotextile is poured layer of sand and tamp

    top of the geotextile is poured layer of sand and tamp

  9. pavers or tiles are laid, starting from the foundation wall.She lay on the sand dumping, rap wooden hammer and level by level, lightly pushing it in the sand base.Tiles fit together, making sure not to leave voids.Install water intake and manifold to drain.

    Pavers and tiles are placed from the edge set as the collector for water

    pavers and tiles are placed from the edge set as the collector for water

  10. space between the tiles fall asleep clean sifted sand and spray shed water.This operation is repeated several times until all spaces are filled with tightly packed sand.To prevent sand erosion during rain and germination of plant seeds can be mixed with dry sand dry cement in a ratio of 1: 8 or 1: 6, and a final layer of backfill performed using this mixture.When spilling cement grabs, and the gaps between the tiles will not be susceptible to damage.

    The space between the tiles fall asleep clean sifted sand

    space between the tiles is filled with pure sand sifted

  11. Border outside of the trench can pour gravel below ground level, and to give it greater strength joints to seal the cement-sand mortar.

blind area made of paving slabs - not the cheapest way, and the main share of the costs it is necessary to buy the most tiles.However, when the tiles have free time can be made independently, while its price is lower in two-three times.

Manufacturing paving stones and paving slabs

Pavers consists of high-quality concrete solution consisting of cement brand M500, sand, small fraction of filler, plasticizer and caramel.For its production requires special forms, which are available on request from the manufacturer of equipment for the production of paving stones.You can also use self-made forms.In addition, for the manufacture of tiles required vibration table, the role of which can easily play the old washing machine included in the extraction mode.

pavers and tiles Manufacturing process:

  1. Prepare forms: washed from dust, dried, spread out on the vibrating table.The inner surface is treated with any brush dishwashing detergent.

    Preparation of the future shape

    preparation of the future shape

  2. mixed solution: cement M500, sand, gravel of small fraction is dry mixed in a ratio of 2: 2: 2.At 15 kg of this mixture was added 30 grams of superplasticizer for concrete, dye, if desired, diluted with water and thoroughly mixing until the solution is quite thick.

    creating a technology solution for paving slabs

    Technology for creating a solution for paving slabs

  3. The solution lay in the form of about a half, after which include vibration at 0.5-3 minutes.If you use a washing machine, it needs to be put in a spin cycle at high speeds, pre-setting the drum heavy wet unnecessary thing, for example, a jacket or a blanket.After removal of air bubbles is added to the solution to form the upper edge and align it with a trowel, vibration is repeated.

    Cement molded into shape

    cement filled in the form

  4. forms with a solution put on the drying in a dark place, covering them with plastic wrap to prevent moisture from evaporating too quickly.After two days the tiles are removed from the forms, by immersing them for 10-20 seconds in hot water, the temperature is - 70 degrees.After this procedure with a mild impact on the bottom mold tile seamlessly moves.

    Paving tiles made ​​with their own hands

    Paving tiles made with their own hands

  5. resulting tiles are laid on a flat surface and leave the stacks for the final curing for 3-4 weeks.
  6. Paving tiles made ​​with their own hands

    Paving tiles made with their own hands

blind area of ​​paving slabs, made with his own hands, will not cause a serious blow to your wallet at the same time serve faithfully for many years.To improve the thermal insulation properties of the blind area can also be produced using thermal insulation foundation Penoplex.

Video - laying paving slabs