Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

Using solar panels to heat your home

Using solar panels to heat your home

Using solar panels to heat your home, as an alternative to other energy sources, it is possible to save the budget.

particularly financial flow is noticeable in winter, when gas or electric meter works continuously, reeling cubes or kilowatts.But for them, we have to give half of the monthly salary.

Since solar panels are an inexhaustible source of energy, solar heating can be considered as the ideal solution to maintain a comfortable climate in the home.

with their use can provide not only a complete home heating, but also catering for a variety of household appliances.

Solar cell is a device that functions under the influence of the sun's energy.

similar principle of action can be seen even in the twentieth century, when the shelves were calculators, working by miniature solar cells.

Since then experiment and use the forces of nature for the benefit of humankind, scientists have become even more intense.

As a result, in addition to equipment and devices (electric, HB-SIA plane, lanterns

, music players) running on solar thermal energy, solar panels there.

Contents:

  • Advantages and disadvantages of solar operation
  • Types of solar panels and features of their equipment
  • general principle of solar battery

Advantages and disadvantages of solar operation

Set your own hands a system of solarpanels on the roof of a private home can be almost everyone having a basic experience in electrical and ready to allocate funds for their purchase.

As a rule, the return of solar panels is from 2 to 5 years - the terms depend on the type and specifications of the installed equipment.

In return the money spent in the warm house, for which it is not necessary to pay more during this time.

The circuit of the heating system

With solar energy reserve, you can heat the house and did not have anything to do with public utilities.

In this live in warmth can be any number from time to time by adjusting the temperature in the room.

Photovoltaic battery can also become a source of power for lighting devices and home appliances.

radiation from the sun are constantly attracted by solar plates, so they can be operated at any time of year and in any climatic zone.

equipment is not exposed to atmospheric agents, the design is well protected and carefully thought out.

The disadvantage of solar wafers, used for heating and lighting homes, worth pointing out that battery operated efficiently in the winter time, the first half, when the sun shines stronger.

Therefore, design of the system should be mounted with their hands on the south side of the roof.

In this working area of ​​a private house roof must be at least 40 square meters.m., that will provide the required amount of energy.

If necessary, use the 500 kW power for 30 days, you must take into account that about 20 of them must be the sun.

second significant drawback - it is the high cost of installation, but all costs, as mentioned above, recouped within 2-5 years.

Especially when the installation of equipment for heating the house has been carefully planned.

After its performance largely depends on the angle of the roof, which should be about 450.

battery mounting

In addition, there should be no barriers to the plates, which prevented to produce energy, such as drop-shadow on the house or buildinglarge trees.

Stropilovku house before installing batteries is recommended to strengthen their hands in order to prevent the roof fall in the winter, when the roof, in addition to the batteries, will the snow drifts.

Types of solar panels and features of their equipment

Today, there are two types of solar panels, their technical characteristics may be used freely for the supply of electricity to housing.

The first group includes small photovoltaic systems that generate power from 12 to 24 volts - enough to house fully covered and worked around the clock TV.

The second group includes large photovoltaic installation, which with proper installation provides heating and lighting average-sized homes.

batteries during installation are completed by the following auxiliary elements:

  • vacuum solar collector;
  • control device or controller - monitors the operation of the system;
  • pump - supplies coolant to the reservoir from the reservoir;
  • container under hot water, its volume from 500 to 1000 liters;
  • electric heating element.

Water house warm water heating system "warm floor" - all these pleasures can be obtained by natural phenomena free, provided the installation of power equipment.

To calculate the required capacity of the unit, take into account the number of family members, living space and the size of a standard volume of consumed energy.

for household needs of the family, consisting of three people, it may take from 200 to 500 kWh / month.

Since winter efficiency of the battery is reduced, after the arrangement of photovoltaic panels with their own hands is not necessary to completely abandon the usual heating with the aim of reinsurance.

heating Components

operating solar term exceeds 25 years, the problem with their repair and maintenance throughout these years - a rarity.

only thing necessarily have to do is to clear them from the settling dust and from time to time, to change the external batteries once their power is no longer enough to hold full capacity.

general principle of solar battery

design of PV systems consists of a large number of solar cells.

In turn, they are capable of absorbing the sun rays, whereby their structure electrochemical reaction occurs.Thus

in each photocell minimum amount of current is formed, which is connected to one stream and exits the batteries.

A solar cell is capable of producing about 250 volts.

Since this amount is not enough to fully power the house, establish several such panels, combining them into one single system.

As a result, it becomes possible to achieve the desired power.If you put the battery in an area of ​​20-30 m2, the surplus will be able to provide electricity to the house srednestaticheskogo family.

produced in a chemical reaction the electricity supplied through the controller to the batteries is then fed through an inverter to the power grid.

External batteries must have a volume corresponding to the non-working time of the solar system, it has a view of the night-time, when production is reduced voltage panels.

Video:

Thus charged batteries during the daylight hours, usually at this time of electricity in excess.

Regarding functional purpose inverter, the device used to convert direct current into alternating current which then becomes suitable for modern electrical supply.Among them

and electric boilers, which can be used for heating private houses by solar panels.

By investing and installing solar equipment once, you can achieve efficient operation of the panels all the year round.

This does not prevent the dark, which became possible after the development and production of photovoltaic panels for the functioning of the infrared radiation, which has the ability to pass through the thick clouds and darkness.