Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

Technology paving laying his hands

Technology paving laying his hands

Laying of paving slabs with their own hands is not easy, but anyone who has at least a minimum of experience in repair work, the strength to perform it himself.

In this article you will learn what are the tiles and what characteristics are different types of them.

also will be given step by step instructions how to lay the material, how to make a solution, and the ways in which you can lay tile, including such popular as a diamond and the old town.

photos and videos to help you do the job and do no worse than the professional builders.

Contents:

  • Choosing tiles
  • Options paving laying
  • Laying tiles

tiles Choosing

Pros use of paving slabs in the country are obvious - this material is durable, it is absolutely safe for humans, is resistant to penetrationmoisture, and can be easily removed - if you want to build new communication site, you can easily remove the tile and lay beneath all the necessary materials, and then return it to the place.

Pavements is of two kinds - vibrocompre

ssed and vibrocasting.

Photo:

first option is used if planned largeload on the surface - for example, under the road or parking area beneath the vehicle.

for garden paths and design of the club used vibrocasting tiles - it is more attractive, becauseIt has a more interesting and varied pattern, shape and color.

buying a tile, you need to make sure that she was of high quality.Major defects can be detected by visual inspection: quality tile surface should be smooth on both sides.

Check tile quality possible, striking each other.

If the material quality, the sound is ringing, if he is deaf, it means that the coating is too much water, and it significantly reduces the quality of tiles for the pavement.

better that all the stuff that you are buying was from the same batch, asidentical tiles from different manufacturers can vary in color.

Photo:

On the other hand, it may become more "highlight" of your track and make it more original.

also the case with tiles size - from different batches can vary significantly.

Before buying the material, think for, how much you will need.

usually have to buy more becausein every game there is always a defective elements, their number can reach up to 5%, and you must purchase this into account.

Plus tile consumption will grow at the expense of cutting parts that will need to be customized.This means that you need to buy materials with a margin of 7-10% of the total number of tiles.

correct Pavement meets the following specifications:

  • withstand at least 200 cycles of temperature shifts;
  • has a minimum strength of 30 MPa / cm 2;
  • water absorption should not exceed 5% by weight;
  • abrasion - 0.7g / cm 2 per year.

For a more durable result is better to choose the use of polymer tiles.

Options paving laying

Laying of paving slabs in the country has a lot of varieties, and according to professionals, they are not less than 100.

However, there are the most common types of stacking, which are attractive and not too complex toI could run even a layman.

Naturally, laying paving slabs scheme on the site depends, above all, from its design and pattern that you want to obtain.Use the photo to read the styling options.

Photo:

There are other nuances to be followed, beginning to lay out the tiles.

For example, if you want to visually lengthen the short track, choose such ways styling as "vrazbezhku" or "brick" - these pictures posted along the track, make it visually longer and placed across, on the contrary, a broader and shorter.

not look too good in the design of the track such figures as "square" and "Roman square", but they are great for finishing patios or courtyards.

price of the tile depends on what type of packing you choose - some require more effort and resources than others.

example, conventional paving stones or even the "old city" will lay out much cheaper and easier than the circular composition.A complex pattern requires cutting tiles, which also increase its consumption.

not recommended to select a complex folding, if you have no experience in this matter - it is better to select a photo for a simple, yet attractive option.

The most common types of laying paving slabs 8: herringbone, snake, wave, diamond, in Extension, leaf fall, "old town" and classical masonry.

For small areas, well go classic or masonry (you can use the material in different colors).

In this way, lay the tiles will be the easiest, and the cover will look nice and neat, though not too catchy (an example can be seen on the photo).

tile laying method

For large areas make better use of the material in different colors.

You can use tiles of different sizes - for example, to lay out a path similar to the medieval bridge - this style is called "old town".

To do this, you need the material in three different sizes, the edges of which must be cut off.

Stacking "old town" is good because it can be spread in many ways, and its method will find a very novice and experienced builders.To

things went easier, you can see a video tutorial on how to lay tiles in the style of "old town".

Video:

If you want to track a strict and firm, for example, for parking the vehicle - select the type of styling diamond - it has the greatest durability and ensures that the coating does not deform under the weight of the machine.

However, diamond styling can be used to track, becauseIt has a pretty original drawing and can be done in different ways.

to tracks better to make the tri-color diamond - so tile will attract the eye.

for suitable parking and the usual gray material - in this case the advantage of laying the diamond will be high endurance material.

If you want to create complex patterns in the area of ​​a rhombus tile or any other form, it is better to pre-draw the circuit and calculate how much material is required for each of them, and both will have to be placed tiles.

not necessary to make complex patterns - look quite beautiful circles, diamonds and stars - they will be able to create even an inexperienced person in the case of the tile.

If you want to bring the originality of paths - using curved lines - enough of them in the clutches of the Christmas tree and falling leaves.

Photo:

This installation is more complicated becausethe material will have to cut and fit to each other, and intelligently combine colors.

Choose a method of laying on the photos, and then watch the video with its creation, to see if you can do the same in their area.

If you are not confident in their abilities, it is better not to risk it and choose a simple drawing.Most importantly, tiled consistent SNIP.

To do this you need to know the technology, which will be discussed below.

Laying tiles

Whatever type of packing you choose: the "old town", lozenge, etc., laying paving slabs technology involves several steps:

  1. selection circuit stacking and material;
  2. training base;
  3. creating lower (litter) layer;
  4. paving.

How are the first steps you have already learned, now is the time to go to work directly with the material, correspond to snip styling.

first step is to prepare the surface on which the installation will be carried out.

Training is to purify the soil of vegetation, debris and leveling the surface: if there are bumps on the ground, they should be cut off, and the pit, on the contrary, fill with sand.

Once the surface is ready, the soil should be carefully compacted.

Then you need to make the flooring layer.For him, use the loose stone materials: suitable sand, crushed stone and screening (usually a mixture of several components).

Video:

sand and other materials are poured on the soil layers with a small thickness, and then leveled.

If you want to lay tiles are not on the ground, and on the asphalt, the litter layer can not do, instead, you need a solution.

You can also make a concrete pad instead of the mound, then the litter layer will be much stronger.

methods of laying paving slabs vary depending on which layer (solution, embankments, etc.) you have selected, so we will talk about each of them in detail.

If the tiles do not plan to have a large load, the concrete base you do not need - enough for a conventional base that can be done, for example, the dry mixture.

Furthermore, such a base is preferred, becausebe able to pass the moisture and allow the soil to breathe.You can use dry mix, sand, gartsovku, screenings.

choice of material for the lining can be calculated by SNP, having considered what kind of load will be exerted on the tile.

For greater strength is better to use dry mixture, then the tile will last you longer.Make a dry mixture can be your own or buy at the store.

If you make yourself, then dilute the dry mixture in the ratio of 1: 6 (cement: sand).You can buy and a professional dry mixture - it is sold in any hardware store.

To lay the material on concrete, you will need a concrete solution.

, but made their own can buy a ready solution and greatly save you money and it does not take much time.Prepare a solution in the following proportion: sand (2): cement (1).

Video:

All this is mixed with water.As a result, the solution is supposed to be thick enough to stir it thoroughly, use a drill with a special nozzle.

Once you have laid the dry mixture, solution or other material necessary to make the carrier layer - the gravel and rubble suitable for him.

Note the height to which it should be up and evenly pour the material before it.

For footpaths height of the carrier layer should not exceed 20 cm, for the parking areas, the figure is 30 cm.

For larger loads layer must also increase and put his layers, compacting each using a roller and compactors (work technology, seea photo).

When you want to install curbs to delineate the boundaries of work, and to tile is not "spread" along the edges.

curbs should be placed around the perimeter of the site, reaching after the installation of at least half the height of the tile.

After you finish coating stack, borders can be closed with soil.

last step of preparation should be laying a leveling layer.The material for it, you can use the sand, it is best to choose a river - it is the most pure and without admixture of clay.

Pour it should be a layer of about 5 cm. Before you fall asleep sand, on a site you need to install rails, between which it is located.After filling the sand should be leveled with a rule.

When the work is finished, the rail must be removed, and the space that appears to fill with sand.Now begins the most important stage - laying paving slabs by hand.

Before you lay the material, see the sub video, it will make the job easier.

SNIP starts from the lowest point of the platform technology of laying paving slabs that will provide precision control joints distance.

Video:

To properly put the very first number, you need to pull the cord, and then you will be guided to the already laid row.

Check how lies exactly tile should be not less than every 3 rows.

To lay tiles tightly after installation it should whack a rubber mallet.

Be sure that all the tiles are on the same level and lay horizontally - this is done with the level.With proper installation margin of error - 2 cm to 2 m site.

Once the tile is laid, it is sure to make a seal coat using compactors.Thereafter

tiles needed to fill a small amount of dry sand to fill the gap between the material.The sand will make the material more stable and improve the appearance of the coating.

Its excess can be removed in the usual broom, and then repeat the seal.This is the rule laying paving slabs.

Choose you liked the type of placement, based on the design of the site and general recommendations ( "old town" is well suited for walkways, diamond - for parking), and start packing.

main thing is to get results consistent SNIP, then cover will serve you for a long time without the need for repair.