Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

wood processing means against rot and moisture

wood processing means against rot and moisture

During the construction or repair works of wood processing from rotting and moisture should be carried out without fail.

wood for a long time and is still used in construction: it can help erect the house, do the veranda, benches, roof, used in interior decoration.

But since this material is "live", it is exposed to natural decay, to prevent that use different methods.

Methods for the treatment of wood can be divided into synthetic and folk.

Contents:

  • Traditional methods of processing wood
  • protect the wood from moisture
  • protect the wood from rotting
  • protect the wood from insects and fire
  • Traditional processing methods
  • Processing woodwork antique
  • work with machines

Traditional methods of processing wood

  • most persistent remedy for rot and insects - this propolis and vegetable oil.Propolis and oil is taken in a ratio of 1: 3.Finished well a stirred mixture is applied with a cloth or soft sponge to clean, dry timber, which should be fully soak.For the impregnation of oil requi
    red quite a lot of time;
  • In the old pitch was the best assistant in the fight against rot.Hot resin coated logs, fences, facades - everything was constructed of wood;
  • copper sulfate solution: diluted 100 g per 10 liters of water.This tool requires careful drying.Wood treated with insect repellent with a solution of copper sulfate can dry up to one month (the longer, the better), while not desirable that it is exposed to direct sunlight.canopy is made for this purpose;
  • Next woodworking tools from insects and rot - hot bitumen.But when heated, it releases harmful substances, so it is not the best remedy;
  • Wood can be processed waste oil, which protects against rot, fungus, all kinds of insects.Its disadvantage is the synthetic origin, as well as the oil may contribute to a fire;
  • If the tree is already subjected to the appearance of mold, the affected area is sprinkled with baking soda, vinegar, and then sprayed with an atomizer.

Synthetic methods of treatment of the material, in turn, are divided into water-soluble antiseptics and organic, oil, pasta.

synthetic impregnation there are so many.It is worth noting that each tool has its purpose.

Some of them are protected from moisture, the other by a variety of insects, and others - impede the spread of fire, mold and other fungus species.

Lessons professional wood processing in the video.

Video:

protect the wood from moisture

tree at a high concentration of moisture tends to swell, exfoliate and then shrivel.Avoid moist air sometimes just not possible.

And the wood itself has a highly hygroscopic.In this case, resort to the use of special solutions.

solutions to protect wood material from moisture divided into penetrating and film-forming.

first group of assets is more reliable, because permeates all wood, both outside and inside.

Woodworking from rotting the second group of funds should not be a one-time, application solutions, the process should be periodic.

Application devices does not change the color of the material, it only allows moisture to penetrate and not to destroy the tree.

also one of the most effective tools is oil, which when applied can make the wood color darker.

It is necessary to make sure that the oil has got into all the cracks and cavities of the impregnated material "and from".

oil should be applied once every month in order to achieve maximum effect.

How to protect wood wax cm. In the video.

Video:

protect the wood from rotting

appearance of mold or fungus - the first sign of rotting wood material.In order to get rid of the germs with your hands, you can use the popular method - vinegar and baking soda.

wood preservative treatment (before painting) will help in the case had already spread the fungus.

most famous tool among antiseptics - is "Senezh".It provides excellent protection (up to 35 years!), Wood products both indoors and outdoors.

«Senezh" is also well suited for material having constant contact with moisture, etc. Difficult conditions.Why "Senezh" so popular?

Because thanks to its synthetic origin (is a safe product) deeply penetrates and binds with the wood, staying in it for a long time.

«Senezh" is used in the processing of fresh wood and previously treated.If the material has been treated with a film-forming coating, lacquer, varnish, paint, then "Senezh" would be useless.

For proper surface treatment with an antiseptic "Senezh" you first need to clean the wood from dirt, dust, and old coatings."Senezh" can be applied to wet wood.

This will require an easily accessible tools: roller, brush or sprayer.

addition antiseptic "Senezh" there are a number of other means, for example, "Neomid 500" - also prevents mold and mildew.

«Drevosan Pro" is able to protect the wood products and even insects.There are "Biokron", "Biosept" and others.

Natural and artificial drying - excellent methods in the fight against premature rotting and mold.

Natural minus - the way takes a long period of time, up to several months.Wood is placed under a protective canopy and dried.

drying technology, see. Video tutorials.

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Artificial - applies in cases where time to dry naturally absent.The tree was placed in a special chamber or tank with petrolatum.

If you have decided to build a wooden house with his own hands, when erecting the foundation you need to calculate everything so that the tree does not touch the ground, and it was as high as possible from it.

Video.

protect the wood from insects and fire

main pests are beetles, weevils, borers, and can be found bark beetles.

It is thanks to them on a wooden surface formed holes, the holes in the shape of a star can be distinguished bark beetles.

To prevent such a "perforation" is used antiseptic.

You can use the same solution "Senezh", "tonoteks" or take on folk remedies: treat with paraffin, wax, tar solution in turpentine.

Maintenance work can be made of ordinary table salt.

If a house or outbuilding made "from scratch", it is best to pre-treat the wood material and special impregnation solutions.

Video:

Woodworking fire produced by special means, flame retardants.However, their use does not help to avoid fire, it only contributes to a slower proliferation.

can prevent the occurrence of fire only at small outbreaks of fire.

Traditional methods of processing

Woodworking antiseptic is an important method of protection against rot, insects, fungi, but the main wood floors are acrylic and oil enamels, lacquers, varnish treatment, waxing.

Before painting, remove the old paint, clean the surface, to eliminate all putty the cracks and bumps, sanding.

putty is only dry wood surface, otherwise cover the varnish, stain or varnish is simply meaningless.

wax coating technology has not changed with the passage of time, a mild form of which is rubbed into the surface with a cloth.

Video:

Hard wax is first melted in a water bath, and then the wooden surface is covered with wax with a brush.

Acrylic enamel form a resilience surface: UV-rays, temperature changes.Consequently, this coating does not require frequent updates.

lacquer coating is mainly used in interior decoration.Lac emphasizes the natural beauty of wood, protects against moisture, scratch resistance, impact resistance.

varnish treatment is applied to all wood products.Linseed oil can be obtained by heating linseed oil.

But oil in its pure form is difficult to handle in the sense that it is a long time absorbed and can get dirty.Therefore, in the synthetic substance added to accelerate drying.

Processing linseed oil is used to eliminate the insects and how the preparatory work prior to varnishing, painting.If you walk the tree drying oil, the decorative material consumption decreases.

Processing woodwork antique

to create a special interior furniture decorated with antique.This can be done with their own hands, and in the home.

using manual milling machine, you can decorate the door, or any other piece of antique.
See. Video.

Video:

wood processing methods antique:

  1. brushing - is to remove the soft wood fibers.Iron brush - the main tool in this case.After the procedure, polished wood and covered with stain, varnish and lacquer on top;
  2. Antique wood can be treated as follows: to raise the pile surface is wetted with water and dried, and then polished.Further dark stain applied water-based which to create the effect of wear, lightly moistened with water, without waiting for drying.Further undertakes tools: hammer, drill, awl, and are applied to scratches, dents made.The resulting damage to the filler filled in a dark color.Surface stain is processed again (not water based) and dried;
  3. There is a simple way of handling objects antique: the main tool - steel brush, which is processed by the surface, and then taken a brush dipped in a glossy white paint, then immediately wiped almost dryness.Brush combs are the subject, leaving the dark furrow.Above all varnished.Thus it is possible to make some home furnishings antique with their own hands.

own hands decorate antique furniture is not difficult to see. Lessons on video.

Video:

work with machines

To create a beautiful wooden object with their hands need to have on hand the machine.To operate the machine does not require large size, for self-handling is fine manual.

How to handle a tree with their hands, you can learn, watch video lessons.

To perform grinding workpiece, used lathe.Planer allows for processing to achieve a more precise dimensions.

grinding machine is necessary, but when working with small products can replace conventional shkureniem.

Saw Machine is used in cases of a large number of wood processing.To work at home data can be replaced by machines.

basic hand tools in the processing of wood - a saw, hacksaw and plane.This tool is typically used for small trimming of finished items.

to create a beautiful carving their own hands using milling machine.The technique of carving cm. In the video.

Video:

machine is designed for a large number of tree and its quick processing, if necessary, you can take the "for rent" or take an ordinary tool to make more efforts and to cope with their own hands.