Build Daily

Latest

August 30, 2016 23:00

How to put a brick

Brick - a multifunctional building artificial stone, with which you can build almost anything.Perhaps this is the most popular building material, without which no cost, no landscaping suburban area.

How to put a brick

How to lay bricks

Tools and equipment

Article Contents

  • 1 Tools and equipment
  • 2 How to prepare a solution
  • 3 How to put a brick right?
    • 3.1 How to put corners
    • 3.2 Video - angles Masonry
    • 3.3 Types seams
    • 3.4 main masonry
  • 4 practical advice from experts
    • 4.1 Video -Proper brick masonry
Instruments

Tools

When masonry necessary to have:

  • trowel for applying the solution on the brick;
  • hammer, pickaxe, with which will podtesyvatsya products;
  • additional tools, which include power cord, plumb, level and so on.

How to prepare a solution

How to prepare a solution

How to prepare a solution

for bricklaying using a conventional concrete mix made from cement and sand in a ratio of 1 to 5-6.A solution is needed to strengthen the masonry and gluing individual bricks together

.Sometimes there are added clay or an ordinary washing powder - thanks to increased flexibility and fluidity, but its use for hollow articles is prohibited, that is, to the solution to flow into the gap that adversely affect the insulating properties of the material...

To prepare the solution must first be dry mixed cement with sand, and then diluted with water as needed.

Concrete solution

Concrete solution

Note!It is undesirable to mix 50 liters at a time, since the solution is consumed slowly.Better to take a small amount of dry mix and dilute it with water.

But if you plan to do a lot of masonry, and the work involved in several construction workers, it is better to use a mixer.Also note that it is recommended to use cement "three hundredth" or "four" brand.

How to put a brick right?

Put bricks in piles , so much easier to work

Put bricks in piles, so much easier to work

After cooking, the solution can be started directly laying.

size masonry length, L
Width, Height The H Number
brick excluding
thickness of the mortar joint,
pieces.
Number
brick
taking into account the thickness of the mortar joint 10 mm,
pieces.
1 cubic meter.bricklaying single 250 120 65 512 394
1 cubic meter.bricklaying thickened 250 120 88 378 302
Q1.m laying in a half-brick (masonry thickness of 120 mm) 250 120 65 61 51
Q1.m laying in a half-brick (masonry thickness of 120 mm) 250 120 88 45 39
Q1.m laying one brick (masonry thickness of 250 mm) 250 120 65 128 102
Q1.m laying in a half-brick (masonry thickness of 380 mm) 250 120 65 189 153
Q1.m laying in a half-brick (masonry thickness of 380 mm) 250 120 88 140 117
Q1.m laying two bricks (masonry thickness of 510 mm) 250 120 65 256 204
Q1.m laying two bricks (masonry thickness of 510 mm) 250 120 88 190 156

Q1.m masonry in two and a half brick (masonry thickness of 640 mm)
250 250 65 317 255

Q1.m masonry in two and a half brick (masonry thickness of 640 mm)
250 250 88 235 195

How to put corners

How to lay bricks correctly

How to lay bricks correctly

If you've seen how a professional mason, you probably noticed that he begins to work with angles excretion.You should first turn to bring each of the corners, and their height should be slightly higher than the height of the middle sections of the walls.For this purpose, use beacons-frame, through which the cord is pulled - it will mark the height and level of the masonry.It is necessary to pull the cord tight as possible to work with it does not sag.Moreover, it is necessary to periodically relaying bricks-beacons.

angles

angles

Bricklaying

Bricklaying

Do not forget to check the horizontality

Do not forget to check the horizontality

for forming rectangular angles necessary to use so-called poryadovkoy - a special device, which is a flat iron triangle.On poryadovkoy can make labels by stacking lines.The first two or three bricks to be stacked using the rules, and then installed by brackets poryadovkoy.To make the vertical position, use a plumb line.According to marks made on poryadovkoy, held the cord-prichalku.

angles

angles

Note!Skilled masons do not like to use poryadovkoy, preferring to conclude corners "by eye" and considering this tool exclusively lot of inexperienced artists.But if you are laying brick for the first time, then without poryadovkoy you can not do.

Video - Laying angles

Types seams

After laying angles in several rows, you need to pull in between (angle) the cord and put a solution on the foundation.Then you need to start the main clutch.To deal with all the nuances, you need to read at least the main types of masonry joints.

The types and sizes of joints when laying bricks

types and sizes of joints when laying bricks

Fancy

Fancy

Such joints have a few, the most common ones are given below.

  1. Pustoshovka - solution in this case, does not protrude above the surface of the bricks;remain small gaps that will be used for plastering.Plaster to flow into the gaps between products, so that will hold well.
  2. Convex joints perform purely decorative function.For their formation is used a piece of circular tube cut along.
  3. function concave seams as purely decorative, but has been used to form a common, uncircumcised pipe.
  4. When undercut cracks should be filled completely and are aligned with the surface of the bricks.This masonry is mainly used for smooth surfaces (stoves, fireplaces, chimneys) in order to avoid accumulation of soot, at least - as decorative.

main masonry

How to learn to put brickwork

How to learn to put brickwork

So, after elimination of angles in several rows need to proceed to the main clutch.In the future, as the construction of the corners will be raised.After forming in the corners of the foundation layer is applied to the solution, and between them stretched cord.Tensioned need extremely tight, to avoid problems with evenness of masonry.At the end of the first brick is applied to the solution, after which he (brick) placed close to the corner.Similarly, placed all subsequent bricks.

Bricklaying

Bricklaying

Note!The cord should only pull on the upper level of the bricks.

For a snug fit on the wall placed over the solution, after which each brick trowel rattles end and is aligned with the level of the cord.The solution, which is made out, selected a trowel.Of course, if you are performing a first clutch, the first few rows in any case have to shift, but two days later the work will go faster.

Bricklaying

Bricklaying

practical advice from experts

  1. Once every five or six rows of stacked mesh reinforcement.
  2. Bricks should bandage, that is, to eliminate coincidence joints adjacent rows.
  3. Before laying each brick is immersed in water for a better solution molestation.
  4. When doing masonry for the first time, start with primitive buildings (stairs, columns, and so on. D.).After this training stage will be easier to spread more complex structure - a summer kitchen, for example, or from a brick BBQ.
  5. After preparing the tools and consumables, it is desirable to carry out a so-called dry masonry (without solution) in order to detect possible flaws.If all goes well, you can start laying on the solution.
  6. For the first experience most suitable face brick (it has a smooth side) or brick-chocolate (with excellent decorative properties), whose dimensions are slightly smaller than usual.On the other hand, you can use a rough brick that looks like natural stone.
  7. Before proceeding directly to the masonry, it is necessary to make a detailed plan, which will be drawn all the rows of bricks.This will avoid unnecessary costs, that is a brick -.. A very expensive material.Dimensions bricks following:. 6,5h12h25 see in the calculations should be "throw" about 10% over the required quantity, since the fight is inevitable (especially if the clutch for the first time).

And remember the main thing - do not need to hurry.First, put the bricks dry running, as we have said, and then apply the solution and begin the clutch, tapping each product end trowel that it has taken the right position.The solution, which protrudes outward, you need to take a trowel and throw back into the bucket.

Bricklaying

Bricklaying

Rush is not necessary when dealing with the solution, because it is not "Moment" that sets in a few seconds.You will have plenty of time to experiment with laying, remove and put a solution to turn the bricks in one direction or another - in other words, to make sure that was perfect.Following the acquisition of appropriate skills, you can right the first time to dial the desired number of solution trowel and immediately set the brick on the desired location.So laying procedure will be carried out much faster.

Name Average density, kg / m3 Porosity,% Brand frost Brand strength Color
Brick full 1600-1900 9 15-50 75-300 red
Brick pusotely 1000-1450 6-8 15-50 75-300 from light brown to dark red
hollow brick "ultra-efficient" 1100-1150 6-10 15-50 50-150 reds
bricks 1300-1450 6-14 27-75 75-250 from white to brown
bricks glazed or engobed 1300-1450 6-14 27-75 75-250 any

brick Parameters Hyperpressed brick Clinker brick silicate brick Ceramic brick
compressive strength, kg / cm² 150-300 300-500 75-200 100-175
Frost cycle 75-150 50-100 35-50 15-50
Moisture absorption,% 6-8 Less than 6 6-12 6-8
Thermal conductivity, W / m ° C 0,7-0,8 0,7 0,3-0,7 03-0,5
weight at a rate of 250h120h65., kg. 4 3-4 3,8 3,5

And as a conclusion - themed video.

Video - Correct bricklaying