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August 12, 2017 18:06

How putty ceiling for painting

Most modern apartments and houses decorated with ceilings made of thin plaster putty compositions, with whitewash, paint, or even without them.However, in order, for example, the painting was perfect, and the surface at the same time remained smooth, it is necessary to carry out work on the on dgotovke ceiling plane, and it is quite difficult for a beginner the process.Getting to these activities, you need a good understanding of how to putty for painting the ceiling.

How putty ceiling for painting

How putty ceiling for painting

For those who still undecided ceiling finishes, we would like to clarify why the putty with subsequent painting remain popular for residential and public buildings stretch has for manydecades.

advantages similar finishing

Article Contents

  • 1 advantages similar finishing
  • 2 Finishing materials and intrumenty for
    • 2.1 Building materials
    • 2.2 Tools for work
  • 3 How to carry out work on Shpatlevanie ceiling
    • 3.1 Cleaning the surface of the ceiling
    • 3.2 Sealing cracks
    • 3.3 priming
    • 3.4 Mixing mixture
    • 3.5 ceiling Alignment
    • 3.6 Application start-layer fillings
    • 3.7 Video: layering the start and finish Shpatlevanie surface
    • 3.8 finishing Shpatlevanie ceiling
    • 3.9 Video: how to putty ceiling for painting

ceiling,aligned filler, and then painted in the desired color, has many significant advantages over other surfacing materials.

Smooth painted ceiling has many advantages

Smooth painted ceiling has many advantages

example, include the following points:

  • Attractive tse on on materials needed to carry out plastering and painting.
  • Savings on doing plastering and painting process, as it is quite possible produce their own hands, having carefully studied the technology and work-out in the practical its implementation.
  • Buy materials of different quality and color will not be reflux ore, as today in DIY stores present their wide range of - for every taste and purse .
  • Due to the fact that of the many coloring agents and fillers which have different performance characteristics, it is possible to choose environmentally friendly materials, their use possible in any room , like in children's rooms or in rooms with a high levelrelative humidity.
  • These materials finishes contribute to the fire room, as they have the characteristics of low flammability or generally are not combustible.
  • as plaster and coloring formulations after drying are absolutely safe for human health.
  • aesthetics of the ceiling after finishing these materials is an important, and sometimes even a defining moment for the decoration of residential and public buildings.If the ceiling Stopper and painted high quality, it will look no worse than hanging or tension option that will cost much more expensive, but will last much shorter period of time .

If someone wants to create with this coating sound - or insulation, it do not work.Putty to some extent able to suppress soft sounds, but it can not fully heat - and soundproof room in any meaningful extent that it is able to make specially designed for this material.

Finishing materials and intrumenty for

Building materials

To make high-quality coverage of the ceiling, you need to choose the right materials for this process.It will take not only the putty and paint, and compositions for surface preparation, without which it is impossible to obtain an excellent adhesion of the materials used.

The first thing that will need to finish - this primer, which is treated with the coating peeled from the old ceiling, and , repeatedly - how to start leveling curve of the ceiling, and before applying the finishing putty.

Quality Shpatlevanie and painting are not possible without a thorough priming

Quality Shpatlevanie and painting are not possible without a thorough priming

If have leveling curve ceiling, the plaster need ( putty ) mixture, which can also be purchased at the hardware store.For this purpose, select the line-up of plaster.It should be noted that it is imperative to choose finishing materials, made on the same basis - then be good adhesion between them.But sometimes selected and combined version finishes.

One type of filler Homepage

One type of home putty

Putty will also need to start and finish.Both types of material are applied easily distributed and leveled by on surface.The starting mixture - coarser and it is used for the primary finishing.This material, if necessary, can be applied sufficiently thick - up to 15 mm.The starting material is not designed to make the surface extremely smooth, but it will be an excellent basis for the finishing putty.

Finishing putty offers much finer grinding components

Finishing Putty offers much finer grinding components

Finishing putty used for finishing rough surface to ideal smoothness.To achieve its allows the thinnest powder grinding, which has this mixture.The final coat is applied with a thickness of 0.5 to 2 ÷ 3mm . It is well polished, and then paint or fix the decorative elements can be applied to it.

Experienced builders recommend buying the start and finish a mixture of one manufacturer, since they naturally fit together, thanks to provided good adhesion of materials.

choosing materials must be provided and the specific conditions of the premises where the finish will be.For example, for areas with high humidity should be selected water-repellent formulations, or filler under the paint fed with water and eventually peel off the substrate.Not to be mistaken with the choice, when buying it is necessary to look at the composition of the marking - putty for rooms with normal humidity is designated The KR, and with increased - LR +.

Tools for work

for finishing works on alignment, primer, putty coating and painting the ceiling, need some tools.So, you need to prepare:

Tools for finishing works

Tools for ceiling work

  • electric drill and mixer-nozzle on it - for cooking putty mixtures.
  • roller, preferably having a long handle for easy - it is necessary to apply a primer and paint.
  • metal spatulas of various widths and thicknesses, as well as a rubber spatula and trowel.
  • Grater for leveling the surface, abrasive cloth or sandpaper grit in a wide range.
  • Building levels, nylon cord with a color tinge to the beat straight lines.
  • capacity for mixing and tray solution to work with primer and paint.
  • sander for expansion slots and sweep the ceiling surface.
  • brushes of different sizes for a touch-up, and to remove dust from the surface.
  • for respiratory protection during work necessarily need to have the respirator or at least a protective mask.

How to carry out work on the ceiling Shpatlevanie

Cleaning the ceiling surface

To get a perfect ceiling, it must be clear to the ground from the old whitewash, plaster or paint.

ceiling surface should be thoroughly cleaned

ceiling surface should be thoroughly cleaned

  • If the surface is whitewashed, it is swelling moistened with water and allowed to saturate with moisture for 20 ÷ 25 minutes.After this time, it must be easy to clean off whitewash.If this does not happen, it is necessary to repeat the processes with a machivaniya.Then, using a spatula podtseplen whitewash, it should be removed from the surface of the plaster.Sometimes, after soaking with water, whitewash, you can simply rinse or wipe with a soft damp cloth or sponge.
Old whitewash can try to wash off with plenty of water

old whitewash, you can try to wash off with plenty of water

  • paint removed harder, but this process should be to conduct necessarily , because putty or plaster will not have adequate adhesion to the painted surface.

The paint can also be removed with a spatula, if it began to peel off.Tightly sealed structure is removed using a hair dryer building, and then the surface is cleaned with sandpaper, fixed on grater .

  • If the ceiling pokleit wallpaper, that they are easy to clean off a wide spatula, previously abundantly wetted with water.
Removing the remnants of wallpaper from the ceiling surface

Removing wallpaper residues from the surface of the ceiling

  • If after washout whitewash bad sites show up adjacent to the base of plaster, they also have remove from the ceiling in whole or in part, to №zdorovyh completely stable places.This makes the average width of a spatula made of thick metal - so that the working surface does not bend much at at Annex efforts.
Be sure to clean off all the old plaster damaged areas

sure to clean off all the damaged parts of the old plaster

Sealing cracks

After cleaning the ceiling, on it may show cracks which it is necessary to close up, otherwise they will surely soon will be shown through new layers of fillings andpaints.

Even small cracks in the ceiling - are completely unacceptable

Even small cracks in the ceiling - are completely unacceptable

To Termination material was sunk deeper into the crack and securely it was held, it should be possible to expand.This is done with a spatula, sander with a circle of stone, hammer, or even manually, using a hammer and chisel.Cutting is carried out at least to the width and depth of a 3 ÷ 5 mm.

Все трещины перед шпатлеванием нужно хорошенько "разделать"

All cracks should be thoroughly before Shpatlevanie «butcher»

Next, before to seal these cracks extended their recommended process impregnating primer composition for better adhesion to the surface of the putty or sealing foam.

For repairing cracks can apply sealant or polyurethane foam

For repairing cracks can apply sealant or polyurethane foam

polyurethane foam used to seal a very wide openings or holes.For narrow and shallow applies starting putty or sealant.Termination material must be completely dry, and then these places should be clean and level.

If necessary, seal cracks or pothole from the top right on the putty, glued reinforcing mesh-serpyanka.

priming

well cleaned and "repaired" the surface before further work is covered with primer.This material is applied in two ÷ three layers, and every once applied only after complete drying of the previous one.

Priming the ceiling is most conveniently carried out using a roller

Priming ceiling is most conveniently carried out using a roller

is recommended that the priming before applying each subsequent layer of putty or plaster.The primer layers necessarily have to be dried and only then drying them to carry out further work.

Mixing mixture

In preparing the mixture should be strictly guided by the instructions for use

In preparing the mixture should be strictly guided by the instructions for use

For each type of filler provided its proportions, so to mix the solution should be in strict accordance with the instructions, usually located on the packaging of dry mortar.Nevertheless, the general principle of operation is maintained for all compositions:

  • In a mixing solution is poured certain amount of water, and then it portions is filled with the dry mixture.
  • Further, in the course of is electric drill with a special nozzle - mixer , dipped in container with water and dry mix, then turn to medium speed and mix the solution until it is completely homogeneous.
  • To align the ceiling need more dense solution for starting and finishing putty is mixed creamy mass.
The composition is mixed until a completely homogeneous mixture of the desired consistency

composition is stirred until a completely homogeneous mixture of the desired consistency

  • solution to the gypsum-based made in limited quantities, as it quickly hardens.Therefore it is very important to clarify the setting of the mass, looking in the same statement.We need to prepare as much of the solution as the master is guaranteed to be able to spend at once, during the "life" of putty.

Alignment ceiling

Before to buy materials for the work, you need to check on the evenness of the surface of the ceiling, and if find a strong deviation, this flaw should be corrected.Otherwise, if a curved ceiling to make a smooth surface, then when lighting unevenness is immediately evident.

To determine this parameter, you need to identify the lowest corner of the room, and at the junction of ceiling and wall put a mark in pencil. Next starting from that mark by the level meter, is drawn a line to the next corner, and so you need to connect all four corners.Sometimes the identification of flatness is carried out using colored rope caproic , which beat off a straight line.After these activities, it will be immediately visible , how large the curvature of the ceiling.

If the curvature is less than 10 mm, then the surface is leveled using starting fillings.When the difference in the 15 ÷ 20 mm in front Shpatlevanie have to add a layer of plaster.If this param- tr receptacle achitelno more, align the surface will possible only with the use of sheets of drywall.

should know that too thick a layer of plaster or putty material 25 ÷ 30 mm, the ceiling imposed on the concrete surface , , will not stay long.Over time, it exfoliates and will begin to fall off, as will actively absorb moisture - especially in wet areas.

To align crooked ceiling often use reflux raditsionny plaster composition based on cement.After leveling the surface and its complete drying, its also apply a prime coating, and re-dried.

Application start-layer fillings

on lined and wizened ceiling may be applied to the prepared starting putty, kneaded to a paste by the method mentioned above.

  • Weight recruited from capacity using narrow spatula, spread on trowel or a wide spatula and applied to the surface of the ceiling from the corner.
Overlaying the composition of a wide spatula

Overlaying composition on a wide spatula

  • spatula firmly pressed to the surface and the putty is literally pressed into her , filling and hiding all the recesses.The first layer should be thin - through it can show through the foundation.The task of such a primary filler treatment is to close and to level the surface of the small flaws.