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September 22, 2016 23:05

Production of pavers with their hands

The track lay out in the garden?The options are so many!One of the most preferred - paving.Advantages of the material, among other things, that it can be made and put their hands.How to do it?Read on!

Production of pavers with their hands

Manufacturing paving stones with their hands

We produce paving

Article Contents

  • 1 We produce paving
    • 1.1 Making shape
    • 1.2 Video - How to make a form for paving
    • 1.3 ready solution
  • 2 Fill the form
    • 2.1 Video - technology manufacturing of paving tiles, pavers, curbs
  • 3 spread the track
    • 3.1 first phase - project preparation and site layout
    • 3.2 second stage - earthworks
    • 3.3 Video - How is paving
    • 3.4 third stage - set borders
    • 3.5 fourth stage - the laid base web
    • 3.6 fifth stage - finishingsurface treatment
    • 3.7 Video - Production of pavers with their hands
We produce paving

we produce paving

What do we need?

  1. form.
  2. components for mixing.
  3. Dry paint (if necessary).

Making shape

Formulations for paving

Formulations for paving

You can buy ready-made form in any h

ardware store, but it is much more advantageous to make a product with their own hands.We look at an example of manufacturing a wooden square shape.Similarly, you can make a pattern in the form of a triangle, rhombus, rectangle and so forth.

Form with attached fittings for creating patterned pavers

form with attached fittings for creating patterned pavers

A simple square shape , made of sticks

simple square shape, knocked out of the bars

works in the following manner.

first step. Mark up the bars into pieces the size we need.We take into account that the dimensions of the finished stone blocks will be equal to the internal dimensions of the template.Cut the material on the markup.

second step. Putting the bars in the square.On the outer side of the connecting member forms at the corners by means of corner and screws.

third step. sanded form.

fourth step. If desired, cover the frame of the double layer of varnish.In the future, thanks to the tiles will be easier to remove from the template.

To work went faster, it is better to make several of these forms.The specific number of selected individually, taking into account the scale of the planned event.

Molds can be made by cutting of plastic tubes of different diameters

cookie cutters can be made by cutting plastic pipes of different diameters

Video - How to make a form for paving

ready solution

pavers can be cast from the different solutions, but each of them is prepared on the basis of cementand sand.

If you plan to make a bright tiles, take white cement and quartz sand.The recipe is simple:

  • cement - Part 1;
  • quartz sand - 3 pieces;
  • water - to produce a mixture of viscous consistency.

To visually closer to the kind of paving natural stone appearance, adding to a mixture of fine gravel.Elemental Recipe: sand, cement and gravel are mixed in equal amounts and add water to obtain a viscous consistency solution.

to increase the durability and life of the tiles can add to the mix a little bit of plasticizer (literally 1-2 g per tile).

If you need color pavers, add the dry paint directly into the mixture.However, in this case, the color of the tiles is not very bright.If you need a more saturated color, paint paving stones on top, soon after die casting.The principle is simple: a solution in the frame just freezes, you sprinkle dye fill the desired color and gently rub it into the basic material of iron and ironing board.

Concrete Dyes

Dyes for concrete

Coloured pavers

colored pavers

Fill the form

first step.Set form on a flat surface.

second step. Fill the solution to about half the volume of the form.

third step. spread the reinforcing mesh of wire or scrap steel rods.

fourth step. Completely fill the form.

fifth step. thoroughly compacted fill, leveled and smoothed the surface of products.

continue to work, depending on what we want to see its stone blocks.If you need a cobblestone pattern, do the following:

  • take stiff wire and bends her pattern of the desired shape;
  • dent resulting stigma in wet fill to the desired depth.

    Make a beautiful pattern can be even a leaf of burdock

    Make a beautiful pattern can be even a leaf of burdock

If you need a smooth and shiny tiles, carry it with cement.To this end, the surface has not yet had time to solidify the product evenly pour some cement and gently rub his trowel.The same technology in different tiles, you can rub pebbles.

Give dry pavement.The duration of the drying depends on the thickness of the product.On average, it takes 2-3 days.If possible, leave to dry cobblestones straight into forms - so it definitely will not crack.If it's hot, periodically moisten the surface of products with water.

Video - paving tile manufacturing technology, paving, curbs

spread the track

Tools for paving

Tools for laying pavers

We did the right amount of paving and ready for further work.

first phase - project preparation and site layout

Marking track

Marking track

Take the plan for our area and directly on its future path emerges.To think through all the details.

plan for transfer from paper to plot.To label use any firm pegs and rope.We are trying to drive the pegs with a step meter and stretch the cord between them.

How to lay out a garden path

How to lay out a garden path

second stage - earthworks

Getting started digging a trench across the width and length of the next track.The depth of the hole is selected so that after laying the pavers its top surface is level with the ground or a bit towered over him.

Loubinoux hole is selected so that after laying the pavers its top surface is level with the ground or a bit towered over him

well depth is selected so that after laying the pavers its top surface is level with the ground or a bit above it towered

Otherwise recess will stagnate water.In addition to adding the calculated depth of 10-15 cm layer of sand, about 10 cm for gravel cushion and 4-5 cm for cement pouring (in areas with difficult terrain).

remove debris and roots, align the sides and bottom of the pit, carefully tamped earth.Trench was covered with geotextile to weeds could not grow our pavement and spoil it.

Fall asleep gravel about 10 cm and 10-15 cm of sand.Each layer is compacted.Instead of gravel, you can use the gravel - so even better.

Dumping and leveling of sand

landfilling and leveling sand

Dumping and leveling of sand

landfilling and leveling sand

Ram sand vibratory plates

ram sand vibratory plates

Fill the trench 4-5-cm layer of cement mortar (one part cement, three parts sand, and water).Carefully fill flatten the level.Give cement several days to gain strength.

Important!Cement is a must to fill in only the areas with difficult terrain.If the terrain is normal terrain, you can do without a fill.

Video - How is paving

third stage - set borders

Simple ribbon border

Simple ribbon curb

Simple ribbon border

Simple ribbon curb

curbs will make our paths more beautiful and neat.We can buy ready-made products or make them yourself, for example, the same paving stones, just a little bit thicker.

Laying the curb

Laying curb

Or you can use a long concrete edging , pre- cast in the narrow forms

Or you can use a long concrete edging, pre-cast in the form of narrow

For everything curb dig more trenches along the paths of the future.Set in a dug trench formwork and firmly curb exhibit elements, bonding them with cement mortar.The height of the border do on its own.Curbs give at least a day to dry, and continue to work.

fourth stage - the laid base web

Laying pavers

paving

We stretch along the border line - on it we will lay out the first row of pavers.

If you have not poured the cement, sand spill the water pillow for additional sealing.Pouring a cement does not require pretreatment.

For convenience, before working churn out a box of boards measuring 100 x 70 cm. Set this box to the base and begin to pave the paving stones.

Laying pavers in the shape of dimensions 100 x 70 cm

laying paving stones in the shape of dimensions 100 x 70 cm

tiles lay out the most close to each other, making out the desired pattern.At this point guided solely on their preferences.The maximum width of the stitches - 1.2 mm.That they were the same, set the plastic crosses.For additional Cohesion trims use a wooden mallet.

Table 1. Consumption (g / m²) on the trim track, depending on the size and thickness of the paving joints

tile Dimensions (cm) seam width of 2 mm joint width of 4 mm seam width 6 mm seam width 8 mm
2h2h0,3 750 1500 - -
10h10h0,6 300 600 900 1210
15h15h0,7 240 470 710 950
20h20h0,7 180 360 540 720
30h30h0,8 140 280 410 550
40h40h0,8 100 210 320 420
50h50h0,8 90 170 260 340

important!Be sure to check the evenness of laying each tile with a spirit level.In order to eliminate deviations and remove tiles to fill up or remove the same from under her excess sand.In the presence of cement covering such problems will not arise.

spread the pavement all the planned surface.For cutting tiles using grinders.

Laying pavers

paving

Laying pavers

paving

fifth stage - finishing

surface Finally, we can only put on a track lined with a layer of wet sand and rub it into the joints.For grouting is convenient to use a mop with a hard bristle brush.

In conclusion, we can only put on a track lined with a layer of wet sand and rub it into the joints

In conclusion, we can only put on a track lined with a layer of wet sand and rub it into the joints

Successful work!

Video - Production of pavers with their hands