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September 26, 2016 23:02

How to fold the stove with his hands drawings and construction technology

Despite the fact that in many private homes today are equipped with one or another of the heating system, heating brick structures do not lose their popularity.Instead, engineers and craftsmen developed new models of furnaces, more compact, which include different functions.Indeed, furnace heating will never be over for a private house as the owners will be able to help out in different situations.For example, in the fall or spring, when the nights are cold, but it seems to be too early to include independent heating, oven protoplennaya create a cozy atmosphere in the room and deliver them from excessive moisture.The oven will help to maintain the house optimally favorable atmosphere and temperature balance, comfortable for humans.

How to fold the stove with his hands drawings

How to fold the stove with his hands drawings

Therefore, a search query on how to fold the oven with his own hands which drawings will tell in detail about the correct sequence of masonry work, does not come from the pages of Internet.Today, even those people who do

not have experience in stove-maker, are willing to try their hand at this craft.If you decide to install the stove in the house on their own, it is recommended for beginners to choose a simple version of the structure with clear poryadovkoy.

Besides availability design, the choice of kiln model should pay attention to its heat capacity, that is, to heat some areas it is designed.It is also important to consider the functionality of the facilities and decide that we would like to get away from it.

Species brick kilns

Article Contents

  • 1 Species brick kilns
  • 2 How to choose the right location for the oven?
  • 3 Construction of the foundation under the brick oven
  • 4 Masonry without mortar
  • 5 Schemes construction of brick kilns
    • 5.1 Yu Proskurin oven with boiler-heating features and the drying chamber
    • 5.2 Video: compact brick stove for small kitchen

There are several basic types of furnaces - some of them perform only one main task - is heating the house, while others are used only for cooking, while others include a "range of options" severalfunctions.Therefore, in order to decide on the right model, you need to know what constitutes each of the varieties.

  • boiler-heating structure is capable not only to heat one or two rooms, but also help to cook food and boil water.If the model is equipped with an oven and dryer alcove, there is a possibility to bake bread, and nasushit in winter vegetables and fruits.
The most versatile is boiler-heating furnace

most versatile are the boiler-heating furnace

boiler-heating furnace is often embedded in a wall or itself acts as a wall - it is her turn the stove and furnace in the kitchen and the back wall of the house into the living area.It is possible to solve two problems at once - space heating and be able to cook in a separate room.

If the design additionally equipped with a fireplace, the oven will work not only as a functional structure, but will also become a decorative ornament of the house.

  • Heating kind of furnaces is designed only for space heating of the house.Some models have not only the combustion chamber, and a fireplace.Thus, the furnace can operate in two modes - when only one of the functions, they are involved or both simultaneously.The most common heating oven built into the wall between the rooms or installed in the middle of the great hall, dividing it into zones.
Heating furnace

Heating Furnace

This facility is being built for the main heat your home, and as an extra, which is used in spring and autumn to maintain proper temperature and humidity in the room.Heating stoves are installed normally when the kitchen is already implemented their own cooking facilities, and a large common area for a house where several furnaces are being built, with different functions.

at their summer cottage in a small house is better to establish a multifunctional building that will be able to help out in several situations.

  • cooking stove in the kitchen is being built, and its structure is designed for fast cooking.However, this feature does not deprive her and heating features as its entire chassis, rear panel and cast iron stove well warmed, giving heat in the room.
The main function of this stove - cooking

The main function of this stove - cooking

food cooking stove is usually compact, so perfect for its installation in the country or in the small kitchen of a private house.

With this compact and functional unit, you can exclude the risk of freeze or go without dinner and hot tea, even when turned off electricity and gas.

developed so many different models of these types of furnaces.They can be very tiny, and occupy a large area.Therefore, focusing on one of the models before stocking materials for its construction, it is necessary to draw extinct and its base on the floor of the room in which you plan to install it.Thus it will be possible to visually determine how much space remains in the room.

How to choose the right location for the oven?

oven to work effectively and maximize gave heat in the room at home, and was fireproof, it is necessary to choose the right location for it.

is especially important to consider this point in the case, if the oven is built into the finished building, as the chimney pipe has to pass between the beams of the ceiling, and not accidentally stumble upon them, so installation option should be figured out as accurately as possible.

stove brick building can be found in different parts of the room or between two rooms.What place is better to choose - will be discussed later.

  • To get the most out of the oven, do not install it near the outer wall of the building, as it will cool rapidly and are unlikely to be able to heat more than one room.
  • Some models of stoves are installed in the center of the room, or offset from it in one way or another.This location is chosen when the room to be divided into separate zones.Moreover, the different sides of the furnace construction can have different decorative finishes, made in the style corresponding to a particular design of the room area.
  • Quite often oven built into the wall between the two, or even three rooms, which allows efficient use of generated heat.In this case, for the purpose of fire safety, it is important to provide reliable insulation of walls, ceiling and attic floor in the aisle seat chimney.
  • When choosing a location, you need to provide and what each of the parties under the basement oven should be 100 ÷ 150 mm larger than the base of the furnace itself.
  • To accurately determine the size of the base and the height of the furnace, it is recommended to always choose a model to which the scheme is applied-poryadovkoy.

choose the model of the furnace and a place to install it, you can buy all the necessary materials and prepare the necessary tools.The number of materials will depend on the size and functional features of the furnace model and the tools used for laying is always the same.

tools needed for masonry work

Для работы потребуется подготовить весьма "солидный" набор инструментов

For work required to produce a very "solid" set of tools

Of tools for laying bricks and pouring the foundation required:

  • Rule - This tool is used for leveling the poured concrete surfacefoundation.
  • hammer-pick needed for cracking and brick scabbling.
  • Veselka - wooden blade that is used for rubbing clay and lime mortar.
  • Furnace hammer used for splitting bricks and removal of dried, speaking outside the masonry mortar.
  • Whisk made of bast, is intended to clean the inside of the furnace from the channel has got them sand and mortar.
  • Lead scriber need for markup in the event that the stove is finished with tiles.
  • Building level is necessary to control the evenness of the surface of the walls and rows.
  • Scriber - rod used for markup.
  • Plummet - a cable with a cargo for checking the verticality of the output surfaces.
  • construction area with a ruler to check the correctness of external and internal angles, since they must be perfectly straight.
  • pliers are used for bending and biting a wire to fix the iron furnace elements in the masonry joints.
  • Rasp - This tool is used to remove sagging and lapping lumps in dry masonry.
  • chisel is used for splitting bricks and parse the old masonry.
  • rubber mallet is required to align the brick laid on a solution method pristukivaniya.
  • Trowel (trowels) of different sizes are used for applying the solution with a brick masonry and removing projections of a mixture of seams.
  • Fancy - a tool for leveling solution masonry joints.It is used when the clutch is made "by fanning", without further cladding.
  • Manual tamping required for compacting soil and layers of filling in the pit for the foundation.
  • a mixing solution and pure water.
  • sieve wire mesh for sifting sand.
Goats facilitate the laying open of the upper rows

Goats facilitate the laying open of the upper rows

  • stand for the convenience of working at height, called "goats".The surface of this device is of sufficient size to not only the master comfortable movement, but to install a container that holds the solution.

Construction of the foundation under the brick oven

foundation under the stove is usually prepared with the foundation of the house, but they did not have contact with each other, and even more so - to be combined into a single structure.New foundations tend to shrink, which can lead to deformation of one of them, and it drags along other damage.That is why they should be sure to install separately.

In the case of the construction of the furnace in an already built house with a wooden floor, have done quite an extensive job.In the place where it will be installed stove, floor boards will have to remove, drank a hole the size of the future foundation.

If the foundation under the house monolith, and the selected oven model is not too massive, the structure can be built on it previously lay in the place of installation material for waterproofing.

foundation must be in the form of the furnace base, however, as mentioned above, each of the parties is more than the oven to 100 ÷ 150 mm.

  • If the floor in the house is wooden, it is counting on which are cut out of the board.Then
  • diaphragm subfloor shaped pit dug foundation future, the depth can vary from 450 to 700 mm, depending on the soil composition.
  • compacted bottom of the pit, and its walls lined with plastic wrap or roofing material.
Pit with a layer of waterproofing on the walls and sand-gravel cushion on the bottom

pit with the waterproofing layer on the walls and sand-gravel cushion on the bottom

  • Then, the bottom is laid sand cushion thickness of 100 ÷ 150 mm, depending on the depth of the pit, and well compacted with a hand tamper.
  • next layer on top of the sand, poured gravel, which is also on, compacted opportunities.This layer may be from 150 to 200 mm.
  • Further, the pit perimeter set wooden formwork in the form box.Moreover, the roofing material are polyethylene or inside it, and then fixed to the wall by means of staples and a stapler.This water-resistant material will retain filled into the formwork solution, preventing moisture to escape from it, which will give the plate to dry and hardened uniformly.
  • foundation should have a height of approximately 250 mm below the level of "pure" sex, ie the finished foundation will need to put the two rows of bricks, so he got up flush with the floor surface.
  • Some masters in order to save bricks, on the contrary, the foundation raised above the ground on 80 ÷ 100 mm.The beauty of this solution consists in a simple docking of the side walls of the foundation with the flooring surface.
  • The next step in the formwork, on all its height, set reinforcing grille made of steel reinforcement in 4 ÷ 6 mm.The rods bound together wire bind.
  • Further, in the lower part of the formwork, the thickness of 250 ÷ 300 mm can fill rough concrete mortar, mixed cement and gravel in proportions of 1: 3, or cement, middle fractions of gravel with the addition of sand in the ratio 1: 2: 1.but, in principle, possible to use a conventional concrete mix of cement and sand.
  • If poured down a rough mixture, then immediately, without waiting for its setting, is laid on top of finely mixed solution.
  • poured concrete mortar levels rule on the upper edges of the formwork boards, then recommended bed and sink a 15 ÷ 20 mm into the solution reinforcing mesh with a mesh of 50 mm.
Upper reinforcing belt can be simply imbedded in the freshly poured concrete solution

upper reinforcing belt can be simply imbedded in the freshly poured concrete solution

  • Its surface is leveled again, and, if necessary, into the formwork, on top of the grid, add a concrete solution.
  • Further, the foundation is left to harden and gain strength - this process will take from three weeks to a month, depending on the thickness of the layers of the cast solution.To the concrete was more durable, it is recommended daily for the first week, starting from the second day, sprinkle it with water.
  • Top frozen waterproofing the foundation is laid, consisting of two or three sheets of roofing material, which are stacked one upon the other.
Masonry will be carried out only on a layer of waterproofing roofed ( roofing material )

masonry will be conducted only on a layer of waterproofing roofed (roofing material)

  • to start laying the first row, it is recommended to make waterproofing materials markings denoting the location of the furnace base.Thanks delineated bases perimeter, it will be much easier to make installation of the first row of bricks and observe the evenness of the sides and angles.

After these preparatory works, you can start laying.

Masonry without mortar

Even experienced craftsmen, from laying unfamiliar to this structure, first make it dry, that is no solution.This process helps to understand the intricacies of internal channels and the oven does not make mistakes during the main laying.Dry rises structure, wherein each of the series should be laid out according to the pattern applied to the furnace poryadovkoy.

performing a dry clutch, you must comply with the thickness of the horizontal and vertical rows.To this parameter was kept the same throughout the masonry, it is possible to use rails 5 mm thick.Of course, the vertical joints will be difficult to measure out small portions of rails at a laying dry, so they will have to determine visually, but for horizontal seams necessarily need to use rail.Applying them after laying the last row of the design, you can see the real height of the furnace.

As an example of the use of rails, you can see this photo.

Keeping the width of the horizontal and vertical joints using a gauge rails

Curing width of horizontal and vertical joints using a gauge rails

is particularly important to adhere to a uniform thickness of seams, if the masonry is carried out under the fanning, and will continue to dispose of an additional decorative materials.

Producing dry clutch, it is important to understand the configuration of the channel through which the smoke will go away from the furnace, and climb to the tube.If you make a mistake when vykladyvanii this passage, you will have to move some or all of the furnace design, as it can be formed reverse thrust, and the smoke room goes with kindling.