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August 28, 2016 23:00

Installation of air conditioning with their hands

Air should be selected and set in advance, without waiting for the summer heat.So you can save a considerable amount, especially if you do the installation yourself.To the equipment worked flawlessly, installation of air conditioning with their hands should be carried out strictly according to the instructions in the appropriate place.Non-compliance of technical specifications or wrong selection of components will lead to the rapid failure of a split system.

Installation of air conditioning with their hands

Installing air conditioner with your hands

principle of the air conditioner

Article Contents

  • 1 principle of the air conditioner
  • 2 Tools for air conditioning installation
    • 2.1 Video - The principle of the air conditioner
  • 3 Instructions for installing the air conditioner
    • 3.1 mount outdoor unit
    • 3.2 installation of the indoor unit
    • 3.3 wiring
    • 3.4 Laying pipes
    • 3.5 Evacuation system
    • 3.6 Filling and testing the air conditioner
    • 3.7 Video - Installation of air conditioning with their hands

To properly install all should have an idea about the device and the principle of the air conditioner.It consists of a compressor and the evaporation unit, interconnected tubes.The compressor is mounted on the outside wall, and an evaporator installed in the room.Expensive models have more than one indoor unit, and a few that are connected to the same compressor.

The evaporation unit is fed through a nozzle under high pressure refrigerant.He enters the evaporator chamber, it expands, boil and the vapors begin to rapidly absorb heat.During this process the condensed water is released and deposited on the radiator evaporation unit.From there, the moisture directed to the reservoir through the tube and outside the building is displayed.

principle of the air conditioner

All this time, the compressor pumps the refrigerant from the evaporation chamber, increasing the pressure for the pump.As a result of the coolant liquid is heated and transformed into fog high density.In this state, the refrigerant flows into the radiator equipped with a chamber for the condensate, cooling fans, and turns back into a liquid.In this form it is again supplied under pressure into the evaporator nozzle and working process is repeated.

principle of the air conditioner

The effectiveness of the equipment and the power consumption are directly dependent on the operating conditions.If air conditioning is located near any heating appliance, the compressor consumes more energy and often fails.Cause damage and may regular dust inside the system, and therefore to carry out wet cleaning should be regularly and carefully.Do not place the unit surface of various items, as well as cover anything.

To eliminate evaporation of the refrigerant, the installation should be thoroughly seal all joints and connections.The outdoor unit must be positioned lower than the inside, and possibly in a cool place.Well, if the unit is permanently in the shade of the eaves of the roof or walls.These conditions will ensure trouble-free air conditioner and a comfortable indoor climate.

Outdoor unit air conditioner

Outdoor unit air conditioner

Detail conditioner Description
1. Fan create airflow blowing capacitor
2. Condenser radiator, in whichand cooling the refrigerant condensation.Air is blown through the condenser, respectively, heated
3. The compressor compresses Freon and supports his movement on the cooling circuit.The compressor is a piston or spiral (scroll) type.Reciprocating compressors are cheaper, but less reliable than spiral, especially at low ambient temperatures
4. Fee control is only installed on the inverter air conditioners.No inverter models try to place all the electronics in the indoor unit as
large temperature and humidity variations reduce the reliability of electronic components
5. Four-valve set to reverse (heat - cold) air conditioning.In heating mode, the valve changes the direction of movement of freon.In this case the inner and outer block as would change places: the indoor unit operates in the heating and the outer - cooling
6. couplings them connect copper pipes that connect the outer and inner blocks
7. Filter freon system installed before the compressor inlet and protects it from the copper chips and other small particles that can enter the system when installing the air conditioner.Of course, if the installation is in violation of the technology and a large amount of debris fall into the system, the filter will not help
8. Protective cap quick- closes couplings and terminals used to connect electrical cables.In some models, the protective cap covers only the terminals and couplings remain outside
Indoor unit

indoor unit

indoor unit air conditioner Description
1. The front panel is plastic grate through which air is drawn into the unit.The panel can be easily removed for servicing the air conditioner (filter cleaning, and so on. N.)
2. Coarse filter is a plastic grid and is designed to delay the coarse dust, animal hair, and so on. N. For normal operation of the air conditioning filter should becleaned at least twice a month
3. fine filter is of different types: coal (removes unpleasant odors
), electrostatic (retains fine dust), etc. The presence or absence of fine filters any impact on..the air conditioner does not have
4. Fan has 3 - 4 rotation speed
5. Evaporator radiator which heats the cold freon and evaporation.Air is blown through the radiator, respectively, cooled
6. Horizontal blinds Adjusts airflow direction vertically.These blinds are electric and their position can be adjusted with the remote control.In addition, the blinds can automatically perform an oscillatory motion to evenly distribute air flow through the room
7. Display panel on the front of the unit lights installed (LEDs) showing the air conditioner operation and signaling of possible faults
8. Vertical blinds serve to adjust airflow direction horizontally.In a domestic situation of these air conditioners louvers can be adjusted manually.The ability to adjust the remote control is available only in some models of air conditioners premium
Condensate located under the evaporator and is used to collect the condensate (water formed on the surface of the cold evaporator).From pallet water is discharged to the outside through the drain hose
fee control is usually located on the right side of the indoor unit.On this board placed the electronics unit to the central microprocessor
couplings located at the bottom rear of the indoor unit.These are connected copper pipes that connect the outer and inner blocks

Tools for air conditioning installation

are going to install the unit by yourself, you need to prepare in advance all the tools you may need:

  • vacuum and bicycle pumps;
  • tester for wiring;
  • indicator;
  • cutter;
  • gauge;
  • punch;
  • set for pipes;
  • Example.

    Tools for the job

    Tools for

In addition, you will need the whole bay a copper tube with seamed in the factory ends.There shall be no scratches, dents and similar defects.

Install the air conditioner is best during the overhaul, because the need to break through the wall and damage the finish.

Video - The principle of the air conditioner

Instructions for installing the air conditioner

If the tools were purchased, delivered and unpacked air conditioning, you can get to work.First install the outdoor unit, and then mount the system inside the building.During installation, you can not forget about safety, especially if the work is performed on the second floor and above.

mount outdoor unit

Installation of the outdoor unit

Installing outdoor unit

To Select a location

Choosing a location conditioner

When installing the air conditioner in a private house special difficulties for placement of the outdoor unit is not present, but in an apartment building site must be chosen very carefully.The housing unit must not obstruct the view neighbors, and the condensate must not run down the wall of the house.At the same time strengthen the air conditioner should be within reach from the balcony, as such equipment requires periodic maintenance.

boring

Drilling

Best of all, if the unit is mounted on the east or north side of the window or balcony, and preferably in the lower part.So it will not disturb anyone, but to reach it, you can easily through the open window.With the level of mark out bracket mounting location and drill a hole in the wall by anchor bolts.For installation of the interblock communications drilled through-hole diameter of 80 mm.The brick wall is recommended to drill along the seam between the bricks - it takes less time and the hole will be careful.

Installation brackets

Installation brackets

Brackets set partitioning, align and securely tightening the bolts.outdoor unit itself is fixed so that a minimum of 10 cm between the radiator and the left wall surface. The connection is made later, at the same time and close up a gap.If the unit is securely attached to the vertical surface, you can proceed to the next step.

Installation of the outdoor unit

install outdoor unit

Installation of the indoor unit

indoor unit is forbidden to mount behind curtains, above the battery and in the rooms with the sources of electrical interference, which can cause damage to the CPU block.After selecting the place definitely check the wall already laid on the absence of communication - electrical wiring, plumbing or heating pipes.

Installation of the indoor unit

Installation of the indoor unit

Installation of the indoor unit

Installation of the indoor unit

How to attach the indoor panel

How to attach the panel indoor unit

In place of the indoor unit installation attached mounting plate

The installation location of the indoor unit is attached mounting plate

Installation of the indoor unit

Installing indoor unit

Ifthe site is free, there is a mounting plate: back down from the ceiling 10 cm from the corner of the wall 5 cm and mark a horizontal line in pencil.Drilled holes for fasteners and securely bolted plate.On the plate is mounted air conditioner indoor unit, and then in the side wall of the drill hole for a communication connection - electrical wiring, pipes, condensate drain hoses.

Wiring

for block paving his wiring inside the building, which is the minimum cross section of 1.5 square.mm.Be sure to set the automatic shutdown.When the wiring is laid, it is connected to the shield at the inlet: yellow with green stripe wire connected to the neutral wire.To determine the zero and phase should use the indicator.

Thereafter insulated stranded wire connects both terminals blocks by passing them through a hole in the wall.The names of the terminals must match the wires connecting the whole scheme clearly painted in the attached instructions to the air conditioner.

Laying pipes

copper pipes must be cut, leaving a margin for bending about one meter.When bending of tubes using special tools that allow you to avoid wrinkles, dents and cracking of the metal.On the prepared tube dress insulation - polyurethane hoses.Foam as a sealant is not suitable because it has a short lifespan.

Rolling for copper pipes

Rolling copper pipes

On insulated tube dress threaded flanges, and the thread must be placed at the end of the tube.The next step - flaring tubes.Perform flaring work very carefully, so that on the tubes are not cracks and grooves.The nut should be easy to dress on rolling, and the tightness is better to produce a torque wrench - this excludes squeezing flanging of connections nuts.Alternately

pipes attached to respective nipples which are difficult to mix due to the different diameters.On tightening the flange fittings so that the connection has been dense but no compression, otherwise there is a risk to damage the tube.Finally, drain pipe is connected to the segment of plastic tubing with a reinforced hull.Fastening operate the heat shrinkable tube piece or threaded flange, if included.The drain pipe should be allocated from the structural wall as far as possible.

Laying of pipes

Laying pipes

Now pipe led into the hole, align with the outside of the tightly secured to the wall with clamps.Next fix the wiring cable, connect the pipe to the outdoor unit.Hole mounting blown foam or filled with silicone.All external connections are checked by a bicycle pump and soap solution for leaks.If somewhere breathable, tighten thread tighter.After checking soap raid wash with a thread with a clean cloth.

wiring

Wiring

Connecting cables to the outdoor unit air conditioner

Wiring the outdoor unit air conditioner

Connecting cables to the outdoor unit air conditioner

Wiring the outdoor unit air conditioner

Evacuation System Evacuation system gives an opportunity to remove the smallest particles of dust and moisture.Running this process after sealing threaded connections, or do not completely deflate the air out.For this system is connected to a vacuum pump and evacuated for one hour.

conditioner Evacuation

Evacuation conditioner

Filling and testing the air conditioner

Wiring diagram for evacuating and filling the air conditioner

Wiring diagram for evacuating and filling the air conditioner

It is important to observe basic rules of use of air conditioning

It is important to observe basic rules of using air conditioning

refrigerant from the tank must be pumped into the system.To connect the cylinder pressure gauge and adapter and then, strictly watching the pressure tank is filled.When the process is complete, to include automatic air conditioning, isolator, after which the system automatically enters into test mode.If everything works smoothly, and the circulation of cold air becomes uniform, it is possible to close the hole in the wall to remove the effects of the installation and enjoy the coolness.

Video - Installation of air conditioning with their hands