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August 12, 2017 18:06

Shutters on the windows of the fabric

Blinds - is one of the types of curtains, consisting of individual strips, slats, which can be arranged horizontally or vertically.They are made of different materials - which may be wood, plastic, metal and various tissues.Blinds, consisting of slats have two hand control system - "cord-stick" and the chain.The first system is obsolete option, as in recent years, increasingly established the chain, which is responsible for the rotation bars, their movement and fixation in the selected position.

Shutters on the windows of the fabric

Shutters on the windows of tissue

Shutters on the windows of the fabric have a slightly different design.There are many types of them, some of them can even make your own.

should also be noted that the master having imagination and skillful hands, learned how to make the blinds even paper.

Documentary information first appeared blinds since 1760.They were produced in Philadelphia, but patented only in the next century, in 1841, when one of the American manufacturers began to produce them in their ente


However, it should still believe that the real, though not documented history of these products out in the more distant past, as they could serve as a prototype of the curtains, and similar to them in appearance, and the principle of action.

Shutters - is a French word, which is translated as "jealousy", and, most of all, in this country, these curtains got its name.To explain this, apparently, it is possible that these curtains were purchased jealous husbands who wanted to hide from the prying eyes of their wives, but at the same time, not wanting to permanently deprive them of sunlight and possible corner of his eye to see the street.

Types blinds

Article Contents

  • 1 Types blinds
    • 1.1 Venetian horizontal blinds
    • 1.2 Persian blinds
    • 1.3 Blinds "Pleated»
    • 1.4 Video: a variety of types and models textile curtains, blinds
  • 2 make yourself curtains, blinds fabric
    • 2.1 How to make Roman blinds, curtains
      • 2.1.1 materials for the manufacture of Roman blinds
      • 2.1.2 process of making Roman blinds
    • 2.2 Fabric blinds, curtains
      • 2.2.1 materials
      • 2.2.2 of work stages
    • 2.3 blinds-pleated
      • 2.3.1 Materials for fabric blinds - pleated
      • 2.3.2 of work stages

These sunscreen products are divided into several types, as in the various countries they were made in their technology and ofdifferent materials.To find out which of them can be made of fabric, it is necessary to consider the basic types.

Venetian horizontal blinds

This type of blinds consists of horizontal slats, which are located one above the other.Through the holes made in the bracket with its two sides missed cords that help symmetrically and simultaneously rotate all sipes.The design allows you to set the bar so that they completely block the light and send it to the side of the room, the ceiling or window sill.These blinds are made with different systems of their opening - a chain, or "cord-stick."

Horizontal blinds from individual slats made ​​of natural materials , often referred to as Venetian

Horizontal blinds from individual slats made of natural materials, often referred to as Venetian

Slats may have a width of 16 to 50 mm, and is used for the manufacture of plastic, metal, natural wood or pressed bamboo.The last two material can be considered as traditional, as it did the first one blinds.

Persian blinds

This option also includes blinds slats, but can be mounted not only horizontally but also vertically.Their regulatory mechanism is designed in such a way that allows you to rotate freely strips.This type of curtains can block access of light, open it completely or partially.

Vertical fabric blinds

Vertical fabric blinds

Vertical blinds made of plastic, wood, as well as from special fabric impregnated with the composition.Is fixed for this type of guide curtains typically a ceiling.Horizontally mounted slats, made only from plastic, metal and wood, and they are attached to a special ledge.

should be noted that vertical blinds are easier to clean than horizontal, and much more resistant to damage during wind gusts.

prototype were narrow vertical blind fabric pieces which were bonded to each other only at the top and sagged loosely.

Blinds "Pleated»

This type of blinds got its name from the form it has.Translated from the French word "pleated" can be translated as "addition to the fold."Despite its French name, pleated blinds, turns out to have been invented in Germany, and then gradually spread to other countries and have become quite popular.

Жалюзи, складывающиеся в "гармошку" - плиссе

blinds, folding in the "accordion" - Pleated

These blinds are made up of several components - a management system and mounting rails and threads that threaded through the holes made in the folds.The very fabric blinds consist of whole cloth, impregnated with a special compound and assembled in horizontal folds.

Fixing profile themselves shutters rolled up look compact, not a "loading" screen design.

This type of curtains is different control mechanisms - may be a chain or cord, handle or neck, the lower or the upper cornice.There are also electronic versions, which are controlled with the remote.

basis for fabrics, which are made of modern Pleated blinds is polyester, so they do not burn out and have a fairly long life.

These blinds are manufactured in different color shades - they can be self-colored or have a pattern.Produced as options with the original Metal Evaporated.Recent perfectly suited to modern design solutions in a minimalist style.

Жалюзи, работающие по системе "день - ночь"

Blinds working on the system "day - the night»

Especially popular in recent years enjoyed Pleated blinds "day-night", consisting of two paintings.So, during the day the window is closed translucent cloth transmissive natural light from the street, and at night it drops thick pleated shade.

Оригинальная конфигурация полотна жалюзи-плиссе типа "дуэт"

original configuration fabric blinds, pleated type "Duet»

Another version of this type of blinds, which has the name "duo".If you look at them from the front side, then they resemble the shape of cells.These curtains regulating cable runs inside the two webs and is not visible from the outside.Blinds "duet" - denser, therefore securely close the window from the sun in hot weather.Furthermore, these dense promote uniform distribution of light and at room temperature.

Video: A variety of types and models textile curtains, blinds

Make your own curtains, blinds fabric

Determination blinds are usually related and other types of blinds that are made of fabric - a Roman, blinds, "false blinds" on the pleats, and other type.

All of the above options curtains can be purchased or ordered from the manufacturers who are engaged in manufacturing blinds.However, the mentality of our countrymen is that many people prefer to do independent creative and decorate your home products, made his own.

How To Make Roman blinds, curtains

Roman variant of curtains would be an excellent alternative to both blinds and traditional curtains.They are especially well suited for a small room, which is usually the curtains visually make even less.Roman blinds also will close only the window opening, leaving free the walls around him, and this space can be used entirely for the installation of furniture - thus saving valuable floor area.

Roman blinds combine quality curtains and blinds

Roman blinds combine quality drapes and blinds

In addition, if desired, this option blinds can be perfectly combined with conventional curtains, choosing the fabric, in harmony in color and style.

They can perfectly fit into the overall ensemble with conventional curtains

They can perfectly fit into the overall ensemble with conventional curtains

Make your own Roman blinds is quite accessible and fairly easy.This will require to calculate the size, to prepare the necessary materials and to allocate for a while.

Perform calculations can be based on the designed table designers, in which the necessary parameters are reflected:

window height number folds distance between the folds window height number of folds distance between the folds window height number of folds distance between the folds
145 7 19,3 180 7 24 215 7 28,7
150 7 20 185 7 24,7 220 7 29,3
155 7 20,7 190 7 25,3 225 8 30
160 7 21,3 195 7 26 230 8 27
165 7 22 200 7 26,7 235 8 27,6
170 7 22,7 205 7 27,3 240 8 28,2
175 7 23,3 210 7 28 245 8 28,8
- - - - - - 250 8 29,4
materials for the manufacture of Roman blinds

From the materials for the manufacture of Roman blinds, curtainsyou must prepare the following:

  • fabric is better to take a cotton or linen with not very bright pattern as bright colors are usually quickly fade when exposed to ultraviolet rays.
  • take quite a heavy bottom rod or bar which will stretch the blind, but will not prevent it from lifting.
  • necessary fabric tape "bias binding", having a width of 20 ÷ 25 mm, or thin white cloth of the same size as the main.The second option is preferable, since the white substrate for a long time retain the main drape from burnout.
  • Prepare strips of wood or plastic rods that help to form a neat and smooth wrinkles.They have a size of 40 ÷ 45 mm less than the width of the curtains, because they need to be fixed on two sides, by sewing up the edges of the inlay.The number of wooden strips will equal the number of folds.
  • Long lasting nylon or silk cord.Its length will depend on the width and height of the window, as well as how many times it will be passed through the curtain - in three or four rows.
  • Two clamps for cords.
  • If desired, further decorate curtain decor chosen for the decoration of fabric at the bottom and the top.
  • tape- "Velcro, a width of about 20 - 25 mm, and length - the width of the curtains of the future.
  • take rake is fixed on the window, which will be hung blind.
  • metal hooks for hanging curtains on the wall.
  • Plastic rings - their number depends on the planned number of cord passage rows and the number of horizontal folds in the curtain.
process of making Roman blinds
Approximate scheme of the Roman blinds

exemplary structure of the Roman blinds scheme

scheme is simple roman blinds, and special problems in its manufacture does not normally arise.

Illustration Brief description of the operation being performed
rsh1 The first thing to do - is to measure the window opening.
Width prepared tissue should be equal to the width of the window plus 50 mm on the binder side seams - 25 mm on each side.
web length should be equal to the height of the window plus 120 ÷ 150 mm double hem along the bottom edge and 20 ÷ 25 mm on the upper binder.
PM2 The second step is the cutting of the fabric cloth and the substrate.
This process should be carried out on a large table that the fabric is completely placed on it, and lay flat.Cutting
made size, removed from the window.
If you plan to hang the curtains over the window opening, the measurements are taken, taking into account the particular location.
pw 3 Next, before you start processing the tissue, it is necessary to connect the two webs to each other with pins, so that the fabric is not shifted when stitching.
pw 4 next step is marking the transverse slats location.It should be based on the parameters in the table above.
After be determined rails installation space, mark their best straight line on which is easy to make the stitching.
hi5 If the fabric tape will be used to install bars, its segments can be decomposed into the fabric and pin it with pins, taking into account the fact that the seams will be held at the edges.
pw 6 Further, filed the sides of the curtains, and then her bottom.
hi7 Then you need to stitch the curtain on the marked lines or stitched to the canvas cloth tape, as well as to the top edge you need to sew a "Velcro."
strips intended for loading the bars on the one hand sutured.
After all seams have been made, it must be well to iron fabric.
hi8 next step in the sewn strips mounted rails, moving inside, and then the edge strips sewn and stitched podgibayutsya.
rsh9 canvas steal every single thing on the table, and on it are marked places where are sewn plastic ring.
pw 10 They should be sewn on the established cross rails, exactly in a vertical line one above the other.
Along the top are sewn under the Velcro.
pw 11 Further, the lower rings attached or sewn cords, and then they are threaded vertically to the top.
pw 12 Then, all of the cords are passed horizontally through the metal ring screwed to the top of the bar to be secured to the wall or window.
pw 13 next step is to prepare the bar or the bar, on which the Roman shade is fixed.
This design element can be made quite independently, finding a suitable material.The length of the bar should be the same as the width of the curtains.
If it is a wooden beam, it is possible to paint, similar in tone to the color of the curtains or wall paint.
pw 14 Further, it secured the second part of the Velcro tape.
It can be glued using an adhesive, but it is better to fix it to the rail clamps, using a stapler.
pw 15 Then, in the lower part screwed into special metal parts, having ears, through which will pass horizontal cords.
These elements are screwed evenly over the fixed plastic rings.
pw 16 After that, for the cords you need to install the stopper, so that when you open the curtains it is held in position.
Stopper mozhgut have different designs, some of them are attached to the wall, passed through the other cords and fix the curtain to the desired height.