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August 12, 2017 18:06

How to make a greenhouse with their hands

To diversify your diet, provide for his family in these natural vitamins before the new crop appears on the market, and with the right approach - even to deliver fresh vegetables and fruit to the table year round, it is necessary to build a greenhouse.

How to make a greenhouse with their hands

How to make a greenhouse with their hands

However, before you start to work, you need to carefully consider all the nuances of the future of the process, thoroughly understand the question, how to make a greenhouse with their hands better.

  • To begin immediately to determine which area of ​​the plot can be assigned under him.
  • second thing to decide is the functionality of the facilities - whether to run a greenhouse all year or starts used only in the spring.Year-round option would require a lot more effort and, and materials, as required installation of heating, lighting, water supply and ventilation.
  • next step - select the type of greenhouse structure and the material from which it will be built.

And in order to solve what their d

esigns to build, you need to consider some of them more.

Types greenhouses

Article Contents

  • 1 Types greenhouses
    • 1.1 Construction of greenhouses
    • 1.2 Video: Just parnichok on fiberglass frame
    • 1.3 roof form
    • 1.4 coating material greenhouse
  • 2 Preparation for construction of greenhouse
    • 2.1 location on the site
    • 2.2 project greenhouse
    • 2.3 marking territory
    • 2.4 pit and foundation
  • 3 Installation of greenhouses
    • 3.1 1. The greenhouse on a wooden frame
    • 3.2 Video: a simple version of the compact by seasonal greenhouses
    • 3.3 2. greenhouse thermos
    • 3.4 3. greenhouseon the foundation
  • 4 Lighting greenhouse
    • 4.1 Video: how to select the desired greenhouse or a greenhouse?

There are many types of greenhouses, but also , based on the general principle of resolution of the device, many craftsmen have come up with their own options greenhouses or individual elements of the crop plant.Greenhouses can be divided according to different criteria, such as the design shape, material of manufacture, permanent or temporary buildings.

Construction of greenhouses

  • greenhouse frame can be constructed of planks, and a useful volume - protected cover as glazed frames that have the ability to open up.This kind of approach greenhouses for growing seedlings or green, for her early getting to the table.
Greenhouse with folding frames

Greenhouse with folding frames

  • Another kind of temporary greenhouse that installed only on the spring and summer, is arranged in a wooden frame, fiberglass reinforcement and polyethylene film.
The most simple - temporary tent greenhouses

most simple - temporary tent hotbed

This greenhouse can last many years, if the winter to disassemble it into parts and clean indoors.Change film the new - much difficulty and high costs are not present.

Video: Just parnichok on fiberglass frame

  • Some craftsmen arrange a greenhouse in a big old barrel - its also usually used only in the spring, but can be its notremove from the area in the winter and used as an open beds or beds.
Greenhouse from old metal barrels

Greenhouse from old metal barrels

  • more complex view of the greenhouse, which is amenable to forced heating, and it can start used immediately after the snow melts.This structure is made of planks, metal fittings and dense polyethylene film or polycarbonate.The advantage of this greenhouse is that you can go inside structure to monitor and care for the plants.
Easy , but a fairly large structure

Light, but large enough design

  • Major greenhouse, which is equipped with all the necessary equipment to ensure desired microclimate that allows to use it throughout the year.For it is necessary to make a shallow foundation, brick foundation and good insulation.
Fixed major greenhouse on the foundation

Fixed major greenhouse on the foundation

This option greenhouse can be attached to the wall of a residential building - then it will be easier to carry out all communications.It is more convenient and will take care of the plants at any time of the year - the entrance to a greenhouse can be done from home.

Very easy greenhouse, directly adjoined to the house

Very easy greenhouse, adjoined directly to

  • home to save on heating greenhouses in the winter, often organize the so-called greenhouse thermos.For him, digs a trench depth of 1700 - 2000 mm, which is then covered by a transparent roof.In this embodiment, the greenhouse is very important proper installation of the ventilation system.
Semi-underground greenhouse thermos

semi-underground greenhouse thermos

Although work on arrangement of the greenhouse - enough laborious , but but this design will help a good save on paying for energy.

roof form

When choosing the form of the greenhouse, we must be able to understand the question, which of the roof structure will be most effective for growing plants.

  • Dual roof

Greenhouses with gable roof are quite popular, as they are spacious and comfortable in them to be not only plants, but also gardeners.With proper design, installation and material selection, the room will be illuminated all day sunshine.

Major greenhouse with a gable roof

Major greenhouse with a gable roof

These greenhouses are often used as a winter garden, planting them not only and not so much vegetable crops, and exotic plants.However, to implement such a scenario would be possible in the event that all the necessary conditions - there reliable heating system, irrigation and lighting.

  • Arched roof

This variants reflux eplitsy arched shape is easier to install than a greenhouse with gable roof.In addition, a form, a closed polycarbonate or polyethylene film , perfectly disperses solar rays on displaced, allowing the plants to get the most of natural light.

Arched roofs usually have excellent light transmission

Arched roofs usually have excellent light transmission

A very important point is the fact that thanks to the curved shape, the roof does not accumulate precipitation in the form of snow and means - eliminates the risk of deformation and damage of the high loadwinter.

  • Pent roof

Pent roof suitable for greenhouses, which are adjacent to a wall of a massive building - to the house or a high stone fence, necessarily on the south side.

On the construction of the greenhouse can be saved as one of its parties will be already finished wall to which it is adjacent.In addition, the greenhouse will be easier to carry out all communications.

Pent roof is good for the construction of a greenhouse to home

single-pitch roof is good at the annexe to the greenhouse

home designing a greenhouse with pent roof, you need to choose the right slope of the ramp to the snow did not stay on the surface of the roof, as the load is too high can damage the finish.

coating material greenhouse

Transparent polycarbonate

Transparent polycarbonate

for different designs of greenhouses require different materials, but there is always one thing in common - the material for covering walls and roof should be transparent, transmissive daylight sunlight.

Glass greenhouses

Glass greenhouses

This table contains information about the characteristics of physical, technological and operational qualities three most used materials such as polycarbonate, polyethylene film and conventional silica glass.

Usual plastic sheeting for greenhouses

usual plastic film for greenhouse

Technical and operating parameters Polycarbonate Glass film
installation complexity and weight Light weight, self-supporting material.It allows you to reduce the number of frame members, and even completely abandon the foundation. Glass - heavy stuff, so if it is selected to cover, the building should have a solid frame and a solid foundation (foundation) .. Very light material that needs a reliable framework to strengthen.
Durability Proven operational period cover - 20-25 years manufacturer warranty for 10 years of his life.Polycarbonate, due to its hardness, is itself a part of the power structure.Once fixed, it does not allow deformations and distortions. durable material, if protected from mechanical impact and heavy loads (snow and hail). service life of the film is very small, in the best case - two or three years, as it is destroyed by ultraviolet rays.
Noise material, thanks to its cellular structure well suppresses wind noise. When poor-quality installation, the wind can penetrate into the greenhouse and glass to issue ringing or bounce. almost does not create noise isolation, and in a strong wind, the very rustling in the wind.
Appearance aesthetic and modern appearance of the material will make the greenhouse, even to a certain degree a decorative element suburban area. Glasses are quite neat, if installed according to the rules. material looks neat in the first year after it after fixing, then the film becomes cloudy and destroyed, especially if it is left on the frame for the winter period.
Security Polycarbonate is safe, it does not break when dropped.It is 200 times stronger and at the same time - 15 times lighter and sufficiently hard brittle glass. glass shards are very dangerous when released into the soil, as they can be very seriously hurt.Therefore, for safety reasons, the installation of the glass should be held with strict observance of all safety regulations. In terms of injury - is perfectly safe.
Care on the surface of the material is almost invisible dust, and when it is very dirty enough to wash with water from a hose. Raindrops may linger on the glass surface and then dries, they leave muddy footprints.To wash away the stains from the surface, we will have to work hard. film is not recommended to wash, since it will remain muddy divorce, which would prevent the penetration of light.
Generated microclimate Polycarbonate excellent thermal insulation space.Formed as a result of condensation of the ascending vapor droplets flow down the walls of a greenhouse, and do not fall on the plants or on the head gardener.Material is very good passes and scatters sunlight.The generated heat from plants and soil does not go through the greenhouse cover, and therefore forms the necessary greenhouse effect.Glass gives a high heat insulation as polycarbonate, so the greenhouse effect is considerably reduced.Material well transmits light, but scatters it, and often poor quality glass starts to work as a lens, which is undesirable for a plant leaf. new thick film provides a good thermal insulation, but, having worked one season, it becomes thinner and thicken, so completely loses its property to retain heat and light transmission.

Given all these options, you can choose suitable for a particular greenhouse material that will most closely match the design of a particular greenhouse.

Preparation for construction of greenhouse

location on the site

It is very important - to choose the right place in the greenhouse

is very important - to choose the right place in the greenhouse

To planting in the greenhouse obtained necessary for theirdevelopment of light as long as possible during the day, you need to properly position and orient the structure on the site.On how long the beds are covered with natural light, and the yield of plants depends largely.Therefore, most greenhouses set to fully open space or a transparent surface to the south.

If a greenhouse is placed properly , then it is normal lighting during daylight hours

If a greenhouse is placed correctly, it will normally illuminated during daylight hours

selecting an option from the greenhouse, finding for him a suitable place in the area, correctly calculating their strength and capabilities, you can proceed to the compilation of sketches and small drawings.

Project Greenhouse

Then, not to be mistaken in size and build, the project is composed of the selected greenhouse bound him to a place where it will be installed.

It may look like a simple drawing erected greenhouse

It may look simple drawing erected greenhouse

Optional plot all the elements on the line, adhering to strict rules drawing art.If the owner plans to build it yourself and make proe kt to I himself and his assistants, it is enough to be on hand to draw a greenhouse in a projection in which it would be possible to see all the construction side and affix them the sizes of all major elements.

marking territory

After compiling the project, you can start marking territory.This is especially important if you will build a greenhouse, a thermos or a winter greenhouse on the foundation, as in fact, and in another embodiment, assumed considerable amount digging.

marking is performed by ropes and pegs, which are driven around the perimeter of the future of the pit.

pit and foundation

  • If selected variants reflux eplitsy-thermos that can operate year-round, then, before start digging the pit, it is necessary to carefully remove from the marked area top fertilesoil layer.This primer set aside in a separate pile, as it would then be necessary to lay the beds in the greenhouse.
Under greenhouse thermos can take quite voluminous pit

Under greenhouse thermos can take quite voluminous pit

With the deepening of the pit if caught layers of clay, then it also piled separately from the mixed soil under fertile soil. Clay can be useful for making adobe bricks, which can warm a greenhouse.

pit depth should be at least 1700 mm, but is usually deepens to 2000 mm.It is at this depth preserved natural geothermal heat rising from the ground, as here ground never freezes.(Of course, provided that the greenhouse is not arranged in the northern regions, where relatively shallow from the surface of the permafrost prevails).

recommended width of the excavation from 2000 to 5000 mm and the length is selected as desired.Do not make the greenhouse more widely, since it will quickly vyholazhivatsya, and its heating and lighting need a lot more electricity and other energy.

In addition to the pit, excavated smooth descent, where the door to the greenhouse will be installed later.