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August 12, 2017 18:06

Veranda with his own hands

Verandah allows advantageous to expand the usable space of a house.In a properly erected and intelligently the equipped annexe can comfortably spend time in warm and in the cold season.

Veranda with his own hands

Veranda own hands

Discover advice on selecting building materials, understand technology, and you will be able to build a reliable, durable and beautiful annex.

Winter glazed veranda

Winter glazed veranda

Planning recommendations veranda

Article Contents

  • 1 Planning recommendations veranda
  • 2 marking the construction site
  • 3 Making foundation
    • 3.1 Tape base
    • 3.2 columnar base
  • 4 Making the subfloor
  • 5 build wooden veranda
    • 5.1 Basic material properties
    • 5.2 procedure for the construction of
  • 6 Brick porch
    • 6.1 Basic information about the building material
    • 6.2 procedure for the construction of verandas
  • 7 Making the roof veranda
  • 8 finish floor
    • 8.1 Video - veranda with his hands

annexe is best to build so that she closed the door to the main house.Therefore, to build

a veranda with any desired side of the main building has finished you will not work.Otherwise veranda is detached from the main building and have to go to her across the street.

Glazed veranda

verandas

Dimensions extension selected individually.For a family of 3-6 people is enough verandah 3x4 meters. It is also important to consider the overall view from the street.For example, if you live in a large two- or even three-story house and terrace will be very small, the overall architectural ensemble will inharmonious.By the same compact homes can safely attach the porch width in the wall of the main building - it looks wonderful.

Veranda in a wooden house

Veranda in a wooden house

Important!Regardless of the size and characteristics of the whole extension, its construction must first be legalized.To do this you have on hand to be a draft.Him you can do on your own, to find in the public domain, or to order a specialized company.

With ready design go to the local architectural department.Department staff will examine your project will make the necessary changes, and be given permission.Please note that the consideration and approval of the project takes about 2-3 months on average, so the solution of this issue is most advantageous to engage in the winter, before the start of the construction season.

A house with a glazed veranda

House with glazed veranda

Veranda

Veranda

estimate

estimate

marking the construction site

start our preparation of the construction site.

first step. Remove the perimeter of the future construction of about 150 mm of the upper layer of soil and transported him to the flower beds in the garden or elsewhere.

second step. aligns the resulting indentation.

third step. perform markup.First, we are focusing on the project, trying to drive a metal or wooden studs at the corners of the platform, and then trying to drive in a similar manner intermediate pegs every 1-1.5 m, and then stretch the rope between the pins.In it, we will be guided in the process of resettlement of the foundation.

Making foundation

Most often veranda built on the grounds of the columnar or belt type.The depth of support shall be equal to the depth of the basement of the main house.Tie the main support with the base extension is strongly not recommended asThese designs will be greatly differing weight.Therefore, the degree of shrinkage will also vary.To heavy house did not pull for a relatively easy extension, the latter need to build on a separate foundation.To do this, we leave the foundations between approximately 3-4 cm gap.

important point!When choosing the type of foundation, consider, first of all, especially the soil in your area and the total weight of the veranda.For the construction of heavy structures on heaving soils are best suited monolithic tape base.Lightweight construction, for example, made of wood, you can build on the pole.

Tape base

foundation belt type best suited for the further construction of it veranda of the building blocks or bricks.The thickness of the base, as already mentioned, kept at the thickness of the foundation of the house.If this new building, keeping the thickness of 70-80 cm.

first step. Roy trench along the perimeter walls of the extension.

Excavation for the foundation

Excavation for the foundation

second step. aligns the bottom and walls of the trench exhibit formwork made of wooden planks or boards height of future concrete support.

third step. consistently fall asleep trench bottom 10-centimeter layer of sand and gravel in the same bed with a mandatory compacted backfill each ball.

fourth step. Puts reinforcing mesh of 10-12-mm rods.Recommended mesh size -. 10x10 cm Since the base will be the most durable.

fifth step. poured concrete made from cement portions, three portions of sand, gravel and 4-5 servings of water.

Carefully flatten fill and leave it to dry and gain strength for 3-4 weeks.In the heat every day shed concrete, to prevent it from cracking.

Strip foundation

Strip foundation

columnar base

to the veranda of the timber or polycarbonate perfect columnar base.Pits for pillars recommended depth of 80-110 cm. If small veranda (about 3x4 m), will be enough to establish the pivot at the corners.However, professional builders recommend installing intermediate rack at any size verandas.The distance between supports is aged in the range of 0.8-1 m.

Pier foundation under the porch

pier foundation under the porch

first step. Roy hole in the ground for future fill posts.The most convenient way to do this is by using a drill.

second step.We fall asleep the bottom of each well 15-20-cm layer of sand.Additionally, it is recommended to pour about 10 cm of gravel.Each layer is compacted.

third step. pour concrete up to ground level and give it to congeal.

fourth step. Ready concrete pillars coat with bitumen.

fifth step. covered with sand, and the gap between the ground supports.

pier foundation

pier foundation

sixth step. Erect the aboveground part of the brick pillars.The height is made equal to the height of the basement of the main house.

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

How to quickly and cheaply make a pier foundation

Making the subfloor

After erection of the foundation recommended to doarrangement of sub-floor.Pre-cover support roofing material in two layers.

floor can be wood and concrete.For example, in framing the porch of timber more pertinent to the wooden floor.The extension is made of brick is best to fit the pouring of concrete.

Rough sex

subfloor

wooden subfloor do so:

  • fix on the foundations of the sill beam.Use the appropriate fasteners, for instance, the anchor.For connecting directly beams, pre-fetches in places of their joints and further fastening galvanized nails;
  • harness fastened to the underside of the wooden joists.Step maintained at 50 cm - so the floor is not exactly fail.Using the above described embodiment of the compound;
  • fall asleep the space between the joists expanded clay;
  • do flooring edging boards or plywood approximately 50 mm thick.the planks are fastened to the joists with galvanized nails or screws.

concrete screed do so:

  • fall asleep base 10-centimeter layer of sand;
  • top pour a layer of expanded clay;
  • laid reinforcing mesh.For floor veranda enough grid of rods with a diameter of 6-8 mm with a mesh 25x25 cm;
  • pour concrete.

Recommended thickness of screed on the veranda - from 30-50 mm.For greater convenience and accuracy casting can pre-set the rack beacons every 2-4 m.

Important!The screed should be as smooth.Work is carried out with the obligatory use of the level.

build wooden veranda

Basic material properties

tree - one of the most popular and ancient building materials.Even after the appearance on the market of various units and other budget and easy arrangement of the elements, the wood almost lost ground.

With the erection of a simple wooden frame porch can cope almost everyone.We just need to correctly mount the rack frame and sew up their shields, paneling or other suitable material.

undeniable advantage of wood is its environmental friendliness, beautiful appearance and relatively light weight.The latter property allows you to give up everything expensive and complicated in the construction of foundations.

The main disadvantage of wooden veranda is its flammability - installation barbecue in this annex or in the immediate vicinity is a very demanding exercise that requires taking into account many nuances and details.Therefore, the source of the fire to make better somewhere out beyond the wooden veranda.

Another significant disadvantage of wood is its poor tolerance of high humidity, due to which the material needs to be a major pre-treatment with special antiseptic agents.Without such preparation, the wood will rot very quickly.

procedure for the construction of

Driving beam mounting

scheme fastening timber

To build a wooden frame using high quality timber section 100x100 mm.Bottom rail and draft floor we already have, therefore, continue to work, adhering to the instructions below.

Bruce sill

Bruce sill

Bruce sill

Bruce sill

first step. Cut in the rod sill slots for installation of the vertical supports.We maintain a half-meter step.

second step. Install the uprights.For fastening the frame elements using the bracket and screws or nails.

mounting options that you can use

mounting options that you can use

Important!The roof of our veranda, as noted, will be pent inclined.Therefore, the vertical beam, mounted at the bottom of slope, do 50 cm below the opposite stands.

frame assembly

Capture frame

verandas frame

frame porch

third step. Mount bar top trim.At higher racks no questions arise - connections are made in the same way as in the previous steps.

When installing piping lower legs do the following: first, connect the poles rails tying and then fix crossbars connecting the high and low stands at a height lower racks.With high uprights crossbar fastening through pre-established sampling and nails.

fourth step .The top rail is ready.The resulting slope will allow us to put the rafters for the roof.In addition, we nailed beam-run near the roof slope.For bond beams with all the supports using anchor bolts.For greater reliability, it is recommended to seal strapping timber boards or cross bars if it is possible and necessary (focus on the future weight of the roofing material).To them, we attach the rack and struts for greater strength truss system.

fifth step. Mount rafters in increments of 50 cm. To do this, use the wooden block section 100h200 mm.Connection design elements perform any of the methods discussed earlier.

Installing rafters

Installing rafters

Frame veranda roof

frame porch roof

sixth step. sheathes frame.For the inner skin lining is perfect for outdoor - siding or other material.Between the materials of external and internal cladding layers laid with hydro and thermal insulation.Film is attached to the frame.The position of a heater is fixed transverse rails.They also attached material and finishing.When plating not forget to leave openings for windows and doors.

frame Sheathing

Casing frame

Option verandas lined with plywood

veranda Option lined with plywood

verandas Sheathing

Sheathing veranda

brick veranda

Basics

Brick building material is perfect for the construction of capital verandas.In the construction of this material will be cool in the summer and, when properly performed insulation, warm in winter.Masonry durable, fireproof and taxing to care for.

The main drawback of the brick buildings - a lot of weight.Such constructions are built exclusively on the solid foundations that are not the best way affects the total cost of construction.

procedure for the construction of verandas

foundation is ready and damp-proof, plate filled, smooth base and no additional preparations do not require.Getting Laid walls.

Option construction of brick veranda

construction Option porch of brick

Pre-select a suitable type of masonry.The simplest options, perfectly suited for self-construction of porches, the following:

  • stretcher masonry.The total wall thickness of 120 mm;
  • the binder masonry.The wall thickness - 250 mm;
  • chain masonry.Lets get the wall 380 mm thick.

first step. affixed to two opposite ends of the foundation with a tie-cord prichalku.It must pass on the edge of the base.

second step. expose on the cord angle bricks, and then fill the space between them in accordance with the selected method of laying.For bonding of building elements using standard cement.

Option construction of brick veranda

construction Option porch of brick

third step. Check the evenness of the first row and in the same way we spread the wall to the desired height, do not forget to leave openings for doors and windows.

Important!porch roof is sloped, so the wall, falling to the bottom of the ramp, as well as the adjacent side walls, making a number lower than the wall propping the top of the roof.

released last series of walls, develop Laying nets.To do this, we fix on the upper surface of the wall formwork height of about 70 mm on each wall, exhibited at the corners of the anchor bolts, rebars laid and pour concrete.

Give concrete to harden, and then fastened to the anchor bolts tying of timber cross-section 10x10 cm. A further order of arrangement of roof system is similar to the situation with a wooden veranda.

If you plan to use the porch for the entire year, the masonry walls can be done in two rows, filling in the space between the rows of heat-insulating material.When a single masonry insulation, moisture barrier and interior trim carry out by analogy with the wooden veranda.Exterior finish is up to you.You can simply embroider seams carefully and stop here.

Construction of a brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Construction of a brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda

Building brick veranda