Build Daily

The Walls And Ceiling

August 12, 2017 18:06

Working with plasterboard with their hands erection of walls and partitions

Working with plasterboard with their hands walls that can perfectly align, or apply it to the construction of light solid partitions - quite accessible even to the novice builder.Plasterboard fine finish concrete walls of high-rise apartments and leveling the surface curves in private homes.This material is able to reduce the audibility of high street and additionally insulated building envelope.

Working with plasterboard with their hands walls

Working with plasterboard with their hands walls

big advantage over other drywall finishing materials is the fact that from it we can create whole complexes of niches and shelves built into the wall, perform original arched structure.

process of alignment with the material carried in two ways - fixing sheets on gipsokarto on framework crate or gluing GKL to the wall with a special mounting structure on the basis of plaster.

If the process of alignment surfaces with plaster requires a fairly high skill, and if on the walls of the big differences - even the extraordinary skill, the work o

f plasterboard in such a comparison could be called simple. Main in this process - properly and accurately perform each of the installation steps.

to tidy up the wall without hitches and difficulties for this event need to be well prepared, to buy in in Make all necessary materials and tools, as well as studying the instructions for installation of a particular design.

surface preparation wall before alignment also will not be superfluous, especially since it does not takes a lot of time and effort, but bring great benefits.

What will it take to work?

Article Contents

  • 1 What will it take to work?
    • 1.1 Tools for drywall
    • 1.2 materials plasterboard work
  • 2 Preparations
  • 3 Aligning wall gluing drywall
  • 4 wall Aligning drywall using
  • frame structure
  • 5 Installing light plasterboard partitions
    • 5.1 Video: master class on the construction of a light frame plasterboard partitions

Tools for drywall

for installation designs of plasterboard will be a need for special tools, and , for bonding material need fewer of them than to be mounted on the frame.

A set of tools to work with plasterboard

set of tools to work with plasterboard

To avoid repetition and not to create two lists for each job separately, you can turn them into one, but with a few refinements.

  • Shurupova Hg to I frame mounting and fastening on to gipsokarto crate .
  • medium-sized spatula for applying putty and glue.
  • toothed spatula to distribute the glue on on the surface sheets.
  • Laser or conventional building level - for marking and monitoring the mounted wall evenness.
  • Acute building or office knife - for cutting material.
  • Electric drill with a hammer and drill concrete - for the frame structure to mount floors, walls, floor.
  • Nozzle-mixer for mixing the adhesive (if using its plasterboard will be attached to the wall) and putty compositions.
  • paint roller for priming wall surfaces.
  • capacity for adhesive volume , about , 8 liters.
  • Shears for cutting metal - cutting galvanized profiles.
  • Planer for processing edges - removing chamfer.
  • Grout for processing embedded joints between the sheets.
  • sander - «Bulgarian» and di ck to I cut thin metal.
  • Prosekatel - for bonding metal profiles with each other.
Prosekatel greatly simplify the installation of the frame

Prosekatel greatly simplify the installation of the frame

  • rule that checks the evenness of the surface.
  • Measuring and controlling tool - roulette , plumb line, a long metal ruler, a square, a pencil or marker.

materials plasterboard work

From the materials will need to purchase:

  • Drywall, which must be ordered by 10 ÷ 15% more than the required number.

Plasterboard performed four species, and each of them is intended for use in different areas, depending on the operating conditions.The sheets have a recognized system of color coding, in which you can easily determine the end use of the material:

Three main types of drywall - a normal , moisture-resistant and cold-resistant

Three main types of drywall - a normal, moisture-resistant and heat-resistant

- Gray is an ordinary drywall (plasterboard) used in residential areas with normalhumidity.

- pink or light purple color board says that it is heat-resistant material used for the cladding around fireplaces and stoves.It is determined by the acronym GKLO .

- Green shades inherent moisture-proof material, which is suitable for the walls, for example, in the bathroom.Represented by letters he gypsum plasterboard .

- Dark gray or blue color is assigned plasterboard, which combines quality and heat resistance, and moisture resistance.This type letters indicate GKLVO , and it is used for the walls of baths or boiler.

A special kind of combining moisture and heat resistant qualities

special kind that combines moisture-and heat-resistant qualities

Dimensions sheets of different types of plasterboard range follows:

Type drywall Thickness in mm Width in mm Leaf lengthmm
GCR 8,0;9.5;12.5, 14;16 1200 Standard - 2000 (optional - up to 4000 mm)
18 or more 600
gypsum plasterboard 10;12.5;14; 16 1200
GKLO 12,5;14;16 600
GKLVO 12,5;14;16 1200
  • Metal profile for installation crates wall mounting or framing walls.

Profile Name Appearance Brand Profile Scope
Guide Guide 1 PN 50/40 guides frame profiles of the lining of the walls and creating partitions.
PN 75/40
PN 100/40
Rack rack 1 PN 50/50 frame racks and partitions batten walls.
PN 75/50
PN 100/50
Ceiling overhead PP 60/27 frame walls and ceilings.
Guide Guide 2 PN 28/27
Protective corner profile Olympus DIGITAL CAMERA PU 20/20 protection outside corners of walls and partitions.
Note: marking profiles first number indicates the width, the height of the second element.Profiles are produced in standard length of 3000 mm.
  • Direct hangers - to secure the rack to the wall, if you want to create a thicker insulation or align the wall with the big differences.
The plain , but very easy to use and straight suspension

The plain, but very easy to use and straight suspension

  • sealing tape, which is glued to the profiles mounted directly to the wall.
Rolls of sealing tape

sealing tape rolls

  • Dry mortar - assembly glue for fixing plasterboard to walls without installing crates .
Construction adhesive for mounting drywall sheets

construction adhesive for mounting drywall sheets

  • Primer for pre-treatment of the walls before installing drywall and preparation mounted design to further spackling .
Priming with additional antiseptic qualities

primer with additional antiseptic qualities

  • Caulking gypsum-based - to seal the joints between the sheets and then finish leveling plasterboard walls.
  • reinforcement tape or mesh - sizing joints at their zashpaklevyvanii .
Mesh ribbon - serpyanka need for sealing of joints

mesh tape-serpyanka need to use on joints

  • Special screws for plasterboard work.
Screws for plasterboard work

Screws for plasterboard work

  • dowels to secure the profile rack on a brick or concrete wall, ceiling, floor.
As the insulation is best suited basalt wool

As the insulation is best suited basalt wool

  • Insulating material - if you plan to insulate and soundproof wall or partition.


Whichever method of installation gipsokarto on on the wall is chosen, the preparation of the surface before installing it is necessary to spend.This must be done to a plasterboard not develop mold or fungus, and when glueing material - it tightly to the wall.The preparation process is not that difficult, but it will ensure a long operation of the new walls without repairs.

work can be divided into three stages - is cleaning the walls, sealing cracks and coating the walls with antiseptic compositions.

  • first step of the wall must be cleaned of old coatings, such as the old peeling plaster and wallpaper unnecessary.If the plaster good-quality and well adjacent to the wall, then it only primed.
  • The purification can be carried out with a spatula.If you have to remove the wallpaper, they are encouraged to extensively wet, causing the surface of the water using a roller with a soft nozzle.When the wallpaper get wet, they are easier to recover from the wall, if they hook the spatula.
  • If the layer of plaster unreliable, unstable, exfoliate, covering reflux reschinami then damaged fate must be removed.This can be done in two ways:

- The first option consists in bringing down the old finish using the punch, or by hand - chisel and hammer.

Cleaning the walls of the old plaster

Cleaning the walls of the old plaster

- The second option - is abundant and accurate wetting plaster peeling it from the wall with a spatula.

  • If applying drywall will flatten a brick wall, with her it is necessary to remove all protrusions that could stay on it at the end of laying.The projections will prevent good adhesion to the surface of the sheets.Such irregularities slipping conventional hammer or using a punch.

After that, a brick wall must be thoroughly cleaned iron brush from the residues of sand and cement mortar and dust.

  • Further, if the wall will show up serious crack they need to expand, clean, covered with primer and after drying its - seal the plaster mixture, sealant or assembly foam.The last variation nt etc. name in the event that a crack in the wall or plaster layer is quite large.
  • next stage of the wall to be treated with antiseptic primer.It is applied with a roller.
Priming - mandatory event , and it is better to spend it in two layers

Priming - mandatory event, and it is better to spend two coats

  • All further work is carried out after the complete drying of the wall surface.

Aligning wall gluing drywall

Drywall Installation using adhesion - much easier than its mounting frame.However, this fixing method of finishing is only possible if the wall surface has no significant irregularities and deformations in the form of projections and recesses greater than 5 mm, and the level of the ceiling in the room does not exceed 3 meters.

not fit this method of installation, and when the wall is supposed to soundproof or warm, as the materials for this specific demand space under gypsum sheets.

Well suited for this method of alignment is not too high-quality to the ideal wall and create a smooth surface for the subsequent application or sticking decorative finishing material.

gluing works carried out as follows:

  • ready wall must be to fathom, using a plumb and level building.Upon detection of dents on the wall, they should be sure to bring one level with a total surface area, as in these places, after the installation of drywall, can form voids, where the condensate will be collected.It is especially important to do when finished with exterior wall.

Display all depressions and indentations on one level, you can use screws that are screwed into the wall at a distance of 200 ÷ 300 mm from each other and to the same level with the entire wall.Then, on top of them applied plaster of the necessary thickness, and equate it to the hats of screws and the rest of the surface.

Setting the required level of sealing using self-tapping screws

Setting the required level of sealing using self-tapping screws

Before proceeding to the next stage of work, you need to wait to get a good solution hardened, as it will be based gypsum board.

  • The next step is applying still a primer layer.

primer will not only be for the protection of the walls of the various biological effects, but also create reliable adhesion between the wall and the plasterboard adhesive composition that will accelerate installation and enhance the quality of work.

  • Further, the mounting adhesive solution is mixed.To do this, container filled with water at room temperature, which is filled with a mixture of dry powder and is mixed using a mixer or a drill construction installed on her head.The proportions of its preparation solution manufacturer necessarily indicate in the fabrication, which can always be found on the package.
It is important to bring the adhesive composition to the desired consistency and complete homogeneity

very important to bring the adhesive composition to the desired consistency and complete homogeneity

It is important to remember that the adhesive on the basis of plaster very quickly begins to freeze, so it is best to mix in small portions, otherwise you can ruin a large amount of the solution.If processes with a hvatyvaniya began , it is impossible to stop it, even adding urgently additional water.Further

  • required to provide that a sheet of drywall during installation is not rested on the floor surface, it has to be raised from it by about 8 ÷ 10 mm.Therefore mounted under Article whether BP Yemen is enclosed rack so thick.
  • sheet of drywall is placed horizontally on the floor, and it is applied in dot adhesive mass, slides, at a distance of 180 ÷ 200 mm from one another.The solution was allocated bit sheet rises, is set in the right place and is pressed against the wall.
Apply the adhesive on drywall

glue application on plasterboard

  • installed drywall sheet it is possible to adjust, trim in the range 7 ÷ 10 mm, for example, tapping on it building level or rule.