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October 04, 2016 23:01

Log cabin baths with their own hands

Wood as an environmentally friendly material, not only effectively keeps heat, but also gives the air in the room a distinctive flavor.

Log cabin baths with their own hands

Log cabin baths with their hands

Log buildings baths 4x6

baths Blockhouse 4x6 m

To build a wooden bath, you need to prepare the first timber.

Step 1: Prepare logs

Article Contents

  • 1 Step 1. Preparation of logs
  • 2 Step 2: timber processing
    • 2.1 Video - Prepare logs
  • 3 Step 3: Building a foundation
    • 3.1 foundation belt type
    • 3.2 Video - Pouring the foundation
    • 3.3 foundations columnar type
  • 4 Step 4: Waterproofing base
  • 5 Step 5. Preparation tools
  • 6 Step 6: Construction of log bath
    • 6.1 Video - Roof shingles from aspen
  • 7 Step 7: Door, window openings
  • 8 Step 8.konopatki logs
    • 8.1 Video - konopatki log
  • 9 Step 9: Roof
  • 10 In conclusion.Several practical advice
Training logs

Preparing logs

Training log

Preparing logs

Attention!To determine the quality of logs (you can always refuse to lower grade logs), you need to know about

the ideal conditions of the workpiece, which will be discussed below.

Rounded logs must be harvested at a sub-zero temperatures, ie winter.It was at this time minimizes the amount of moisture in the wood, therefore, during drying, the material is less deformed and crack.

In order to log durability, used in the construction of certain parts of the timber (the so-called root lumber logs).These sites start from rhizomes and end at the crown.Such root lumber logs thicker (than favorably with those of the tops), and have virtually no knots.Also, the selection criteria include a round shape and the degree of curvature of the barrel.In both cases, marriage is an error in excess of 1 cm per meter.

Harvesting logs for log home

Harvesting logs for log

butt logs

butt logs

Attention!If the length of, for example, 5 m, and the error is more than 5 cm, the timber can be safely rejected.

The same applies to the diameter.For example, the timber base diameter is 35 cm, while the top - 25 cm or less.This round timber is not recommended for use in construction.

The logs for log home

logs for log

Finally, pay attention to the wood.Ideally, for the bath to be used coniferous trees (spruce, larch and so on.).Larch is characterized by resistance to moisture, although in extreme cases you can resort to a combination of "pine-fir", which are built of pine first few crowns.And if only used in the construction spruce, the material must repeatedly antiseptic process.

further actions carried out in accordance with the previously compiled project.Such a project can make yourself, found online or ordered from specialists.It is through this document can calculate the required amount of consumables, and determine the area of ​​the base form.

Step 2 bar Processing

Processing logs under the scraper

log processing under scraper

Processing logs under the scraper

log processing under scraper

Step 1. Once you brought consumables (or you cut down andbrought his own), he needs 25-30 days to rest in bed.

Step 2 .Then carefully consider and iterate through the logs - leave only the highest quality of them, and defective or damaged cull.

Step 3. then proceed to treatment.First clean the logs from the bark (do this carefully so that they are not cracked), leaving it slightly on the sides - about 15-cm strip on each side.

Step 4. After treatment, lay the timber for storage of about 25 cm from the ground.You can be laid as you like -... Stacks, batches, and so on, as long as the distance between the logs was 7-10 cm

Driving training logs for building log

Driving training logs for building log

Storage timber

Storing logs

Video- Preparation of logs

Step 3: Building a foundation

Outset that from massive monolithic bases can be dispensed with due to its insignificant weight of future construction.In order to save you can resort to one of two possible light structures, namely:

  • strip foundations;
  • columnar.

consider each of the options.

foundation belt type

The foundation of the belt type

foundation belt type

marking

Layout

marking

Layout

Digging trenches

Digging trenches

Formwork and Reinforcement

formwork and reinforcement

fill

Pouring

Ready foundations under the bath

Ready foundations under the bath

to build a base around the perimeter, as well as under the future walls, dig a trench width of 40 cm and depth of 50 cm and lay on the bottom of the "cushion" of sand and gravel.Next, lay the rebar, erecting the formwork of 50 cm in height and pour concrete solution.As a result, the height of the foundation will be about 1 m.

Attention!More specifically, the height depends on the depth of soil freezing in a particular region.

Video - Pouring the foundation

pour inside the perimeter strip of sand and rubble.In the future, the band can pour concrete or build on their wooden floor.The choice of options depends on personal preferences and financial capabilities.

foundations of columnar type

Drilling

Drilling

Fittings and pipe for foundation

fittings and for the foundation pipe

Pipe and fittings are installed in the hole

pipe and fittings installed in the hole

Filled with concrete into the pipe

Filled the pipe concrete

Anchors for fastening sill

Anchors for fastening sill

In the case of the columnar base required to build support.There are two possibilities:

  • brick;
  • of asbestos pipes.

Place the support on the perimeter of the corners, as well as under all the walls in steps of 1.5 m. Under each pillar of the pre-lay concrete "pad."In each support secure several reinforcement rods in such a way that the latter were above the surface at least 30 cm.

Construct formwork height of 40 cm, put it in rebar and tie it with rods protruding from the supports.Pour a concrete solution.After four to five weeks, when the concrete is completely dry, you can proceed to further work.

Foundation for a bath

Foundation for a bath

Brick pier foundation

brick pier foundation

Step 4. Waterproofing base

Waterproofing strip foundation

Waterproofing strip foundation

Waterproofing strip foundation roofing material

strip foundation waterproofing roofing material

treated surfacefoundation molten bitumen and lay on top of a layer of roofing material.After complete drying of the bitumen, repeat the procedure.As a result, you will have a reliable two-layer waterproofing.

Waterproofing mastic

waterproofing mastic

Additional insulation roofing material

Additional insulation roofing material

Step 5. Preparation tools

to operate such equipment required:

  • chisel;

    Chisel

    chisel

  • carpenter's ax;

    Axe carpenter

    ax carpenter

  • chainsaw average power;
  • plummet;

    plummet

    Plummet

  • level;

    Laser level

    Laser Level

  • electric drill;

    Cordless Drill

    Cordless drill

  • Mallet;

    wooden mallet

    Mallet wooden

  • «hell».

    The line ( tool)

    dash (instrument)

latest tools - "dash" - given special attention.For the production of required steel wire with sharpened ends.Fold the wire in half so that it took the form of a compass, can further secure the handle.This tool will need to lay out the logs.

Step 6. Construction of log bath

Comparison of Canadian and Russian logging

comparing Canadian and Russian logging

Several assembly techniques:

  • Russian assembly;
  • Canadian;

    Kanadckaya cutting

    Kanadckaya rubka

  • Norwegian.
    Norwegian cabin

    Norvezhckaya rubka

    Swedish cabin

    Shvedckaya rubka

first option - Russian logging - is the most simple in execution, to him could easily handle even an inexperienced carpenter.Therefore, we consider this technology.

Deck bath

Deck bath

Step 1. Building carcass should be carried out in stages and begin with the accountant crown (in other words, at first).Logs, which will serve as the accountant crown, otteshite to edge for maximum snug fit to the foundation.

To get started on the foundation laid with the so-called " backer " board from a linden .This timber may be of thickness of about 50 - 100 mm and a width of not less than 150 mm.Then we begin to collect log cabin

to start on the foundations laid with the so-called "backer" board from a linden.This timber may be of thickness of about 50 - 100 mm and a width of not less than 150 mm.Then we begin to collect log-

mortgage crown

Mortgage crown

Laying the first wreath on the foundation

laying the first wreath on the foundation

Step 2. top of the waterproofing layer lay the first couple of logs.The next couple of lay at an angle relative to the first 90ᵒ and connect all in the "cup."

Felling in the bowl

Felling in bowl

Attention!"Cup" is the most simple embodiment of the compounds in the construction of log buildings.Running simple enough: in the bottom of the timber are measured boundaries of the future, "cup", then use the "line" is marked groove.After rechecking the size of recess neatly cut down with an ax.

You can use a chainsaw - it's a great time saver.Although the final finish "cups" still have to do with an ax.

How to cut a corner in the wooden house

How to cut a corner in the wooden house

Docking logs

docking logs

Attention!In the starting crown "cups" will not be deep, so that the beam will not be in contact with the ground.Therefore, the newly created gap lay the nest-egg - a small piece of board desired thickness, treated with antiseptic and covered with insulation.

Step 3. Then lay a second crown, using the most thick logs.This is explained by the fact that in the future you will be cut in their sexual lags.In order to perform a snug fit in the upper beam longitudinal groove, which would be equal to one-third of the previous log diameter.For drawing the slot boundaries lay the upper timber to the lower and do the layout using the "features".

Attention!The longitudinal groove can be semi-circular and triangular.If there exists a chainsaw, then you can handle with a triangular groove for two or three minutes.But remember: a log with such a groove will not be a tightly coupled, which has a negative effect on the insulating properties of the walls.

Obviously, the best option is to notch a semicircular shape.Do his chainsaw to remove residues using a chisel.

Walling

Walling

Step 4. Insulate the connection log, preferably by lnodzhutovogo web.One piece of cloth lay on the lower crown, seal the second longitudinal groove (especially if the latter has a triangular shape).

All tongue and groove bowl fill material for konopatki

entire groove and notch bowls fill material for konopatki

Step 5. Connect crowns between them.Here you can use:

  • dowels square shape;
  • nageli round wood.

The second method is preferred, t. To. Nageli can be purchased ready-made and make holes using an electric drill.

Make holes with a spacing 1-1.5 m, parallel stitching a pair of upper rims completely and incompletely - the third (bottom).To avoid skewing at the end of shrinkage nageli recessed in the top crown at least 6-7 cm.

Connection logs

Connection logs

Step 6. Raising wall to the desired height, put them on top of the ceiling joists and rafters.When it used wet wood, instead of rafters lay sheets of slate and allow shrinkage design.Usually it is enough just one winter, but ideally shrinkage should last a year and a half.

The overlap of the massive whole logs

Overlapping of massive whole logs

spring, when the shrinkage is completed, proceed to konopatki.

Video - Roof shingles from aspen

Step 7: Door, window openings

We purposely started talking about openings after completion of construction, that is to have two versions of everything...

The device casing boxes for installation of windows and doors to the wooden house

device casing boxes for installation of windows and doors to the wooden house

  1. In the first case, the hole created after the completion of construction works.At the same time crowns located in areas of future openings, pre-leave small gaps (the latter depends on the dimensions of the mounted product size).When finished packing timber, just cut the openings chainsaw.
  2. In the second case, leave openings still under construction.This is a very time-consuming and expensive, since you will use the bars with notching the ends and grooves.
    How to install a window in the frame

    How to install a window in the frame

    Installation of windows

    Installation window

    Windows for bath

    Windows for bath

    for bath Doors log

    for bath Doors log

therefore advised to give preference to the first embodiment.

Step 8. konopatki logs

Types of tools and methods konopatki

kinds of tools and methods konopatki

After shrinkage is performed konopatka log.To do this, prepare such equipment:

  • hammer;
  • konopatku (wood or metal).

Attention!If you are compacted mezhventsovogo space tow or moss, you can skip this step because konopatka you will likely be required.But if you find even the slightest gap, the procedure is better to perform.

Get to work only after the complete drying of insulation.First, twist the material (tow or moss) in the harness, and then drive in between the crowns by hammer and caulking.

konopatki

konopatki

You can use tape Jute - in this case, the material is simply fixed with nails or a stapler assembly.

Primary and secondary log konopatka

Primary and secondary log konopatka

Video - konopatki log

Step 9. Roof

The construction of the roof to the rafters male with naslonnymi

Erection of roof on male with naslonnymi rafters

rafter system

Raftersystem

Once the tree will shrink, you can start the construction of the roof.If you do it before, then simply lead roof.

Step 1. Place on piping walls, wooden beams (we have already talked about this).