Build Daily

Latest

October 04, 2016 23:01

Building a garage with his hands

cinder block - a relatively inexpensive material with excellent performance characteristics.If desired it is possible to build a wonderful garage, without involving third party for this job.How?Who will tell!

Building a garage with his hands

build garage with his hands

Preparations

Article Contents

  • 1 Preparations
    • 1.1 Site Selection
    • 1.2 marking the construction site
    • 1.3 Calculation cinder block
  • 2 step guide on building a garage
    • 2.1 first phase - the foundation
    • 2.2 second stage - wall
    • 2.3 third phase - the roof
    • 2.4 fourth stage - floor
  • 3 Finishing work
  • 4 Video - building a garage with his hands

Self-construction of the garage of the cinder block begins with the implementation of a number of important preparatory activities.Follow the sequence.

Site Selection

First choose a suitable place for the construction of our avtodomika.Conveniently, the parking garage is located next to the house - in the bad weather does not have to get wet in the rain and wade through snowdri

fts.

Selection and training space for garage

selection and preparation of the site for the garage

better that the garage was located at a minimum distance from the exit of the site.The number of rotations should be minimal.Do not build a garage of cinder block in the valley sinceit threatens flooding atmospheric and groundwater.

Always make sure that the location of the planned building no lines of communication, such as:

  • aqueducts;
  • power lines;
  • sewage pipes and heating.

When damage these communications in the future availability of the garage considerably complicate their repair.

Garage Scheme of foam blocks

scheme garage of foam blocks

scheme masonry garage of foam blocks

Make sure that during the construction of a garage at the selected location will be a sufficient amount of space to open the gate.It is worth a free parking place at the time of cleaning and other works.

marking the construction site

Marking the site for the foundation

Layout area under the foundation

selecting a suitable location for the construction of the garage of breeze blocks, proceed to markup site.At this stage, you will need a small set of ancillary instruments, namely:

  • reinforcing rods or other similar devices;
  • hammer for driving rods;
  • dense string pulling between the pegs;
  • roulette for measurement.

Before the markers work, it is necessary to precisely define the dimensions of the future structure.At this point you are guided by the following factors:

  • space available on the site;
  • financial capabilities;
  • individual preferences and needs.

If the garage of cinder block will be used as storage space for standard-size passenger cars, you would be enough for the size of 6x4 m structure and height of 2.5-3 m.

Six-meter length due to the dimensions of cars (an average of 4-5 m) withhalf-meter margin for the smooth passage.The width of the machine is an average of 200-250 cm. Approximately 70 cm should be left for the passage, install shelving and storage of various kinds of materials used in the garage.

Approximate dimensions of the garage

Approximate dimensions of the garage

If desired, you can adjust the size of buildings in its sole discretion.There are no strict limits and standard dimensions in relation to the garages of cinder block no.

Marking the site for the foundation

Layout area under the foundation

Calculation cinder block

choosing a place to build and determine the optimal size of the garage, proceed to the calculation of materials.Take this step with the utmost responsibility.Due to errors in the calculation stage, you may simply not have enough material, or are you wasting money on unnecessary blocks.

cinder block

cinder block

calculation will be considered on an example of the size 6x4 m garage and a height of 250 cm Masonry is performed on the most popular method -. Half a block.Door sizes - 300h230 see

Dimensions of one block are standardized -. 39h19h18,8 see Consequently, on 1 m2 of masonry blocks will take 13.6..The entire building, you lay out of the 586 elements.It added "on reserve" Usually, about 5-10% of the material.If you consider this when performing the calculation in the design provides for a more doors and window openings.

you need also will buy a rubble stone foundation for everything, a few beams of metal or wood (in the case of a garage the size of these would be enough to five-inch 430 bars).

crushed stone

Quarry stone

Do not forget to buy concrete for pouring the foundation, or the components (cement, sand and gravel) for its self-service.

Concrete

Concrete

You will also need the material for the final coating of the roof.In his choice be guided by their own preferences.

metal

Metal

Ondulin

Ondulin

Specifications Ondulina

Specifications Ondulina

Profiled Roof

Profiled Roof

Profiled Roof

Profiled Roof

Concrete buy or cook for themselves.The proportions of the standard:

  • part cement;
  • three parts sand;
  • 4-5 pieces of rubble.

    proportions of concrete

    Preparation of concrete

    concrete preparation

step guide on building a garage

Getting independent garage construction of cinder block.

first phase - the foundation

Driving device melkozaglublennogo foundation

Driving device melkozaglublennogo foundation

start with everything foundation.The structure of the cinder block will have a relatively low weight.Melkozaglublennogo belt base is enough.

Roy trench in accordance with the markings.Ideally, the design depth should exceed the level of soil freezing.Most often deepened by 60-80, and sometimes 100 cm. At this stage we prepare for the deepening of the pit cellar and a lookout, if their presence is provided by the project.

The level of soil freezing

soil freezing level

attached to the walls of the pit plastic wrap or roofing material for waterproofing.

Fall asleep trench bottom 20-30-cm layer of a mixture of gravel and gravel with a thorough follow-compacted.

Install formwork with the expectation that the height of the finished concrete structure about 100 mm higher than the ground level.

Give concrete mix to harden.According to the regulations the concrete is gaining strength within 28 days.On top of frozen ribbon laid roofing felt in two layers of waterproofing.

The trench for the foundation of a garage

trench for the foundation of a garage

Formwork with reinforcement

formwork with reinforcement

fill

Fill

Ribbon foundation under the garage

Ribbon foundation under the garage

second stage - wall

Driving laying breeze blocks

scheme laying breeze blocks

The height and length of the wall is determined individually.Masonry blocks performed like a brick.The most popular methods for the following:

  • half stone;
  • in stone;
  • half stone;
  • two stone.

thickness masonry directly affects the stability of the finished walls to wind loads, temperature changes, etc..

sequence masonry cinder blocks

most often, as noted, the builders use a "brick" method of laying in which must be placed a series of overlapping seamsunderlying.First, lay out the corners, then stretch out between the ropes for the evenness of masonry and continue to work.

During arrangement of walls adhere to the following important rules:

  • stacking blocks with ligation of sutures;
  • if the walls are built without further warming and a lining, carefully control the quality of welds on each stage.It is recommended to do unravel;
  • vymeryat each block building level.Particular attention is paid to the starting row;
  • before you upload blocks from the gate, set at least their frame for better orientation.We are doing it with a check on the level and structure temporarily fix the spacers;
  • keep a bias towards the front of at least 0.3 m.
    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

    Construction of cinder block garage

The top of the wall, leave the nest for installation of floor beams.Recommended sizes - 200h200h150 mm.The gaps can then lay or blow out.Optimal step placement of nests - 100 cm.

The beams are arranged at the same distance and are stacked filling elements that perform the function of enclosing

beams are arranged at the same distance and are stacked filling elements that perform the enclosing function

Covering

Covering

Overlapping and crate

ceilings and crate

scheme ventilation

garage
Installation of ventilation

ventilation assembling

third phase - the roof

roof business base of the I-beams - is the best option.The length of the elements is selected so that it is 250 mm longer than the width of the construction.

Driving the garage roof

scheme roof garage

garage Roof

roof garage

Beams put across in increments of about 1 m. Fasten beam suitable manner, for example, with the help of anchors.

Then sew up the base beams 4 cm thick. Puts most dense timber.On top of the boards put roofing felt on his insulation (mineral wool, expanded clay or slag), pour 2 cm and tie concludes "pie" Akvaizol, Rubemast or other suitable material.you can select a different surface finish in its sole discretion, if desired.

Laying of roofing material on the crate

laying of roofing material on the crate

Laying insulation

Laying insulation

Laying fixtures

Stacking fittings

Concreting floors

Concreting overlap

Concreting floors

Concreting overlap

Flooring Bikrost made ​​by means of the burner

Flooring Bikrost made by means of the burner

Waterproofing flat roofs

waterproofing flat roofs

fourth stage - floor

Paul do at the level of a cap.Standard poured screed not less than 100 mm.Pre cleans the surface of dust, align the bottom of it and fall asleep sand or fine gravel as necessary.

Driving the floor in the garage

Scheme floor garage

Pouring floors in the garage

floors Fill in the garage

How to make the concrete floor in the garage

How to make the concrete floor in the garage

How to make the concrete floor in the garage

How to make the concrete floor in the garage

How to pour the floor in the garage with his hands

How to pour the floor in the garage of hishands

Concrete floor in garage

concrete floor in the garage

Ties make concrete M200 brand.Material pour continuously slowly in several layers.Give concrete grab and rub clean surface.

to the garage was convenient to call, develop a ramp in front of the building.Be sure to do 50-70-centimeter-blind area around the perimeter of the building.It will ensure the timely diversion of water from the ground.

floor manufacturing option in the garage made ​​of concrete blocks and

floor manufacturing option in the garage made of concrete and blocks

We spread the concrete slabs and the space between them is filled with concrete and rubble stone

spread the concrete slabs and the space between them is filled with concrete and rubble stone

We spread the concrete slabs and the space between them is filled with concrete and rubble stone

spread the concrete slabs and the space between them is filled with concrete and rubble stone

Finishing work

Install gates.A specific embodiment of select in its sole discretion, buy or do it yourself and install according to instructions, relevant to the selected system.

Garage Doors

Garage doors

Garage Doors

Garage doors

Garage Doors

Garage doors

Bring electricity accessible way ( "air" or "underground").Install sockets and lighting in the right places.

Wiring in the garage

wiring in the garage

Wiring and lighting in the garage

wiring and lighting in the garage

Getting exterior and interior decoration.There are no strict limits and specific recommendations in this regard, no.Walls can wipe the cement mixture, decorate with plaster or whitewash, to sheathe siding, paneling or other similar material.

Garage plastered

Garage plastered

strongly recommended to insulate the garage.Most often settling insulation mineral wool or foam.Waterproofing create a polyethylene film.

garage Warming

Warming garage

internal arrangement for you.Desk, racks, shelves - be guided by their own preferences and needs.Be sure to Apply for fire extinguisher from the corner, a box with sand, shovels and buckets.

garage Construction

Arrangement garage

The shelves in the garage to store details

shelves in the garage for storage of parts

Finally, fill in the garage necessary furniture and accessories.

garage Construction

Arrangement garage

Electric heat gun to heat the garage

electric heat gun to heat the garage

Successful work!

Video - Building a garage with his hands