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September 21, 2016 23:05

Repair ceiling with his hands

Sooner or later, there comes a moment when the ceiling of a house or apartment loses its aesthetic appearance and in need of repair.We must remember that the appearance of the room element directly affects the entire interior.Even if the walls are decorated with one of the expensive materials, and the ceiling will look messy, the whole effect of the repair will be lost.

Repair ceiling with his hands

Repair ceiling with his hands

Repair ceiling with his hands - it is quite feasible for any event hosts housing.Home - choose the method that will be under force, meet the level of skills and material possibilities owners.And in order to decide on this option, you need to consider first proce ss etc. spend vacations of preparatory work, and then - several variants of transformation of the ceiling surface.

However, you first need to prepare all the necessary tools to work.

Tools repair ceiling

Article Contents

  • 1 Repair Tools ceiling
  • 2 Preparations
    • 2.1 Surface cleaning
    • 2.2 Sealing cracks
    • 2.3 Priming the surface of the ceiling
  • 3 finishing
    • 3.1 «wet" plaster
    • 3.2 alignment ceiling plasterboard
      • 3.2.1 Video: the alignment of the ceiling plasterboard
    • 3.3 ceiling painting
    • 3.4 Headliner plastic panels
      • 3.4.1 Video: how to sheathe prailno ceiling plastic panels
    • 3.5 Paperhanging
      • 3.5.1 Video: tips for pasting ceilingwallpaper
    • 3.6 Pasting of a ceiling light plastic tiles
      • 3.6.1 Video: an object lesson on the label on the plastic ceiling tiles

Any of the ceiling requires a particular surface repair.For plaster and putty work necessary to prepare the tools that will allow for all processes quickly and accurately.Do not skimp on this purchase and cheap low-quality equipment, otherwise you may well have the hell of a lot of trouble aligning inflicted compositions.

To work required quality tools

To work required quality tools

To work required:

  • Sokol, which will be convenient to keep the solution during the plastering process.
  • or plastering trowel blades, for plastering and putty on the surface.
  • Graters for mashing supported and aligned solution.
  • scrapers to clean the ceiling and remove excess solution.
  • rule to align applied solution and monitor the evenness of the surface.
  • spatulas of different sizes for application and distribution of the solution.
  • roller with a long handle to wet the surface of the ceiling before cleaning and for priming.
  • Building level to control the flatness of the ceiling.
  • brushes or brush .

Besides the above may be required and other tools - depending on the choice of material for finishing the ceiling.

Preparations

Preparation of surfaces to repair and decoration, of course, one of the most disliked processes at work, but absolutely necessary.From that, how well it is produced , it depends on durability and aesthetics result in in seh other works. And , whatever material for finishing is chosen, training bases should be done necessarily.

Preparations include surface cleaning, sealing of cracks, seams and joints, if they show up, priming the ceiling.

Cleaning

surface from the surface of the ceiling must be sure to remove the old paint if it has at least a small crack or even in some places has become separated from the base and fall off.If this is not done, then all the work go down the drain, and very soon will have repair repeat.

The work always begins with the removal of old coatings

work always begins with the removal of old coatings

  • If the ceiling was plastered and whitewashed , then it is well worth moisturize and remove the whitewash with a spatula or rigid sponge.The plaster must be removed entirely, if during the operation was covered with cracks, voids beneath it appeared.
Flushing old whitewash

Flushing old whitewash

In that case, when the plaster is applied qualitatively, and only in some areas were peeling, you can try to clean the base only damaged areas.When a peeled plaster is removed, you need to carefully examine the edges of the remaining coating.If you find it though and kept, but between it and the base there is even a very small gap, then cleaning area have expand.

Unstable region necessarily removed old plaster

unstable region necessarily removed old plaster

  • If the ceiling was decorated with conventional or liquid wallpaper, they are just like whitewash, moisten and clean off with a spatula.Ordinary wallpaper you need to give some time for getting wet and gaps, then they will be removed much easier.If they are glued efficiently, they have wet several times, and without waiting for drying, to start cleaning the ceiling.
To remove old wallpaper should be thoroughly wet

to remove old wallpaper should be thoroughly wet

  • If the ceiling was covered with polyurethane or polystyrene foam tiles, then its dismantling is carried out with a spatula.Remove the need to fully all the material on the surface without leaving even smaller pieces.

Sealing cracks

discovered a crack in the ceiling, exposing interplate joints, as mentioned above, have repaired, but they are usually not smearing bring high-quality results.

Leave these cracks in the ceiling - in any case be

Leave these cracks in the ceiling - in any case be

  • To start, you need to cut the crack to expand as much as possible in width and depth.Usually it is held using a chisel and hammer, punch, and some cases, for example, direct the intersection of two plates, you can resort to the "Bulgarian" with the established circle of stone.Expansion is necessary to repair the composition after filling the cracks are well kept in it, and it does not manifest again in a new cover of the ceiling.
Cutting chisel cracks

Cutting chisel cracks

  • crack, after its expansion should be well cleaned from dust and pieces of plaster - this proce ss etc. Gadfly using brush .
  • Then in split crack must-primed, which will add the surface adhesion its blurring plaster solution.Priming is performed by brush, across the length and depth of the gap.
  • Depending on the width and depth of the defect, it can be embedded with sealant, plaster mortar or assembly foam.

- If the gap is zapenen, it is necessary to wait until the foam expand and harden, and then it surplus neatly cut to the level of the ceiling surface.

- When sealing of putty, sealant or repair mortar based on cement or plaster, if the crack is wider, it is recommended to use fiberglass mesh-serpyanku - it becomes a kind of reinforcing a "bridge" connecting the two opposite sides of the crack, andwill not allow this to manifest shortcomings through new decorative coating.

Tape- serpyanka will help to reinforce the repair area

Tape-serpyanka will help to reinforce the repair area

composition is applied to the surface of the crack with force, so that it penetrated the entire depth, necessarily grabbing edge.On the solution layer is glued and smoothed serpyanka.It should be wider fracture gap of about 10 ÷ 15 mm on each side of the defect.

Special attention - the seams at the junction of slabs

special attention - the seams at the junction of slabs

Filling the seams on the ceiling

How to make grout on the ceiling?

If during removal of plaster found in the joints between the ceiling tiles old concrete structure crumbles and falls, then, before do surface repair, it is necessary to close up the flaw.

How to carry out work on grouting on ceiling - in a special article of our portal.

Priming the surface of the ceiling

final stage in the preparatory work is the processing of the primer surface - it will antiseptic and giving ceiling surface high adhesive qualities

Antiseptic primer

Antiseptic primer

If the ceiling showed traces of mold, fungal colonies, then, before applied primer is necessary to treatment of the affected area special antifungal agent.

"Лечение" пораженных участков стен и потолка

«treatment» of affected areas of the walls and ceiling

After this treatment, the ceiling must dry thoroughly, and only then can we move on to the primer.Primer is applied with a roller and spread evenly on for surface ceiling.In places where the roller can not handle (such as corners), resort to brushes.

Recommended apply two - three primer layer composition - then it is well absorbed and will build Article Square enku , which will be an excellent basis for the application of leveling plaster coatings.

finishing

After the surface repaired and primed , before you start applying decorative coating, it must be leveled, otherwise all the flaws show up through the finishing layers.

Align the ceiling surface can be carried out in different ways - using "wet" plaster (fillers) or dry method - sheets of plasterboard.

«wet" plaster

plasters for "wet" leveling the ceiling are made on different basis.Which one is more suitable for a particular case?To do this, think about how this or that mixture lead themselves in the process of application and during operation.Some characteristics can be found in the proposed table:

main characteristics of the different types of plaster

Properties plasters
mineral acrylic silicate silicone
basic substance cement acrylic resin liquid glass silicone resin
vapor permeability high low high high
Water absorption high low average low
Exposure to pollution average high low very low
pigment type inorganic inorganic, organic inorganic inorganic, organic
elasticity low high average high
UV resistance high low high high
Microbiological resistance average low high high
abrasion resistance low high high high
resistance to ozone high low high high

Align the ceiling plaster (filler) is considered the most traditional method, but this method is rather complicated for the unprepared person, and must be properly adapt himself to the work went quickly.You can conduct training on small individual plots - this will give the opportunity to understand.As the forces to be such an operation on the entire surface of the ceiling.

If goes well, you can raise the required amount of plaster mix and get to work.

Plastering ceiling

Plastering ceiling

plastering of the ceiling

How to make plastering of the ceiling?

detail the whole process plastering the ceiling set out in article portal, which can be accessed by links.

After plastering is the final stage of leveling the surface using putty mixtures.This proce ss etc. gadfly to make a perfectly smooth ceiling.

The finish coat is to make a ceiling ideally flat and smooth

Finishing Putty should make a ceiling ideally equal and smooth

Leveling putty ceiling

How to align the ceiling with the help of putty?

to the point necessary to elevate the ceiling by painting or wallpapering underneath.To study in detail the process of leveling the surface ceiling putty , you can refer to the relevant article of the portal . :

Alignment ceiling plasterboard

If there is no certainty that the traditional "wet" plastering pass successfully, it can be to align the ceiling to use a "dry" technology - the alignment of the surface of the sheets of plasterboard.This approach is good still and that gives the opportunity not only to make the ceiling smooth, but also warm or soundproof it.

In recent years, are increasingly resorting to leveling the ceiling plasterboard

in recent years have increasingly resorted to the equalization ceiling plasterboard

In the case where the base of the ceiling rather flat, with no big drops and which can easily be screwed in fixing elements, drywall sheets can be mounted directly on the surface.But in this case excluded insulation and soundproofing.

therefore often chosen method of attachment gipsokarto on on specially prepared metal frame made of galvanized profile - so it is possible align even the curve of the ceiling.In addition, between the ceiling and the foundation can be laid insulating material that insulates the room from the noise of the top of an apartment or room to insulate a private home.

Metal ceiling frame for fixing plasterboard sheets

Metal ceiling frame for fixing plasterboard sheets

frame drops below the substrate surface to a maximum of 100 ÷ 150 mm, but if the ceilings are low, it is possible to omit the metal crate only 50 ÷ 70 mm.

work is conducted in the following sequence:

  • First the surface markings, and are indicated by lines which are fastened guides.The most convenient way to perform it using the methylene blue colored twine .On both sides of the room vymeryat points between which stretched twine , further pulled her , hand around her middle and released.Thus, the ceiling remains beaten off color, completely flat strip.

Similarly, wires and perpendicular lines.On the ceiling is obtained large cell size, usually 600 × 600 mm.The last elements of crates must be held at a distance of 50 ÷ 70 mm from the wall.