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October 04, 2016 23:02

Finishing steam with their own hands

Finish steam with their own hands requires a special approach, as used in this material should not only withstand high humidity, and peak temperatures.In addition, the aesthetic design of the room is to create a particularly favorable atmosphere conducive to psychological relief and physical relaxation.

Finishing steam with their own hands

Finish steam with their hands

To Steam bath corresponded all requests its visitors on all possible options, it is recommended to think in advance and plan project room decoration.

Basic Principles and stages of equipment steam

Article Contents

  • 1 Basic principles and stages of equipment steam
    • 1.1 Video: a few sketches of possible options steam equipment
  • 2 Phased finishing steam
    • 2.1 Electrical
    • 2.2 Mounting battens on the walls and ceiling
    • 2.3 Determination of places for ovens
    • 2.4 holes for ventilation and chimney
    • 2.5 Installing insulation
    • 2.6 arrangement of walls and floor at the installation site stove
    • 2.7 Installing the door frame and door
      trim
    • 2.8 Decorative ceiling paneling and walls and completion
    • 2.9 videno: an object lesson on the equipment andfurnish steam

If the structure already built baths, rooms are distributed, and the area is known for each of them, on the basis of these data, we can begin to create the project.It would be better to make a number of possible options for a particular room, to have a choice between three four ÷ interiors.

After will defined most optimal option, it will be possible, focusing on the dimensions of the room, count the number of necessary construction and finishing materials for the design of the walls the steam room, the device shelves , for steam -, hydro - and thermal insulation of the walls.

addition, immediately have to decide on the lighting system.It must be safe and bright enough to create in the dark steam room a special atmosphere, condusive to relaxation.

All construction and finishing activities are carried out in a certain sequence, which should not be broken, otherwise there is a possibility that have to redo all the work.

  • First set all electrical wiring.The planned installation of fixtures ground wires are passed through the insulation and waterproofing system, as well as through the linings.
  • next step is crate on the walls and ceiling, and it fixed the first layer vapor barrier material.
  • then determined location for the furnace - it will dispose of a special technology and later.
  • Next, mark the location of the ventilation system, preparing the hole for the chimney in the wall or ceiling.
  • next step between the bars crates install insulation.Usually bath chosen stone or basalt wool, which is less than the other responds to elevated temperature and humidity.
  • Next, the top layer of insulation vapor barrier is stretched a second membrane.
  • Over her fixed foil film, or select one of the other reflective materials.
  • then settling location for the oven - foundation and walls.
  • The rest of the floor is laid with ceramic tiles or, if desired, was covered wooden decking.
  • next stage is set box door and the door itself .
  • Next, steam is sheathed wooden clapboard - ceiling first, and then the walls.
  • then held assembling shelves, other elements bath equipment installed fixtures.

Video : a few sketches of possible equipment variants steam

It was a common sequence of operations.Now about these stages - more.

Phased finishing steam

Electrical

Electrical cables secured to the wall under the insulation and a vapor barrier. cable on all over be intact, should not have a terminal or solder joints, and even more so - twists.After the finishing of lighting the point of attachment should be very well insulated.

Properly made ​​and cleverly recessed lighting improves the overall atmosphere in the steam room

competently made and skillfully arranged lighting will improve the general atmosphere in the steam room

Lighting evenly distributed throughout the room - it can be ceiling lights, shelves or corner sections.Each lamp should be fitted special sealed bubble that protects the lamp from humidity.If the pair will be used for conventional lighting fixtures unprotected, they will quickly go out of order.So the same is likely a short circuit when swallowed instrument moisture, which can lead to very serious consequences.

Such a sealed cover quite suitable for steam rooms

Such a sealed cover quite suitable for steam

Secured cable to the wall using special holders or to fit into a box, which will create additional protection from aggressive environment steam.

Sometimes the walls of the pair arrange for lighting small windows, but we must remember that they will always help to ensure speedy air cooling in the room.So if window still planned, then it must be very small, not more than 300 × 500 mm, and be sure to close tightly.The best option in this case will set a miniature metal-plastic window with glass.

Lighting box should not be large in size

Lighting box should not be large in size

If you set a goal to preserve the overall style of the room, including in the design of lighting fixtures, for them you can make a wooden protective cover, a screen, which dimmed the bright lights and make it nicescattered.

So self-made bubble - shirmochka can decorate the interior of the sauna

Thus homemade bubble-shirmochka can decorate the interior of the sauna

Installation electrical steam room is not particularly difficult, to be a professional - electrician .If the worker makes in a bath paneling, far from this line of work, it is best to invite them to fulfill the man who knows exactly how to do it.

Mounting battens on the walls and ceiling

Crate on the wall can be mounted vertically or horizontally, and on the ceiling along or across - this point depends on the direction of lining arrangement.

Inserting the battens on the wall

Inserting the battens on the walls

crate suit of wooden bars, which should have thickness of thickness of insulation material.

Location elements crates (interval between adjacent guide) is calculated based on the width of the insulation.The bars are located at a distance which is 20 ÷ 40 m m m enshe than that of the insulation material, as thermoinsulator must stand firmly as possible.

To protect crate , walls and ceiling of the moisture and condensation on the surface of the bars and attached vapor barrier membrane between them, which will allow insulation layer to "breathe".

Determination of places for ovens

«The central element of" steam is always a furnace, so , having arranged on the walls crate , it is necessary to determine the place accommodation heater and size site for her .Usually a stove is installed around the outer wall, so the easiest way to bring flue pipe through the wall into the street, without damaging the attic floor and the roof.

Stove with output pipe to the outside through the wall

Stove with output pipe to the outside through the wall

However, it is possible to install and traditional vertical pipe, which runs through the entire building baths.For her suit in a specially decorated the ceiling opening, conduct it through the attic, and then passed through the roof and close the gaps between the pipe and roofing waterproofing.This variation nt sl ozhnee to install the chimney, but when you select it, you can significantly save space in the steam room for through indent from the wall.

Version with vertical placement of chimney

variant with vertical placement chimney

calculating and noting the site for the stove, you can start planning the ventilation holes.

holes for ventilation and chimney

Already at the very first stages of the insulation "cake" should immediately identify the location of the ventilation and chimney holes.Their location depends on where it will be installed stove-heater.Since the place has already been defined, it is necessary to apply to the scheme of the ventilation device.ARRANGEMENT vents may be several, but not always, one of the windows is at a height of 300 ÷ 400 mm from the floor, while the second - 150 ÷ ​​200 mm below the ceiling.

One of the possible schemes of ventilation doubles

One of the possible schemes of ventilation doubles

lower ventilation window will be located next to or behind the stove, and the upper - on the opposite wall from the ceiling.

Beautifully executed ventilation window with a latch

Beautifully executed ventilation window with a latch

Therefore, in these areas is necessary to arrange the through holes, and temporarily install them cut plastic pipe or wooden blocks to allow for the installation of other layers of insulation and finishing lining.Problems organization proper ventilation in the room steam subject of a special publication of our portal.

hole chimney can be made in the ceiling, as mentioned above, or in the wall.For him as well as for ventilation, arrange passage through all the layers of insulation.If the hole is done in the wall, it is also temporarily set the desired diameter of the pipe.Subsequently flue pipe will need to be separated from combustible surfaces heat-resistant gaskets.

More with nuances of planning and installation of the bath chimney - in a separate special article of our portal.

Installing insulation

Installing insulation material is first made on the ceiling.If necessary, temporarily fix a thin but strong rope , which is fixed by means of a stapler on crate .

Laying of thermal insulation boards on the ceiling

laying insulating panels on the ceiling

Further, insulated walls of the sauna.Material tightly set between the bars so that gaps remain between them, or may have cold bridges.

Installing insulation in the walls

Installing insulation in the walls

Top heater has served one layer paroizoliruyuschey membrane. It is possible to replace the foil film , but you can use them in combination.

Foil vapor barrier membrane on the walls

foil vapor barrier membrane at

walls advantage of using the foil is that it has the ability to reflect heat inward , thus maximizing keeping it in a room and not allowing to cool the walls.

These layers are stretched and fixed to the walls and ceiling overlapping , which shall not be less than 200 mm, and are fixed to the crate brackets using stapler .

Bonding joints foil material special adhesive tape

Bonding joints foil material special tape

Then the joints of individual webs are glued waterproof foiled tape.

Окончательно оформить утеплительный "пирог" помогут рейки контробрешетки

Finalize Warming "pie" will help rail kontrobreshetki

Top of layers often secured sufficiently thin wooden slats (elements of the so-called kontrobreshetki ), which are more securely fix these materials to the main crate .

arrangement of walls and floor at the installation site stove

Before you replace the furnace, it is necessary opening for the withdrawal of the chimney into the street, to expand and equip the refractory lining that protect combustible walls from overheating.If Bath built of brick or stone, then the pipe can be displayed without preconditioning holes.

Following these works, the walls are finished reliable non-combustible material.Most often they are trimmed with asbestos plates, which is done in the right place and the hole is aligned with a hole for the pipe.

Decorating the walls near the stove heat-resistant panels

Decorating the walls near the stove heat-resistant panels

walls can then be lined with ceramic wall tiles, for example, with an imitation of natural stone or fired brick.

Then this is the place you can oblitsevat tile under a stone or brick

then this is the place you can oblitsevat tile under a stone or brick

Base for stove be elevated above the rest of the floor steam at 200 ÷ 250 mm, so it is used stoneware or thick floor ceramic plate .

After that, laid the rest of the surface sex - this suitable ceramic tile or high-quality flat boards.Traditionally, floor steam using wooden planks, but tile will last longer.

Paul advantageous to lay a solid ceramic or granite tiles

Paul advantageous to lay a solid ceramic or granite tiles

way, if it is made of ceramic tile decorative coating, then it is easy to install special removable wooden lattice.

Installing the door frame and door trim

Next, you need to arrange for installation of the door boxes and doors .This is done to wall cladding to be able to close the fastening lining and embedded spaces between the walls and the box.

The door should rise evenly, without the distortions and cracks

door should rise evenly, without the distortions and cracks

ill-fitting door and substandard its installation can cause cooling of the room, so you need to provide for and take into account some points that will help to avoid heat leaks:

  • door shouldopen outwards, and not towards the pair.
  • on the door, with her outside, secured special rail-pad, which will advocate for Perim tr dd ernogo Polot on at 20 ÷ 30 mm.At the close, they will overlap the gaps between the frame and the door, tightly adjacent to the jamb.
  • threshold is higher than the floor surface is 100 ÷ 120 mm.
  • Installation hermetically closed up the gaps between the frame and walling opening .
  • can set a baguette door trim inside the steam room, thereby creating an additional barrier to the penetration of cold inside .
The door trim so that it did not go away after the heat outside

door trim so that it does not go through the heat out

  • It is important that the door was reliable custodian of hot air and steam inside the steam room.Therefore , the door is often first sheathe insulating material and then make out the lining.

very often lately to create premises tightness, use of metal and plastic versions of the door and, although it is not traditionally need to say that they work effectively for the Russian pair,. Especially since it is possible to order a decorative trim metal structures wooden paneling.