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August 12, 2017 18:06

Repair of bathroom

Repair in the bathroom - employment requires careful forethought and premeditated.the forces necessary to soberly assess - whether you can finish the job himself, or have access to specialists.Create a layout - in special programs or on paper, take care of the availability of all necessary materials and tools.Special planning is required if the repair is done in a residential apartment, in which the use of the premises occurs daily.Just need a sober assessment of the status of all utilities - such repairs are not for one year, and do not want to remove the tiles in a couple of years to replace the pipe unusable.Consider the location of lighting fixtures, switches, towel warmer, and other important details.

Here are all the organizational issues have been resolved, shut-off deadlines agreed with the neighborsand fitter.You can start to dismantle.Breaking

too, is deliberately not to spend cement embedding excessive potholes and time for freezing.

choice of materials

Article Contents

  • 1 choice of materials
  • 2 pipes and floor
  • 3 shower tray and walls
    • 3.1 Wiring
    • 3.2 Tile
    • 3.3 Grout
  • 4 ceiling

choosing materials, pay attention to their properties: moisture resistance, ease of cleaning, to minimize the possibility of mold and mildew, as well as ease of use - some materials requires specialized equipment.

pipes and floor

If you previously used in the bathroom, cast iron pipes, they must always be replaced, because the life of these tubes - up to 40 years, and their debris greatly affects throughput.A decent alternative to the pipe are made of plastic.When replacing the riser is necessary to negotiate with the neighbors above, that they are at this time not to sanitation.Another good solution is the replacement of cast iron riser joint tenants with neighboring rooms - so you will protect yourself from possible leaks between floors.

The old cast iron pipes

old cast iron pipes

Plastic riser

Plastic riser

To change the riser on your floor, you need to make two cutting.The distance from the ceiling should be 20-25 cm - if the neighbors do not change the risers together with you, in the remainder of the pipe enters sleeve for connecting a new plastic pipe with cast iron.

height-sawing from below depends on how tightly the tube enters the tee.Sometimes it has to be caving - in this case, the cut is made as low as possible.In this process, it should be remembered that the iron - a very brittle metal, and if you can not cut down the pipe around the entire circumference, do not worry, it is possible to break a hand or using a hammer.Before the break, do not forget to close the bottom opening with a cloth, plywood or anything else to prevent the drain of scale that can create a blockage at the bottom neighbors.

If you can not release from the pipe tee residues will help chisel, a hammer and a Bulgarian or a drill, but do it very carefully and gently - do not forget: cast iron - brittle metal.If you live in old houses, remember that the connection of cast iron pipes is filled in gray, and when heated it releases a chemical element pungent odor, so you can not use an open flame to avoid fire and how to ventilate the room more often - inhaling sulfur, can lose consciousness.Upon completion of these steps, you can breathe freely - dismantling the pipes behind.

Dismantled cast iron pipe .installed plastic

dismantled cast iron pipe.Installed plastic

New plastic pipes are laid, given the ability of sewage to clean itself: using pipes of 100 mm diameter (it may be a withdrawal from the toilet) slope should be 15 mm per meter of laid pipes with a diameter of 50 mm (removal from the bath, sink, washing machine) - slope of 30 mm per meter.

Device Slope distance between the central drain and siphon without ventilation, see diameter pipes for drainage systems, see
Bath 1:30 100-130 40
Shower 1:48 150-170 40
WC 1:20 600 100
Sink 1:12 0-80 40
Bidet 1:20 70-100 30-40
Wash 1:36 130-150 30-40
Bath, sink, shower (sink combo) 1:48 170-230 50
central riser 100
Taps from this riser 65-75

lay pipes to the main places of location of bathrooms, transferred to fill the sub-floor.

Given the fact that the bathroom - this is the wettest place in the apartment, a reasonable solution would be to install underfloor heating.This reduces the humidity in the room and creates a comfortable bathing conditions during the cold season - so nice, taking a shower, located in a warm bathroom and step barefoot on the heated tiles.

One option could be a film Infrared warm floors 220 watts - it is safe, easy to install and operate.

Film warm floor

Film warm floor

By stacking technology film floor above it is required screed 40-50 mm.In order not to lose, and the height of the room, you can remove the old tie to the base plate interfloor.The film is placed only in those places where there is a need: a toilet, a bedside table and a shower it is not placed, and should take care of premature insulation.

heat insulation


power output wires to the place of location of the regulator - it is to think ahead and register the project for comfortable use in the future.

Installation diagram of film underfloor heating

Scheme mounting film underfloor heating

Before pouring cement foresight to make a test run to make sure the performance.Next is to take care of waterproofing: for this purpose, the film thickness of 50 microns, it is placed around the perimeter of the floor and rises to a height of 10-15 cm is very important to use a solid piece - so you will protect yourself against short circuit and possible flooding of the neighbors..

A good solution would be to make the floor with a slope to the center of the room (no more than 0.5 cm per meter) if accidentally spilled water will meet in the middle, rather than accumulate in hard to reach places.

Sex with a slope

Paul sloping

This slope is calculated taking into account the size of the tile, because the tile will crack under the floor plane.

If this repair in a residential apartment, the next step will be the water supply to the main consumers of the future, which is combined with the filter setting to reduce clogging of pipes and improve water quality.



If the pipe is planned to hide under a tile, it is best to use polypropylene products, which are connected by soldering.

Because threaded connections are oxidized and may eventually leak, and immured in the wall are not immediately noticeable.Paving the pipe, refer to the consideration that, if necessary, replace them it must be done at the lowest cost, if at this point is scheduled expensive decor, it is best to lay the pipe to bypass it.It is necessary to make a map layout of water - then you'll know exactly what and where you are, and be able to avoid unnecessary damage.

shower tray and walls

In many apartments there is a shortage place in bathrooms, in this case, an excellent replacement of cast iron or acrylic bath is a shower, the blessing on the market now they are a great choice.If the goal is - to make repairs budget, or want to try your hand and get a unique shower - you can do it with their own hands.Plan the size of the place for swimming - not less than 0.7 m in order to stay comfortable in it, and no more than a meter, so as not to waste precious space.

weak point of any shower enclosure - the junction of its walls and the pallet.To prevent leakage, it is possible to make a corner of the bathroom.Thus bathroom walls form two contiguous cabin walls future, and other walls may be made of polyester curtain or plastic.The height of the pallet skirting should not be very high - it has to be user-friendly approach.

Figure 6. The shower tray with his own hands

shower tray with your hands

Since the drain pipe of 50 mm, the floor height is calculated considering 3 cm per meter of pipe.This drain hides or walls, or in communication.Gender shower is sloped to the ladder, 1 cm per meter is sufficient.And do not forget about waterproofing.

Figure 7. Beacons to fill the bottom of the shower tray with a bias to the drain

Lighthouses to fill the bottom of the shower tray with a bias to the drain

Fig.7-1 .Fill the bottom of the shower tray

Fill the bottom of the shower tray


The next step is to replace the wiring, because the old wiring probably will not cope with the load used in the bathroom appliances.It does not hurt to have a good grounding, RCD and separate machines for each of a powerful consumer.Even at the planning stage it is necessary to determine the number of lamps, their location, highlighting specific areas, the number of outlets.

If you have equipped your bathroom underfloor heating, it is necessary for him to make a separate machine.You need at least one power socket - for washing machine, boiler.According to the project carried out the wires to the lights and switches.

Power Outlet Legrand Quteo 16A IP44

Power Outlet Legrand Quteo 16A IP44

After shtrobleniya and laying of wires is possible to start leveling walls.The walls are made smoother, the easier their further sheathing tiles and visible glue consumption savings.


Facing begins from the walls, to avoid accidental damage to floor tiles.It is necessary to carefully approach the selection of tiles: keep in mind that some colors can create a distorted perception and slippery floor tiles can lead to injury.It is necessary to correctly calculate the required amount so as not to spend too much, but also have some stock that will replace the split elements.

Laying tiles starts from the second row from the bottom, after having beaten a straight horizontal line on gidrourovnya or using a laser level.

Fig.9. Installing the tiles

Laying tiles

There are different styles of tile masonry, you can choose the one that will have to taste.Evenly apply adhesive to the whole tile will help spatula, trowel and remove all unnecessary.It is important to good press each tile to the wall.Special tic help to keep the same distance, and the excess glue and cleaning welds better to carry out immediately, so you do not put the extra effort.

How to calculate warm floor?

Figure 1- Defines zone - mounting film This publication is not addressed issues of drafting and calculations warm floors. This is - a very extensive layer information that requires special consideration.

Get acquainted with the nuances calculation warm floor can be in a separate article of the portal by clicking on the links.

Putty knife


Fig.10. Crosses to create smooth joints

Crosses to create smooth joints

wise not stoning for one approach the wall, and a bottom row of fence to build - all these actions are aimed at preventing the sliding tiles.

Fig.11. Laying the tiles .The photo can be seen the emphasis

Laying tiles.The photo can be seen the emphasis

require special attention faucet installation area, the places of pipes, sockets, switches.It is useful Bulgarian jigsaw or if granite was chosen for the cladding.Leave the bottom row of wall tiles are not laid out - it will need to come back when you're done putting some floor tiles.

picture 22 How to lay tile?

Secrets of the choice of ceramic tiles and process steps for laying tile on the floor surface - in a special publication our portal .

How to make the hole in the tile

How to make holes in the tile

At the end of cladding you can start laying the floor tiles and wall shower stall.

Remember that walking on the floor can not be svezhepolozhennomu, consider the options of movement, if necessary, for example, to carry out the trim parts.On drying glue needed, at least a day.

When the floor tiles has taken its place, it's time to finish the cladding - it is clear how much you need to cut the tiles for the last row.It is better to place at a slight angle to the wall - 10-15 degrees to the condensate was not going and did not lead to the formation of fungus.

tiles Trimming

Trimming tiles


next step will be cleaning tile joints.Sutures are overwritten with a rubber spatula, extra handy to wipe with a damp sponge, preventing divorce.

Cleaning tile joints

cleaning tile joints



cladding can not be limited, and the approach to the creative process and decorate the bathroom plastic panels, use the thematic panels, vinyl stickers, or by interesting stencils cause intricate pattern.A good solution is the use of mirrors - it is not only necessary functionality, but also a way to increase the size of a small room.


When the walls and floor are lined, you can break to finish the ceiling, considering the quality of ventilation - if necessary, to set compulsory.One of the best solutions is to use drywall.Decorating begins with the definition of the lowest point of the ceiling and its projection on the wall - laser level will make this task easy to perform, otherwise you have to torment.

Repair ceiling

Repair ceiling

If the ceiling provided lighting, this factor should also be taken into account, as well as consider the type of lamps used - for example, halogen lamps heat up, and when they are used to do the indentation at least 20 cm from the ceiling.From the marked point is indented 4 cm - for installation profiles for mounting drywall.In carrying out these manipulations are used for metal screws with a drill head, known as "flea".It will facilitate the work Prosekatel.

Screws for mounting the profile and sharp with a drill (fleas )

Screws for mounting the profile and sharp with a drill (fleas)

Prosekatel .Example

Prosekatel.Example of

to the wall profile is mounted on the anchors 6x40, preferably with head "mushroom".When the profile set, gypsum board attached to them with the help of self-tapping screws for metal 3.5 cm. Remember that their utaplivajut in drywall 1-2 mm.

Fastening drywall .A photo

Fastening drywall.Photo

Do not forget to cut the holes for the fixtures if they're planned, and to stretch the wire.Very often it is impossible to use only one sheet, in this case, the joints are cut sheets angle - 30-45 degrees.The next step is finishing the ceiling - it primed, paying special attention to joints, as well as the strengthening of using a fiberglass mesh and coating the starting filler.Do not forget to work out the filler and the head screws.When it's dry, cover all with another layer of primer, and apply the first layer of putty starting the whole ceiling plane.This will require a long spatula.Try to lay down a layer of maximum smoothly, then after drying will have less to clean off.