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August 12, 2017 18:06

How to put home-made paving tiles

make a perfect garden path is not easy and not cheap.How to save and not to miscalculate?The example of the construction of pedestrian paths homemade tiles is based on the simplified technology of stacking on the sand without the use of protecting borders.

Opting for the manufacture of concrete tiles with their hands already based on the desire to reduce costs.Products cast, how exactly happened to find the boundary between the economy and the quality - time will tell.Getting laying paving slabs and make the garden path at low cost.

essence of technology:

Article Contents

  • 1 essence of technology:
    • 1.1 When you can not remove the existing layer of soil:
    • 1.2 Curbs allowed not to put if:
    • 1.3 What paving slab suitable for easy styling:
  • 2 Tools and materials
    • 2.1 Preparing the ground for tracks
    • 2.2 device alignment layer
    • 2.3 laying tiles on the sand
    • 2.4 Finishing track
Laying makeshift pavement tiles with their hands

laying makeshift pavement tiles with their hands

Classic paving stone blocks involves

a considerable seizure of soil formation, the device compacted foundation and framing the perimeter borders.In certain situations, and allowed to make it easier to do without tedious operations.

When you can not remove the existing layer of soil:

  • No dense vegetation.
  • This sand, gravel or earth in a compacted state.
  • level corresponds to the surface elevations of the future pavement coating.
  • No problems with groundwater.

Curbs allowed not to put if:

  • Track is designed for pedestrian movement.
  • leveling bedding will be within 50-80 mm.

What paving slab suitable for easy styling:

  • thickness - from 35 mm.
  • width - 100 mm.

Alternatively, a small paving stone is suitable for filling the inside of the track.

Tools and materials

for laying paving slabs his forces will need:

  1. Gardening wheelbarrow;
  2. bucket;
  3. Spades - shovels;
  4. Trowel;
  5. building level;
  6. Roulette;
  7. Metal pegs;
  8. elastic string;
  9. Hammer metalwork;
  10. Scissors;
  11. rubber mallet;
  12. Bulgarka and drive on the stone;
  13. Watering can or hose with spray;
  14. Broom.
Tools required for laying paving slabs

Tools required for laying paving slabs

also operate using the water from the barrels or water line.Calculates the amount of sand depends on the area covered and the thickness of the alignment layer.On average, one wheelbarrow (6-7 buckets) is enough for the device path length of about 2 m and its width of 60 cm and a thickness of the sand cushion 3-5 cm, including the finish filling seams.

In order to prevent leaching of the sand from under the tiles in the structure of the tracks use geotextile .Without the non-woven fabric can "float" of tiles and climb weeds.Of course, the vegetation will eventually appear in the upper layer, but it is easier to fight - shallow roots are easily removed by hand-weeding.

Substrate Preparation for the track

Before laying the paving determines the height of the web layout and assess the state of soil.

Designed for paving of land is a hard-packed path for many years, paved with debris and overgrown with slightly at the sides.The track is raised above the surrounding surface of the water with her rolls.The height of the mound we are satisfied, as well as width.Closing is planned paving fabric homemade concrete tile sizes 45h140h210 mm.

analyzing the state of the soil and material for paving, we conclude - laying track really perform on the simplified technology.

Having estimated the future shape of the path, clipped bayonet spade top layer of soil a few centimeters.

Excavation of soil layer

recess

soil layer is removed from the surface of a rare grass and protruding more than 10 mm stones, pull out the roots.

Removal of vegetation residues

Removing vegetation residues

stuck shovel deep, trying not to disturb the compacted layer.As a result, we get a shallow trench.

prepared trench

Prepared trench

device alignment layer

defines the boundaries of the track and hammered hammering stakes.Tie twine at a distance of 70-90 mm from the ground at the same time not exposing it horizontally, and accordingly planned track deviation.

Marking the path contour

marking contour paths

Fill the trench with sand in the thickness of 20-30 mm, raking his bayonet spade.

Backfill the trench with sand

backfilling sand

leveled mound, guided by the twine and bubble level.Special precision is not necessary, the main thing - to create a flat surface without pits and bumps.

Smoothing a leveling layer

smoothing leveling layer

sand sheds water from the watering until the formation of puddles on the surface.

Irrigation sand layer

Irrigation sand layer

degree of readiness check the mound, after walking on the surface.only slight traces of the shoes stay on well-compacted sand surface.

Qualitatively spilled base

Qualitatively spilled base

If necessary, add sand to fill the cavity.

Closing recesses

Closing recesses

again working level as a rule, pulling and sweeping surplus "to himself."

Removal of excess sand

Removing excess sand

repeatedly irrigated and check the quality of dumping .In one approach preparing section length 2-2.5 m, and then turn on.

Laying tiles on the sand

Cut geotextile in size and spreads over the surface.

Laying the non-woven material

laying nonwoven

Setting up a mounting layer bedding , using sifted sand without clay and stone particles.

Filling sand

Filling sand

Leveling plane, bringing it to the level of placing pavers.The distance from the string to the sand should come out equal to the thickness of the tiles.

Using a level , instead of the rules

use instead of level rules

compacted layer of sand with water, as the first alignment layer.Horizontal surfaces on the track width of the control level.

Check the mounting layer

Check mounting layer

Having laid one tile, tapped the top with a rubber hammer and floods in the sand to mark level.

Stacking the first tile

Stacking the first tile

aligns the tiles on the stretched twine.

The exact alignment of the loop

Precise alignment circuit

Homemade Concrete products often vary in thickness, watching it and add sand if necessary.

Fall asleep under a thin sand tile

fill up the sand beneath the thin tiles

a similar manner, the remaining tiles laid, placing them back to back.Required technological gaps between products, serving to compensate for temperature fluctuations, appear themselves, as happens later slight discrepancy tiles (2-3 mm).

Laid homemade tiles

Laid homemade tiles

During operation check the evenness of the web to be placed level and immediately eliminate deficiencies.

Laying out all the garden path, cut off the excess non-woven fabric at a distance of 30-50 mm from the edge of the paving fabric.

Pruning geotextile

Pruning geotextile

Finishing track

on both sides of the path throws a shovel sand and flatten on top of the tiles the plane.

Sand filling voids

Filling the voids with sand

trowel fill the gaps between the concrete elements.

grouting

grout

broom to sweep the track, removing excess of sand, or, conversely, by adding it into the gap.

Cleaning track surfaces

Cleaning track surfaces

Now pour the water and see where you want to repeat the filling seams.

Laid garden path

Laid garden path

After completion of the entire process gets disassembled flat garden path, ready for use.

Dacha path with his own hands

Dachnaya path with their hands

Considered option of laying the concrete tiles - the cheapest but reliable when properly approached.All the conditions of the process chain, you get a durable paving fabric, but significantly lower total costs.