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The Walls And Ceiling

August 12, 2017 18:06

Alignment of plasterboard walls

Any owner wants the apartment to her decoration looked neat.However, even an expensive finishing material on the curves of the walls look beautiful is not, and its acquisition will become a waste of money.Consequently, the straightness and smooth surface of the walls - it is a prerequisite of quality repairs.There are many ways to achieve the desired result, but perhaps the easiest of them can be called a leveling plasterboard walls.

Alignment of plasterboard walls

Alignment of plasterboard walls

For example, to clean up the walls with plaster and beacons, it is necessary to have a certain skills and dexterity, which come only with practical experience.And when dealing with plasterboard, it is sufficient to comply with diligence, accuracy and accurately perform all technological advice. process go faster, if at hand are all the necessary materials, components and consumables for the installation and construction and and the Tools for the job.

Alas, even in panel houses walls are far from ideal for smoothness, so

it sets out major repairs, they need to be put in order first.Moreover, drywall and help solve other problems, inherent in multi-storey residential building. This is a very weak degree Insulated walls, and on the practical absence of sound insulation between adjacent rooms and apartments.

Installation of drywall often helps to make the walls more warm , to organize an effective barrier to the spread of noise.And besides , gypsum boards not only lined the walls in the vertical plane, but also make it smooth and means any finish will look perfect on them.

Another important advantage of drywall is that with skilful approach and a good imagination, it is the design gives opportunity to fulfill the original wall structure with the necessary niches, shelves, openings and etc .

alignment with this material can be carried out in two ways - attaching sheets directly to an uneven wall surface, or fixing on gipsokarto on crate of galvanized metal profiles or wooden bars (rails).

In any case, you should start with the preparation of all required for materials and auxiliary members, readiness checks necessary construction tools.

Materials and tools

Article Contents

  • 1 Materials and tools
    • 1.1 Materials
    • 1.2 Tools
  • 2 Align wall surfaces applying drywall
    • 2.1 Prepare wall surface
    • 2.2 Bonding drywall
    • 2.3 Video: installation of gypsum board on the wall with glue
  • 3 alignment walls by fixing plasterboard on frame
    • 3.1 Video: the alignment of wallsplasterboard with

frame structure As already mentioned, there are several ways gipsokarto mounted on the wall at - on construction glue and crate .It is understood that in each case required its list of building materials and consumable items.However, to avoid repetition, list them in one list - pick from neg necessary at Menen at this or that technology will be easy.

For the installation of the drywall on the wall will require certain materials , tools and accessories

For drywall on the wall will require certain materials, tools and accessories


So, from the materials to align the walls need:

Various types of gypsum board

Various types of gypsum boards

1 - Sheets of drywall, which must be purchased with a margin of 15% of the total area covered walls.

Drywall - a common name.It is subdivided into four types , and it needs to choose depending on the room in which it will be installed.Each type has its own color-coded, which tells about the characteristics of the material:

- Conventional drywall sheets (GCR) has a light grayish color . they are used for leveling walls , erection wall or ceiling structures in buildings with normal humidity.

- gypsum plasterboard - is moisture-resistant material for installation in rooms of bathrooms.Its leaves have a distinct greenish tinge.

- GKLO - fireproof drywall.This material is used for the cladding around stoves and fireplaces. Externally it is characterized surface, painted in warm pink hues.

- GKLVO - this type of drywall combines the properties of moisture - and heat-resistant material.It can be used for wall cladding in rooms bath or boiler.A characteristic feature of the sheets - dark blue or dark gray color.

GCR - material .combining water resistance and resistance to high temperatures

GKLVO - material.combining water resistance and resistance to high temperatures

may vary drywall and its size - this through there certain standards:

Type drywall Thickness mm width in mm Lengthsheet mm
GCR 8,0;9.5;12.5;14;16 1200 From 2000 to 4000
18 or more 600
gypsum plasterboard 10;12.5;14;16 1200
GKLO 12,5;14;16 600
GKLVO 12,5;14;16 1200

What is required in addition to, in fact, drywall:

2 - Gypsum construction glue (dry mix) - to align the walls without the use of crates .

Dry mix Knauf - Perlfix - construction adhesive to gypsum-based

Dry mix Knauf - Perlfix - construction adhesive to gypsum-based

3 - Primer for treating the surface of the wall before installing drywall.

4 - Putty for joints.

5 - Reinforcing mesh or tape.

6 - Metal Galvanized profile for crates , if it will be used.They may require special hangers, connectors and etc .

Metal galvanized profiles and fasteners to them

galvanized metal profiles and fasteners to them

7 - Screws for assembly design crates for fixing plasterboard to guides, anchors for attaching strips or profiles to a concrete or brick wall.

8 - Insulating material - if the planned thermal and noise insulation work.

9 - Steam insulation film - in those cases, if the heater is used.


From tools should be prepared:

  • Central width trowel to apply adhesive and putty.Sometimes it may be necessary and notched trowel.
  • Acute building knife for cutting drywall.
  • Electric drill head and mixer.
  • paint roller, brush.
  • capacity for mixing the adhesive composition.
  • Scissors on metal - cutting galvanized profiles.
  • pliers for joining metal profiles or Riveter .
  • Tape measure, folding ruler, level, plumb rule, other necessary measuring and layout tools and accessories.
  • Punch.
  • screwdriver .
  • Rule.
  • good helper will plane with a beveled blade - for fast chamfering with gypsum boards.

Align wall surfaces applying drywall

This method of installation - most light of the existing, but it can be used only if the Wall has no significant deformation and large irregularities.It is customary to use this technology, if the differences in the level are in the range 5 ÷ 10 mm and the height of the room does not exceed t t PEX meters.

not fit this option for those rooms where certainly need to make installation of sound insulation, and (or) perform wall insulation - in this case will be in demand with the installation of technology crates .

Bonding same gipsokarto on on the wall only when the task level the surface to perfection, quickly and inexpensively create a smooth base for further finishing work.

The whole process of such work can be divided into two stages:

Prepare wall surface

  • Preparations begin with the cleaning of the walls of old wallpaper and flaking plaster.Purification is carried out using a spatula.
Cleaning the walls of the old plaster

Cleaning the walls of the old plaster

  • If aligned to a brick wall, then her need to remove frozen in joints solution which forms lumps, as they may interfere with the installation of sheets.Removes these irregularities with a spatula or a stray hammer.
  • Further recommended obmesti wall brush , to remove dust or residues of dry cement-sand mortar.
  • After that is to fathom the surface flatness using plumb and level building.If some parts of the walls there are strong potholes, in these places you can install a kind of "beacons» - screwing screws and putting their hat on the general level.
Создание "маячков" при сильной кривизне стен

Creation "beacons" in the strong curvature of the walls

Self will become the basis for the reinforcement slides construction adhesive or other bystrozastyvayuschego plaster solution.Their throw top, level on hats and allowed to dry.After drying the slides provide a good focus plasterboard, as it will not be under the deep voids.

  • Further, the wall surface must be well primed, sometimes this proce ss etc. Gadfly in two - three layer, and each subsequent applied after complete drying of the previous one.The primer is applied using a paint roller, and in difficult locations (such as in corners or narrow niches) have use brush.
Priming the walls before applying the GCR

Priming the walls before applying plasterboard

primer composition impregnated surface provides good adhesion for the construction adhesive, walls and sheets of drywall, which favorably affect the quality and speed of installation.

Bonding Drywall

finished preliminary work, you can proceed to the second phase of installation:

  • first step is to prepare an adhesive solution.In prepared container filled with water in the right quantity and in it is poured dry mortar with constant stirring using a composition-mixer nozzle mounted on the drill.
Preparation of the adhesive mass by means of the construction of the mixer

Preparation of adhesive mass by means of the construction of the mixer

desired proportion of dry glue and water indicated on the packaging of any building structure, and recommended clearly follow all manufacturer's recommendations in order to get the desired result.It is necessary to pay attention to the "viability" will be indicated in the same place, as a mixture of gypsum-based dry out and grasped very quickly, and therefore need only to mix the amount of solution that is guaranteed to be generated for a specified period of time.

  • resulting solution is applied to the gypsum board slides on spaced about 150 ÷ ​​200 mm, the bit is distributed, and then the sheet is set to the wall and gently pressed.
Gorki glue , laid out on a sheet of plasterboard

Hills glue laid on a sheet of plasterboard

Master has about ten minutes, during which it is possible to accurately align the sheet vertically and but direction using the building level. to make adjustments carried out pressing on whether Article etc. Avila or accurate tapping so, to not hurt the outer surface of the GCR.

Control of flatness install gypsum board

control flatness install gypsum board

  • Likewise stick and the remaining sheets which are aligned to the first one.All sheets are set close to each other.
  • Then you need to give the glue to dry thoroughly, this process is not takes a lot of time, but it is better to leave the walls lined with plasterboard on the day.
  • Next, processing performed joints sheets primer composition, and after drying them with a thin layer of putty.Top her , directly on the crude composition, pasted the reinforcing tape or mesh-serpyanka.

can purchase self-adhesive and grid-serpyanku.Her paste directly onto the cardboard surface KGL , and then start proce ss trowels atlevaniya seams.

Seams between sheets and overwritten zashpatlevyvayutsya

seams between sheets and overwritten zashpatlevyvayutsya

  • All joints over shpatljujut starting lineup right through the reinforcing material.After drying the seams carefully rubbed clean, and can be corrected with putty to finish perfectly smooth state, if necessary.

Video: installation of gypsum board on the wall with glue

Alignment walls by fixing gipsokarto on to frame

This method is indispensable in the event that the wallyou need to create a warm or sound-absorbing barrier.Frame for gypsum board can be made of wood or metal, galvanized profiles.

  • walls, which will montirovatsyaobreshetka, must necessarily be primed special structures deep penetration, has antiseptic qualities.We can not allow that in the resulting cavity under a layer of drywall to create a favorable environment for the development of any parasitic microflora (mold, fungus and etc .) Colonies or household insects.
  • After drying the primer composition, the wall is made markings for fixing metal or wooden frame rails.

vertical guides battens must be installed at a distance of exactly 600 mm from each other (the distance should be measured out necessarily - centers for profiles).Wall rascherchivayut with a long rule, carefully controlling the level of vertical lines or plumb.

Location vertical guide batten - every 600 mm.

Location vertical guide batten - every 600 mm.

  • next step is to check the verticality of the surface of the wall to determine where you need to install the hangers that will push the guide battens forward to the desired distance.
Suspensions hold the rack at the required distance from the wall

Suspensions hold the rack at the required distance from the wall

  • Next, in the lower and upper parts of the walls is necessary to fix the horizontal profiles, to which will be mounted vertical guides . crates .Sometimes it makes sense to secure them to the floor and ceiling.These two guides should stay strictly opposite each other - it is certainly controlled by means of a plumb.But in the future this approach will facilitate installation uprights - the direction is already set and suspensions, bolted to the wall and to the vertical profiles, give rigidity of the structure.