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The Walls And Ceiling

August 12, 2017 18:06

Plasterboard partitions with their hands

Plasterboard nowadays enjoys an extremely wide popularity among professionals and amateurs, and is increasingly being used during the installation of partitions and cladding walls in apartments and houses.Due to its ease of , the material may be freely used in multi-storey buildings or on the second floor and attic of a detached house - a significant burden on the overlap of this construction will not.Easy installation gives beginners the opportunity to self-builders to carry out the installation of walls or wall paneling.

Plasterboard partitions with their hands

plasterboard partitions with their hands

plasterboard partitions with their own hands can be set after studying the sequence and rules of the process, get acquainted with the nuances of working with this material.

should be noted that the drywall is used for mounting a solid walls, so partitions with windows of different shapes.His ability to make the desired shape, when properly set up for this conditions make it possible to do arched openings or arrange windows partit

ions in a round or other curvilinear shapes.

The material allows you to fully show imagination , doing the most bizarre forms partitions

material to fully allow to show imagination, doing the most bizarre forms

partitions Ability sheets of plasterboard subjected to a planned plastic deformation allows you to mount partitions with volume edges and with the device the original shelves, which are able to withstand a series of books or install themhousehold appliances.

The partition with additional functions - shelves for books and household appliances

partition with additional functions - shelves for books and household appliances

Earlier in the apartment had to drag a cumbersome standard furniture, but now, using the drywall, you can create exclusive options walls that once perform two functions - a separator spacepremises and of furniture.It turns a double savings and space, which is especially important for the not too spacious apartments.

Materials for the installation plasterboard partitions

Article Contents

  • 1 Materials for the installation plasterboard partitions
  • 2 tools needed to work
  • 3 frame Mounting
    • 3.1 Layout
    • 3.2 frame Installation
    • 3.3 Electrical wiring
  • 4 Cutting and fixing plasterboard
    • 4.1 Install door frame
    • 4.2 Sealing joints on the surface of the partition

Whatthe need to have to create a partition other than the primary material - plasterboard ?

All the necessary materials - very easy to use and available at a cost

All necessary materials - very easy to use and available at a cost of

Of the additional materials needed quite a bit, and that is very important - all the necessary components for installation of such walls have an affordable price.

Another advantage of all materials to create plasterboard partitions is that they do not contaminate the areas of the house or apartment as it is, for example, are able to make concrete mortar.

So, considering all possible options, the need for the installation of partitions:

  • Sosbstve 6 continuously , themselves GVL .Regular gypsum board having a thickness of 12 mm - most optimal variation nt to I partitions in rooms with normal humidity.When installing the walls, that will separate bath room, kitchen, bathrooms need a moisture-resistant gypsum board having mild green color - this is the manufacturer highlights its functional features.There are other types of plasterboard, from which to select, depending on the location of the partition and from its shape.

Brand drywall Thickness mm size in mm
GCR (general) 12.5 2500 × 1200
gypsum plasterboard (water-resistant) 12.5 2500 × 1200
GKLO (flame-retardant) 12.5 2500 × 1200
GKLO (flame-retardant) 12.5 2600 × 1200
GCR (straight edge) 12.5 2500 × 1200
FCL (flexible) 6 2400 × 1200
  • metal profiles and wooden sticks for the frame having a width of 75 mm, if between two webs be installed sound-insulating material, and 50 mm, if the space between the gypsum sheets will be hollow or ukdazhyvatsya thin insulation. In general, we can say that the width of the profile and parameter specifies wall thickness.
  • Screws for metal structures and wooden details.
  • Fiberglass mesh-serpyanka for reinforcing joints.
  • Putty on the basis of plaster , starting and finishing - for sealing joints and eliminate surface defects.

Consumption can be defined on the table, but the experienced builders advised to take it more than 15%, which will be calculated.

material Item Unit Norm material consumption per 1 sq.m
1. Plasterboard sq.m. 1
2. Profile CD 60 rm 2
3. profile UD 27 rm 2
4. P-shaped universal bracket for mounting on the ceiling material pieces. 1.32
5. sealing tape rm.m 0.85
6. Dowel 6/40 mm pieces. 2.2
7. Screws 3,5 × 9,5 (flea) pieces. 2.7
8. Screws 3,5 × 25 (plasterboard) pieces. 12
9. Connection to the longitudinal profile of CD pieces. 0.2
10. Fiberglass mesh-serpyanka rm.m 1.1
11. Putty for joints (starting) kg 0.3
12. Primer deep penetration liters 0.1
13. Puttysurface sheets of drywall (finishing) kg 1.2

Tools , needed to work

when installing plasterboard partitions can not do without some of the tools in the list which includes:

Tools for plasterboard work

Tools for plasterboard work

  • screwdriver - required since have to tighten a large number of screws, a screwdriver and a conventional do this work will be extremely difficult.
  • long, preferably metal ruler for marking and for cutting drywall sheets on it.
  • Building gon will need for layout and to verify installation of parts during assembly.
  • Building level - to determine the horizontal and vertical planes, and studs.
  • Plummet - needed to determine the ideal vertically, by combining points marked on the ceiling and on the floor.
  • Pencil - for markup.
  • Scissors on metal - used cooking pieces of desired length, for cutting through incisions on the metal profile.
  • Electric Jig Saw - for cutting relevant fragments bar and cutting drywall sheets, especially on a curved layout.
  • Spatula average width - to seal the joints with putty.
  • Grater with finely - and medium-grained sandpaper - putty for leveling at the seams and surface sheets GVL.
  • Primer - for the processing of finished walls before painting.
  • knife or a saw-tooth hacksaw with a fine for the drywall knife construction with replaceable blades.
  • planer with a beveled edge for cutting bevel.
  • a good idea to have Riveter for bonding metal profiles - is significantly facilitate and speed up the work.
  • Electric drill with a set of drill bits .
  • Needle roller will need in the event that if you plan to attach drywall curved spatial forms.
  • Folding rule and a tape measure.
  • hammer hammering dowels, screwdriver - for rack mounting.

All these tools and supplies are readily available for purchase in DIY stores.

frame Mounting

Any construction work begins with measurements of the installation site, calculations and carrying out marking and the installation partition is not an exception.

Overall concept baffles mounted on a metal frame

total principal partitions mounted on a metal frame scheme


  • start counting the most convenient on the floor.With the construction area, a long line (building level rules) and pencil planned and is drawn perfectly straight line.

This line will subsequently be attached guide from metal sheets.

  • Immediately this line is marked the location of the door opening - in this segment will not be fixed guide.Door opening a way that one or both sides of it can be put certain piece of furniture - it is also necessary to provide in advance.
  • Now you need to project a line from the floor to the ceiling - this proce ss etc. Gadfly using plumb , and in this case will need an assistant.
Transfer point at the ceiling using a plumb - top view ...

transfer point at the ceiling using a plumb - top view ...

Climbing the ladder Assistant down plumb down, and the other end presses on the ceiling in an area of ​​the passage of the line.

... And at the same time - from the bottom

... and at the same time - the bottom

Master marks cross point on the floor , you want to project on the ceiling, the assistant slowly moves the suspension cord on by sense as long as the cone of plumb perfect not matches with marked on the floor point.When the goal is achieved, on the point found on the ceiling, a mark is made.Thus, the ceiling finding t t ri point.

  • In addition, the walls at right angles from the edges line on the floor held vertical bars to the ceiling - they will determine the beginning and end of the horizontal line projection.
  • defining point on the ceiling, for it draws a straight horizontal line - guide will be assigned to it.

These two lines are very important, as they will depend on the vertical position of the future wall.Therefore, their layout should be done with great care.

frame Installation

  • next step is installation guide profiles.

first profile is fixed on the line on the floor with dowels.As mentioned above, it leaves no room for the door opening .

Drilling holes for fixing the profile to the floor

Drilling holes for fixing the profile to the floor

drilled holes for dowels arranged through the guide.Then they are removed, the holes become clogged with plastic-cork plugs.

Hole is ready ...

hole ready ...

Further, the guide fits into place and already fastened with screws or dowels precast.

... And it is hammered dowels

... and it is driven dowel

After installing the floor profile, recommended more time to reconcile it with the location of the roof rail, with the help of a plumb line.

  • next step guides are mounted on the walls, on marked earlier vertical lines.During installation, there is a constant verification of the level position , to avoid even the slightest play in the side.
Fixing profile to stene.Esli is the curvature of the walls , the profile will have slightly trimmed

Fixing profile to stene.Esli is the curvature of the walls, the profile will have slightly trimmed

In the rest - in the same way , but with the constant control of verticality

In the rest - in the same way, but with the constant control of verticality

Bottom vertical profile inserted in a horizontal guide,mounted on the floor.

If the walls are concrete, then proce ss cr epleniya passes in the same way as on the floor.If the walls of wood, the dowels for them is not required.Self-tapping screws are screwed through the guide directly on the wall.

Joining wall and ceiling rails

docking wall and ceiling rails

  • Further, the guide is fixed to the ceiling as well as on the floor.Screws are screwed at a distance of 250 ÷ 300 mm apart.The connections between the vertical and horizontal profile on the ceiling done in the same way as on the floor - using screws or using Riveters .
Step between the dowels - 250-300 mm

pitch dowels - 250-300 mm

  • next step is to identify and mark the location of the profile on the ceiling of the door opening , relying on lower markup.This is done in the same way as before - with the help of a plumb line.
The mutual bond profiles conveniently done by means of rivets

mutual bond profiles conveniently carried out by means of rivets

height measurements are made for the production of the guide, which will be installed on the sides of the door opening .In standard profiles indicated the desired length, cut the desired piece.

Now they need to be set so that they themselves identified door opening .

The frame of the door opening

frame doorway

  • guides around the door opening reinforced wooden bars, which are inserted directly into them and bolted screws.Or for durability design next to the first profile set still one reinforcing.
Reinforcing stand near the doorway

reinforcing stand near the doorway

  • After installing and strengthening the vertical profiles on them is measured the height of the door opening .These marks screwed horizontal bar of the desired profile of the segment, and then he, too, is inserted into the wooden beams, which are bolted uprights.Long screws are screwed into the end of the bar, installed horizontally.
Extra uprights

extra uprights

  • Next, space between the door opening and walls is measured and then calculated the number of vertical posts, which should be fixed at a distance from each other by about 300 ÷ 600 mm.

then cut into desired number of pieces of the required length.Rack mounted ends inward rails on the floor and ceiling, with required level of alignment.Fasten profiles at the joints screws with big hats or rivets.

  • For greater rigidity , especially with high ceilings, installed between uprights and horizontal crossbar.

Electrical wiring

After frame is fully assembled, arranged electrical wiring inside, if it is provided.

Wiring can be carried out after fixing gipsokarto on to one of the sides of the frame, and can be up to it.