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October 05, 2016 23:15

Garden arbor with their hands

cozy gazebo in the garden - a dream of many homeowners.Wooden and metal, polycarbonate or forged, square, round and hexagonal, these structures are found in almost every garden.To make the garden pavilions with their own hands, not necessarily to hire professionals or be an experienced builder, is enough to have the minimum skills to work with the tool.

Garden arbor with their hands

gazebos with their hands

How to choose a gazebo structure

Article Contents

  • 1 How to choose the design of the gazebo
  • 2 construction framing gazebo with pent roof
    • 2.1 marking basepergola
    • 2.2 Preparation excavation
    • 2.3 Pouring the foundation
    • 2.4 frame Installation
    • 2.5 Mounting roof
    • 2.6 Construction gazebo
  • 3 Construction hexagonal gazebo
    • 3.1 Step 1. Marking
    • 3.2 Step 2. Making columnar foundation
    • 3.3 Step 3. Mounting arbor base
    • 3.4 Step 4. Walling
    • 3.5 Step 5. Mounting the roof
    • 3.6 Video - Garden arbor with their hands
    • 3.7 Video - How to build a pergola

Construction gazebos wi

ll be cheaper if you just carefully consider all the details.The main parameters - is the size of the gazebo, its shape, the foundation and the roof, materials for walls.Building dimensions depend on the number of tenants and future guests.It makes no sense to build a building large area for 2-3 people, in this case, better to choose the design of 2x2 m.

Garden arbor with their hands

gazebos with their hands

From forms of gazebos depends on the level of complexity of its installation.The simplest construction - rectangular, but round or hexagonal require more skill and time to build.If the experience is not quite right tackle for the construction of such a structure is not necessary.

Garden arbor with their hands

gazebos with their hands

Foundation for the gazebo can be columnar, tape or slab.The cheapest option - columnar, moreover, it is easiest to place.Strip foundation is widely used both for small and for large buildings, but almost never used for gazebos round shape.The base of the monolithic plate is ideal for all pavilions, but the larger the area, the more expensive slab foundation.

Garden arbor with their hands

gazebos with their hands

Roofs on garden gazebos are uni-directional, gable, pyramid, in the form of a tent.Most of the budget and easy to install a single-pitch roof.It is suitable for buildings of rectangular form, like a gable.Cone and pyramidal roof mounted on hexagonal and round gazebo.

Garden arbor with their hands

gazebos with their hands

for building materials using a variety of: brick, stone, timber, timber, polycarbonate sheets, metal tubes, wrought iron grilles, and individual craftsmen are collected from the gazebo even bottles.The easiest way to build with timber and metal studs;frame assembly is done in a few hours, also trim does not take much time.From logs to work a little harder, because they need to properly cut and connect.To lay out the walls of stone and brick, it is desirable to have the appropriate skills, or laying turn sloppy and unattractive.

Beautiful gazebo for the garden

Beautiful gazebo for the garden

construction framing gazebo with pent roof

To avoid serious mistakes and to minimize construction costs, you should start with the most simple.For example taken gazebo rectangular shape with a pent roof and slab foundation.

Construction frame gazebo with pent roof

construction framing gazebo with pent roof

Materials Needed:

  • large stone or gravel;
  • sand;
  • concrete solution;
  • boards shuttering;
  • timber 100x100 mm and 50x50 mm;
  • board section 30h150 mm;
  • primer for wood;
  • paint;
  • slate or corrugated board for the roof;
  • screws and bolts;
  • reinforcing bars.

also need tools:

  • shovel;
  • building level;
  • rule;
  • hacksaw;
  • jigsaw or circular saw;
  • screwdriver;
  • hammer;
  • paint brushes;
  • Bulgarian.

    Construction frame gazebo with pent roof

    construction framing gazebo with pent roof

marking base arbors

Marking the future gazebos

markup future gazebos

Marking the future gazebos

markup future gazebos

Choose a flat open area of ​​the garden and produce markup.To do this, determine the location of one of the corners of the gazebo and outline its peg.Measure the distance to the rest of the corners, put beacons, pull the string between them.In the resulting rectangle is measured diagonally: if they are the same length, marking made correctly.

Preparation excavation

Filling and compaction of sand

backfilling and compaction of sand

shovel choose the soil to a depth of approximately 25-30 cm, line the bottom, carefully tamped it.The walls of the pit should be strictly vertical.Next poured coarse sand layer 10 cm, well-leveled and its richly moistened for sealing.Along the perimeter of the formwork of boards put up to 10 cm, strengthen its beam.

Pouring the foundation

The foundation for the gazebo

More information about the foundation of the gazebo

How to make the foundation for the gazebo?- This question asks himself almost every novice builder.We wrote a detailed article about the article step by step construction of the foundation phase.

We also offer to read the article about the technology step by step construction of wooden arbors, a link to the article.

Pit spread a large flat stones or fall asleep almost to the top of the large rubble.On the perimeter of the angles between the stones hammered pieces of reinforcing rods;rods should rise above the prepared foundation at least 10 cm. Prepare the concrete mortar is poured and the pit.The surface level a rule or smooth trowel.

Foundation

Foundation

frame Installation

take 4 beams 100x100 mm for the frame and cut the height of the arbor.Front rails leave 15-20 cm longer than the rear to make the slope of the roof.After that the support is well treated with primer and dried.The bottom end of each leg is drilled a small hole diameter of the reinforcing rods which protrude from the concrete base at the corners.Put on the boards on the rods, put up vertically with the level and further strengthen the metal plates and anchor bolts.

The frame , made ​​of lumber

frame, made of lumber

After installing the lateral supports interconnected boards 50h150 mm, and then mounted to bracing trusses.At a height of 10 cm and 0.5 m from the floor rack they are connected by horizontal crosspieces of timber 50x50 mm.Between the webs are fixed vertical bars in increments of 40 cm. The doorway is left free.All fixing is carried out by bolts and steel parts, which are bolted to the wood screws.

All fixing is carried out by bolts and steel parts , which are bolted to the wood screws

All fixing is carried out by means of bolts and steel parts, which are bolted to the wood screws

The design of the gazebo

Design gazebo

Mounting roof

roof scheme

scheme roof

Installation of roof

Mounting roof

Wooden logs

Wooden logs

gazebo roof

roof gazebo

on the board, connecting the supporting beams, joists packed increments of 30 cm. Top lags sheathe edged boards 30h150 mm.Leave gaps between the boards in width from 5 to 15 cm. Of course, all the elements of the roof must be processed antiseptic primer and allowed to dry well.On top of the board can be covered with glassine paper and fix it stapler staples.Over the thin film stuffed rack to between the roof covering and the film remained the ventilation gap.On the rails are laid slate and fix it with nails 120 mm with galvanized caps.

Construction gazebo

Painting gazebo

Painting gazebo

After the installation of the roof frame and all wood surfaces need to be painted.When the paint dries, put inside the gazebo wooden table and benches along the walls.From home to the arbor conduct electricity, hang a light bulb or lamp.To give the room comfort, you can hang wall light dense fabric.The interior is completely depends on the taste and features home owners.

This is a basic version of the gazebo.If desired, you can improve the design: set between the supporting beams, wooden lattice to sheathe the walls lining or waterproof plywood, laid on a concrete base and lags make the wooden floor.Instead of boards on the frame can take the metal pipes and slate to replace polycarbonate or soft tiles.

Construction hexagonal gazebo

Construction hexagonal gazebo

Construction hexagonal gazebo

hexagonal summer house always looks very elegant and is a decoration of any plot.When its construction is very important the accuracy of calculations, because the error at any stage significantly affect the final result.Start with a drawing of future construction, which will mark the correct site and calculate the amount of materials.

Driving hexagonal gazebo in the context of

scheme hexagonal gazebo sectional

for construction need:

  • mortar;
  • brick or cinder block for the pillars;
  • wooden beams cross section 150x150 mm;
  • planed timber 100x100 mm;
  • Edged board 50x100 mm;
  • roofing material;
  • floor boards;
  • screws;
  • primer;
  • varnish for wood;
  • screwdriver;
  • jigsaw;
  • building level;
  • roofing.

    Hexagonal gazebo at their summer cottage

    hexagonal gazebo at their summer cottage

Step 1. Marking

need two wooden slats and a rope about 2 meters in length to mark the site.The selected area leveled, free from vegetation and stones, pierce the middle of the ground rail and tied her with a rope.The second end of the rope tied to the rail and the other with the help of such an improvised compass draw a circle with a radius of 1.75 m. The resulting circle divided into 6 equal parts and put beacons on the line marking.There will be placed support columns for the gazebo.

Step 2. Making columnar foundation

On the site beacons dug pit depth of 0.5 m and a rectangular shape.At the bottom of the river sand is poured layer of 10-15 cm, then the same thickness of a layer of large gravel.In the middle of the pit drive a steel rod 70 cm long, and then fill in all the grout.From above stack bricks in 3-4 series with the obligatory bandage.Reinforcing rod should be in the center of the masonry.Similarly, the remaining five poles spread and the solution was allowed to dry thoroughly.

Step 3. Mounting arbor base

Making the base

Making the base

Measure the distance between adjacent pillars and beams are cut according to the measurements.You should now have 6 equal length and thickness of the beam.To secure a connection between the supports at the ends of a half sectioned wood thickness.After this timber and primed dried, and then placed on the pillars in the form of a hexagon.Between the beams and pillars of the foundation is required to lay pieces of roofing material.

The construction of the gazebo

Building gazebo

When sill beams are fixed, are fixed inside the hexagon lag.Central lag structure placed exactly centered, horizontally aligned and fixed to the beams by means of metal plates and screws.Then mount 2 joists perpendicular to the center, and all the rest is inserted at an angle, which ends on boards make small cuts on both sides.At the end of the webs reinforce the joists of timber and clapboard.

Step 4. Walling

Hexagonal gazebo made ​​of wood

hexagonal gazebo made of wood

frame gazebo is made of 6 beams 100x100 mm of the same length.Each bar is mounted on one corner of the base and is fixed with anchor bolts.Be sure to check the verticality of the support legs to the design was not skewed.Mounted at the top of the harness of thick planks, and at a height of 70-90 cm from the floor rack is connected by horizontal bridges of the timber, leaving free entrance.

Walls can be performed in several different ways, depending on the materials available.You can close the arbor half-sheets of waterproof plywood, sheathing boards, mounted on the webs between the uprights wooden shaped lattice.One can make two or three walls deaf and other forged components decorate.

Step 5. Mounting the roof

Making the roof on the ground

Making the roof to the ground

Installing the roof frame

Installing roof frame

When the walls are ready, proceed to install the rafters for the roof.As rafters take planks 50x100 mm;for ease of assembly in the land produces.Since the gazebo there is no central pillar, carefully connect the rafters is quite difficult.To simplify this process will cut from a bar hexagon, each side of which corresponds to the thickness of the rafters.The ends of the boards are cut at an angle and fastened with nails to the hexagon;and on the inner side slots cut out to trim installation trusses.After that, construction clapboard in a circle, leaving small gaps, raise up and secured with bolts.It now remains only to lay roofing material.

Furniture for gazebo

furniture gazebo

Video - Garden arbor with their hands

Video - How to Build a pergola