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September 27, 2016 23:02

Align floor with their hands

Leveling floor is an integral part of any overhaul.During the operation of residential wood logs crack and warp, buckle and sometimes distracting crack, subside overlap.Thanks to modern technology, to level the floor with his hands and everyone can, even without having the relevant experience and skills of the builder.

Align floor with their hands

Align floor with their hands

methods leveling bases

Article Contents

  • 1 methods leveling bases
  • 2 Determining the level of the floor
  • 3 Leveling cement screed
  • 4 Use dry screed
    • 4.1 Step 1. surface preparation
    • 4.2 Step 2. floor Waterproofing
    • 4.3 Step 3. Securing a sound-proof tape
    • 4.4 Step 4. Align the floor
    • 4.5 Step 5. Mounting plates GVL
  • 5 use self-leveling compounds
  • 6 alignment wooden floors
    • 6.1 Video - Align the floor with their hands

for leveling floors in a building, or apartment used4 ways:

  • cement-sand screed;
  • dry screed;
  • self-leveling mixture;
  • raised floor made of plywood or particle board on joists.

    Tsiklёvka

    Tsiklёvka

In addition, to align the individual defects on the wooden floor and using acrylic scraping putty.Semi-dry and wet screed justified where the floors are in very poor condition, and height differences are 5 cm or more.The disadvantage of this method is the long drying period basis;advantage can be called tie high strength and durability of the coating.

Align floor screed

Leveling floor screed

If differences in height of not more than 3 cm, it is possible to use a special mix for leveling.They create a perfectly flat surface for a few hours, durable, resistant to moisture and temperature changes.

Self-leveling self-leveling floor

Self-leveling floor filler

Raised floors are the best solution in cases where repair of the wooden base you want to fast.Of course, the logs must be in good condition, otherwise we will have to change completely and do all tie.

Uniflair Raised

Raised Uniflair

Sexing

level Before you get started, you need to accurately determine the level of the floor.The preferred way to do this laser level: visually determine the highest point of the floor, put it on the appliance and include.On the perimeter of the room will be a red line;if it is continuous, you can draw on it with a pencil markings.If the line is blocked in some places, the point is selected properly.Device rearrange and re-check the integrity of the laser line.

Determination of the floor

Determining the level of the floor

Laser level helps to make a flat surface

level laser helps to make a flat surface

In the absence of a laser level, you can use the level of water - cheaper and affordable.marking process in this case will take more time, but the result will be almost the same.To perform the required markup assistant as yourself to keep both ends of the tube does not work.Therefore, taking up a transparent polypropylene tube and filled with water.It is important that within the tube not formed air bubbles, and if this should happen, it is necessary to release them.

How to make a layout using gidrouroven

How do layout using gidrouroven

markup as follows:

  • 2 people pinch the ends of the tube in his hands and stand at the corners of one wall;
  • holding his hand at the height of 30 cm from the floor, open the tube and puts them to the wall;
  • once the water stops, pencil mark its level on the wall;
  • just put tags in opposite corners and in the middle of each wall;
  • visually highlighting the highest point on the floor, hold a flat horizontal line from this point to the wall and make another mark;
  • then measured with a tape measure the distance from the bottom to the top of the label;
  • carry all the top mark down points on the required distance;
  • connect these points in one continuous line with a jingle.

weaning operate as follows: take a cord, pour in the bluing box, thoroughly shaken and pull a cord between the marks.Then, pulling his fingers abruptly released.On the wall is formed a flat line of blue, which is a new floor.

Leveling cement screed

Leveling cement screed

Leveling cement screed

To produce screeds need:

  • sifted sand;
  • cement;
  • mixing well;
  • Podbornoe shovel;
  • aluminum profile for beacons;
  • rule;
  • level;
  • dry plaster.

    How to make a cement screed

    How to make a cement screed

First you need to prepare the surface: to dismantle the old paint, remove debris, dust, deep cracks repaired.Next, mix the plaster and distribute it in small portions along the wall, retreating from her 20 cm. Then do the same at a distance of 70 cm from the wall, and so on until the end of the room.In the solution placed beacons from the profile, positioning them parallel lines.With the construction level expose beacons horizontally while watching the markings on the perimeter of the room.The surface profile must be flush with marking.

Installation of beacons using plaster

Installing beacons using plaster

To better define the horizontal, building level need to be laid across the profile, capturing not two, but three beacon immediately.If necessary, the profile is pressed into the solution or vice versa, is lifted.When all the beacons, work is suspended until the solution has dried.

Beacons installed under the floor screed

beacons installed under the floor screed

When the plaster is well grab, start kneading solution ties.The container pour 1 part cement M400 or M500, 4 parts of sifted sand and thoroughly mixed.Then water was poured in small portions to prevent and homogeneity.Ready solution should be thick enough to slip from the total weight of the shovel.Paul gently moisturize and spread the cement mixture between the beacons, starting from the far corner.In order to smooth the solution, typically placed across the two profiles, pressed both hands on the edges and lead to their uniform motion.

Leveling cement screed rule

Levelling screed rule

We take out the beacons of the screed and to plug the gap

take out the beacons of the screed and to plug the gap

strainer

Screed

Use dry screed

for leveling floors dry screed need:

  • roofing felt, asphalt or plastic film;
  • chipboard;
  • mixture of expanded clay and sand;
  • damping tape;
  • screws;
  • metal profiles;
  • glue;
  • rule;
  • tamping;
  • screwdriver.

    Dry screed

    Dry screed

Step 1. Preparation

Prepare rough surface base: remove dilapidated coat, remove dust and debris, blown foam deep cracks in the floor.The recesses are filled with cement mortar and allowed to dry completely.Small gaps are sealed with water resistant sealant.With the help of a laser or water level markings perform height floor.

Technology laying dry screed Knauf

stacking technology dry screed Knauf

Step 2. floor Waterproofing

further base shrouded with roofing material or film, putting material overlap by 20 cm. The joints necessarily secured with tape.Waterproofing must go to the wall and overlap marking a line on a couple of centimeters.If necessary, the film is laid on foam or polystyrene plates.

Waterproofing floor

floor Waterproofing

Step 3. Securing a sound-proof tape

Damper tape is not only perfectly muffles sounds, but also prevents distortion floor covering due to temperature fluctuations.It is made of expanded polyethylene and is available in rolls.The tape is cut so that its length was 10 cm longer perimeter length and width correspond to the thickness of the leveling layer, plus 2-3 cm. Krepjat damping tape on the double sided tape or immediately acquire the edge material Adhesive.

Damper tape

Damper tape

Damper tape

Damper tape

Step 4. Align the floor

Knead plaster solution and use it to record the beacons on the floor screed.The distance between the beacons must be less than the length of the rule, it is usually 40-50 cm. The surface of the beacons equate the zero level, pushing it in a solution or raising edge profiles.Then pour the mixture onto the floor dry and level regulation.The minimum thickness of the screed is 5 cm;if necessary, in this layer lay wiring.After leveling dry screed tamper seal or a thick board, and then check the building level.

Lighthouses

Lighthouses

Filling of expanded clay between beacons

expanded clay backfill between beacons

Alignment of filling

alignment backfill

Step 5. Installation of gypsum fiber boards

gypsum fiber boards are an integral part of the alignment layer.They protect the dry mixture by punching, moisturizing, shifts and other deformations.To during installation does not damage the surface of the subfloor is laid under the feet of the individual pieces of plates and move only on them.These plates have recesses at the ends to facilitate folding of the material.On sheets, intended for laying the walls, cut the seams.Turning trimmed side of the plate to the wall, the opposite edge smeared with glue and insert the following snippet.

Samples of various boards mounting options GVL

Samples of various boards mounting options GVL

order sheets are not buried in the dry mixture, it can not be much to move them on the surface and press down on the edge.In each subsequent series of joints between the slabs need to shift the staggered.After installation, joints coat with glue and then reinforce the screws with anti-corrosion coating.Screws screwed at a distance of 10 cm from each other, and on one sheet takes approximately 20 pieces.Caps screws should deepen the well to the surface plates.At the end of a sharp knife cut off the protruding edge of the film and sound insulating tape.

Installation of gypsum fiber board

Installation GVL

Caulking joints

putty joints

use self-leveling compounds

With minor Elevations perfect alignment method with the use of special mixtures.Surface preparation is standard: clean coat, dust, debris, sealed gaps and cracks in the floor.Carefully soil base and allow it to dry completely.

mixture should be diluted according to the manufacturer's instructions strictly, otherwise there may be cracks in the coating composition or hardens too quickly and not be spread.

The use of self-leveling compounds

use self-leveling compounds

finished mixture is poured onto the floor and immediately rolled her special roller.You can also use a regular or a toothed spatula.Since this solution dries fast enough to interrupt or delay the process of leveling can not.If the working area is too large, you should divide it into longitudinal sections and pour alternately.

Alignment wooden floors

can do even without the use of a reliable floor screeds.To do this, dismantle the old paint, clean the surface of debris and dust.Cracks embedded solution or blown foam.From dense dry boards section mm 40h100 cut logs and attach them to the ground with anchor bolts.The distance between the lags of 30-40 cm. Each lag check the building level, if there are deviations horizontally placed under the board mounting wedges of different thicknesses.

Logs for floor leveling

joists for floor leveling

between the joists are inserted transverse struts of timber and fasten them with screws.The distance between the spacers should be the width of the shell plates.As the skin is used thick plywood or particle board, pre-treated with antiseptic composition.So, on top of a log stack plywood, fix it with screws, joints filled with sealant.

If the old coating is strong enough and the irregularities are practically invisible, you can align the floor without removing the boards.To this end, the surface of a vacuum cleaner, remove the paint will peel, carefully primed.With the level determined irregularities, then diluted acrylic putty and applied evenly on problem areas.After drying proshpaklevat places should be treated with fine sandpaper.On top of the base veiled plywood or chipboard with a thickness of 2 cm.

Leveling the floor with plywood

floor Alignment plywood

listed ways to help deal with flooring repairs on their own, which means substantial savings.Any of the described embodiments has a simple technology and requires no special equipment.If you adhere to the instructions carefully and accurately perform each process, all the necessary work.

Video - Align the floor with their hands