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October 05, 2016 23:15

Brick pillars for the fence with his hands

brick fence pillars give the suburban area solidity make the fence more durable.They are quite useful with almost all types of fence, as his support, and, if desired, , over time, fencing material and can be exchanged for another, completely changing the design.Even the brick columns can resist, for example, repainted in a different color, and it also will update the look of the fence.Yet main in brick fence pillars - is reliability, strength and durability, which can stand for many decades, and with proper clutch and timely restoration of service life even difficult to assess.

Brick pillars for the fence with his hands

brick pillars for a fence with their hands

brick pillars for a fence with their hands should be able to build any host site.Of course, the process of erecting pillars novice master will be not as fast as, say, a professional, constantly engaged in this work, but this can save a decent amount.

beginner bricklayer who chooses to install the brick fence, you need to carefully study the technology of the process, as

well as find out in advance what is and what you need to prepare tools.

Tools and Accessories for

Article Contents

  • 1 Tools and Accessories for
  • 2 main stages of
    • 2.1 calculation material
    • 2.2 Step by step instructionserection of brick columns
    • 2.3 Video: the nuances of proper masonry brick pillar

Since when performing any brickwork "little blood", that is the usual improvised tools to do very difficult, it is to be a professional to prepare.Apart from these, you will need assistive devices that will help make the joints between the bricks perfectly smooth and neat.

A set of tools to perform the masonry

set of tools to perform masonry

So, for the next required "arsenal»:

  • shovels and bayonet spade.These tools usually have in every private house, but if it is necessary purchase, money will not be spent in vain, because the shovel will be valuable for a variety of needs.During the construction of the fence on the shovel goes to a lot of features - it preparations for pouring the foundation trenches and filling of bulk materials and the preparation of masonry mortar.
  • capacity for a solution.Since brick columns have enough large weight for them have to build a foundation that requires a considerable amount of the solution, and therefore the capacity should be quite a volume.It is suitable , for example, an old bathtub or a large galvanized trough.If such containers not, have to knock down the wooden box and sheathe its inside with galvanized metal sheet, which will be convenient to mix the solution.For the manufacture of boxes fit the dimensions of 1500 × 1000 mm, the height of the flanges must be at least 200 - 250 mm, but do not make them too high.
Homemade - trough container for mixing concrete solution

Homemade-trough container for mixing concrete solution

issue will be solved much easier if the farm has a concrete mixer, or there is a possibility it rent for the duration of the construction work.

addition large capacity, will be necessary and convenient smaller.It is useful at the time of brick masonry as it convenient to carry to any part of the fence.As it suitable basin 8 ÷ 10 liters.

  • Two galvanized buckets.One of them need water, which should always be at hand, and the second - for a small fraction of gravel or pebbles, which asleep emptiness inside brick pillars, in the case if they have a big empty space.
  • Trowel and spatulas.Trowel - it, general, the most essential tool in the work of a mason at a laying brick - them to apply and remove excess solution.Spatula medium size will align in the right places packed solution.Some artists simply prefer to use it during perform masonry.
  • Measuring Instruments - building level, Area, roulette and plumb.These tools will help control the horizontal rows, vertical columns and walls, accuracy of angles, measure the sides of the pillars of their height and the distance between them.
Borax .Manual - cheap, but the work requires considerable physical effort .Augers - an expensive tool , but the work is carried out very quickly and accurately

Boers.Manual - cheap, but the work requires considerable physical effort.Augers - an expensive tool, but the work is carried out very quickly and efficiently

  • Hand drill is useful for breaching on the boring depth wells (holes) for the installation of metal poles.Foundation for the poles to be recessed more than the rest of the tape foundation, so that the main burden of fixed between intake flown will fall exactly on the support elements.
  • Five reinforcing bars of circular or square section, size 8 × 8 or 10 × 10 mm (but only - all the same!).Four rod should have a length of 150 ÷ ​​170 mm longer than the sides of the square brick pillars and still one - 20 , 25 mm greater than the thickness of the brick.With these simple devices can withstand the same thickness of the horizontal joints between the rows of masonry and vertical - between adjacent bricks.
To work at a height may be required scaffolding

for work at a height may be required scaffolding

  • scaffolds or goats useful for laying on top of the pillars, as they usually rise to a height of not less than 1800 ÷ 2000 mm.The level of the scaffolding ground should be about half that height.This device will work in more comfortable conditions, because next to him is quite possible place bricks on several rows and container with a solution, as well as all the necessary tools to work.
For working with concrete are comfortable fabric gloves with rubberized work surface

to work with concrete comfortable fabric gloves with rubberized work surface

  • when working with mortar cement-based it is necessary to protect your hands rubberized gloves , since cement corrosive to the skin, especially ifit is even a very minor injuries (wounds, scrapes, inflammation and etc . )

main stages of

prepare in in se necessary, you can move on to the preparation of the work plan, in parallelwriting in a separate list of all necessary materials.Erection of brick columns in in turns the following main stages of work:

  • markup future fencing on the ground.Through this process, determine the number of posts and their location.It should be borne in mind that the supports are set necessarily in the corners on both sides of the gate or gates, and on the straights - at a distance from each other in 2000 ÷ 2500 mm.
  • Digging trenches and drill holes for the installation of pillars and foundation fill.
  • installation of metal poles around which will be made brickwork.Poles build into in drilled holes with grout.

For this process you need: sand-cement mortar, gravel, sand, waterproofing material and a support tube with a diameter of 100 ÷ 150 mm.

  • Masonry supporting pillars.For masonry and brick need a solution.
  • Set top bars or tide-caps roof.

Calculation material

Make calculation can sufficient exactly sure , if planned in advance their different size in cross section.Most often, they are laid out in such a way that one side of the column consists of a half brick, that is, one row of 4 pieces required.

One of the most common masonry schemes

One of the most common schemes masonry

Standard size masonry fired brick is 120 × 250 mm.In the above type of masonry one side of the square cross-sectional size of the column is 250 + 120 + 10 = 380 mm.The last value in the given amount 10 mm - is the joint width.

Brick standard size

Brick standard size

brick thickness of 65 mm and, given the joints between the rows of masonry, one pole, height 2000 mm , they need about 108 pieces.

calculation is as follows:

65 + 10 = 75 mm - the thickness of the series together with a seam;

2000 : 75 = 26.7 - the number of rows;after rounding turns 27 rows;

27 × 4 = 108 bricks - in this case, the number of rows multiplied by the number of bricks in a row.

Performing calculations , you need to take into account the fact that the lower four rows of three ÷ all the rules should be laid out from solid bricks.This is to ensure that the lower part of the support had a larger weight and a good stability.

The column cavity can install a metal pipe, which is build into the foundation.The number of tubes should equal the number of columns, and they must have a height of 400 ÷ 600 mm longer than the height of the planned brick pillars, as will be buried in the ground and it is the foundation for this difference.

"Начинка" кирпичного столбика может быть из трубы (на рисунке - снизу), или из арматурных прутьев (сверху)

«Filling" brick pillar may be out of the pipe (in the figure - below), or of reinforcing bars (top)

Instead pipes for bearings are often used reinforcing metal rods Ø 12 ÷ 16 mm, which are also fixed in concretefoundation and communicate with its reinforcing belt.For each of the poles need to schedule two to six rods of the desired length.

79 Do you experience in the implementation of masonry?

If have to do the first time, it is useful to pre-acquainted with the basic technological methods .On the rules of implementation brickwork - in a special publication of our portal.

Step by step instructions on the construction of brick columns

to well understand the stages of work, they should be considered in detail.Then, by performing the construction of pillars, you can rely on the instructions given to considering the specific characteristics of its own fence installation plan.

Illustration Brief description of the operation being performed
ks 1 scheme of installation of brick pillars looks like.On
figures diagram shows the following elements:
1 - support tube that is installed inside the brick structure;
2 - part of the column foundation, flooded with crude solution, made of sand, gravel and cement;
3 - strip foundations under masonry span between the pillars;
4 - a top layer of thin basement liquor from sand and cement;
5 - brickwork;
6 - a protective cover (cap or reflux) column.
KS2 First the markup area, where it will be installed fence.It is made based on the existing site plan, which defined the so-called "red line" on which the fence can be installed.
First support is determined by the point at which the peg hammered or cut valve, determines the width of the trench for the foundation of the future, and at the desired distance from the first peg is driven in a second.
CS3 from reference points in the right direction stretch two strings, which are stretched and secured as to the valve or the pins at the other end of the next fence.If
fence will limit the area is not one, but with several parties, such as counting by using stretch cords made from all sides fenced.
Next, in a marked lane markings dug a trench under a common foundation melkozaglublenny fence.Its depth may vary from 250 to 300 mm.Taking into account the required thickness of the sand backfill the trench depth makes 100 ÷ 150 mm longer.
rc4 After the digging of trenches in it at a distance of 2000 ÷ 2500 mm one from the other drilled holes for poles or metal reinforcing rods.The depth of the holes should be 500 ÷ 700 mm and larger diameter section mounted on post 150 ÷ ​​200 mm.
At the bottom of the trench is filled and the maximum compacted sand-gravel cushion thickness of 100 ÷ 150 mm.
ks 5 hole prior to installation to the support tube, it is recommended to prepare, after putting into it a waterproofing material, and at the bottom, filled and compacted the sand layer 80 ÷ 100 mm.
ks 6 The next step in the well established pipe - rack, with fixed thereto by welding the bottom and sides with metal crossbars, whose role can perform stretches corners, pipes or large valves.
They then pour the concrete will ensure the stability of the rack, do not allow the tube eventually sag under load.
ks 7 Post exhibited vertically on a level or plumb, is fixed in position.
Then, in the hole around the post is filled with coarse solution consisting of concrete and rubble.It must be compacted, so that it does not remain the air voids.
SAMSUNG After the concrete hardens around the pillars, reinforcing structure installed in the trench, which is sealed with a wire and twist the same way connected with struts in their middle part.
Next, proceed to the assembly of the formwork for the foundation of the entire tape.Formwork is raised to the desired height and lining its bottom and wall waterproofing material to a concrete solution has not seeped between the boards and the moisture out of it did not go into the soil.
ks 9 Further, the formwork is filled with concrete mortar.
This process is recommended to carry out in one go, and if a long fence and decking is high enough, then the solution will require a lot.It will therefore be practically impossible to obtain an amount of concrete at the same time if it manually kneading.
From this position there are two outputs - rent a concrete mixer or order a ready solution to the company's profile.
drenched in concrete formwork need to walk a bayonet spade - it pierced solution every 200 ÷ 250 mm.This process is necessary to spend in order to release the still plastic concrete by air bubbles that may have formed during pouring.Thereafter, the concrete surface is smoothed by the rule, and the design is left for hardening and curing - this process takes a long time, continued work can be performed only after 20 ÷ 28 days, depending on the thickness and height of the foundation.To
foundation was strong, from the second day after pouring it on a daily basis need to be watered with water for 10 ÷ 14 days.
COP 10 conduct stripping can be through one ÷ two weeks, depending on the outside temperature.
To save time remaining until full maturity bands, you can do some operations with metal studs.
COP 11 All metal racks are interconnected by horizontal bridges.Their fixed at a height of about 350 ÷ 400 mm from the base and from the top of the columns, keeping the horizontal level.
Additionally, you can set the jumper in the middle part thereof.
These elements combine to give the frame stiffness, which is very important for the fence construction.
COP 12 After sampling frame is ready, and the foundation attains grade strength, you can move on to masonry pillars.
Bricks laid around the metal support columns.
solution masonry brick must be thin and uniform, i.e. sand, included in its composition, sieved through a fine mesh.