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September 27, 2016 23:02

The false ceiling of plasterboard with their hands

finishing the ceiling in most cases is associated with a lot of doubts.A wide range of materials and colors, a variety of design solutions - all this does not contribute to, easy to opt for something specific.

Ceilings of plasterboard

Ceilings plasterboard

The false ceiling of plasterboard with their hands

suspended ceiling of plasterboard with their hands

Finishing with plasterboard ceilings with their hands

ceiling plasterboard with their hands Decorating

Why drywall?

Article Contents

  • 1 Why drywall?
  • 2 Step 1: Drafting
  • 3 Step 2. Preparation of equipment and consumables
  • 4 Step 3. The guide frame
  • 5 Step 4: The main ceiling profile
  • Stage 65. Insulation
  • 7 Step 6: Installation of drywall sheets
    • 7.1 Video - Installation of ceiling
  • 8 Stage 7. Final finishing ceiling
    • 8.1 Video - Installation spotlights
  • 9 operating Rules

type of drywall (brand) Scope color sheet color marking
Normal (GCR) the walls and ceilings;erection of curtain walls Grey Blue
Waterproof (gypsum plasterboard) walls and the ceilings of kitchens, bathrooms, toilets
;peregorodak construction in areas with high humidity
Green Blue
Fireproof (GKLO) Finishing of air ducts and shafts of communication;finishing of steel constructions in civil buildings Grey Red
Vlagoognestoyky (GKLVO) trim designs to achieve the required degree of fire resistance in wet areas (kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, baths, saunas and so on.) Green Red

Among a variety of finishing materials, experts advise to choose exactly the drywall.This is one of the most popular materials in our country, which, thanks to the latest developments in the recently acquired qualities such as resistance to moisture and high temperatures.In this regard, the drywall can be:

  • standard;
  • fireproof;
  • moisture-resistant.

    Ceilings of plasterboard

    Ceilings plasterboard

Popularity material caused numerous advantages, among which:

  • no need for complicated setup procedures - treatment of the material is very simple;
  • low cost;
  • ease of handling and installation;
  • wide range of applications;
  • simplicity of care (needed every few months to wipe the ceiling with a damp cloth).
Classification of plasterboard on edge type

Classification drywall

edge type, but there are drawbacks:

  • lack of elasticity (which drywall loses PVC film);
  • susceptibility to moisture (if the material is not waterproof);
  • flammability (if not fireproof, respectively).

drywall sheet size (leaf area) weight gypsum board,
kg when the thickness of 6.5 mm
weight gypsum board,
kg when the thickness of 9,5 mm plasterboard
Weightsheet
kg when the thickness of 12.5 mm
1200h2000 mm (2.4 m2) 12 18 23
1200h2500 mm 15 22 (3 m2) 29
1200h3000 mm (3.6 m2) 18 27 35

Step 1: Drafting

To work required project.To create it, you can use one of the special architectural programs that allow you to get a ready-made scheme and the necessary volumes of supplies.If you do everything the old fashioned way, you will have to spend a lot more time and effort.

Step 1. Using a special formula defined perimeter.It looks like this (if the size of the room, for example, a 5x4 m):

(5 + 4) x 2 = 18 m (P)

So, the length of the guide profiles is 18 m then obtained.data displayed on the graph paper.

Note!If the length of the opposite wall is different (it occurs quite often), it takes a big figure for the calculations.

Viewing and fixing

profile and fastening

Step 2. Then you need to start the calculation of the frame profile.The paper will be used profiles 6h2,7 see - they will lock in increments of 0.6 m It is important that the length of each profile is equal to the width of the room..To calculate the number of strips, the width of the room (400 cm) should be divided into step (60 cm).As a result of simple calculations we get: 6.66 (the amount is rounded to 7.0).

first and last rail mounted 10 cm from the surface of the walls, and all the rest - according to the step above.

Note!Step 60 cm is chosen not by chance.The fact that the standard width of a gypsum board is 0.6 or 1.2 m.

Places mounting rails are transferred to the project.

Step 3. is followed to determine the number of hangers (they will also be mounted in steps of 60 cm).

400/60 x 7 = 47 pieces.

first and last suspension is mounted 30 cm from the surface of the walls.Attachment points are indicated in the diagram crosses.Also note that it is preferable to use spring suspensions, while the direct eligible only in two cases:

  • with absolutely smooth ceiling surface;
  • at the height of the construction of more than 12 cm.

Step 4. Then you need to determine the number of bridges that will give structural rigidity.

((400/60) - 1) x 7 = 40 pieces.

Types of fasteners

fasteners Types

Step 5. remains only to determine the right amount of screws and drywall sheets.With the known area of ​​the room (20 m²) and a sheet (3 m²) make it quite simply - need almost five sheets of material.

With screws also no difficulties should not be:

  • «thirties" drywall screws will be fixed (stride length - 25 cm);
  • 60h6 products will be used for the walls (stride length - 30 cm) and the ceiling (60 cm);
  • for fittings will be used screws LN11: for "crab" and profiles 4 pcs, for suspensions and profiles - 2 pcs..

We should also note the number of lighting units and determine the length of the wiring.

Layout ceiling .Guide Profile, direct suspension , crab

markup ceiling.Guide Profile, direct suspension, crab

Project

project

Step 2. Preparation of equipment and consumables

Of course, the list of required tools at each master your, t. To. In this case, a lotIt depends on the skill and ability to use them.But there are those without which it is unlikely to be able to successfully carry out the work:

  • metal scissors;
  • «serpyanka" (tape joints);
  • hammer, drill, drill to it;
  • guides;
  • screwdriver;
  • water level with a minimum length of 2 m;
  • laser level (for measurements across the room);
  • dowels;
  • protection - mask, plastic sunglasses;
  • profiles to the ceiling;
  • fasteners "crabs";
  • screws;
  • anchors for fixing the suspensions;
  • roulette;
  • ceiling hangers;
  • hammer;
  • knife assembly;
  • drywall.

    Instruments

    Tools

Note!Depending on the features list of the ceiling can be supplemented with, for example, clamps for joining profiles located at different heights (if in the concrete there are large stones that impede the normal drilling), and so on. D.

Step 3. The guide frame

After preparing all the necessary, you are ready to go.

Step 1. Start by Roulette is determined by the lowest corner of the room.It put a label:

  • 5 cm from the ceiling, if not planned installation of built-in lighting;
  • 9 cm, if planned.

Step 2. With the level observed a similar height to the other corners.Then along each wall has put several labels at the height of the first point;All tags are interconnected with a pencil, using stretched wire or long range.Although there is another option - to designate the dotted line.

Step 3. mounted on the wall guiding profile.If the angle between the connecting seams are planned (and in large rooms without this in any way), it is necessary to further strengthen the structure in order to avoid "siding" elements under its weight.To do this, you can use any dense material - sheet metal, plastic or plywood - which must be imposed on top of each joint and fasten the wall anchors strong.

Holes for dowels drill through the profile

holes for dowels drill through the profile

Note!For this is more suitable special sealing tape ( "serpyanka"), but it is not sold in all DIY stores.

After this corner joints strengthens the profile.

Step 4. The main ceiling profile

Connection profile in two levels

Connection Profile in two levels

Step 1. As noted above, most of the drywall sheets have dimensions of 120 x250 cm, because of which it is desirable to mount ceiling profiles with a step 40 cm - so each sheet will be fixed at the edges and the middle twice.

ceiling is marked with parallel lines sorokasantimetrovym step.

Step 2. Every 2.5 meters (ie, transverse joints) are attached jumper from the same profile.Of course, if other size sheets, the distance is determined individually.set "crab" on the joints.

Joining profiles crab

Joining profiles crab

Step 3. Next, you must determine the location of the hangers.The first of these is set to 25 cm from the wall, all the following -. In increments of 50 cm using anchors (conventional plugs are not suitable, because they do not have the thread, and the design can "pull" out of the ceiling under the influence of gravity) for fixing hangers.

Fixing profile scheme

Fixing profile scheme

Mounting profile

Fixing Profile

Step 4. Ceiling profiles are attached to the suspensions.Start with the corners of the room.All frame for suspended ceiling is ready.

Securing basic profile

Fixing basic profile

frame

frame

Ready frame

Ready frame

Step 5. Insulation

The false ceiling can be insulated with mineral wool

suspended ceiling can be insulated with mineral wool

Installation of the ceiling plasterboard

Installing ceiling plasterboard

If you wish, you can insulate the ceiling by means of mineral wool and a special mounting system, which is popularly referred to as "fungus."

Step 6: Installation of drywall sheets

Fastening of sheets of drywall to the frame

Fastening sheets of drywall to the frame

should first clarify a number of important nuances: gypsum board is extremely sensitive to moisture, temperature and deformation.Therefore, you need to store the material only in a horizontal position, and a few days before the start of work to move to the area where the repair is carried out, so that he "lie down."This allows to adapt the structure of the material to the specific conditions.

Further actions must be carried out according to the instructions.

Fixing plasterboard and gypsum board assemblies connections with headliner

Fixing plasterboard and gypsum board units compounds in the headliner

Driving drywall installation

Driving drywall

Step 1. Initially, the material is cut to the places where you need to lower the entire sheet.

Step 2. chamfer on the edge of the blade is removed by the installation - it will provide a deeper penetration putty material into the slot.

Step 3. Fastening drywall begins with one of the corners, the first screw is placed at 10 cm from the edge.The distance between the screws - 20 cm

Note.!Caps screws necessarily be drowned.It is also important that the screws on "neighboring" sheets are not placed next to each other, and piecemeal.

Step 4. are established following lists.Along the perimeter of the gap is small (about 2 mm), the sheets are joined with minimal shift in one cell.I am sure that each sheet was mounted in the center and on the edges.

Fastening of sheets of drywall to the frame

Fastening sheets of drywall to the frame

Video - Installation of ceiling

Stage 7. Final finishing ceiling

Particular attention is paid to the seams, that is, to the quality..their termination depends aesthetics of future construction.

Step 1. First seams are sealed with primer - this will change the pore structure, it becomes more dense and, consequently, better absorb putty.Then you have to wait until the primer is completely absorbed and is dry.

How to seal the joints in plasterboard

How to seal the joints in plasterboard

Step 2. on the cap screws and seams between the sheets of plaster is applied.To do this, use only high-quality trowel, with sharp and smooth edges.

Caulking should be specifically destined for seams (this point needs to be clarified in the hardware store or the manufacturer's instructions).

Step 3. When joints are completely dry, they should glue seam tape.It is characteristic that the joints are sealed with overlapping.The tape is treated filler, parallel closed up all detected cracks.

Grouting

Grouting

Step 4. topcoat is applied After drying putty layer (eg, paint, and so on. D.).

finishing

finishing

Step 5. Mounted Lights (if any project composed earlier).

Video - Installation spotlights

Note! installing a suspended ceiling of plasterboard with their hands , do not forget about personal protection.Use goggles and respirator - they will keep your health.

Operating Rules

  1. ceiling quality largely depends on the moisture resistance of used drywall.The average humidity in the room - 40-75%, resulting in desirable regular airing.
  2. To increase the life of the false ceiling, the surface should be cleaned in time.This can be done dry or damp cloth (in the latter case, the water must be added a small amount of detergent).
  3. application of abrasive materials is strictly prohibited!
  4. to the temperature inside the structure is not different from the room temperature, the panels are removed immediately after installation is complete.Further vapor impermeable material layer stacked (even if the insulation was laid above).
  5. pencil stains can be removed with a conventional eraser.
  6. The interior space must be ventilated design, for which the perimeter need to leave a gap of about 2 mm.