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October 09, 2016 23:18

Swedish oven with his own hands

can be built only Swedish oven with his own hands in the event that if you already have a home master mason skills and stable, even a small experience with ovens.By itself, the Swede is a fairly complex structure, is clearly not intended for primary education such technologies.

Swedish oven with his own hands

furnace Swede with his hands

There are several furnace models such as "Swede»:

- heating and cooking oven, having only plate and optionally - equipped with an additional oven, hot-water tank and a niche for drying;

- stove, which thus can be located that heating and cooking part of the structure will go into the kitchen and decorative fireplace side - in the bedroom or living room;

- «Swede" has a couch - this furnace has a more complex structure, but it can serve as a warm bed in winter.

model chosen depending on the area that can be used for it, since some of the species - are massive enough, while others have a compact form.

When choosing an oven, except the area, of course, take into account its demands in term

s of functionality.For example, if the "Swede" is installed in the kitchen and its location is not bordered by the other rooms, the choice is usually falls on a compact heating and cooking stove.If it is necessary to heat the entire house, the furnace is chosen an appropriate location, where it will heat two rooms at once, or a variant with stove bench, from which comes as quite a lot of heat.

«Swede" with fireplace is perfect for a romantic interior - it is usually chosen by those owners who like to spend the evening around the fire.If the chimney masonry department performed correctly, it is also well able to heat the room in which it leaves the furnace.

Whatever furnace model is chosen, the work will still start with the basics, the foundation of the device.

foundation under the stove

Article Contents

  • 1 foundation under the stove
  • 2 «Swede" with fireplace
    • 2.1 Materials
    • 2.2 masonry oven
    • 2.3 Video: oven-Swede with a fireplace part
  • 3 "Swede" with stove bench
    • 3.1 Video: example of construction pechki- "Swede" with stove bench

Foundation for the furnace is recommended to arrange with anotherlaying the foundation of the house, unless of course it's possible.If not - then it will have to build in the already finished construction.But in fact, in both cases it is necessary to separate the furnace from the foundation of the concrete base of the building.This is to ensure that when a failure of one of the designs shrink, it is not "pulled" would be for a different, and thus created a strain of masonry.

  • for the massive structure of the furnace is arranged a solid foundation, which is to go deep into the soil at 700 ÷ 800 mm.

Provided soil freezing to great depths, the pit deepens too - this option should be known in advance, even before construction begins.

is important to know the reliability of the structure and characteristics of the soil in the construction area, as this also depends on deepening the foundations and its strengthening.All these data can "get hold of" in any of the local construction company.

  • If the furnace masonry will be implemented in already built a house with floor arranged, the layout produced directly on the surface, so as to cut the desired fragment, and get to the ground level.A hole in the floor must have dimensions that exceed 100 ÷ 150 mm furnace base in each of the parties.
An exemplary diagram of the foundation for a massive brick oven

exemplary diagram of the foundation for a massive brick oven

  • Next, mark the ground and dug a pit desired depth.
  • finished bottom of the pit compacted, and it is filled with sand, which is moistened with water, and also carefully compacted.The thickness of the sand cushion in the compacted form should be at least 100 ÷ 200 mm, depending on the depth of the pit.
  • followed by rubble - he falls asleep on a pillow of sand layer 150 ÷ ​​170 mm.It is also necessary to properly seal.
  • next step is installation of the formwork for the foundation.Typically, it knocked from the side of low-grade boards.If the boards are formed between the gaps, then line the inside of the casing with plastic wrap, which is fixed on the plank walls using stepplera.
Waterproofing of the foundation pit roofing material

Waterproofing of the foundation pit roofing material

Besides the film, to waterproof the basement can be used roofing material, which also need to be mounted on walls.

  • Formwork raised above the ground to the height of the foundation, which can not reach the floor level on one layer of bricks or to climb over it to 80 ÷ 100 mm.

second option could be installing formwork just around the pit, but the need to secure the waterproofing material is necessary.

  • then filled with coarse concrete solution, which is made of a large-fractional crushed stone and cement, with a small amount of sand.The thickness of this layer should be about 150 mm.
  • Next, set the reinforcement structure of metal rods that pressed into the fresh mortar.
Sets the lower reinforcing belt

Sets the lower reinforcing belt

  • next layer is poured a thin cement mortar, at the height of the ground - it is leveled and left to set.
  • Once he grabbed a little hardened, it is placed on top of the reinforcement mesh.
The upper reinforcing grid foundation

upper reinforcing mesh foundation

  • Stacked grid, it is poured concrete formwork solution on height.Grouted leveled, and then the foundation must fully grasp, harden and gain the necessary strength.These processes take a lot of time, and is usually transferred to the subsequent operations no earlier than after 25 ÷ 28 days.
The foundation poured and allowed to set strength

foundation poured and allowed to set strength

  • After that, the upper part of the casing is removed, and on a flat surface of the basement waterproofing layer is laid, consisting of 2-3 layers of roofing material, glued to each other in thickness.

Upon completion of this phase of the foundation of training, you can proceed directly to the laying of the furnace.

«Swede" with fireplace

This model furnace will fully satisfy those who prefer a hands-on and approach to things, and appreciate the mood of a romantic evening.It is positioned so that the side of the cooking facilities access to a kitchen and fireplace - in one of the residential areas intended for recreation.

View from the cooking part

View from the cooking part

furnace becomes part of the wall or divider of the two zones in a large room, which is typical for the summer or a small private houses.

"Шведка" со стороны камина

«Swede" by the fireplace

internal structure of the oven-fire can be considered on its cross-sectional view, which is clearly seen as the metallic elements set.

The projections in the section provide a more complete picture of the device fuser

projections in the context of give a better idea about the device fuser

Materials

To build this oven need to purchase high-quality building materials - only in this case you can get a reliable, tough, durable and beautiful in appearance construction.Bricks and mortar are bought with a margin of about 15% more than required for the construction material.Also need some metal (iron and steel) elements.

So, for this model "Swede" need to buy:

  • Red desirable - clinker bricks, from which it is easier to make a neat smooth masonry.It will need 717 pieces, not counting the construction of the pipe.
  • Lime or fireclay bricks for masonry combustion chambers - 154 pieces.
  • sand, clay, cement or ready-mix for heat-resistant solution.
  • steel wire with a diameter of 4 ÷ 5 mm - for fixing cast iron parts.
  • Asbestos sheet and a cord - for fire protection walls of the house, and for the protection of metal components from premature burnout.
  • Steel Area 50 × 50 × 5 × 1020 ÷ 1030 mm - 2 pcs., It is necessary to strengthen the surface of the hob.
  • Steel strip 50 × 5 × 920mm - 3 pieces, 50 × 5 × 54 mm -. 2 pieces, 50 × 5 × 48 mm -. 2 pcs.These details will be required to provide a basis for laying another brick on the number of the cooking chamber.
  • grate, size 200 × 300 mm - 1 pc.
  • Furnace door is 210 × 250 mm 1 unit.
  • doors for treatment chambers 140 × 140 mm - 8 pcs.
  • door for ash 140 × 140 mm 1 unit.
  • oven to 450 × 360 × 300 mm 1 unit.
  • Valves for smoke ducts 130 × 250 mm - 3 pieces.
  • hobs 410 × 710 mm 1 unit.
  • grate length 690 ÷ 700 mm - it can be purchased ready-made or make yourself from a steel rod.
  • metal sheet, in the amount of 500 × 700 mm 2 pcs.He will need, if this option is selected the flooring on the floor in front of the firebox.Instead, for this purpose it tiles may be used.

This furnace model has a size of 1020 × 890 × 2170 mm.In addition, the fireplace insert comes forward the entire structure for 130 mm.

masonry oven

To have an idea how to smoke inside the structure is given by smoke-deflecting channel, and how the rest of the elements are arranged, you must carefully consider the layout plan.It will help to understand the inner cavities and chambers, as well as to determine how the bricks are stacked in a particular department is being built oven.

Схема "шведки" с камином, пути движения продуктов сгорания - рисунок первый ...

scheme "Swede" with fireplace, path of the combustion products - picture first ...

... And the second

... and second

With such a scheme, for it is possible to carry out a preliminary laying of the entire structure, "dry" - it will definitely makeclarify the configuration of each of the series.

addition, experienced craftsmen are advised when working on the construction of brick kilns have on the solution, each of the series and try to lay out the first "dry".This is done in order to advance to adjust the size of the bricks for every row.Just spent these preliminary processes will be embarking on a final solution to the brickwork.

Through Charting-poryadovkoy will be much easier to try his hand in the construction of "Swede".

Poryadovkoy 1 to 6 rows of masonry

poryadovkoy 1 to 6 rows of masonry

Before beginning to spread the first row, you need to roofing material, roofed on the foundation, make it accurate counting - raschertit using chalk foundations of a future region.

marking laid on making the first row of the furnace.It must be mounted perfectly accurate, since by its smoothness will depend on the extent to which a coherent and reliable will be the whole structure.

1 row - continuous .It should turn out perfectly flat

1 series - solid.It should turn out perfectly flat

first row, as in all models of furnaces laid solid.

Second row - installation of the grate

second row - installation grate

second row are placed on a slightly different layout, but it is also completely filled with bricks.The area where there is a fireplace firebox, silicate brick is laid.Laying out a number, it is set on top holders, and attached to them by welding fender.

3rd row - the beginning of the formation of internal cavities and channels

number 3 - the beginning of the formation of internal cavities and channels

In third row start to arrange the ash-pit chamber and cleanout channels, as well as a place for the installation of the oven.In addition, begin to arrange a vertical chimney channel.On the other side of the structure begins to form the fuel the fire chamber.

simultaneously with a laying of this series, it built in the right places doors are secured with the help of trained wire segments.

It usually installs the iron door

It usually installs the iron door

On the back of the camera to set the oven bonding conductor to leave the cameras are cleaned.For this corner brick, installed in this position is cut.

4 number

4 number

fourth row repeats the third configuration, only that the bricks are "in the dressing."

Row 5 - prepare a place under the grate and the combustion chamber

5 series - prepare a place under the grate and the combustion chamber

the fifth row from the top chamber is made ash-pit space for a grate, and the rest - it repeats the previous series.A number of silicate brick is laid in areas that are in direct contact with fire - it is the area where will be laying the grate.

Then, on the fifth series of the same set oven, which is pre-wrapped asbestos rope.

"Примерка" духового шкафа

«Fitting» oven

then set grille - it must be attached to the solution.

On the same row, you can set the firebox door, tying it on the sides of the rope, and you can move it to the installation on the sixth row, leaving an opening for her between the bricks.

6 series - setting the furnace door

6 series - setting the door of the combustion chamber

In the sixth row, set the door (if it is not installed on the fifth) and secured with a wire, which build into the joints between the rows.

silicate bricks, which will create a wall between the combustion chamber and the cabinet of the oven, set on edge.With this design, the oven will warm faster.

on the sixth series of overlapping leaves in the lower ranks of the gap behind the oven - between it and spread the vertical channel.

Poryadovkoy from 7 to 12 rows

poryadovkoy from 7 to 12 rows

Seventh row - metal strips for the fire chamber ceiling

seventh row - metal strips for closing the chamber fireplace

seventh number is different from the sixth almost nothing, except that on top of it is placed a metal strip, which will be a support forlaying the next row of bricks.

The eighth series of the work is, according to the scheme.

8 series - oven fully installed in its place

8 series - oven fully installed in its place

Ninth series has the same structure as the previous, except that features that above an oven placed two metal bands, which will be laid next row.These strips help to relieve the load on the support points of the camera.

row 9

number 9

the tenth row is first prepared a place for laying the hotplate.The edge of the furnace door and the oven area is strengthened.Under the edge of the cooking plates stacked strips asbestos.On the left edge of the furnace wall, a gap is left for the installation of the door.

Laying 10 series with the installation of the hob

Masonry 10 series with the installation of the hob

Next to the prepared place set the hob and the door to clean the channel.

11 number - the beginning of putting some of the niches for cooking

number 11 - the beginning of putting some of the niches for cooking

The eleventh series begins the formation of the cooking niche.Bricks laid on the right side of the plate, cover the opening between the furnace wall and the plate that has remained uncovered in the previous row.The remaining elements are placed according to the scheme.

12 row - focus beveled parts bricks

number 12 - special attention beveled portion bricks

At this level, the bricks, overlapping the combustion chamber, are cut diagonally.This is necessary for the correct direction towards the smoke flue.

Poryadovkoy from 13 to 24 rows

poryadovkoy from 13 to 24 rows

number 13

13 series

number 13 is laid out exactly according to the scheme-poryadovkoy.

14 number - the beginning of the formation of the mantelpiece

number 14 - the beginning of the formation of the mantelpiece

The fourteenth row formed mantel, using brick masonry ledge ahead and to the sides, about 25 mm.

15 number - extension mantelpiece

number 15 - expansion mantelpiece

This number continues to form the regiment over marshy fireplace - now the bricks are stacked perpendicular to the bottom row.And push them forward to the sides by 25 mm.

16th row - band and bracket for masonry niche overlap

number 16 - the band and bracket for masonry

niche overlap at the sixteenth row niche above the cooking stove is covered with steel bands, and on the front edge of the stacked area.

18 - 17 rows - complete coverage of the cooking niche

18 - 17 rows - complete coverage of the cooking niche

17 and 18 series are made according poryadovkoy.When laying them cooking niche overlaps two solid rows of bricks.