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October 09, 2016 23:18

How to lay tile, brick

When facing a brick wall requires a certain skill, because the clutch must be perfectly flat and neat.To do it yourself, you need to study in detail how to lay tile, brick, masonry are some ways how to perform unravel.Finish this brick is very appreciated for its visual appeal and durability.

How to lay tile, brick

How to lay tile, brick

The use of bricks

Application bricks

Tools for bricklaying

Article Contents

  • 1 Tools for bricklaying
  • 2 Species masonry
  • 3
    • technology brick cladding 3.1 Step 1. Substrate
    • 3.2 Step 2. Mixing solution
    • 3.3 Step 3. Laying of the bottom row
    • 3.4 Step 4. Laying angles
    • 3.5 Step 5. wall
    • 3.6 Step 6. Bind facing the wall
    • 3.7 Step 7. Laying slopes
    • 3.8 Step 7. Fancy
  • 4 Helpful hints
    • 4.1 Video - How to lay tile, brick
brick Parameters hyperpressed brick Clinker lime brick Ceramic brick
compressive strength, kg / cm² 150-300 300-500 75-200 100-175
Frost cycle 75-150 50-100 35-50 15-50
Dehumidification,% 6-8 Less than 6 6-12 6-8
Thermal conductivity, W / m ° C 0,7-0,8 0,7 03-0,7 0,3-0,5
weight at a rate of 250h120h65., kg. 4 3-4 3,8 3,5

For quality veneer need appropriate tools:

  • building level - lay bricks will not work without it in neat rows;
  • trowel - it is applied to the solution, the excess is removed, trimmed with brick laying;
  • hammer-pick - used for splitting cladding material;
  • Bulgarian diamond discs - used for cutting bricks;
  • square metal twig section 10x10 mm - for the formation of the same seams between rows;
  • round rod with a diameter of 10 mm - for pointing.

Additionally you will need a thin cord or building strong thread, anchor and binding wire for tying the masonry with bearing wall.

Species masonry

Varieties of masonry bricks

Species masonry bricks

By location bricks in a row emit several types of masonry:

  • front (bed) - a brick is laid so that the visible was the broad side;
  • stretcher - outside the visible side of the long, narrow;
  • the binder - outside bricks are only visible ends.
Types of clutches

Types clutches

Furthermore, masonry are divided into types for decoration:

  • masonry "in a half-brick" - the vertical joints of the stretcher or bed laying shifted horizontally by half the length of the brick;Stacked
  • - vertical joints between the bricks are aligned;
  • Flemish - stretcher and the binder masonry alternate in a row;
  • «American" - the stretcher, and the binder masonry alternate rows.
Decorative facing brick

Decorative facing brick

In the absence of experience is better to start with a standard stretcher in a half-brick masonry, and with increasing skill, you can try other ways.It should be noted that the laying Stacking is the most fragile, so use only for decorative purposes.

technology facing bricks

Installation bricks

Step 1. Substrate

Face bricks need to be laid on the base, so when pouring the foundation and insulation provide a projection of the cap around the perimeter of the house on the thickness of the facing brickwork plus 2-3 cm air gap.Before starting work, check the level of the base of the building to avoid possible distortions.If detected any irregularities eliminate them with cement mortar.After this, the surface should be thoroughly sweep.

Step 2. Mixing solution

For brick masonry cladding solution prepared from cement M500 and clean fine sand.The components are mixed in a ratio of 1: 4, water is poured in small portions.Ready mixture should be homogeneous, quite thick;if you rolled the ball out of the solution does not break up and holds its shape well, the consistency is considered correct.The water for kneading is required to take the net, with a minimum of salt, or to perform facing unsightly whitish stains - efflorescence, to remove that is not so easy.An important point: kneading a solution in a small volume is necessary, since the stacking process takes time and the solution dries quickly.

Step 3. Laying of the bottom row

facing front

facade cladding

Near the workplace put a bowl of water and soak in it the bricks.Experienced builders recommended to lay the bottom row without a solution.Since the length of the perimeter of the home is not always a multiple of the length of the brick, in certain places have cut the brick and to choose the optimal location of the seams.If you put the first row in the solution, perform the trimming will be problematic.Work on the start of the corner with the level every brick laid on top of the base and align joints.Between the carrier wall and facing necessarily leave 2-3 cm of free space for ventilation.

Step 4. Laying angles

brick masonry layout with right angle (single facing brick , thick bastard main)

layout with masonry bricks of the right angle (single facing brick, thick bastard main)

Now you need to put the angles to a height of 4-6 series.In the bottom row are placed along the outer edge of the square rod, gaining a little bit of the solution with a trowel and gently apply it.Gently having leveled solution, placed on top of a brick, inciting him handle trowel, so he came in contact with the rod.Check the location of the level, if necessary, inciting yet.Carefully take out the rod, wipe the crumbs of the solution, and then repeat the same on the other side of the angle.When laying these bricks monitor proper ligation of the corner ends must alternate with long faces on both sides.

Masonry bricks

masonry bricks

Masonry bricks

masonry bricks

Here, facing brick used to create a pattern on the corner of the house

here facing brick used to create a pattern on the corner of the house

Step 5. Wall

When all the corners are laid out, start liningwalls.In the corner of the second row of bricks a strong pull string, placing it at the top and fixing something heavy.Now put on the edge bars of the first row, cover the surface with a solution of masonry.The bricks are designed for this number, put upright on the ground, is applied with a trowel a little solution on the ends, and then neatly placed on the movements of the solution.Egged each one focusing on a string, remove the rod, check the number with the help of the level.

mount facing brick on the facade of the house

facing front

facing front

Facing brick house

Facing brick house

Step 6. Bind facing the wall

If the brick veneer was not plannedinitially, it is necessary to bind to the front masonry retaining wall.It does this in two ways: by means of anchors and dowels with binding wire.In a first embodiment, the wall of the building drive in the anchor up to half, leaving the second part between the facing rows.Anchors better to take galvanized, diameter of 6 mm.

second option: drilled holes in the wall, insert the wall plugs, attach them to the binding wire.The wire should lie down on the brick, but do not go beyond its territory.Standard fasteners installed in 4 vertical rows and 70 cm horizontally.In one square meter of the surface it takes about 5 fixtures.Around the openings the distance between the dowels cut by about a third.

The photo shows how to attach the trim using masonry grid and plastic umbrellas with wall insulation or foam Epps

The picture shows how you can attach the trim using masonry grid and plastic umbrellas at warming the walls Epps or foam

Facing masonry must be fixed to the walls of the house

Facing masonry must be fixed to the walls of the house

Decorative brick

Decorative brick

remaining ranksperformed in a similar manner: pull the thread between corner elements at a height row bars are placed, and then a solution of bricks.Note that the width of the horizontal joints shall be 10-15 mm, and the vertical slightly less - from 8 to 10 mm.This clutch will look more attractive.Near the door and window openings cut brick and is attached so that the other side is not interrupted series, while above the opening pattern of masonry is still valid.

How is mounted facing brick

How is mounted facing brick

system fixing brick facade

Features finish frame house with brick

Features finish frame house with brick

Communication from the brick veneer wall

Communication with brick veneer wall

Step 7. Laying slopes

For moredecorative slopes spread of bricks of different color.Along the perimeter of slopes facing the binder method performed;the resulting column width in one brick may extend slightly beyond the edge of the lining of the walls.Sami slopes should be strictly vertical, so when laying produce control building level.

Step 7. Fancy

The types and sizes of joints when laying bricks

types and sizes of joints when laying bricks

Fancy

Fancy

Once the solution grabs, you can start laying jointing.Surface Neaten removed solution crumbs, moistened with water laying.Prepare a working solution: equal parts of mixed cement, lime and sand are then added.The ratio of sand to cement is equal to 10: 1, water is added so that the mixture has acquired a paste consistency.After this solution was filled in joints and start using their shape pointing.The first form vertical seams, and then embroidered horizontal.

Color solutions for grouting

Colored solutions for grouting

Helpful hints

Spread at a time more than 6-7 rows can not, because of the heavy load clutch can be deformed.Every 3-4 series check level to achieve maximum verticality.Nothing is impossible to fill the gap between the lining and wall of the building, air space is needed for ventilation surfaces, in addition, it performs and insulating function.Fancy slopes can be carried out immediately after installation to twice not to rearrange the forest.

Brick Front

Brick Front

Video - How to lay tile, brick