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August 12, 2017 18:06

Casings on the windows with their hands

In most cases, carved frames are used for decorating the windows of wooden houses.But due to the fact that the casing ready to buy today is problematic, it is easier to do with their hands.

Casings on the windows with their hands

casings on the windows with their hands

Important!All trims, even the highest quality, have one drawback - they need to be protected from precipitation. Production casings on the windows traditionally begins with the preparation of all necessary.

Casings on the windows with their hands

casings on the windows with their hands

Step 1. Equipment

Article Contents

  • 1 Step 1. Equipment
  • 2 Step 2: Choose the material
  • 3 Step 3. notes the manufacture
  • 4 Step 4. selection of the pattern
  • 5 Step 5: Production frames
  • 6 Step 6: Production of casings
    • 6.1 Video - Production window casings
  • 7 basic rules.What can be done
  • 8 Step 7. Install the product in the box
  • 9 In conclusion
    • 9.1 Video - Options casings

In the process, will need the following tools:

Tools for making wooden architraves

Tools for the manufacture of wooden casings

  • special tenoning tool (required for tricks seams and eyelets);

    tenoning tool

    Tenoning tool

  • flat chisel 0.7-2 cm;

    Flat chisel

    flat chisel

  • knife-cutter;
  • knife-jamb;

    Knife - jamb

    Knife-jamb

  • round and half-round chisel 2.5 cm;
  • «tsezariki" (another kind of chisels, 0.5 cm);
  • kljukarzy (chisel 1.5 cm);

    kljukarzy

    kljukarzy

  • angled chisel 1.5 cm (angled in 70ᵒ).

Step 2: Choose the material

For regular trims better use of pine, while for carvings is recommended to take the soft rock, for example, lime (the latter, moreover, is much easier to handle by hand).

White linden wood

White linden wood

pine wood

pine wood

Important!The only disadvantage of a linden - hygroscopic - is easily eliminated by applying several layers of paint.

Solid wood is to choose in three cases:

  • at high humidity of the climate;
  • when too dry air;
  • with considerable temperature fluctuations.

How to decorate the house basement

recommend to familiarize with interesting material for finishing the cap home with their own hands.

detailed step by step description technology will enable you to learn all about finishing cap.

Solid species include birch and oak.They are quite difficult to handle hand tools, so you need milling machine, but it will last a tree several times longer linden.

oak

Oak wood

Stage 3. Important moments in the manufacture

finished wood trim should not impede the opening of the valves at least 90ᵒ.With regards to other parameters, they are selected individually according to the aperture value.For mounting studs can be used to connect elements or vpoldereva.

The original plat

original plat

Important!In the future, to be applied to the surface of a larger image of the upper casing can be extended.For fasteners are used thorns, and the decoration itself is called "kokoshnik".

lower part of the products manufactured by the same method and carved should include bevel required for drainage.It is characteristic that the thickness of the bottom of the top must be greater than the thickness of at least 1 cm

How to trim

How to trim

On both sides of the opening nailed small rack -. They hide differences walls (if any).The thickness of the slats should coincide with the width of the gap, at least approximately.The final fixing is carried out only after careful fitting joints.

Important!If the doors open to the street, the trim must be set to 3 cm above the window.

Step 4. Selection of the pattern

Since ancient times, the most decorated frames whimsical patterns that areit was believed to protect the house from evil spirits and evil eye.Today, the manufacture of carved architraves engaged mainly skilled craftsmen.

Important!To make trim on the window with his hands , you must first choose a good template, which will create a pattern of any complexity, even without special skills in wood carving.

professionals themselves often use stencils, a one-time individual orders are executed without them.

Stencils are sold freely today in a fairly wide range.They consist of the following components:

  • bottom bracket;
  • upper limit;
  • vertical slats.

addition, may be present and additional decorative details - shoulders, vazonchiki and so on.

Stencils for casings

Stencils for casings

Stencils

Stencils

Step 5: Production frames

the beginning of the pre-cut elements formed frame.Fixing is effected by means of studs, which are fixed in the hole nagilyami.To create spikes commonly used jigsaw, although fit and normal hacksaw with fine teeth.To remove the sawdust used a small knife.

finished width of the frame, as well as the frames described above, must not interfere with the free opening of the valves on 90ᵒ.The very frame should be greater than the window at least 2 cm.

Step 6. Making casings

Template for casings made ​​of cardboard the size of a full-size

Template for casings made of cardboard the size of a full-size

Step 1. First picture fromstencil by carbon paper is transferred to the tree.

The resulting pattern is placed on the board and lead round a contour pencil

The resulting template is placed on the board and lead round a pencil outline

Step 2. then taken a jigsaw with a fine blade and are cut smaller skaters elements.

Step 3. the outside of the pattern contours are cut so that the web is passed along the edge of the workpiece.

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Manufacturing casings with their hands

Step 4. In any case, the workpiecewill have to rotate the saw.Make it easy enough, just need to use one of two existing methods:

  • after reaching the turn made several vzaimoparallelnyh cuts (from the saw should be able to turn into any corner inside the opening);
  • can go the other way - to make a small loop, which will go on the back side.

Important!Modern jig allows you to make cuts at an angle of 45-90ᵒ, so you can not only make the smallest cuts, but also to give a more decorative element rich and three-dimensional shape.

Step 5. If the center of the product is necessary to saw a closed shape, the middle removable parts drilled hole.The web is a jigsaw will be easier to move in one direction or another.

If the workpiece is thin enough, then when it is processing, you can do without an electric drill.To do this takes jigsaw and rests on the workpiece at right angles.Next, the tool is turned on and the opening as if scratched with a recess in the fabric tree.

Production casings

Production casings

It all key aspects of the manufacture of window casings.Actually, the whole procedure is reduced to reusable repetition of the above steps, but the specific combination depends on the skills and the complexity of the pattern.

Carved trim

Carved trim

Carved frames , blank

Carved frames, blank

Carved trim

Carved trim

It should be noted that there are other methods of making, differing from that described above.For clarity, we recommend to see a thematic video.

Video - Production window casings

basic rules.What can be done

Below is a list of rules that will help avoid the most common problems.

  1. As starting material it is recommended to use the board thickness of 3-4 cm.
  2. Do not immediately grasp at the complex patterns.Initially, the best practice in the normal round parts that are easily done with a drill.
  3. width of the workpiece should be such that it was enough to cover the ends of the walls and protection against moisture.
  4. Carved items should be placed along the wood fibers - this will prevent cracking.
  5. When choosing stencil better pay attention to the patterns with large elements, t. To. The fine will look crumpled, resulting finish will not have the desired decorative effect.

Important!Before you begin, you should calculate the future costs of time and money, as well as the appropriateness of the very idea.In the absence of high skills in working with wood, and of interest to the process is easier to buy ready-made frames.

Moreover, it is desirable to first get acquainted with photos of different products.So it is possible to find a suitable option or draw inspiration for DIY create something.

plat

plat

Step 7. Install the product in the box

It remains only to install ready-carved trim on the windows, which uses a special glue.It is important that he was not organic, or due to exposure to biological effects, he hurt himself and products.

Installing the product on the box

Product installation on the window

can use and sanitary glue - to him should not be any problems.

Important!If the attachment is carried out by means of nails, the thorns and the joints should be pre-fluff adhesive solution.

Another option that can further simplify the installation procedure is to use screws instead of nails.It will be easier if only because of the lack of risk of damaging the casing or surrounding it with a hammer surface.

Window casings

casings on the windows

Important!Caps screws very easy to disguise.It is necessary to mix the sawdust with glue and spread the resulting mixture hats.It is advisable to do this before painting the windows to hide the fasteners also acquired the necessary color.

procedure for the final painting is also quite simple.Atop finish applied any protective material (not only ink, but also, for example, varnish impregnation).It is desirable to do so in any case, since such a coating considerably prolongs the operational life of the products.

Driving device casing

Driving device casing

paint is known to peel off, so instead it is advisable to take a special impregnation.It is much easier to periodically update impregnation than fix the cracked paint.And the latter, as is known, be sure to crack.

In conclusion

Window casings

casings on the windows

commendable that people tend to follow the traditions of their ancestors, because it is especially important in the current environment of active urbanization.For the self-production of window casings require a little time and the appropriate equipment.a complex procedure, but the result is more than pay for all costs.Moreover, since you can save a considerable amount of money, because the production of casings for the one-stop shop to order cost an average of 2,5-15 thousand.

Video - Options casings