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August 12, 2017 18:06

A fence made of stone with their hands

Fence Stone has many features and advantages.Such fences are characterized by incredible reliability, texture and durability.To build, you can use the most varied stone material, which allows to translate into reality an infinite number of design ideas - finished design will perfectly fit into any landscape.

A fence made of stone with their hands

fence made of stone with their hands

fence Life Stone as such has no restrictions.It all depends on the quality of the solution for masonry and accuracy of performance.By the arrangement of the fence should be approached with the utmost responsibility.Of course, you can invite a team of professional builders, but in this situation will have to spend a lot of money.And what to do if all the necessary arrangements can be handled in-house?

Fences made ​​of natural stone

Fences made of natural stone

What is needed for the construction of the fence?

Article Contents

  • 1 What you need for the construction of the fence?
  • 2 few words about the preparation for the
  • 3 Making foundation
  • 4 Building poles
  • 5 We spread spans
  • 6 Finish fence
  • 7 How to fence gabions
    • 7.1 Video - Installation of a fence gabions
    • 7.2 Video - The construction of the fence gabions
    • 7.3 Video - fence of stone with their hands

first select the material for the construction of our fence.We can lay crushed or cut stone.Called ashlar stones with specific dimensions and shape.They are more convenient to use masonry.In the absence of experience in stone masonry pillars definitely recommended build of hewn elements.

Various stones

Various stones

Quarry same stone has an irregular shape and allows building design with a unique design.It is from such a material it is recommended to spread spans - will turn out very beautiful and original.

Crushed stone ( cobblestones ) , large pieces of various shapes with a side length of 50-350 mm , derived from solid rocks of glacial origin

Crushed stone (cobblestones), large pieces of different shape with edge length of 50-350 mm, derived from solid rocks of glacial origin

Among the most popular materials for the masonry stone walls can be isolated limestone and dolomite, granite and sandstone.

Dolomite

Dolomite

Purchase or extract the right amount of self-selected stone, and then prepare the following tools:

  • mixer or for solution container manually;
  • roulette;
  • shovel;
  • trowel;
  • level;
  • twigs and string to mark.

few words about the preparation for the

After preparing all the necessary tools to begin planning.We need to draw a sketch of the future of the fence, taking into account the peculiarities of its spatial distribution and size.In terms of dimensions guided entirely on your preferences and financial capabilities.The average height of these fences -. 2-2.5 m

dyke

Stone fence

clears the ground by plants and debris, align the ground and drag on the drawing area.To use any markup resistant rods and strong rope.Trying to drive the rack marking in the ground around the perimeter of the future structure, we stretch the string between them and move on to the next step.

Make

foundation stone design will have a considerable weight, so before the start of its construction, we must pay due attention to the arrangement of the foundation.We will build a fence on a continuous belt reinforced base - the best option for heavy rail.

width of the foundation is done by about 15 cm more than in the finished fence.The height of the plinth (base part serving above ground) choose at its discretion.Builders recommend that it be not lower than 10-15 cm. This value will be guided in the further construction of the formwork.

first step. Roy trench depth of about 70 cm.

second step.We fall asleep bottom of the hole 5-cm layer of sand.Pillow thoroughly compacted.

third step. Install formwork.It can be assembled from planks, plywood or other suitable materials.

The foundation under a stone fence

Foundation for the stone fence

fourth step. laid on a sandy base reinforcing frame.In order to strengthen the fence will be enough 8mm rods.Armiruem in 2 layers.First laid a grid of rebar at a height of 50 mm from the sand cushion.

second grid anchoring 50 cm below ground level.To fix both reinforcement layers and further strengthening the foundation previously trying to drive into the soil pipe and fittings with a diameter of 10 mm.

fifth step. poured concrete.Formwork remove at least 2 weeks.The very same concrete will gain strength around 1 month.

The foundation under a stone fence

Foundation for the stone fence

Building poles

We will build the pillars by the method of sliding formwork.Recommended sizes pillars - 300x300 or 400x400 mm up to you.Samu formwork will collect from boards, fastened together with screws.

first step. Expose the formwork for the first row of stones.Withstands selected dimensions of the pillars.

Make poles

Make poles

second step .Temporary lay the first layer of the column without a solution.The stones should be adjacent to the wall formwork most tightly.The gaps between the masonry elements eliminate.

Make poles

Make poles

third step. carefully calibrated stones for a laying of the first row, laid them already using the solution.Use thick cement mixture.If the stones have smooth edges, just lay them on a solution like a brick.If the rough edges of the element have to tinker a little longer.In this situation the solution further fill the gaps between the stones.Similarly, we will spread and all subsequent rows.

fourth step. filling one row shuttering exhibited on top of it and continue to the other masonry column.A similar sequence will continue to adhere to.

Make poles

Make poles

fifth step. waited day after putting some of the first tier, dismantle the lower part of the casing.The overlying fragment, thus, subject to be able to mount the next tier wooden structure.

Make poles

Make poles

By removing part of the formwork, carefully close up the thick cement mortar cracks between the stones, providing a neat column and making it more durable.In the future, we will carry out grouting.Guidelines for this work will be presented later.

Tip:To masonry guaranteed not collapsed, giving her every opportunity to gain tier strength during the day, and only then continue to work.

We spread spans

foundation and pillars prepared.We can begin to span laid out.The optimum size for the sections of masonry stones -. 20-25 cm Such elements have a relatively low weight, which makes them easier and more comfortable.If necessary, break large rocks into smaller pieces with a hammer or else divide them punch.

Stones will attach a thick solution of the cement portions and three portions of sand.If you want to get the joints other than the color of the solution, add a mixture of dry dye.

Typically, the width of the stone pillar exceeds that of the span section.In view of this need to uniformly displace the wall in relation to the outer and inner sides of the pillars.

work is performed in the following sequence.

first step. Apply the mixture on cement base.

second step .Symmetrical lay stones on both edges of the span.Putting the edge of the thread section.In it, we will be guided in the further clutch.

Masonry with his own hands

Masonry own hands

third step. all out the first series of flight, filling the space between the faces, laid out in the previous step.Stones are best placed with the flat side up.Cracks and voids fill with thick cement mixture.

Masonry with his own hands

Masonry own hands

Give laying gain strength during the day and similarly laid next row.So we work to achieve the planned height.The series is highly recommended to spread with ligation.

Fences made of stone

Fence Stone

Tip:To get a flat top fencing line, the last row of each span spread of the stones of the same height.

In the process of masonry work with maximum caution.We try to avoid contact with the cement mixture on the face of the masonry elements.If the stones still gets a solution as soon as it cleans.

Finish fence

Grouting and wiping of the surface - the final works on the construction of a fence made ​​of natural stone

Grouting and wiping of the surface - the final works on the construction of a fence made of natural stone

to the fence had a more attractive appearance, perform grouting.They can be convex, shallow and deep.The third option allows you to visually expand the volume of masonry.For the rest, guided by their own preferences and features design ideas.

The joints between the stones are filled with solution

joints between the stones are filled with a solution

pointing to prepare the following:

  • wire brush;
  • scraper;
  • foam.

Stitches easiest to embroider after 3-4 hours after laying.Further, the cement mixture becomes too stiff and more difficult to jointing.

Options jointing

Options jointing

work in this manner.

Trowel for joints

Trowel for joints

guillemot

Chistik

first step. We clean the stones and joints with a wire brush.

second step. Use the scraper to create a neat seam groove depth of 10-20 mm (at its discretion).

third step. My fence.To use this foam, a brush and a solution of 30% hydrochloric acid.Observe caution: we work with acid protective gloves.

Fence ready.

Additionally for decorating fence and ensure rapid abduction atmospheric moisture set on poles special caps .When desire design fence can complement all sorts wrought elements - is remains at the discretion of owner.

Fences made of stone

Fence Stone

How to fence gabions

Fence gabions - simple and original design that will protect and decorate a personal plot

fence gabions - strong and original design that will protect and decorate a personal plot

The advantage of such simplified gabion fences are the high aesthetic characteristics

The advantage of such simplified gabion fences are the high aesthetic characteristics

In addition, the fence gabions perfectly fit into any interior and will give everything for a great start to your yard

addition, fence gabions perfectly fit into any interior and give a great start to equip your patio

Gabion

Gabion

typical sizes

Typical sizes

grid Features

Features grid

Gabion Welded grid

Gabionwelded mesh

Gabion

Gabion

For gabions settling a standard monolithic strip foundations

gabions for settling a standard monolithic strip foundations

The process of making a fence of gabions

process of making fence gabions.Installation of gabions does not require special preparation.The walls of boxes and lids are interconnected by special coils or strapping wire.Then ducts filled with natural material.In the central part it is allowed to stack the stones of smaller size, but certainly large at the edges.When laying the stones need to reduce the formation of voids.Fill the gabion gradually, first by one-third, and then fix the box inside, then the procedure is repeated

Length x Width x Height meter cell, see Weight 1 grid kg
1x0, 5h0,5 (Zn 240gr / sq.m.) 6x10 6,8
1h0,5h1 (Zn 240gr / sq.m.) 6x10 13
2h0,5h05 (Zn 240gr / sq.m.) 6x10 12
2h0,5h1 (Zn 240gr / sq.m.) 6x10 18,5
Beautiful fence gabion

Beautiful fenceof gabion

Successful work!

Video - Installation of a fence gabions

Video - The construction of the fence gabions

Video - Fence of stone with their hands