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August 12, 2017 18:06

Decorating hallway with decorative stone

Interior hallway should be paid no less attention than the rest of the room, because it is the first thing visitors see.Very stylish look gives the artificial stone, which is used as the base material, or as an additional accent.Create your own original design can be as decorative stone finish hallway has a fairly simple technology.

Decorating hallway with decorative stone

Decorating hallway with decorative stone

Types of coatings

Article Contents

  • 1 Types of coatings
    • 1.1 Concrete Stone
    • 1.2 Gypsum stone
  • 2 Preparationto finish
    • 2.1 Step 1. Removing the cover
    • 2.2 Step 2. Align the walls
    • 2.3 Step 3. Priming
  • 3 stone laying
    • 3.1 Step 1. Preparation of the glue
    • 3.2 Step 2. Laying the first row
    • 3.3 Step 3. angles Facing
    • 3.4 Step 4. Making masonry edges
    • 3.5 Step 5. Closing joints
    • 3.6 Step 6.finishing
    • 3.7 Video - finish the hallway decorative stone

Before you get started, you must choose the correct finishing material.Artificial stone is made on the basis of concrete and g

ypsum with added dyes.Both types have their advantages and disadvantages, so make sure to learn more about their characteristics.

Fake diamond

Artificial stone

Concrete Stone

The advantages of concrete products include:

  • high strength;
  • durability;
  • moisture resistance;
  • variety of textures and colors.

    concrete brick

    Concrete Stone

Walls finished with this stone, easily cleaned of any contaminants, and the erased area can be quickly restored with paint.If you accidentally touch finish something hard, it will not remain on track, and will not crack.

Disadvantages:

  • great weight;
  • high price;
  • the complexity of processing.

to when laying cut some fragments, you will need a Bulgarian and a diamond wheel, and some effort.

Artificial stone in the interior

Artificial stone in the interior

Gypsum stone

Advantages of plaster coating:

  • ease of processing;
  • low weight;
  • variety of textures and rich colors;
  • low price.

    Gypsum stone

    Gypsum stone

This stone is selected for finishing plasterboard walls that can not be subjected to heavy loads.If you can not choose the right coloring, on sale is unpainted items, which can paint on your own.

Disadvantages:

  • low impact resistance;
  • hygroscopic.

    Gypsum stone

    Gypsum stone

If such contamination can not finish watering and strongly rub, to avoid damaging the surface.To avoid such damage will hewing special impregnation or lacquer on acrylic basis.Also on sale is a plaster-coated stone - it is a little more expensive than usual, but is not afraid of moisture.

Subtle decorative stone

thin decorative stone

If you wish to make a decorative stone can be their own: this would require a plastic or silicone mold, dry plaster mixture, color pigments.Buy all this is not a problem in every hardware store a large selection of blends and shapes.Separate production of finishing material takes more time, but good saves money for repairs.

Gypsum decor in a modern interior

Gypsum decor in a modern interior

Preparing to finish

first step is to calculate the amount of material.If the stone will cover the entire area of ​​the walls in the hallway, subtract the area of ​​the openings and add 10%.If the decor will be located around the openings, niches, individual fragments on the open walls, draw a rough sketch of finishes and make measurements of each site.Then summarize the area and add 10-15% to the crop.When you purchase the material should be remembered that the number of stone angular shape is considered to be in linear meters, and the correct form - in the square.

Artificial stone in the hallway

Artificial stone in the hallway

Also required:

  • hacksaw or Bulgarian (depending on the type of stone);

    Bulgarian

    Bulgarka

  • simple trowel 7-9 cm;

    Putty knife

    Spatula

  • notched trowel 15-17 cm;

    Notched trowel

    toothed trowel

  • level;

    The level of professional cast Kapro

    level professional cast Kapro

  • long line;
  • pencil;
  • paint brushes;
  • varnish;
  • file;
  • acrylic primer.

    Acrylic Primer for walls

    Acrylic Primer for walls

Attach artificial stone can be at liquid nails, glue, cement or gypsum based.Consumption of glue must be indicated on the packaging, so when you buy must know exactly finish area and take a small margin.

Liquid Nails

Liquid nails

If gypsum is used for cutting need special miter box with high sides.

Mitre plastic

Mitre plastic

When all the required purchased, should start preparing the surface.

Step 1. Removing the cover

Removing the cover

Removing the cover

If the stone will cover the walls hallway vsploshnuyu, the old coating is removed completely to the ground.If the decor are some parts, dismantle cover very carefully.The wallpaper border trim pencil mark and carefully pruned office knife, leaving a margin under the stones 1-2 cm wide. Glue wallpaper from soaked water and remove with a spatula, carefully washed walls.Also remove the paint if it is chipped or cracked, scraped plaster lagged behind.

Step 2. Align the walls

Caulking

Caulking

Laying of stone must be performed on a flat smooth surface - this will facilitate the workflow and increase the strength of the decorative coating.Therefore, all the small cracks, gaps, deepening overwritten putty, and if there are differences of more than 5 mm whole lot better than plaster.Especially should pay attention to doorways: the perimeter of the box may be formed deep cracks, for the closing of which is recommended to use cement mortar.

Step 3. Priming

Padding

Priming

Dry wall should be lightly sanded to smooth out the bumps proshpaklevat sites, and then wipe with a cloth dust.The surface treated 1-2 times acrylic primer.If the perimeter of cultivated areas are the wallpaper, apply the first coat should be such that capture the edge of 1 cm in width - that will be hidden under the lining.

stone laying

Decorative stone has rough edges and is made up of tiles of different sizes.Laying to be performed so that the same-sized tiles necessarily interspersed fragments of larger or smaller, and the seams do not coincide either horizontally or vertically.Since the coating will look more natural and attractive.In order to understand how best to join the stone need to expand the tiles on the floor, picking up the pieces in a particular order.

Step 1. Preparation of adhesive

in a container of water pour dry adhesive and stir well.water and glue ratio indicated on the packaging, so confused "by eye" is not necessary.Failure proportions reduces or increases the bond strength of adhesive consumption.Kneading mixer construction is best, then the mixture is left lumps.Ready glue should be uniform and resemble the consistency of thick paste.

Step 2. Laying the first row

Interior decoration decorative stone walls , an exemplary diagram

interior walls decorative stone, exemplary diagram

Spread tile from the wall angle should be, and it can be done from both the top and bottom.When installing the stone is less top-down dirty adhesive and coating is more accurate.If the veneer is only the area around the opening, the doors are starting from the corner.For convenience, the wall can be marked by the level of horizontal lines every 10-15 cm

laying of artificial stone Guide

Instructions for laying artificial stone

Laying the first row

Laying the first row

Now you can start laying:.

  • take the first fragment and causenotched trowel adhesive layer thickness of 5 mm;
    Gluing

    Gluing

    Gluing

    Gluing

    Gluing

    Gluing

    Working with decorative stone

    Work with decorative stone

  • apply tiles to the wall and dub on a marking;
  • gently pressed against the surface, wipe off excess glue;
    To regain the lost sawn tiles " characteristic roughness " slice treated with clippers

    To return sawn tile lost "characteristic roughness" section handle clippers

    Laying of stone

    stone laying

  • choose a second tile, differing in size, coated with glue and attach closely to the first.
Laying decorative stone with their hands

laying decorative stone with their hands

between fragments can leave the joints from 5 to 8 mm, particularly if a large stone.

Installation of decorative stone

Installation of decorative stone

Stiff brush remove any excess solution , without waiting for it to harden

stiff brush remove any excess solution, without waiting for it to harden

After lining the joints are filled with putty and embroider, making laying more attractive.Small tiles can be mounted back to back, the main thing that the joints do not coincide.

Laying decorative stone

laying decorative stone

Step 3. Facing

angles for cladding inside and outside corners can be purchased special corner blocks, which are more expensive than usual, but greatly simplify workflow.If the budget is limited, it may have to be customized using stone grinder or hacksaw.Here there are 2 options - to lay a stone lap or grind the edges at an angle of 45 degrees.When using the first option for the outside corners of the open ends is necessary to process a file and tint, otherwise they will be released too.both ends are closed, so treatment is not needed in the inner corners.The second option is more suitable for gypsum products that are easy to cut using a miter box.

Facing angles

Facing angles

So, first determine the desired number of fragments, cut them with a certain hand, is treated with a file sections.Next smear glue the stones and alternately attached to the wall on either side of the corner, carefully aligning the joints.When the vertical angle will be laid out, you can expand on the masonry walls.

How to lay artificial stone

How to lay artificial stone

Step 4. Making masonry edges

edges of the masonry will look more attractive if the tiles beautifully cut.The surface of the decorative stone has a distinct texture that makes it easier to trim extreme fragments.Sawing with a hacksaw to be right in the contour lines to the sections to get the most natural.All saw cut is required to grind an emery paper.

Step 5. Closing joints

Sealing joints

Incorporation joints

Bred plaster and gently applied it to the joints in the corners, along the perimeter of the openings and switches.For convenience, you can use a tight package, for example, out of milk.One edge of the package is cut completely, on the other hand make a small incision.Fill the bag with a mixture of putty and smooth a thin strip of extruded at the seams.If the solution is applied with a spatula, you should immediately wipe off the excess with a surface of the stone, to avoid drying.After filling the joints of plaster rub clean with a damp sponge foam and allowed to dry.

Step 6. finishing

Dried coat is white, and therefore treated space will be allocated on a background of stone.Get rid of the bright spots will help the paint: a small container dilute the pigment in the color base coat and a small brush paint proshpatlevannye areas.When the paint dries, stone coated with acrylic lacquer.In places where the walls are constantly touches, varnish is better to put in 2-3 layers.

Get rid of the bright spots will help paint

Get rid of the bright spots will help paint

To make coverage more volume, you can select the edges laying golden or bronze dye.There is another option: an artificial stone is applied at an oblique angle deposition of the same color but richer in tone.In addition, you can use lighting: directed from the top or from the light makes the laying much clearer and textured.

Calculation decorative stone Formula Explanations
Calculate the surface area intended for facing artificial stone S (wall) = AhB A - the length of the wall, in - wall height
Calculate the surface area, which will occupy the corner pieces of decorative stone S (angle) = Lh0,2 L - angle length (running meters), 0.2 - coefficient
Find the total area of ​​whichtake all angular elements S (corners of the total) = S (angle1) + S (angle 2) -
Calculate the area of ​​window and door openings S = AhB A - width of the window / door, in- height windows / doors
Calculate the surface area intended for facing ornamental stone, in view of the areas that occupy the corner elements, window and door openings S (stone) = S (wall) - S (the corners) -S (windows / doors) resulting area increase by 10%
How to calculate the required amount of angular stone elements. Measure the height and fold corners to be lined with decorative stone.L (total angles) = L (angle 1) + L (angle 2), etc.The resulting increase in the length of 10% L - the length of the angles (running meters)

Video - Finish the hallway decorative stone