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Interior Solutions

August 12, 2017 18:06

Finishing clapboard balconies with their hands

Any owner of the apartment, which has a balcony, with time comes to what is necessary to transform the space.This is understandable - the balcony could well be a great addition to the total area, turned into a small room, or taking on the function of the economic well-equipped rooms.Therefore, finishing balconies lining their own hands - is the perfect solution to make this useful area neat and cozy.

Finishing clapboard balconies with their hands

finishing clapboard balconies with their hands

However, once decided to make finishing work, it is best to immediately and warm the balcony, since all the conditions for a good thermal insulation will be created when the casing. Especially because in addition to materials of the external walls, will need to buy only one of the suitable insulation.

Stages and the necessary materials

Article Contents

  • 1 Stages and the necessary materials
  • 2 process of finishing balconies lining
    • 2.1 Preparing walls forfacing
    • 2.2 Sheathing of walls and ceiling balcony clapboard
    • 2.3 Video: independent motazh lining the balcony
    • 2.4 Video: Cabin balcony natural clapboard

For transformation of the balcony and give himspecies living room need to take the following actions:

  • Installing double-glazed windows.
  • Sealing all joints and gaps at the joints walls and floor premises.
  • waterproofing and thermal insulation of the floor.
  • Securing a thin insulation in the walls and ceiling .
  • Installation crates on all surfaces.
  • binding between the bars crates insulating materials.
  • Mounting lining.

Having an idea of ​​the scale of the work, you can begin to compile a list of the necessary materials for their conduct.So, for insulation and sheathing lining the balcony must have the following:

  • Polyurethane foam and "liquid" nails.
  • Polyethylene foam roll having a foil surface.
  • Masking tape.
  • For crates can be used metal profiles or wooden beams.
  • For the main heater use foam, mineral wool or penoplex
  • Steam insulation film.
  • plastic or wooden paneling.
  • Mounts-holders lining.
  • Carnations and screws for wood or metal.
  • Anchoring umbrellas to install foam or Penoplex .
  • fitting finish lining - corners and baseboards.
  • varnish or paint, better water-based coatings for wood.
  • Primer for walls.

Depending on what material will be installed crate , selected materials and auxiliary materials.

course, while working not do without building tools , of whom need:

  • screwdriver .
  • pliers.
  • Hammer.
  • Manual or electric saw or jigsaw .
  • Electric drill, punch.
  • may need a stapler if the lining is attached with staples.
  • wide brush or roller to the paint or varnish.
  • Building level.
  • simple pencil, ruler, builder's level, a plumb line - to mark and control.

process of finishing balconies lining

prepare in in se necessary, you can begin to perform work.To paneling lasts a long time, you need to carefully prepare for lining the surface of the walls.

Preparing walls for veneering

  • work on arrangement of the balcony, to start with sealing gaps, which are almost always present in the joints of the walls.This is just - moisture and dust through the gap and wide cracks may penetrate into the space between the wall and the lining that lead to damage of thermal insulation and finishing materials.Insulation in this case, much will reduce its functionality, in it may form the mold or may even appear nest insects.
Be sure to make all the major cracks and crevices

sure to patch up all the major cracks and crevices

seals produce, as a rule, with the help of foam.To this material has good adhesion to the walls of the materials, it is recommended to start the process all the cracks primer.Then, without waiting for the complete drying of the applied soil can be carried out grouting foam directly on the wet surface.

After its solidification, it is necessary to cut the surplus, which will act out, as they will interfere with the installation of lathing .

  • next step is priming the entire surface of the walls and ceiling.Antiseptic penetrating composition has the task of reliably associate surface of the wall, to cement its and protect against the development of microbial life forms (mold, mildew).The composition is applied with a roller, in the corners and cramped places better to use a brush.The primer on the walls and ceiling must be completely dry.It is best not stingy, and apply it in two layers - the second is applied after drying of the first.
Priming the walls to strengthen them , and gives an antiseptic effect surface

Priming the walls and strengthen them, and give the surface an antiseptic effect

  • the prepared surface should be fixed with "liquid nails", or double-sided masking tape thin insulation - foam.He keeps the foil side of the room side.
To the balcony was a good insulation, all surfaces veiled foiled polyethylene foam

to the balcony was a good insulation, all surfaces veiled foiled polyethylene foam

between a web of insulation bonded special waterproof tape, also having foil reflective layer, as at the junction bands may form a cold bridge, through which will goheat.

The joints are glued in order to avoid the appearance of thermal bridges

glued joints in order to avoid the appearance of cold bridges

  • top of a heater attached crate .bar size for it is necessary to select, in accordance with the acquired thickness of insulation, as it will later be laid between her guides.The distance between the bars crates must be less than the width of the insulating mat 30 ÷ 40 mm - if used mineral wool , and in the case of rigid insulation, type polystyrene - equal to the width of the panels.

More before install on the bars, you need to immediately determine how to be, on the idea of ​​the master, placed lining - horizontally or vertically. This will determine the direction of mounting crates .For horizontal mounting of finishing material, bars crates mounted vertically or, contrary - paneling vertically and crate horizontally.

  • most complex assemblies for installation on the balcony are lining the slopes of windows and doors, because of their small area.They also need to manage to install crate , and, addition , bars are also installed around the perimeter of the window from the outside slopes.
Installation guide battens over the insulation layer

Installation guide battens on top of a layer of insulation

When mounting on the wall bars sheathing, they are portrayed on the construction level, as from this point will depend on how smoothly the vertical will be installed linings and means - andgeneral view of finishing the balcony.

Crate can serve as a metal profile, but we must remember that the metal is a good conductor of cold, and, addition - it will be harder to fix linings.

For crates can be used metal profiles, battens but to strengthen it will be more difficult

for crates can be used metal profiles, battens but to them it will be harder to fix

crate do and on the ceiling, if it is planned to finish lining.

If necessary, a crate is mounted on the ceiling and a balcony

If necessary crate mounted on the ceiling and a balcony

  • next step is installing insulation.

When using mineral wool, it is easy to be installed between the guide battens , because it is elastic and easily compressed, and then cracking down firmly pressed against the bars or metal profile.

Laying the mats of mineral wool between the guide battens

laying mats of mineral wool between the guide battens

When using hard material such as penoplex or foam , between the guide crates and insulation can be formed cracks, which need to be sure to seal the mounting foam.

If used as a thermal insulator foam , the remaining gaps must be sealed with foam

If used as a thermal insulator foam, the remaining gaps must be sealed with foam

If necessary, additional insulation is pressed to the wall with -fungal fixtures .

Insulation in the ceiling balcony

Insulation in the ceiling balcony

on the ceiling and fit insulation and fixed means available.

It is recommended to tighten the insulation layer vapor barrier film

Recommended insulation layer tighten isolating film

  • Further, it is recommended to tighten the insulation film vapor barrier, then you can move on to the wall and ceiling paneling.

surface of the skin, wall and ceiling paneling balcony

Before give instructions for installation of lining, it is necessary to say a few words about the kinds of material and its characteristics.

What good lining

Wooden wall paneling - is finishing material made of natural wood, preserving all its dignity - thermal insulating properties, natural warmth, respectable textured look.No wonder the wood does not go out of fashion for many centuries and is still popular.

Natural lining has long enjoyed a high and sustained popularity

Natural lining has long enjoyed a high and sustained popularity

for manufacturing linings for finishing balconies conifers used most often, such as cedar, larch or pine.Sama lining is usually divided into several types according to the construction of castles and view the front of the board.

Main varieties lining

main varieties lining

1 - Simple lining has a connection in the quarter, and chamfers with both sides of the board.It is more suitable for laying on the floor, but sometimes it used for walls.Easy to install this type of material is that it not have incite each other - grooves very loosely joined.

2 - Euro lining is made according to European quality standards.It usually has a tongue and groove connection, as well as a chamfer with two edges the front side of the board.For this type of lining used wood having a moisture content no higher than 11 ÷ 12%.

3 - Soft-line linings or "smooth line" is on the front side rounded chamfers, so looks unusual on the wall.Bevel one hand smoothly into a flat surface, which is located below the main.

4, - Lining, having the name of "calm", made of well-dried wood.For her characteristic combination of "thorn-groove", which is located above the middle of the thickness of the board, as well as small rounded chamfers.

5 - More one type of lining having a lock "thorn-groove", which is located below the middle of the thickness of the lining, and chamfers on the face side.Therefore, it's interesting wavy surface when it connection.

6 - Molded with a smooth face with no chamfers ,null, is one of the most popular finishes for balconies.It has a combination of "thorn-groove", which is exactly in the middle of the board width.In collecting this option lining forms a flat surface, with subtle trunks.

Mounting lining the walls and ceiling of the balcony

  • After selecting the type of lining and preparing for her crate , you can proceed to the treatment of wood.

This is done by special antiseptic compounds that protect the structure of the material from the appearance of fungus, mold, insect infestation.Damage to the surface of the lining composition must dry thoroughly.Many types of lining, sold in stores, the factory have already passed the antiseptic treatment - it should be indicated in the passport product.In this case step can be skipped.

  • While there is a dry lining, you can do conduct electric and antenna cable, if the balcony is planned to install lighting, sockets and TV.

Communication is best to start up between the batten bars , drilled them in the right places.When the lining is installed, it will hide unsightly wires.

Video: independent motazh Lining the balcony

Next, you can begin the installation of the ceiling and wall finishing material.It is better to start with the ceiling as this - the most difficult and time-consuming process.

Facing better to start with the ceiling

Facing better to start with the ceiling

  • Mounting begin lining the wall, thoroughly extinct each of the installed boards.Do not immediately sawing material on many of the same parts as in some places the ceiling board may need a bit shorter or longer.
  • first board is attached to the wall using nails or screws, through - place the cap then it will be possible to cover skirting or decorative area.

opposite edge of the first lining is attached to the crate with special metallic elements - Hidden brackets-holders, which are often referred to as klyaymerami.They allow you to install, without clogging or cloves not screwing screws directly into the lining edge.Klyaymery worn on the lower plane of the groove of the board at the level of the passage of the guide battens .There are holes that are located at such a distance that through them you can fix this element in the crate using stepplera or studs.

Hidden bracket - holders for mounting of lining

Hidden brackets-holders (klyaymery) for mounting lining

  • next board is introduced into the groove schipom already installed, and then also fixed with holders. Work continues in the same order until the end of the ceiling.It is possible that the last battens have trim width.Cutting is carried out by the groove of the board.After installing the last board, its edge is also attached through nails or screws.

finished ceiling installation, go to work on the decoration of the walls.

  • installation also starts from the corner, and the first board lining exhibited vertically, necessarily on the level, so the angles in modern apartments are not always perfectly aligned.
Installation of lining the walls

Mounting lining the walls

  • no different from the installation process itself is described above (on the ceiling).Hidden holders are also used, attached to the guide battens .
Flush Mount holder ( klyaymera ) to guide battens

Flush Mount holder (klyaymera) to guide battens

  • In those places where it is planned to install sockets or fixtures in bunk drilled a neat circle, and through which extends cable to connect.
Once installed sockets, switches , wires are displayed under lights

Once installed sockets, switches, output wires for lighting

When a board with a hole will be fixed on , you can immediately install the socket (switch), securing its on bunk or on crate .

  • very hard work to be the installation of lining on the slopes.This operation should be carried out very carefully by adjusting the size of the board and leveled.