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October 12, 2016 23:19

Otopitelno cooking oven with his own hands

Professional potters and craftsmen have developed many models of heating and cooking stoves.Such designs are very easy to use.They allow you to simultaneously heat the house and cook food.

Otopitelno cooking oven with his own hands

Otopitelno cooking oven with his own hands

Want to build heating and cooking stove yourself?No problem!This will help you step by step instructions on the construction of two successful models, "Swede" and dvuhkolpakovoy stove.Check and proceed.

Otopitelno cooking oven with his own hands

Otopitelno cooking oven with his own hands

Name Average density, kg / m3 Porosity,% Mark morozostoykostsi Conv.thermal conductivity, W / m * C Brand strength Color
Brick full 1600-1900 8 15-50 0,6-0,7 75-300 red
kiln brick, fireclay 1700-1900 8 15-50 0,6 75-250 from light yellow to dark red

Building a foundationfor the stove: a universal guide

article Contents

  • 1 Building a foundation for the furnace: a universal guide
      • 1.0.1 first step
      • 1.0.2 second step
      • 1.0.3 third step
      • 1.0.4 fourth step
      • 1.0.5 fifth step
      • 1.0.6 sixth step
      • 1.0.7 seventh step
  • 2 spread the "Swede "with hob and oven
  • 3 Building dvuhkolpakovuyu heating and cooking stove
    • 3.1 Video - heating cooking oven with his own hands

Regardless of the furnace model, it needs a reliable and durable basis.This foundation is suitable for Swedish women, and for dvuhkolpakovoy model.

arrangement supports the following sequence.

first step

Roy pit depth of about half a meter.

A foundation pit

a foundation pit

second step

rammed bottom of the well, and filled her 15-20-cm layer of sand.Pour water, sand and carefully compacted.

third step

Install formwork.

fourth step

Puts reinforcement cage.

fifth step

Prepare a solution of a portion of cement, gravel five parts, three parts of the river sifted sand and water.Fill in this solution for about half the free horizontal space of the pit.Give pouring dry.

sixth step

Prepare a solution of part of cement and three parts sand.Fill it with a mixture of the remaining space of the pit.The upper part of the filling carefully flatten using rules.

Filled with laying the foundation for a brick oven

Filled foundation under the brick masonry stove

seventh step

3-4 weeks after casting sheltering solidified the foundation layer of roofing material.

Waterproofing of the basement

basement waterproofing

spread the "Swede" with hob and oven

We are building a modified version of "Swede" with the oven.A very convenient option - it is possible to heat the house, cook and bake a variety of dishes.

poryadovkoy

poryadovkoy

Getting clutch.

spread the first row .This is the most important stage.Bricks most carefully put each of them check the level.

1

1

This Swede ash pit will be on the left.First, put the three-quarter bricks.To further it easier to get rid of ash bricks abate inner side toward the inner chamber.To do this, we use the grinders.

Set the ash-pit door and lay 2nd row according to poryadovkoy.The door before installing the winding asbestos rope.To fix the door using wire.Then we will be able to insert it into the prepared recesses in the bricks and walled into the masonry.

2

2

spread the 3rd row on the stove poryadovkoy.Bricks abate, providing the desired shape of the blower.At the height of the number of laying coincides with a previously installed a door.

3

3

fourth row begin to spread from the right edge.Pre-install the cleanout door.In this series of overlapping masonry ash-pit door.Above the ash pan to get a square hole.To do this properly shear bricks.

4

4

fifth row laid similarly to the fourth, but the ash hole narrow down even more.

5

5

spread the sixth row on poryadovkoy.In the diagram you can see shaded area.At this point, masonry must be done with fireclay brick.For added convenience, further fuel laying on the grill grate, chop off the edge of the bricks in front of a place of its installation.The grid should be laid on the fifth row.

6

6

During use, the metal furnace will expand under the influence of high temperatures.We proceed prudently and reserve between the grill grate and close the sixth masonry 1-1.5-centimeter gap.In the future, we fill it with sand.

In the seventh row set firebox door.Then, overlapping the right channel so that it turned into 3 smaller channel.

7

7

following two rows put similarly to the seventh.At the height of masonry will be flush with the furnace door.To flue gases are discharged more smoothly, abate the edge of bricks, stacked on the right channel and the partition wall of the combustion chamber.

8

8

I

9

Tenth series spread of refractory bricks.We work as carefully as possible.Check the evenness of packing every item level.This number will be laid plate for cooking, so no distortions, and even the slightest irregularities should not be.On the same row spans the furnace door compartment.On the right side of the pair of channels will remain.They have a square cross section.

10

10

Eleventh series can put a simple ceramic brick.We are working on poryadovkoy.Puts hob, leaning it on the 10th row.Abate edge 11 rows of bricks bordering the stove.With this two-centimeter gap to be created between them.

eleven

11

Eleventh series interesting by the fact that it is in the process of laying a framework for valve brewhouse.The valve can be shut down at any time to obtain the oven.

In poryadovkoy typical "Swede" this element is usually no.

When laying 12th series connecting the right channel.We are working on poryadovkoy.

12

12

laying 13th series , overlapping the right channel and create a couple of new channels.

13

13

When laying 14th series set the shutter to shut off gas diverters.With this flap during cooking can exclude heating the entire structure.That is, in the summer can easily cook food in the oven, not otaplivaya house.The rest of this series follows the previously laid.

14

14

When Laid 15th series reimplemented flap.

15

15

In the 16th row install the door.She will play the role of a sort of hood to remove the odor of cooking food and burning.

16

16

When laying 17th series set above the cooking chamber 2 metal support strip.Cover the vent door.

17

17

In traditional oven ceiling is most often done in the form of a dome, we also act a little differently.We look at the diagram.

Put 18 th and 19 th ranks full overlap brewhouse.Installed above the metal strip will be a reliable support for the overlap.

18

18

19

19

When Laid 20th series set to overlap a couple of bricks on edge before the equipped.Between the end wall and these bricks must leave 4-inch gap.Set for cleaning door flap and the cooking chamber.

20

20

Similarly put next row.

21

21

When laying 22 Line reimplemented mounted above the door.On the right we will channels.The cross section of the middle channel of the cooking chamber is 5 cm, the extreme -. 11 cm

22

22

When laying 23th series overlapping channels over the cooking chamber.Put bricks on edge similar to the 20th row.

23

23

spread the 24th series like the previous one.

24

24

following two rows put like just laid row.

25

25

26

26

When laying 27th series 3 set of bricks on edge with a step to the distance from the oven walls and between neighboring bricks aligned.On the right we get a channel with a cross section of a square shape.

27

27

Put 28th series, diligently performing dressing masonry joints.The very same like masonry being previously laid row.

28

28

In subsequent row we see the right channel 1.We laid on the front side of this channel closely couple bricks.Retractable masonry bricks in 50% of their thickness.One side they will rely on the bricks, we laid on edge in the last row.

29

29

When laying 30th series reimplemented thermal separation.Install the flue damper.

thirty

30

following two series put on poryadovkoy.Above the thermal separation we get 3 rows of masonry.This will provide a decent safety record and the heat capacity of the stove.

31

31

32

32

Next engaged arrangement of the chimney.Outputs it to the desired height.

Chimney

Chimney

This Swede is ready.You can heat it forces your house, prepare meals and make delicious pastries.

Here and ready to boiler cooking stove with oven

Here and ready to boiler cooking stove with oven

Here and ready to boiler cooking stove with oven

Here and ready to boiler cooking stove with oven

Building dvuhkolpakovuyu heating and cooking stove

This stove provides efficient heating 40-45 m2 space,it is quite impressive indicator for construction as modest size.Dimensions of the base - 5h3,5 brick, ieorder 128h89 cm. height of such furnace is 2.25 m.

Principle of operation

The principle of

The diagrams demonstrate all the key design features dvuhkolpakovoy stove.

Dvuhkolpakovaya heating and cooking stove

Dvuhkolpakovaya heating and cooking stove

For greater clarity, shows the vertical structure sections at different angles.

Dvuhkolpakovaya heating and cooking stove

Dvuhkolpakovaya heating and cooking stove

first recommended to put each row of bricks without clay solution.So you can understand the detailed design features brickwork and fit the elements in size.

spread the solid 1st row brick.Check the evenness of each item level.

spread the second a solid row.It is desirable that it has rounded corners - so beautiful.

When laying 3rd row proceed to registration of the ash-pit chamber and oven, as well as define the shape of the lower cap.This reserve of 200-mm channel between the oven and the cover at the bottom.Hence, too, begin to line basking part of the structure with refractory bricks.

Important!Fireclay brick expands during heating, so between the refractory ceramic elements and simple masonry need to leave a gap of 0.5 mm.The clearance can be issued by means of corrugated cardboard.Pretty soon, this material will burn out and leave the necessary clearance.

The third row also set the blower door and a couple of treatment doors.

Getting laying 4th series .The gap between the oven and the lower cap is reduced to 180 mm.Laying of conduct so that the rear left side of the seats reserved for the placement of the oven, the bricks were inside.They will continue to build the oven box.

When laying fifth row reduce the gap between the wall of the cap and the oven up to 12 cm. We start to draw the combustion chamber.It will be above the ash.Overlapping portions of the ash-pit separating masonry and create incisions.We put on the grill grate sections prepared so that between its edges and masonry remained 5 mm gap.

In the sixth row start masonry form the walls of the combustion chamber above the grate.For this we use firebrick.At the same time Equips vertical channel connecting the top and bottom caps.We make space for the installation of the oven.

series 1-6

1-6 series

At this stage mount brass box.Between the masonry and the frame of the oven leave a 5mm gap.To obtain the required clearance wrapped box oven asbestos cord in his points of contact with the brickwork.Also, leave a 20 mm space behind the rear wall of the box.

When laying seventh series assemble the door of the combustion chamber.It is best to use the glass door with the possibility of adjusting the air flow, however, ordinary iron product is perfect.

Puts eighth series similar to the seventh.

spread the ninth series in accordance with the scheme poryadovkoy.

When laying tenth row reimplemented brass box and furnace door.

On the 11th row forming area for the cooking surface.At the same bricks, stacked with the front edge of the stove, you need to move a little to the outside.

next series spread similar to the 11th, but use only red bricks.

7-12 rows

7-12 rows

When laying 13th series bricks make out the "Summer" in the course of a half-brick.

next series spread similar to 13th.

When Laid 15th series begin to form an arch.Its height is about 260 mm.To lay out the arch, we grind down the bricks under the tapered shape.widest part of the cone size will be 140 mm, and narrow - 45 mm.

On the 16th row overlapping the lower cap.At the same stage on the right side of our "summer" travel set latch, locking it in a pre-prepared pits.Cut away the junction with arch bricks at the desired angle.

next series spread like 16th.

When laying 18th series proceed to the formation of the cap at the top.Mount a pair of cleanout doors.

When vykladyvanii 19th series put bricks similar to the 18th row.

On the next row form a cap at the top.Install the supporting angles of the metal.They will be laid row of masonry, ceiling aperture located over the stove.

When laying 21st series reimplemented space above the stove, leaving open only a smoke hole at the top and cap.

22th put a number similar to the previous.

13-22 rows

13-22 rows

When laying 23th series raise the cap on top and start the construction of the drying chamber.Install the cleanout door.

In the 24th row of masonry right of the drying compartment legalize articulated her channel.He will contribute to more air circulation.

Rows from 25 th to 27 th put similar to the 24th row.

When laying 28th series in the pre-install by 2 notches gate.

At the 29th row masonry hoods combine the drying compartment of the cooking chamber and flue.