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October 13, 2016 23:08

Dutch oven with his own hands

Russian Dutch potters mastered masonry technology more than two hundred years ago.During this time, the stove has established itself as a reliable, cost-effective and productive heating unit.This Dutch is extremely simple construction.After reviewing the following guide you will be able to put it on their own.

Dutch oven with his own hands

Oven Dutch with their hands

Design features the stove Dutch

Article Contents

  • 1 Design features the stove Dutch
    • 1.1 set for
  • 2 Construction foundation
  • 3 masonry oven
    • 3.1 solution preparation
    • 3.2 Pretreatment foundation
    • 3.3 poryadovkoy
    • 3.4 Video - oven Dutch with their hands

ceramic solid is used for masonry Dutchbrick.The furnace design consists of the following structural elements:

  • ash;
  • furnace;
  • dymooborotov;
  • clean out the compartment;
  • chimney;
  • valves to regulate the intensity of thrust.

    Driving Dutch oven

    Scheme Dutch oven

Among the key differences from other popular Dutch brick kilns is necessary to allocate:

  • absence grate grille;
  • availability of channels for the passage of smoke.They are developing are one above the other.Such an arrangement allows for a consistent circulation of the flue gas generated and the maximum efficiency of heating;
  • oven may have a circular, rectangular, or even a complex curved shape, but the firebox always rectangular;
  • under the insert no ash;
  • hob is not usually set.

Walls Dutch, usually laid out in brick.With this design has finished a relatively small weight, simplifying the requirements to the foundation, and the whole base.

Heating Furnace Dutch

Heating Furnace Dutch

Compact oven dimensions make it fit almost any decor.

set for

  1. usual ceramic brick.
  2. refractory brick.

    firebrick

    Refractory bricks

  3. Construction clay.
  4. water.
  5. River sand.
  6. doors for ash and furnace.

    furnace doors

    furnace doors

  7. grate grate.

    gridiron

    grate

  8. steel flexible wire.
  9. Asbestos cord.

    asbestos cord

    Asbestos cord

  10. Purification door.
  11. latches.
  12. steel strip thickness of 0.5 cm and 5 cm wide.

    Strip steel

    steel strip

Construction foundation

Although relatively small for the weight of a brick oven, Dutch is still in need of high-quality and safebasis.A great option - a monolithic slab.An important caveat: the base must be reinforced both in area and volume, ie,depth.The dimensions of this base should be at least 1,2h1,2 m. Dutch foundation can not be connected to the base of the main structure.

How to make a foundation

How do the foundation

The foundation under the brick oven

foundation under the brick oven

Procedure for the Development of the basement next.

first step. is planned to equip the border grounds.

second step. Roy pit depth of about 60 cm.

Pit for casting foundation

pit for casting foundation

third step.We fall asleep bottom of the pit a 15-centimeter layer of gravel.Carefully leveled and compacted backfill.

crushed stone

Crushed

fourth step. Puts a grid of reinforcing bars.Recommended mesh size of such a network - 100-120 mm.

A foundation pit

pit under the foundation formwork and reinforcement

fifth step. At the intersections of bars set vertical reinforcement.Tying all the joints of the elements supporting wire system.

sixth step. Installing formwork for pouring the foundation.Each formwork wall sheltering roofing material or process the resin for waterproofing.

seventh step. poured concrete.

Filled with concrete

poured concrete

eighth step. produce "cement" the base surface.To fill this sprinkle a small amount of dry cement.Give

foundation gain strength.It is better to leave it for a month, but many masters to begin laying a week.At this moment the decision is yours.

furnace masonry

Before laying, it is necessary to prepare a solution and perform a few simple measures to prepare the foundation.

solution Preparation

Sift the sand and break up large chunks of clay.Crushed clay also need to sift.With sieve functions perfectly cope mesh of armor-clad bed.In the absence of such a simple use a sieve with a similar size.

Pour the clay with water for several hours.Excess water is not soaked clay drain.

Important!Soak the clay must not only, but also bricks.It's enough to immerse them in the water for about a minute.Through such processing bricks will not absorb water from a clay solution.

Allow the clay to swell and mix it with sand in equal amounts.In the same mixture, add about 1/8 of clean water.Calculation of lead according to the received amount of sand and clay mixture.

Pretreatment foundation

Nestle frozen foundation waterproofing material.Suitable roofing material.It is also possible to use flashing or other material with similar properties.

waterproofing

Waterproofing

poryadovkoy

poryadovkoy

poryadovkoy

Getting clutch.

Puts the first row.It will consist of 12 bricks.Convinced of the evenness of masonry with the help of the level and only then fill the surface of the substrate with clay mortar.

Example of stacking bricks to isolation

example of stacking bricks to isolate

Set the blower door.Pre-wrapped its asbestos cord.To fix the door using a steel wire.Insert the wires into the box and curl up by 2 times.The upper edge of the brick making slits.We put him in the wire are bent and intertwined with its masonry.

second row spread on poryadovkoy.

Masonry oven

furnace masonry

Be sure to stretch the pitches that it was vertically

sure to stretch the plumb lines to the furnace was strictly Vertical

third and following rows marked on poryadovkoy yellow spread of refractory bricks.

Between 3 and 4 rows laid grill grate dimensions 200 x 300 mm.

Lay the grate

stacked grate

Bricks fourth row put on edge.In the present scheme bricks, marked in red.They are laid in the chimney internal partition.The rear brick making "expelling", ieit should be laid without mortar.In the future we will be able to take out a brick and clean the stove.Convenient solution eliminates the need for door installation.

Masonry oven

masonry oven

Masonry oven

masonry oven

Set the door of the combustion chamber.Recommendations are the same as in the case of the ash door.

Setting the furnace door

Installation furnace door.The photo shows how to insert and twist the wire - lock

Setting the furnace door

Installation furnace door

fifth row similarly to the previous spread.Bricks laid flat.

In the 6th row lay the bricks on edge.We are working on poryadovkoy.

Laying Dutch

Masonry golandki

The 7 series bricks put flat everywhere except the back wall - it lay "on edge."In all these ranks bricks put flat.

Laying Dutch

Masonry golandki

fire door

Furnace door

on the eighth row spans the door of the furnace.Internal refractory bricks of the combustion chamber to mow.This will allow us to use the stove if you want a fireplace.This is shown in the diagram.

Laying Dutch

Masonry golandki

Laying Dutch

Masonry golandki

Overlapping furnace

Overlapping stove

Overlapping furnace

Overlapping stove

Ninth series moves back.On top of it laid asbestos board, and after - a cast-iron cooking plate, if necessary.The joints between the slab and bricks fill the asbestos cord.

At the 10th row start to spread the foundation for the chimney.Continued construction is metal.

spread the 11 series and set the latch.Pre-shutter winding asbestos rope.

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

At a laying of the 12th series of make out the junction between the metal pipe and the chimney.Chimney derive from the house through the roof.crossing locations obkladyvayut mineral wool or other insulating material.The height of the structure is determined individually.It should rise at least 50 cm above the highest point of the roof.

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

Construction Dutch

Construction golandki

Construction of furnace

construction furnace

Construction of furnace

construction furnace

Construction of furnace

construction furnace

Construction of furnace

construction furnace

Construction of furnace

furnace construction

Construction of furnace

construction furnace

Detailed scheme masonry Dutch oven

detailed diagram of masonry oven Dutch

finishing Dutch perform at its discretion.It can whiten, beautiful oblitsevat tiles or tiles, or at all, and leave without decor - bricks and look so beautiful.

On the floor in front of the furnace firebox laid predtopochny steel sheet.It will prevent ignition of the base material in the case of falling combustor burning coal.

Finished furnace need to dry for at least 2 weeks.Doors do not close the furnace.Only after the specified time in the oven can be to plant a full fire.Before taking Dutch into operation, burn some paper in the firebox to check traction.The smoke must leave through the chimney.

Now you know how to build your own oven Dutchwoman.Follow the recommendations received, and all the necessary work.

Predtopochny steel sheet

Predtopochny steel sheet

Successful work!

Video - Dutch oven with his own hands