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August 12, 2017 18:06

Stove made ​​of bricks with their hands

stove made of bricks with their hands, made for heating in the country or in the garage - is the best variation nt to I such premises.

Stove made ​​of bricks with their hands

stove made of bricks with their hands

usually use small metal stove-stoves in these conditions, as they are compact and easy to use.However, they have one major drawback - they heat up very quickly, but also to rapidly cool.Therefore, they always need to keep the fire during the day, which means that you need to harvest a large supply of fuel.

Craftsmen figured out how to get out of this position and keep warm for a longer period - oven will remain hot for much longer, if it fold of brick or impose brick .

burzhuek There are different options, which are used in the manufacture of a brick:

- oven , completely built of brick;

- combined stove, when the lower her department brick and adapted for the upper gas cylinder or a metal pipe;

- iron stove, stove, which is draped on the outside brickwork;

- brick oven, top coated metal sheets.

To select a suitable variation nt to I use in the summer house, outbuildings or in the garage, you need to know, any volumes work to be done by making each of them, and any tools for this need.

Tools for building speech-stoves

Article Contents

  • 1 Tools for building speech-stoves
  • 2 stoves of brick
    • 2.1 Materials for
    • 2.2 what conduct masonry stove?
    • 2.3 masonry oven
  • 3 brick stove, fine metal
    • 3.1 Materials for
    • 3.2 Preparation of metal parts
    • 3.3 Installation stoves
    • 3.4 door to the firebox
  • 4 cast-iron stove, lined with brick
    • 4.1 bricklaying around the metal casing
    • 4.2 Video: compact brick oven their hands

to manufacture masonry stoves need the following tools:

  • spatulas of different widths.
  • trowel and trowel.
  • rubber, plain hammer and hammer with pick .
  • sander with circles of stone and metal.
  • Plummet and building level.
  • Fancy.
  • capacity for a solution.
  • electric drill and mixer attachment, mixing solution.
  • addition to the above, for the manufacture of metal parts of stoves, you need to prepare other instruments - device for welding metal and supplies to it, all the necessary equipment welding - metal brush, a hammer-cleaver and etc .Well, if the farm has equipment for cutting metal - it will simplify the task with blanks.

To produce variants of each of the furnace will need a list of materials, depending on the shape of stoves, its construction and size.

stoves of brick

Brick stove does not apply to the works of the highest category of complexity

brick stove does not apply to the works of the highest category of complexity

Any stove should have a small size - in That's consists its main advantage over the massive buildings, which can not always find a place in small spaces.Stove, built of brick - is a common oven, but has a very compact size.As with any building heating, brick stove may have a different design and serves only to space heating or to include more and cooking function.The latter will not be excessive for a country house and garage.

The bold outline of the master - on the scheme , in principle , everything is clear

bold outline of the master - on the scheme, in principle, everything is clear

Making such stoves, and is considered as the most optimal option.

Materials for

To build a brick stoves need the following materials:

  • Red and fireclay bricks.
  • grate (cast iron finished or homemade steel rod ).
  • Valve.
  • Fuel and ash-pit door.
  • Odnokonforochnaya hob.
  • pipe to the chimney.
  • waterproofing materials - roofing material.
  • Asbestos material - it's best to use asbestos cord
  • steel wire.
  • steel plate thickness of 4 ÷ 5 mm for the separation zone afterburning , if any, will provided.
  • Heat-resistant mortar for masonry mortar, or clay, cement and sand.
Cast iron items can be purchased in a special shop

Cast parts can be purchased in a special shop

When cooked all the materials, you can get to work.It begins, of course, to prepare the ground.

What conduct a laying of the furnace?

Any furnace must be installed on a hard reliable basis.

If the room where it will be built stove on the floor - good concrete screed, then it may well serve as a foundation for such furnaces, as the design is, in principle, a small and relatively heavy .If the flooring is wooden, but constructed of thick planks, he also sometimes can withstand oven mass, but better, of course, insure and go the other way - as indicated below.

  • On the floor, made of thin planks, laying not recommended.In this case, have before you build the oven, arrange reliable foundation.It should have a size of 10 ÷ 12 cm wider on each side than the base of the furnace.
  • To fill funda nt etc. is walked dismantled section of the floor in the place where the stove is installed.
  • The ground sub-floor digs a pit, depth 300 ÷ 350 mm, which is filled and compacted layer of sand - its thickness should be 50 ÷ 70 mm.
  • Top sand cushion is filled with gravel middle fraction, which is also compacted.
  • On gravel laid reinforcing mesh, and then arranged from boards formwork for casting her in concrete.It is best to build it so that it rose above the wooden floor in the 70 ÷ 100 mm.
  • next stage in the formwork is filled with coarse concrete mix consisting of cement, gravel and sand. After concrete is poured, it is necessary to release it from the internal air bubbles - is done « shtykovaniem » with the help of ordinary shovel, which pierced the solution in several places.
  • foundation surface is leveled and left to dry.This proce ss to GSI from two weeks to one month, depending on the thickness of the filled structure.For uniformity of ripening and avoid drying out and cracking, on a daily basis during the first week, starting from the second day, you need to moisten the surface of the water.
Filled with the foundation for a small-sized furnace

Filled foundation for a small-sized stove

  • After drying foundation, before spread the first row, on its surface is placed on a sheet waterproofing mastic material - tar paper .

If the floor seems reliable , and decided to build a furnace without the base unit, the base for laying all you need to prepare early.

  • In this case, the board fits asbestos sheet, on top of which is laid polyethylene film.
  • On film poured a layer of sand, 8 ÷ 10 mm in thickness, which will be posted and the first row of the furnace.

masonry oven

  • solution vykladyvanii first row is applied only to the ends of the bricks - sand brick slipped below are not sealed.However, to start the whole front row is better to lay out the dry, to decide on its location and level by level.Only after this solution is applied to the ends, and the bricks are fastened together.
Poryadovkoy and the general scheme of compact brick stoves

poryadovkoy and general scheme of compact brick stoves

  • On the second row begin installation of the blower door. It is mounted on a thick layer of a clay solution and fix the wire, which is bolted to the lugs of the holes.It is recommended before installing the door wrap it asbestos rope or a strip cut from a single sheet.Behind the door is formed by the ash-pit camera.
Setting the blower door

Setting blower door

  • on the third row of the blower chamber is covered by a grid-iron lattice .
In place stood grate

In place stood grate

  • On fourth row begins to form the furnace chamber and the smoke-deflecting channel.Bricks set on end.Inside channels established stand, which will be laying the next series, as it must remain smoke hole.Laying back wall is made without mortar.Laying out
  • fourth row above it set the door of the combustion chamber . installation being on the ash-pit type, and temporarily fasten the door also with a wire that is fixed with bricks to be installed on the sides.
  • fifth row is laid out according to the scheme.All the bricks are laid flat, except those that form the inner walls of Chimney channels.
  • the sixth row bricks set on end, and this series is the latest, when the brick put in this way.The rear wall is placed bricks set on end in two rows.
  • seventh series placed under the scheme.
  • On the eighth row is overlap furnace door laying on top of two bricks.In this series, on the back wall of the set skived brick, which will guide the flame to the side burners.
  • the ninth row at the place where it will be laid ceramic cooker, put asbestos strips which provide a seal between the bricks and the metal piece.Masonry is , according to the scheme.
  • The tenth series of stacked ceramic hob and begins the formation of flue pipe.
  • the eleventh row of the chimney duct valve is installed.Her laid on asbestos strips and coat with clay mortar.
Installation of the valve in the flue duct

Install latches on the chimney channel

  • Next, is masonry chimney two ÷ three rows, which then docks metal tube, which is later discharged through the wall or attic floor and roof.We can not forget about it heat-resistant insulation as it passes through combustible materials wall or ceiling.Isolate reflux rubu mineral wool, the thickness of which must be at least 170 ÷ 200 mm.
  • Folded oven is left to dry, to drown her once is not recommended.To speed up the proce ss etc. osyhaniya, the furnace is recommended to temporarily install a conventional light bulb at 100 ÷ 150 W, and leave it included .
  • When iron doors closed cease settle condensation droplets or evaporation are reduced to a minimum, oven can begin little heat thoroughly, which will help it to dry to finish.Furnaces for drying should be carried out with open doors and bolt.
  • Engage finished brick stoves should not rush - need to give it at least a season to work, because the joints can cause cracks, which will need to podremontirovat before finishing.
  • Finish stove surfaces made with clay mortar.It is applied with a spatula and well leveled.Instead, you can use heat-resistant structures for furnaces and fireplaces.
  • Further, the surface can blanch or decorative tiles oblitsevat.

It is important to draw the base of the furnace, to sand, to cast it under , remained in place.Therefore, around stoves on the floor recommended to lay tile or fix a metal sheet with a stop on the masonry oven.More one way to close the sand under the furnace installation is around this building plinth, preferably - ceramic.

brick stove, fine metal

This option stoves made of two basic materials - metal and firebrick, which is capable of withstanding temperatures reaching 950 ÷ 1000 degrees.This stove is very durable and economical to operate, thanks to the well thought-out design.

An effective solution to keeping warm : the outside - metal, inside - brick

Effective solution heat preservation: the outside - metal, inside - brick

Materials for

For its manufacturing will need to purchase the following materials:

  • steel sheet thickness of at least 3 ÷ 4 mm.
  • Corner steel measuring approximately 40 × 40 × 3.
  • Fireclay brick.
  • grate grille .
  • flue pipe.

Preparation of metal parts

Drawing metal component of an integrated oven

drawing a metal component of a complex stove

Based on drawing , on metal sheets are drawn all the details of the future the stove, and then they are cut using polishers , vehicle gas or plasma cutting, welding machine.To transfer the drawing to the metal using a ruler, set square, compasses and French chalk.

sheets must be placed on the two side walls, a bottom plane of the hob top as well as front and rear walls.

The front panel is marked and cut fire box and ash-pit hole.Also, on all the walls, you can immediately cut and shape the legs.

The top panel is cut a round hole for installation of chimney pipes.

The stove in the section - it is easier to properly understand its device

stove in a cut - it is easier to properly understand its device

In this cross-sectional schematic burzhujku constituent parts are designated as follows:

1. - Metal housing.

2. - blower door.

3. - firebox door.

4. - grate grille.

5. - Chamotte masonry.

Installation stoves

Installation is carried out alternately - the welding , the masonry work

Installation is conducted alternately - the welding, the masonry work

Manufacturing metal housing is as follows way:

  • Inside made welding a continuous weld one of the side walls of the front and rear.
  • Next, make the place marking, which is welded on the bottom of the structure, and then welding is carried out, also continuous weld.
  • When three panels to be welded, it is necessary to arrange the support elements for laying bricks.They are made of a metal bracket that is welded to the walls around the inner perimeter of the body, at the level of the upper edge of the ash-pit holes.Two metal strips are welded to the corners mounted on the front and rear walls at a distance from each other which is equal to the width of the grate.
  • next step is carrying welded construction on the prepared foundation, as subsequently , stacked inside the bricks to move it will be much more difficult or even impossible.
  • Permuting body on his "staff" position, you can start laying firebrick.