Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

Kamenka for a bath with his hands

During the construction of baths can be used any material, but not exactly the furnace can not do.There are several variants of the oven, but no modern electric model will not replace the traditional stove.

Kamenka for a bath with his hands

Kamenka for a bath with his hands

Oven-heater can be of two types:

  • metal;
  • brick.

choose, which one is better, everyone should own, t. To. Is no single answer to this question.The important thing is that the design is made with their own hands, will fully comply with the requirements and wishes of the owner.

Brick kiln stove for baths

brick oven stove for baths

Before consider the pros and cons of each option, find out what should be the bath furnace.

basic requirements

Article Contents

  • 1 basic requirements
  • 2 Kamenka brick
  • 3 construction technology
    • 3.1 Video - Kamenka for a bath with his hands
  • 4 iron stove

Kamenka performs the following functions:

  • ensuring strong heating stones that required for vaporization under irrigation;
  • uniform fuel consumption;
  • ensuring optimum temperature (75-80ᵒS the ceiling, 54-50ᵒS at floor level);
  • maintaining high efficiency.

    The furnace for sauna

    oven bath

view of this, in the construction of the furnace should pay attention to the following parameters:

  • structure must be free from cracks;
  • distance between the ceiling and the stove shall be 50 cm;
  • invalid contact any heated element for design with wooden objects;
  • ash pan must be at least 15 cm from the floor;
  • all adjacent to the furnace wall should be finished non-combustible material (steel, asbestos);
  • floor hiding an iron sheet.

Note!Regardless of the chosen design in the priority should be that security.In the absence of the necessary skills is better to choose a gas element and entrust its installation professionals.

Kamenka brick

thick-walled design of the firebrick, which burns solid fuel.A distinctive feature of these furnaces is that they should be melted in advance - about five or six hours before taking water treatments.Upon reaching the desired temperature of the fuel supply and the procedure begins only after it completely burns out.For this reason, the furnace may include a periodic operation to gears.The temperature inside the structure can reach 800-850ᵒS.

Benefits include:

  • long heat retention (about nine hours);
  • fire safety due to the metal base;
  • possibility to heat large areas;
  • ease of installation (with appropriate skills).

is also worth noting that even the next day the temperature can vary 20-23ᵒS.

Brick stove

brick stove

Yet a brick stove, there are disadvantages, among which:

  • protaplivaniya a long time;
  • Overall;
  • heavy, requiring in-depth foundation;
  • need for relevant knowledge (masonry).

In addition, it is required to wait for the complete combustion of fuel, otherwise there is a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.

Brick oven for baths

brick oven bath

construction technology

After preparation of standard tools (trowel, level, container for solution) and materials (cement, sand, clay, fireclay and red brick, metalaccessories) laying begins.Characteristically, the clay must also be fireclay - it is necessary for promazyvaniya seams.

poryadovkoy heater

poryadovkoy heater

Note!Unacceptable use of silicate bricks for the construction of this type.

First constructed foundation - dug pit depth of 50 cm and dimensions exceeding the dimensions of the future construction of about 25-30 cm Mounted wooden formwork is filled with 5-centimeter "cushion" of gravel, poured a solution..By drying concrete begins laying bricks.

«Zero" series. base height displays to floor level.In the front row in both directions are produced bricks - they will serve as a support for butchering.Next comes poryadovkoy.

number №1. In the back left corner is done, another support (produced third brick).

number №2. construction podvertochny channel podduvalom.Mounted doors for ash and ash-pit cameras, pre-wrapped in asbestos cord.On the back side of the canal lay bricks - one full and one in ¾.And between the right wall and the need to leave a gap of about ½ length of the article.

number №3.With wire door mounted - it is pulled from both sides and is inserted into the joint between the bricks.In the corners of the structure vertical stretch laces.

blower overlaps at the same stage.

number №4. used fireclay bricks.Formed refractory core, set the grate.Between the bricks and grate have to leave small gaps for thermal expansion.

Chamotte masonry

subsequent series of refractory core is laid out similarly to the previous one.On the ranks №3 and №4 is formed for opening the firebox.Also holes are secondary air flow - in the lower part of the side cut bricks prongs along its length.

Refractory fifth row is laid without mortar, door set (size 12x12 cm) for the air.Characteristically, the best teeth cut on both sides of the core, or the air supply may be insufficient.

top of the fifth row is laid fireclay grate.For this design are laid out along the bricks (necessarily flat) in increments of about ½ the width of the product.The gaps are filled napilennymi pieces of appropriate size.

number №5. continues the main clutch.Forms a partition between the channels.It is important that the lifting height is equal to the channel cross section of one brick and downflow - 1.5.The gap between the core and the wall of the small (about 0.8 cm).The gap is placed basalt cardboard 5 mm thickness.

Note!In the process of laying the wall is recommended to put a piece of cardboard to the extruded solution is not narrowed the gap.

Furnace hole surrounded by basalt cardboard.

number №6 .Doors attached with screws M6.

number №7. between him and a number of previous crashes the first register output.To the back wall of a pair of sheets of basalt is applied - they will be included in an excellent 8-mm gap.

number №8. sets the upper part of the door (for heating).

number №9. This door is blocked.

number №№10-12. To fasten sheets of the side walls of basalt, with a space for secondary air is blocked.

Chamotte masonry

Next you need to go back to the refractory core.The above described grating was next №6, and the seventh and eighth stacked wall.

number №13. conclusions of the second O registers (above).

number №№14-16. similar to the previous.

Kamenka for saunas

Kamenka for saunas

Chamotte masonry

parallel in a number of №9 constructed door heater and discharge standpipe smoky gases in the channel (the center tap of the support column is set ½ brick).

number №10. lays flat, with partially closes the opening.Kamenka overlaps parallel - for opening the door (from the side) as shown.Having dealt with the core.

number №17.In laying shaped openings (opposite similar in the nucleus).

fireclay core

fireclay core

fireclay core

fireclay core

number №18. Identical to the previous one.

number №19. left overlaps a pair of windows from a heater, is mounted on the right door.

number №20. basalt laid on the valve, the gaps observed in the case of thermal expansion.Right fit door heaters.

number №21.Deducing are formed two channels, which will be consolidated into one.Right opening overlaps "trehchetverkoy" (3/4 bricks), which will be a little loom.Between the bricks and the kernel need to leave a gap of 3-4 cm, all the cracks are filled with mineral wool.

number №22. The opening of the core is covered completely, several channels are shifted to the center.

number №23.Narrowing dymovyvodyaschego channel continues.

number №№24,25. similar to the previous.

number №26. chimney placed in the "pyaterik", and its size is equal to the whole inner brick.Set valve.

number №№27,28. similar to the previous, above set another bolt.

Building heaters

Building heaters

classic "fuzz" is formed in the subsequent rows of masonry.



Note!Instead of stones can be placed on the grid iron bricks.They weigh approximately 5 kg each, so the eight pieces will be enough.

The furnace for sauna ( heater )

furnace bath (heater)

We can only connect to the register of water supply and install water tank approximately 80 liters.There is a lot of controversy with regards to the feasibility of using basalt cardboard.Experts claim that it is needed in the heater, ie. A. Reduces the intensity of warm brick, and thus prevents the formation of cracks.In other words, it performs damper function.

Video - Kamenka for a bath with his hands

iron stove

is made of sheet steel or cast iron.It differs from the brick low wall thickness and continuous combustion.Most models are equipped with automatic temperature control, allowing more economical use of fuel or electricity.The temperature inside the oven can reach 450-500ᵒS.

Metal Kamenka

Kamenka metal

Note!Stones are heated on the design of the walls and the chimney, which the oven should be placed accordingly.It is not always possible, because the layout, as well as the area of ​​the room may be different.

When using pairs diverges from the whole room, so is not desirable to pour on the rocks large portion of water (700 g), but if a large area, the volume can be increased.

in Finnish saunas, where dry steam is used, installed electric heater, warming up stones by heaters.

view of the complexity of the heater metal structures (especially electrical) are not recommended to self-manufacturing.