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October 15, 2016 23:04

How to build a fireplace with his hands

Fireplaces both heat and decorate the surrounding area.With masonry fireplace of brick can be handled in-house.Suffice it to read the manual, and do everything in accordance with the instructions.

How to build a fireplace with his hands

How to build a fireplace with his hands

place for the fireplace

Article Contents

  • 1 place for the fireplace
  • 2 Determination of the main dimensions
  • 3 Training materials
  • 4 Base fireplace
  • 5 Masonry
    • 5.1 first step
    • 5.2 second step
    • 5.3 third step
    • 5.4 fourth step
    • 5.5 fifth step
    • 5.6 Sixthstep
  • 6 Finish
    • 6.1 Video - How to build a fireplace with his hands

you can attach fireplace to the wall, make it free-standing or built into the wall.It is also possible to build a fireplace in the corner of the room.

It is not recommended to equip the furnace of fire near the wall opposite to the wall with windows, becauseThis will lead to a draft.

aware of the need for efficient and reliable chimney.The standard length of fume collection structure is 4-5 m. In

some situations, this figure increases to 700 cm.

Place for the fireplace

place for the fireplace

Chimney fire

Chimney fire

in the room with fireplace necessarily quality ventilation should be organized.

immediate construction of the fire is performed on a solid platform that can support the weight of the finished structure.

Determination of the main dimensions

The ratio of the fireplace and the room size

size ratio fireplace and flat

Perform the necessary preliminary calculations.Determine the amount of space allotted for the construction of the fireplace.firebox hole should be 1/50 of the calculated volume of your room.

portal height must exceed 2 times the depth of the firebox.

The dimensions and relations are very important.If the furnace depth is greater than the permitted values, fireplace considerably lose in heat transfer.With a smaller amount of the firebox will smoke.

Dimensions flue openings are sized according to the dimensions of the combustion area.sectional area of ​​the chimney should be 10-15 times smaller than the area of ​​the furnace.

optimal diameter round chimneys is a figure of 100-150 mm.By fume collection tube length may be 500 cm or more.

Training materials

Prepare the required number of ceramic bricks (determined in accordance with the planned dimensions and design of the fireplace).Also prepare everything for fireclay brick furnace.

aluminous brick

Fireclay brick

Chamotte clay

chamotte

addition, prepare the following:

  • mixture of brick masonry;
  • 12 mm sheet of glass-magnesium;
  • chimney;
  • furnace tape for mounting accessories;
  • metal corners;
  • flue damper.

Before working nestle polyethylene everything you need to protect from contamination.

Base fireplace

The foundation under the fireplace

foundation under the fireplace

foundation design will include in its membership metal corners.They further increase the strength of the site and protect it from destruction during seasonal changes of soil.

Dig a hole for the foundation of everything in accordance with the design dimensions.

Fill the bottom of the pit of sand and gravel.Seal the pillow and lay metal corners on it.Sdvoyte area so that the most reliable and solid foundation was created in the process of laying.Corners is recommended to cook, so they do not shift in the future.

This corner should be mounted so that the installed later masonry elements are arranged parallel to the interior walls, mating with a fireplace (if you choose this option the design arrangement).

Place in the corners of the bricks, fill the entire structure of cement mortar and carefully flatten it with a plastering trowel.

According density solution should approximately match the density of sour cream.With this consistency solution can penetrate into all the cracks masonry without, at the same time, from the joints.

Make a horizontal base.In order to eliminate surface irregularities, use the same mortar.Leave the design to dry for a couple of days.

Masonry

series stacking scheme for corner fireplace

series stacking diagram for corner fireplace

poryadovkoy English fireplace

Cover the dried-up foundation with a double layer of roofing material.This will ensure the necessary protection of the base.

Prepare a solution to the brickwork.Traditional fireplaces are laid out using a solution based on the pre-soaked clay.

The laying of the first row is best performed with the use of cement with the addition of a small solution (approximately 10-20% of the total weight of the mixture).

advance calibrate bricks, selecting the most suitable size for the product of each row of masonry.

bricks soak in water for some time before the start of laying.This will allow the products get enough moisture.Otherwise bricks take away the water from the solution of the clay, resulting in a significant deterioration in the quality of laying.

Lay the first row of bricks edge.Check the calculations of a number of square and level.Ensure equal length on opposite sides and diagonals of the base.

Recommended thickness of the seams - to 0.5 cm

masonry is carried out in accordance with poryadovkoy..It will be given course of action, relevant for the majority of existing species fireplaces.For the rest, be guided by your existing drawings.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

first step

Put three series of solid foundation.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

second step

Put 4-5 rows with the arrangement of the ash.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

third step

Put 6-7 rows with the arrangement of the bottom and the salary of a brick fireplace.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Whirling and formwork for masonry arch undercoat

whirling and formwork for masonry arch podshestka

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

fourth step

Continue laying.Up to 13 series of inclusive form the walls of the firebox of the heating unit.

fifth step

Put 14-19 series with the sweeping arrangement.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

sixth step

Put 20-25 rows of the fireplace with a chimney arrangement.

Base and solid masonry series equips with a trowel or trowel.The chimney and the fuel cell are laid out manually, asat these stages it is very important to control the quality of the solution used.

solution for masonry fireplace put on the middle of bricks.The edges of the elements must remain free.

When computation of each row selected poryadovkoy stick.For added convenience, the product can be numbered.

Pay special attention to the quality of masonry separating fuel and fume collection channels - these elements need to put as much as possible and exactly how a sealed can.

Excess solution for masonry remove immediately.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

To form a beautiful curved arch fireplace follow a gradual overlap masonry elements.It is important not to exceed the size of the inlet 50-60 mm in each row.

Arrangement curved bridges is performed with the use of temporary formwork - circling.To fix this, use the formwork support under the arch Equips fireplace.

Putting the start of brick, set in the center, and follow the on symmetrical clutch in both directions.

Periodically check the verticality calculations fume collection tube.Even the slightest deviation from the vertical may cause smoke room.

Masonry fireplace , step by step guide

masonry fireplace, step by step instructions

For masonry chimney, use a solution with the addition of cement, the same mixture that was used for computation of the cap of the fireplace.

fume collection tube is necessarily covered with a layer of refractory insulation to increase fire safety.Isolation of settling in the place where the pipes through the construction of the house (floors, roofs and so on.).The most commonly used insulation materials based on asbestos.

Chimney fire

Finish

To make the fireplace a more attractive appearance, follow his finishing.The most frequently used methods are the following finishes:

  • painting;
  • plastering;
  • tiling, stone and other similar materials.

    decoration

    Finish

particular embodiment finish choose at its discretion.If you like a fireplace without the finish lining, embroidered with masonry joints using a special tool and thoroughly clean the surface structure of the excess solution.

Important: only fire-resistant coating materials can be used for painting the fireplace.

The rest of the look of the fireplace depends entirely on your imagination and personal preference.

Follow the receipt of the recommendation, and the finished fireplace, built in-house, will be for many years to heat and decorate your room, effectively coping with all the tasks incumbent on it.

Successful work!

Video - How to build a fireplace with his hands