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October 15, 2016 23:04

Decorating the fireplace with his hands

Decorating the fireplace with your hands is quite possible, if you want to hold the process and certain tiler skills.Very much in this work depends on the selected finishes. Some of them perform simply - is only carefully study the technology.However, there is such a decoration, which will require not only theoretical knowledge, but also have enough experience. Since each master stove-maker has its little secrets, some art decorating fireplaces should be studied only in practice, standing next to a professional and they performed adopting techniques .

Decorating the fireplace with his hands

Decorating the fireplace with his hands

to complex techniques of surface finishing the fireplace can be attributed such as working with tiles.And quite affordable even for beginners method can be called to transform the fireplace tiling - it can simulate a variety of materials , from wood and ending with a wild stone.

fireplaces carried out in order to transform its appearance, if it is outdated and has lost its respectability, or when th

e original stonework has not turned out so, as we would like or general not such registration underunravel in advance and was not planned.

Before starting finishing the fireplace, you need to carry out preparatory work.They will help to quickly cope with the job and securely mounted on a wall finishing material.

Preparing for tiling

Article Contents

  • 1 Preparing for tiling
  • 2 Possible types of finishing the fireplace
    • 2.1 Update seams
    • 2.2 tiling
    • 2.3 Video: interesting variant of the combined finishing fireplace tiles
    • 2.4 Glazed finish fireplaces
    • 2.5 Video: interesting information at the types and properties of the tiles
    • 2.6 Video: one of the variants of installation of tiles
    • 2.7 Decorative plaster
    • 2.8 Video: finishing the fireplace, etc. technology Venetian plaster
  • 3 fireplaces in the interior

Whatever material is chosen, to work with it will need the following tools :

The basic tools for finishing works

The basic tools for finishing works

  • Building level for marking the surface and control the evenness of masonry.
  • capacity mixing formulations.
  • toothed spatula.
  • Smooth spatulas of various sizes for applying and smoothing solution on the surface.
  • rubber hammer to fit the tiles to the wall of the fireplace.
  • for cutting out tile need Tile .
  • pencil and ruler.
  • rubber or metal trowel .
  • Electric drill with paddle-mixer.
  • Inserts for compliance evenness seams.As they often use ceramic tile pieces of the same thickness.
  • Rule.
  • grinder with stone circles.
  • Fancy will be needed if the fireplace will be formalized under the brick masonry
  • sponge and soft cloth.
  • Knife for cleaning welds.
  • Metal brush .
  • Of auxiliary materials will need to purchase primer, heat-resistant mortar, such as tile adhesive and grout for joints.

When all the tools and materials will be ready, you need to work on the surface of the fireplace.

  • First you need with the help of a knife deepen joints between the bricks, about 12 ÷ 15 mm.
  • then and seams, and the entire surface of the fireplace cleaned of dust plaque.If the walls of the previously deposited whitewash or paint, then it also clean off the metal brush .
  • surface and joints must-primed for better adhesion to the plastering trowel and mix.

Possible types of finishing the fireplace

put in order the surface of the fireplace in several ways and with different materials.

Update seams

It happens, that after cleaning masonry and covering her surface primer turns, that she has quite a decent view.In this case, only the material jointing can be updated.

Update pointing brickwork

Update pointing brickwork

Since seams already cleaned and processed primer composition is only to dissolve heat-fixing mortar and fill them with the construction of the syringe.Then, the solution remains smooth jointing, giving the seams neat shape.

Tiling

For facing the fireplace use different material - it can be granite, ceramic glazed or unglazed tile, natural stone veneer, plaster volume tile simulating various types of stone, and other species.

For each species is necessary to choose the right tile adhesive that will go well with both the surface of the walls, and a facing material.In addition, the adhesive composition must necessarily be heat resistant, easy to tolerate high temperature swings.

Special mortar for stoves and fireplaces

Special mortar for stoves and fireplaces

  • When the tiles and glue acquired, and the surface is cleaned and primed before attempting to masonry fireplace wall to align with plaster.
Alignment wall plaster fireplace

wall plaster fireplace Alignment

  • If the walls need to be aligned to the ideal, then they set the beacons on a wall or attached reinforcing mesh.
  • If the wall are aligned on the beacon, then pounces on the wall plaster and leveled rule.If you do not plan to apply a thick layer of plaster, it is applied to a wide spatula and evenly distributed on on surface.
Plastering on the reinforcing grid

Plastering on the reinforcing grid

  • tiles are laid only after the surface of the wall is completely dry and pick strength.
  • glue on the wall is applied with a notched trowel, which leaves the groove that promotes good adhesion to the surface of the tiles.
glue for laying decorative tiles

glue for laying decorative tiles

  • Laying begin with the bottom row, gradually climbing up .
  • The first row shows the level of the horizontal to the ideal, since it will depend on the accuracy of the entire masonry.This applies to all the tiles that fit poryadovo , and not in a chaotic mess.
Laying tiles is carried out from the bottom up poryadovo

Laying tiles is carried out from the bottom up poryadovo

  • To achieve the same size of horizontal and vertical joints, each master uses its own methods.Someone puts between the rows of tile pieces, others use special crosses, but they come only if you plan to make the seams are very small, not more than 3 ÷ 5 mm.
  • If joints should be wide, in order to maintain evenness and uniform distance using thin wooden slats or plastic.They are convenient, that have a sufficiently large length, that greatly facilitates the work.
The work to simplify the temporary installation of the gauge rails that will ensure the same thickness of the seams

work to simplify the temporary installation of the gauge rails that will ensure the same thickness of seams

  • When masonry is completed, it should be left to dry.At a time when the adhesive is still not dry out, but well grab , must be carefully removed from the inter-row leveling rails or other inserts.
  • Then, after complete drying of the glue seams are sealed grout, which is applied with a rubber spatula or using a syringe construction, depending on the width.
Grouting after laying tiles

grouting after laying tiles ...

If stitches wide, they formed into the desired shape by means of jointing.

... And the subsequent execution of grouting

... and the subsequent execution of pointing

  • When grouting and jointing grout may accidentally fall directly on the tile. It should immediately be removed with a damp sponge and dry with a soft cloth.
  • After hardening grout, tile or stone, if desired, may be coated with heat-resistant varnish fireplace.

Video: interesting variant of the combined finishing fireplace tiles

Glazed finish fireplaces

fireplaces Facing tiles - is a kind of art, technology which has been used for centuries and has proven its effectiveness.

Fireplace , decorated tiles , turns into a real work of art

fireplace, decorated tiles, turns into a real work of art

advantage of this method lies in the fact that due to its construction and material of which are manufactured tiles, stove or fireplace, faced with them, able to retain the resulting heat two,or even three times longer than conventional brickwork.This factor contributes to fuel economy and means, and in sredst in ladeltsa home.

The basic structure tiled tiles

basic structure tiled tiles

Tile is a tile having the rear of the protrusion in the form of a hollow box, which can have different depths.This structural element called the Rump .It serves not only as a heat storage, but also to secure the tile in the masonry fireplace in its construction.

Tiles may vary in height and size Rump

Tiles may vary in height and size Rump

For convenience, masonry and form a single surface, the tiles are produced in various forms, which complement each other - is not only smooth tiles, but also angular and skirting boards andelements to create moldings and shelves.

Apart from the usual wall , manufactured and shaped tiles for outside corners , shelves , skirting boards

addition to the usual wall, manufactured and shaped tiles for outside corners, shelves, skirting

Tiles are manufactured with various relief drawings and painted, glazed or without her .Previously, all the tiles are always hand-painted, and today, too, there are examples of authors, which are made in the singular.Sometimes the walls of fireplaces and stoves using tiles showing different stories in pictures.

It has long been used for the decoration of tiles relief plot drawings

has long been used for the decoration of tiles relief plot drawings

tiles used for the manufacture of special refractory clay with the addition of pure quartz sand, so this material is environmentally friendly and does not emit any harmful to human health fumes.In addition, due to the design of the tiles, the surface of the fireplace finished with them, do not get too hot.It gradually gives warmth to the room, so it long time retained a comfortable temperature.

Video: interesting information at the types and properties of the tiles

Laying tiles

Traditionally tiles mounted together with the erection of the walls of the fireplace.Wire, fixed to each of them, to build into the seams of masonry and tiles together for Rump connected by metal straps.

The chart clearly shows how the tiles are fastened together on the back side, and a wall in the wall.

Schematic diagram of the installation of tiles

Schematic diagram of installation of tiles

1 - Clay duct on the rear side - Rump , often has one or two holes.They can be mounted directly to a metal pin or wire is secured.

2 - Steel pin.

3 - wire, to build into the masonry joints.

4 - brackets, fastening together tiles for skirting Rump .

works are carried out in stages:

  • first step is to simply lay the bottom row of tiles without fixing them in laying seams.This proce ss etc. gadfly to determine the number of elements on each side of the fireplace.Placing tiles start from the corners, and possible, that have one of the middle of the block to make a few already.After determining the number and size of the parts, you can proceed to the final laying.
  • Like all the other tiles, the tiles are mounted to the bottom row , since angular elements.Previously on the holes in the Rumpe or pin screwed soft wire.Among themselves the edges Rump , on the back side, the tiles interlock staples.The edges of the front tile tiles are coated with a solution of glue and tightly pressed against each other.
  • space around Rump filled with a solution of clay mixed with small pieces of bricks, or filled with dry backfill.It is important to ensure that no air bubbles remained in solution.
  • Stranded wire is placed on top of a number of brick lined.Then, it is placed a solution and laying is performed from the top of the next row of bricks.It is important to ensure that Rump tightly against the brick wall of the fireplace.
  • top of the first row of tiles is installed next, in the same way as the first, but it is further sealed with the previous close brackets or vertical bars.
  • desirable that the joints between the rows of as vertical and horizontal, were minimal, so for the horizontal rows should not be more than 3 mm, and vertical - 1 mm.If any still formed, they are buried grouting gypsum-based.
  • If the tiles laid out ready-made fireplace, the wire is secured to the nails or hooks, hammered or screwed in brickwork.Even a small opening around them need to cover plaster solution.

Video: One of the variants of installation of tiles

Decorative plaster

Besides finishing the fireplace tiles, is very popular transformation of the interior with the help of plaster, which can mimic the stones of different breeds or play a variety ofembossed patterns.

At the mome nt etc. oizvoditsya several types of plaster, which is made on different bases.

  • plaster mixture based on acrylic also includes certain percentage of mineral additives.This type of plaster can withstand temperatures of up to 90 ÷ 95 degrees, and can be used to clean up the existing fireplace.
  • most affordable option for finishing the fireplace is a mineral plaster, which is made on the basis of cement .It easily withstands high temperatures and therefore will last long enough.Finishing material based on mineral oil is quite suitable for the decoration of the fireplace, which is operated by the entire cold season.
  • On the basis of liquid glass is manufactured silicate plaster, which made in different shades that gives her an advantage over other materials, for which necessary to select colors.Such a coating vapor permeability , and means - able to "breathe", which increases its service life.Braves this plaster sufficiently high temperatures, so it may well be applicable for fireplaces.

Besides classification bases on the type of plaster can be divided into textured and smooth.Produced material containing marble chips that immediately upon application gives certain relief pattern.If you apply a thin plaster powder, it is possible to jam to shine, adding a variety of colors, and create a surface that can not be distinguished from natural marble facing.

  • prepare the ground for the application of decorative plaster produced in the same way as under the tiling.The surface should be smooth and well dried.
  • Then, the solution is mixed plaster.