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August 12, 2017 18:06

How to lay down their arms oven made ​​of brick

Neither village house is not complete without an oven, as she and feed, and will warm.Today, many villages carried out gas lines, and it would seem, we can move to a more convenient way of heating.However, many homeowners are in no hurry to abandon the brick ovens, which give a completely different, a special warmth.Furthermore, in regions rich forest where there is no problem with the wood, the opportunity to save on the gas in the building having a brick furnace.

How to lay down their arms oven made ​​of brick

How to fold their arms oven made of brick

to learn how to lay down their arms oven made of brick, it is necessary to examine in detail the scheme and technology of masonry.Before embarking on the study of a specific embodiment, it is necessary to consider several models as there are compact and robust construction.Choose need a stove that takes smaller space in the building, but will have all demanded features in the economy.

Models of brick kilns enough.Experienced potters can make changes in finished projects, because they kno

w by heart, where and how should undergo internal channels through which the smoke is given.Thanks to correct their position in the design of the furnace, it is equally warm and give most of the heat in the room.For beginners to masters better just follow already charting-poryadovkoy without departing from them a single step, because even one wrong laid brick can spoil the whole quite laborious work.

types of brick kilns

Article Contents

  • 1 types of brick kilns
  • 2 Choosing the best location for the furnace placement
  • 3 Tools, Materials for brick stove masonry
  • 4 Site preparation for the construction of the stove
    • 4.1 Foundation
    • 4.2 masonry dry
  • 5 Video: heating stove for small rooms
  • 6 Compact "Swedish»
    • 6.1 Installing other elementsoven
    • 6.2 Video: efficient furnace masonry technology with oven

on the functionality furnaces are divided into three main types - cooking, heating and cooking-heating .Choosing the right design, first need to decide what bude reflux rebovatsya from her .

A typical example of a cooking oven , although the heating effect of it is also a considerable

typical example of a cooking oven, although the heating effect of it is also a considerable

cooking stove has a cast-iron plate for cooking and warming water.Typically, such ovens are small and popular for installation in small private homes and in the country.Of course, the cooking stove is capable of, in addition to cooking, still and warm a small room.

Heating and cooking stove - a multifunctional massive construction

boiler-heating oven - is a multifunctional massive construction

Heating and cooking stove can warm the house with a large area, and its design sometimes includes bench, and in addition plate is inserted oven, water tank heating and nichefor drying fruits and vegetables.

Heating stoves are generally quite compact in design

Heating furnace, usually quite compact in design

furnace heating option always compact.It does not include the hob and serves only for space heating.Such a structure is able to warm the two rooms if it positioned between them, built into the wall.

Choosing the best location for the furnace

selecting the desired model of the furnace, it is necessary to look for it right place.The structure may be installed in the wall or in the middle of the room to be built into the wall.The choice of location will depend on the size of the furnace structures and desires of the homeowner.

  • furnace, standing in the middle of a large room can be divided into two different zones, such as the kitchen and dining room or living room.Cooking stove will go into the kitchen, and flat wall with a well-made designer jewelery will be laying the living room.Perhaps once or over time, there is a desire to complete the construction of the furnace wall, and completely separate the two rooms - in this case, the partition must be isolated from non-combustible material of the furnace.This can be used to set the asbestos sheets or brickwork.
  • undesirable build oven the outer wall, because there she will quickly vyholazhivatsya.
  • When installing the stove between two rooms, it also must be separated from the walls of heat-resistant materials.
  • Estimated construction site must be well die out and be sure to take into account the fact that the foundation should be 100 ÷ 120 mm larger than the base of the furnace.In addition to the base area, we need to calculate the height of the building and that it is well fit into the room in all respects.
  • To work was easier to selected model, you need to find a circuit-poryadovkoy.

defined the model and installation location, you can buy the materials for the construction and prepare tools.

How to make barbecue oven - it was good, and the barbecue is better!

recommend that you read the latest articles on our website - how to make a barbecue with his own hands.

But before proceeding to the article about barbecue, be sure to read as laying bricks - here.

Tools, Materials for laying brick oven

Depending on the size of the furnace, for her require different amounts of materials and other iron and steel parts, but the tools are needed for laying the same.

Tools

From tools and accessories for the construction of any furnace will need:

«Goat» - is the stage, which will facilitate the work at height when furnace is raised above human height.They are convenient in that they master-oven-builder, not only can rise, but also put beside him container with a solution, and even put the necessary stages of work tools and construction materials.

"Козлы" понадобятся при проведении кладки верхних рядов

«Goats" will be needed during the laying of the upper rows

Another option stands, more compact - is « tragus» .Such devices need to have the two as if they are put on certain distance from each other and lay on top of thick boards, to obtain the same platform.You can also use individually , as the stairs.

Можно обойтись и парой более компактных "козелков", делая на них временный дощатый настил

You can do a couple of more compact "trestles", making them a temporary boardwalk

From tools will need to prepare the following set:

The tools that will be needed for masonry oven

tools that will be needed for masonry oven

1. Kirk will need to separate and brick scabbling.

2. whisk, made from urine, for the removal of dried sand and mortar pieces with ready-packed rows of masonry and shvabrovki inside the masonry.

3. Corner - help bring the corners inside and outside the oven for exactly 90 degrees.

4. Plumb need to reconcile vertical walls.

5. Furnace hammer is also required to separate the bricks into pieces and chipping of small protrusions of frozen solution.

6. Pliers need for biting, bending and straightening wire.

7. A rubber mallet is required for pristukivaniya bricks in the masonry at the difficulties they fit.

8. Chisel will also be needed for splitting bricks, as well as analysis of the old masonry.

9. trowel (trowel) of different sizes - for overlaying the solution and remove excess speakers.

10. The rule will be necessary to align the surface of the foundation.

11. leaden scriber used for marking, especially in those cases, if you plan to finish the stove tiles.

12. Stukaltse is a piece of a pipe, which is also used for obteski tiles, they instead hit the hammer on the knife.

13. The blade of tree - for kneading and rubbing solution.

14. Metal rod-scriber for marking.

15. Level is for testing horizontal rows and vertical walls.

16. Rasp used to remove sagging and lapping lumps.

17. Fancy is needed to neatly decorated seams if oven will not get off plaster or decorative tiles.

18. capacity for mixing solution.

19. The sieve, which will help to make a thin mortar.

Construction

number of materials will depend on the selected oven, and their list is almost always the same. To clean the heating type is not required hob, cupboard, oven, water tank. But usually a standard set of cast iron and steel components consists of the following items:

The usual set of cast iron and steel components for masonry boiler-heating furnace

usual set of cast iron and steel components for masonry heating and cooking oven

1. Door for ash.

2. Door for furnace.

3. Doors to furnace cleaning.

4. Valve for the chimney.

5. Burner of several rings.

6. Hob.

7. grate grille.

Among other metallic elements may need:

1. Oven.

2. tank water.

3. Metal Area 50 × 50 mm.

4. The metal strip thickness of 3 ÷ 4 mm.

5. Steel wire.

directly to masonry will need to purchase:

1. Brick seasoned red.

2. Firebrick.

3. Ingredients for clay mortar or ready-made dry mixture of heat-resistant furnace masonry.

4. For the foundation required cement, gravel, sand, material for the shuttering and roofing sheet for waterproofing.

5. is also required to be heat-resistant material for the protective walls of the house trim and metal sheet or tile flooring.

Site preparation for the construction of the stove

Usually funda nt to I pour furnace simultaneously with the general foundation of the house, though, and do not bind it tightly with him.However, sometimes it also happens that the oven is built in the finished building.

What happens next depends on what the floor is arranged in the room.

  • If the concrete foundation and is completely filled, the principle of the plate and the furnace structure is conceived not too massive, you can start to put the oven directly on the concrete floor, pre-bed under a sheet of roofing material masonry.
  • If the foundation tape or a wooden floor, then have to arrange the foundation from scratch.

Foundation

foundation necessary to deepen into the ground.For this it is marked on the floor space under the stove, and then the board or a thin concrete floor removed.

  • In the ground is dug pit depth of 400 - 500 mm.
  • At the bottom of the pit is "cushion" of 100 mm of sand, and then the same thickness - of rubble layers are well compacted.
  • Next, around the perimeter of the excavation arranged formwork for pouring concrete - it must rise above the main floor at 100 ÷ 120 mm
  • bottom layer of foundation, about to half height, may consist of crushed stone, sand andcement.Its pour distribute evenly over the whole area, and allowed to solidify.
  • After lower layer tightly adhered, it is possible to fill in the top layer, which will consist of thinner solution.The space is filled with concrete solution fully prepared and leveled the rule and upper casing board will serve as beacons for this.The foundation must dry thoroughly and dial the required strength.For this purpose it is necessary, starting from the second day, moisten with water, which will improve the uniformity of maturation grout and does not give cracks.
Filled with laying the foundation for a brick oven

Filled foundation under the brick masonry stove

  • Fully finished basement (after 3 ÷ 4 weeks) is covered with roofing material to create a waterproofing layer. then markings done on this surface - drawn form the foundations of the furnace, on which will be posted and the first row.

masonry dry

  • beginner Pechnikov experienced craftsmen are advised not to rush to put bricks on the solution, not to make mistakes.Especially if this work is performed for the first time, it is best to bring the entire construction dry oven.
  • produce this proce ss ext imatelno, with a constant eye to the existing scheme, it is possible to understand the internal structure of chimney channels and furnace device and poduvala.
  • for dry masonry need to prepare supporting rail having a thickness of 5 mm, which will be determined by the distance between the bricks - it at the main clutch will be filled with a solution, forming seams.
  • After entire furnace model to chimney pipe will be laid out, its again dismantled, with the bricks of each of the rows can be folded separately, if you have enough space in the room for it, and be numbered, indicating the number andspecific details in it .This is especially important when laying dry bricks were adjusted according to the required size.
  • It should be noted at once, and that when laying the final, each of the series are also better at first, to control, to lay again dry, and then immediately attach it to the solution.
  • addition need to know that, laying bricks on a solution, it is applied, thickness of about 7 mm, then the bricks are pressed and, if necessary, a rubber mallet rap.Excess solution is immediately matched with a trowel.
  • Stacked two - three series until the solution hardens, decorate jointing seams.If suddenly the solution turned out to be wet enough, you can sprinkle a little water from the sprinkler.
  • must not forget that at the time of laying requires constant monitoring of the vertical and horizontal rows.

Knowing these nuances, you can go directly to the masonry.

on the representation of the video shows a diagram of the construction of the heating kompakinoy river, which is suitable for even very small premises.however, other additional features in it are not incorporated:

Video: heating stove for small rooms

Compact "Swedish»

Удобная, универсальная и достаточно компактная печь-"шведка"

Easy, versatile and compact enough pech- "Swedish»

«Swede" can be called the most accurate and compact oven suitable for small spaces.This oven can be called the heating and cooking, as it has a high body with a chimney located inside the channels and means , when it furnace wall will be well heated, giving heat to the room.At the same time, the hob and it is present in the structure.

The first picture shows "Swede", which has a wider part of the pediment, than in the second photo, as it complemented the oven, but instead of cleaning the windows above the stove made a niche for drying.This option turns the furnace twice as wide as the second model.

Это - тоже "шведка", но несколько другой конструкции

It - also a "Swede", but slightly different design

Scheme-poryadovkoy shown below, almost fully complies with the furnace on the submitted photos, with some exceptions: instead of two windows for cleaning of cooking hobs arranged nicheseveral different location pipe - on the other side of the structure, and seasoned roundness angles.When laying on this poryadovkoy, the oven will look like.

Laid design, relying on-poryadovkoy scheme:

Схема-порядовка для кладки компактной отопительно-варочной "шведки"

Scheme-poryadovkoy masonry compact heating and cooking, "Swede»

Though shown in this scheme as a first-line start to spread the ash-pit camera, yet should put it a solid plane, and only from the second row, you can start working on the blower chamber.