Build Daily

Latest

October 08, 2016 23:16

Plastered ceiling with his hands

spackling is an integral part of a quality repair.This is the easiest and most convenient way to smooth the surface.The process of applying putty requires certain skills, but learn not so difficult.With self-repair work with their hands ceiling plaster is performed in several stages and depends largely on the proper preparation of the surface.

Plastered ceiling with his hands

Plastered ceiling with his hands

What you need to know about putty

Article Contents

  • 1 What you need to know about putty
  • 2 preparatory stage
    • 2.1 Tools and materials
    • 2.2 Preparation ceiling
  • 3
    • technology ceiling spackling 3.1 Mixing putty
    • 3.2 Applying the mix on a concrete foundation
    • 3.3 puttying plasterboard ceiling
    • 3.4 Video - ceiling Plasteredwith their hands

putty mixture hardens quickly, so it can not be prepared in large quantities.To properly apply the solution to the ceiling, you need to distribute it with measured accurate movements while holding the trowel at an angle to the surface.From the first t

ime to do it accurately is unlikely to succeed, and therefore it is desirable to practice on a piece of plywood, drywall or a section of the wall in the back room.The cured putty lends itself well to polishing, which makes it possible to easily correct the defects in the work.

Caulking

Caulking Caulking is divided into start and finish, in addition, it can have a variety of additives that increase the strength of the coating, increase its moisture resistance.The main alignment layer is composed of the starting filler having a coarse-grained structure.Putties with a fine texture is used as the last of the top layer, allowing to achieve almost ideal smoothness.

Use the putty can be leveled ceiling sections with drop height up to 50 mm.If roughness is greater than 5 cm, requires the prior plastering the ceiling.Apply a thick layer of solution can not be, otherwise the surface will be covered with cracks.It is better to treat the problem area in the 3-4 approach, each time waiting for the complete drying of the previous layer.For rooms with high humidity, it is recommended to use a waterproof plaster.

Calculation Result
average thickness of the layer of plaster, planned for application, see 0,6 (at least min) + 4 + 2 = 6,6
6,6:3 = 2,2
2,2
consumption 1m2 kg 8,5 x 2,2 = 18,7 18,7
consumption ceiling kg 20 x18.7 = 374 374
required number of bags of dry plaster mixtures, bags pieces 374: 30 = 12,5 13

preparatory stage

Tools required for putty

tools necessary forputty

Tools and materials

during spackling need:

  • dry putty mix;
  • mixing well;
  • Building mixer;
  • metal spatula;
  • roller or brush for priming;
  • sandpaper;
  • primer deep penetration.

    Caulking

    Caulking

spatula enough and two - wide (400-500 mm) and narrow (70-100 mm), but well, if in addition there is also a corner which is convenient putty joints between the ceiling and the walls.The dry mix is ​​recommended to buy with a small margin, to correct any defects if necessary.

Preparation ceiling

Cleaning the ceiling sander

Cleaning ceiling sander

Fillers should be applied to dry and clean surface, and therefore with all the ceiling was removed to its very foundations.Remove old wallpaper and plaster layers can be via water: the ceiling richly moisturize and leave for 10-15 minutes.After that, cover the edge of the spatula to hook and lift it effortlessly.The paint is difficult to remove, this will require a hammer.If the ceiling was painted recently, and the paint is kept very firmly, you can not remove this layer, but simply sanded visible irregularities.

ceiling Primer

Primer ceiling

After removing the cover ceiling necessarily should be wiped with a clean cloth, then thoroughly primed, paying most attention to the corners and joints.Primer not only hinder the development of mold, but also increase the adhesion to the base layer of putty.If the slabs are through-slots or fissures, and deep grooves, they must be repaired before the solution treatment ceiling primer.

Embedding ceiling joints before putty

embedding ceiling joints before putty

Using a spatula , the grid must be leveled along the seam , pressing down slightly , to coat passed through holes

Using a spatula, the grid must be leveled along the seam, slightly crushing, to coat passed through holes

technology spackling ceiling

Mixing putty in a bucket

Mixing putty in a bucket

Mixing putty

Mixing putty

Mixing putty

Take a suitable container and pour plaster into it, and then water is added in small portions at room temperature.Mikser stirred solution until thick sour cream, carefully breaking up lumps.To align the concrete ceiling plaster is prepared start and to work with plasterboard ceilings should be right to mix the finish.Start alignment need immediately after preparation of the solution, otherwise it starts to harden.

Applying the mix on a concrete foundation

Caulking concrete ceiling

Caulking concrete ceiling

In one corner of the room sets the ladder.On a narrow spatula impose working mixture of the blade width.The bulk of the fillers should be closer to the edge of the blade, the better to apply it.Puts the trowel to the surface at a slight angle and evenly pressing blade, putty is applied.Movement is most convenient to make in front of you from left to right;if you keep the spatula from him or to her, not so clearly visible layer thickness.

Plastered ceiling

Plastered ceiling

In areas with visible grooves applied slightly thicker mixture to 2-3 times the completely raze defects.Excess solution is removed in the same spatula.If during operation in some places formed bulges or traces of the spatula, and have already managed to freeze, do not try to fix by a new portion of filler or putty knife to rip off flaws.So you can only get stronger damage the finish and add to his work.When the entire ceiling is covered with a layer of putty 2-3 mm thick, it is left to dry completely.

Grout

Grout

Dry ceiling treated with sandpaper or a special abrasive mesh, for the convenience of using a hand grinder.In order not to miss the fine protrusions, it is necessary to take care of the publicity: the entire ceiling should be clearly visible from any angle.While there are many sanding dust, so to complete the grinding surfaces are recommended to wipe with a slightly damp cloth.

The number of layers depends directly on the flatness of the ceiling.If the defect is very small, it will be sufficient to two coats of putty home and 1-2 finish.In the case where the ceiling is too uneven, need 3-4 layers starting mixture.Before applying the topcoat is required to once again sanded the entire ceiling area and wipe it from dust.This last layer should be the thinnest;Spatula better retain almost at right angles to the surface, is strongly pressed while running.Oshkurivat final layer should be fine sandpaper, to avoid leaving scratches.

Plastered ceiling with his hands

Plastered ceiling with his hands

puttying plasterboard ceiling

Gypsum ceiling is different smooth and even surface, but it has numerous recesses of fasteners and joints.Most drywall constructions are multi-level, which presupposes the existence of angles.Shpaklyuyut a ceiling a little bit different.

So, knead a little finishing putty.The first solution is applied to the seams, corners and areas of fastening screws.The spatula is better to take an average width - 20-25 cm Mounting recess seal the easiest:. Spatula gain a little of the solution is applied to the surface and a sharp movement is carried out over the screw.Excess putty immediately removed.

For spackling angles on joints applied solution is distributed over the entire length of the seam and the top stack perforated angle.Area pressed in putty, dub, the excess is removed so that the corner surface is shone through the solution layer.After drying, carefully grind angle on both sides.

seams between sheets and internal angles, first close serpyanku.To do this, on the length of the seam is applied filler or adhesive for drywall, apply serpyanku segment of appropriate length and with a spatula press it into the solution.Reinforcement tape should be placed exactly on the center of the weld;formed wrinkles or voids must be immediately carefully smoothed.

Seams between sheets and internal angles , first close serpyanku

seams between sheets and internal angles, first close serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

Fix the serpyanku

After drying, all corners and seams treated sandpaper.Next ceiling wipe the dust and soil.Now you can start spackling basics: preparing a new solution, take a spatula and begin to cover the drywall a very thin layer.In the corners of the work should be most careful to avoid deep scratches on the spatula and make some irregularities.

Take the mortar on trowel

Take mortar trowel

Plastered ceiling plasterboard

Plastered ceiling plasterboard

Plastered ceiling plasterboard

putty plasterboard ceiling

Even if it seems that the ceiling is flat, single layer of putty is not enough.Especially in cases where the surface is planned to paint.Under the glossy paint clearly appear the most minor defects, so it is better to put another layer of putty solution 1-2.At the final stage, it is recommended to inspect the ceiling under the bright light - it will help to identify previously undetected error.

Last sanding is made of fine-grained sandpaper

Last sanding is made of fine-grained sandpaper

Last sanding is made of fine-grained sandpaper or net with fine mesh.Ceiling dust wiped again treated with primer.Now the surface is ready for painting, wallpapering or application of decorative plaster.This technology is quite simple, but with no experience is better to start with a small area of ​​the ceiling - in the bathroom, hallway, office.To carry out such repairs in the living room is still better more experienced hand.

Perfect ceiling

ideal ceiling

Video - plaster ceiling with his hands