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October 16, 2016 23:05

Bath in the country with their own hands

Self-construction and equipping of bathhouses in the country - it is difficult, but doable event.First of all the owner has to choose a suitable material for the construction of the bath.

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bath in the country with their own hands

Beginners builders recommended to give preference to the beam.This material has excellent performance characteristics and does not cause any problems and inconvenience during operation.

Bath in the country with their own hands

bath in the country with their own hands

choice of location for the construction of baths

Article Contents

  • 1 choice of location for the construction of baths
  • 2 General recommendations for Bath planning
  • 3 Materials for the construction of baths
  • 4 construction Guide bath
    • 4.1 first stage - Preparing terrain
    • 4.2 second stage - Pouring the foundation
    • 4.3 third stage - the walls and the roof
    • 4.4 Fourthstage - Interior fittings
    • 4.5 fifth stage - Oven and shelves
    • 4.6 sixth stage - accessories
    • 4.7 Videos - Bath in the country with their own hands

Start by selecting a suitable site for the location ofthe buildings.This will help you the following recommendations:

  • bath should not be too close to the pond - in this arrangement flooding may occur;
  • bath can be attached to the house or else make self-construction.Each method has its pros and cons, so in this respect, the owner must decide on their own;
  • the best place for the construction of the bath is the rear portion of the yard;
  • in the bath must be created proper conditions to ensure effective ventilation and disposal of waste;
  • not recommended to choose a place for the construction of a bath next to the road;
  • best to build a bath on the south side of the land.With this arrangement, the structure of the area is sufficiently illuminated sun and the wind can not hurt vacationers;
  • possible room should be constructed at a sufficient distance from other buildings on the site.In the case of an extension to the bath house, it must be done in compliance with the relevant fire safety requirements;
  • bath is best to build at a sufficient distance from the surrounding areas, so as not to bring inconvenience to neighbors during the holidays;
  • better to bath windows looked out on the west side of the site;
  • room should be built at a distance of no more than 20 m from the nearest well or well.

    Bath in the country with their own hands

    bath in the country with their own hands

General guidelines for planning baths

Before starting any construction activities, prepare a bath project.

The project baths

baths project

Determine optimal size of facilities.On a vacationer should have no less than 5 m2 of total construction area.For example, if you erect a bath for 4 people, its area must be at least 20 m2.

Sauna with pool

Sauna with pool

standard room consists of a steam room, washing compartment, a waiting room and restrooms.Install convenient for you the dimensions and features of the spatial distribution of the above premises.

bath project of 3 x rooms

bath project of 3 buildings

Prepare the following drawings:

  • general drawing bath;
  • drawing each room;
  • foundation scheme;
  • drawing of the roof;
  • timber fixing scheme;
  • drawings floor and ceiling;
  • design scheme and indicating the proper installation of bath furnace.

    Planning a small but cozy bath

    Disposition small but cozy bath

All of these drawings you can do it yourself or do you find an open source.In general, projects baths from the beam are nearly the same.If you have a desire and a sufficient budget, order the preparation of professional drawings.

Project is a small bath

Building materials baths

Bath 1 By the way, on our website, we can read the story of the construction of a bath from A to Z in more detail in this article - http://stroyday.ru/istorii-polzovateley / kak-ya-stroil-karkasnuyu-banyu.html

For the construction of the bath timber will need a set of different materials and devices, namely:

  • timber. Traditionally used material section 150x150 mm;

    Bruce 150x150

    Bruce 150x150

  • floor boards. best option - four-meter board Edged 15H5 cm;

    Flooring board , Pine

    Flooring, pine

  • boards for the ceiling.Commonly used lining width of 10 cm and a thickness of 2 cm;

    Flatness of the ceiling in the bath Click on the picture to enlarge)

    flatness of the ceiling in the bath Click on the picture to enlarge)

  • materials for interior decoration. Perfect linings;

    Molded for sauna and baths

    Lining for sauna and bath

  • vapor barrier material. best option - modern insulation film;

    Vapour material

    Vapour material

  • waterproofing material.If possible, use penofol.Also suitable polyethylene film;

    Hydro bath walls

    Waterproofing walls bath

  • insulation for the ceiling.Well suited mineral materials;

    Ceiling Insulation

    Insulation Ceiling

  • sheet asbestos. With its help you isolate the elements of wooden buildings from the heat.insulation sheets should be attached to the wall near the bathhouse furnace.Also in isolation need wooden elements mounted in close proximity to the chimney;

    Asbestos sheet

    Asbestos sheet

  • bulk materials everything for the foundation. set of standard cement, sand and gravel;

    Cement, sand and gravel

    cement, sand and gravel

  • material for finishing the roof trim. Focus on your preference.The main thing to look good bath roof roofs surrounded by other buildings on the site;
    Thatched roof - comfortable, unusual and cheap

    Thatched roof - comfortable, unusual and cheap

    bath Roof

    Roof bath

    For small size bathhouse like roof made ​​of polycarbonate - the perfect solution

    For small size bathhouse like roof made of polycarbonate - the perfect solution

  • insulation for mezhventsovogo space. Use jute.Also suitable tow and moss.

    Flax fiber for konopatki

    Flax fiber for konopatki

Construction bath is best to start in the spring, becauseafter the completion of the main events the wood will need to be left on a six-month "hibernation."During this time, the material is dry and give the desired shrinkage.

Cement buy just before the start of construction.

construction Guide bath

work is carried out in stages - from the preparation of the construction site to equip various bath accessories.

first stage - Preparing terrain

Clean construction site from all sorts of debris, shrubs, large roots, and generally all that is able to stop at the stage of the foundation of everything.

site preparation

Site preparation

site preparation

Site preparation

second stage - Pouring the foundation

best option foundation for square log bath - a columnar supporting structure.

Pier foundation with grillage

pier foundation raft with

Prepare the required number of holes for installation of supports.Poles definitely established under the structure of the corners at the intersections of the walls, as well as on the perimeter.

How to make a pier foundation

How to pier foundation

Optimum pitch installation columns selected individually depending on the type of soil on the site and the expected load on the supporting structure.

The recommended depth of the wells -. 100-150 cm These values ​​can vary depending on the depth of soil freezing on the site.

Fill the bottom of each pit is 10-15 cm layer of sand and gravel mixture.

Install vertically in each pit asbestos cement pipes.Inside the pipe, place reinforcing rods.Fill the tube with the reinforcement of concrete.Remaining free space around the pipes in the pits and pour a concrete solution.

How to make a pier foundation

How to pier foundation

foundation reinforcement

fittings foundation

How to make a pier foundation

How to pier foundation

Pier foundation with his own hands

pier foundation with his hands

Leave poles for a few days, and then lay between the wall in halfbricks.

Columnar foundations of plastic pipes

pier foundation of plastic pipes

third stage - the walls and the roof

For the construction of the walls are traditionally used timber 150x150 mm.In pre hydroisolated lay the foundation first crown.Be sure to align it in all respects.Bars often stacked on a "paw".

Connecting rod in the leg

Connecting rod in the leg

Masonry walls of the timber : the first crown

masonry walls made of timber: the first crown

Put the timber wall of the required height, do not forget to leave openings for the further installation of doors and double-glazed windows.For bonding crowns using wooden pins.Each crown necessarily Insulate jute or other suitable material.

Walling baths from a bar

Walling baths from a bar

Summed wall bath under the roof, fix the rafter in accordance with the characteristics of the selected configuration of the roof.Rafters are fastened to the latter by means of the crown staples.

Construction bath from a bar

Construction bath from a bar

In the case of the construction of a pent roof rafters attach two external or the internal and external supports.When constructing a gable system lower ends of rafters should be resting securely on the wall.The upper ends of the elements are connected to each other, creating a roof horse.

Floor beams

Floor beams

inside roof

roof inside

How to make a slate roof ( diagram )

How to slate roof (diagram)

How to insulate a roof bath

How to insulate a roof bath

Attach the rafters batten boards.Place the hydro, thermal and vapor barrier materials.Mount the selected finish roofing.

fourth stage - Interior fittings

Start with everything necessary communications.

Internal sewerage scheme

Scheme domestic sewage

About installing sewer you have to take care at the stage of laying the foundation.To do this, beyond the borders of the bath create a sump or drainage well connected to the bath tube, laid with a slope.

sewerage scheme

sewerage scheme

After the arrangement of sewage make the floor.It can be concrete or wood.Concrete floors usually are faced with tiles.This coating is more durable.

wooden floor is traditionally done flowing.The technology is extremely simple: set the joists, they nailed floor boards with some play.You can also create a small hatch for removing waste and close the perforated grille.The floor in this case should be formed with some bias.As a result of the moisture from the floor will fall into the hatch, and then discharged through a pipe into the drain well or sump.

How to make a wooden floor in the bath

How to make a wooden floor in the bath

Installation of sewage in the bath

Mounting sewage in

bath to wood lasts as long as possible, thoroughly ventilate the bath after each visit.

Perform ceiling insulation and building walls using suitable for this moisture, heat and vapor barrier materials.Set doors and windows.Move to the bath water and electricity.Install the necessary appliances.

trim

Finishing

trim

Finishing

trim

Finishing

fifth stage - Oven and shelves

construct shelves Pick up at its discretion.They are constructed in the same order: first support frame is mounted in a durable timber, after which the boards are nailed to the supports.

furnace also choose at its discretion.Can you put a traditional heater, install a handy metal unit or the modern electric heater.

Setting the furnace for a bath

Installation furnace for a bath

Heavy furnace require that everything an individual foundation.In this moment all as determined in a separate procedure, taking into account the specific characteristics of the oven.

sixth stage - Accessories

Accessories for bath

Air baths

Accessories for bath

Air baths

At the end you will only complement your holiday's all sorts of bath accessories, namely:

  • brooms;
  • wooden cup to add water;
  • buckets;
  • all sorts of wooden bars, etc.

internal arrangement of additional facilities bath is at your discretion.

The label for the bath

plate for bath

Successful work!

Videos - Bath in the country with their own hands