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October 17, 2016 23:05

How to build a sauna with their hands

Personally erected and furnished sauna - a real pride for any owner.If you have a proper theoretical framework with the implementation of all activities can be managed in-house.

How to build a sauna with their hands

How to build a sauna with their hands

better that the sauna was built of wood.For beginners it is recommended to give preference to carcass constructions of the timber - they are the most simple in arrangement in comparison with existing analogues.

How to build a sauna with their hands

How to build a sauna with their hands

Design Guidelines

saunas Content articles

  • 1 Design Guidelines sauna
  • 2 construction framing sauna
    • 2.1 Foundation
    • 2.2 furring
    • 2.3 Pent roof
  • 3 Internal saunas arrangement
    • 3.1 walls and ceiling
    • 3.2 Paul
    • 3.3 furnace
    • 3.4 Ventilation
    • 3.5 Lighting
    • 3.6 Shelves
    • 3.7 Video - How to build a sauna with their hands

saunas project are available, found in the public domain, or do you make your own.

first determine how many people will be at the same time access to the sauna.The calcul

ation is simple: on the one person should have at least 5 m2 of the total area of ​​the sauna.That is, if you build constructions for 6 visitors, with a total area should not be less than 30 m2.

determine the optimal capacity of the furnace for the selected area of ​​the sauna.

Project sauna terrace

saunas Project terrace

Plan the order of placement of bathroom shelves - they must be located at a minimum distance of 100 cm from the stove.The optimal distance between the levels of shelving installation - 450-500 mm.

Consider the order of organization of water supply and disposal of waste water, lighting and construction of additional facilities (shower, rest rooms, etc..).

Make sketches and drawings in accordance with the plan.

saunas project in the finished log house with a lounge , a billiard room and a bedroom for guests

sauna project to the finished wooden house with a lounge, a billiard room and a bedroom for guests

sauna with a swimming pool project

construction framing sauna

start building a sauna.Start with the arrangement of the foundation.

Construction framing saunas

construction framing sauna

Foundation

best option for the base frame saunas -. Strip foundation, buried 80-100 cm A suitable depth of the tape is determined individually taking into account the characteristics of the soil in the construction site.

Foundation

Foundation

recommended width of the concrete ribbon - 250-300 mm.The above-ground part of the base must be at least 200 mm.

The cut strip foundation

Cut strip foundation

Perform site layout according to the recommended parameters and structure of the plan.For marking, use pins and cord.

Dig a trench for the markup.Fill the bottom of the depressions of sand and gravel, lay reinforcing mesh, set the formwork and pour concrete.

foundation formwork

formwork foundation

Allow the concrete to dry completely.On curing requires about 4-5 weeks.Dry concrete nestle double layer of roofing material.

The plinth base Organize small vents.This can be done even before the concrete is poured, after putting in the required areas of the pipe section desired.Make a hole in a frozen concrete, not because it is recommendedthis may reduce the strength of the structure.

Strip foundation for saunas

Strip foundation for saunas

furring

Put the crown of the first timber.Use material section is 15x15 cm or 20x20 cm.

Lower crown fixing and features

Lower crown fixing and features

frame

frame

better to sill is not in contact with the foundation.To eliminate such contact to lay the foundation of a strong wooden slats approximately every 300 mm.Will enough strips 15 mm thick.The resulting voids are filled with insulating material, and even better - with foam.

frame

frame

sill beam bundle the convenient way.The main thing that was the most reliable connection.From the use of metal fasteners is better to abstain.Ideal compound with grooves.

The frame of the timber

furring

Put the required number of timber rows in accordance with the planned height of the structure.Rows are connected by wooden pegs.Between the rows of jute lay seal.

frame Sheathing

Casing frame

Nestle structure erected strong planks and roofing material.Leave the sauna in this form for six months.During this time, the wood will shrink and you will be able to continue the arrangement of saunas.

After the shrink process, saw out the walls of openings for windows and doors and mount these elements.

If construction is carried out with the use of high-quality timber, the last full drying chamber, to do such a long break is optional.

Pent roof

abat-vent

Pent roof

Proceed to the arrangement of the roof structure.For private saunas well suited pent roof - is a simple and a budget option.

If the distance between the opposite walls of the buildings does not exceed 450 cm, the installation of rafters can be performed without the use of additional supports.In the case if the distance is greater than said value, mandatory installation mauerlat performed.

Options pent roof

Options pent roof

mauerlat is a reference beam, fixed on the upper edge of the wall structure.In wooden buildings mauerlat function can take the final crown packed timber.

to install trusses in mauerlat created slots of the appropriate size.Traditionally, the rafters are fixed to the meter step.

rafters should go out about 50 cm. This will exclude the possibility of moisture from the roof to the walls of buildings.

Ramp roof must have a certain bias (determined individually, in accordance with the characteristics of the selected finishing material).To create a tapering front wall construction must be raised to the appropriate height.

Next roof arrangement is standard: mounted lathing and developing are insulating layers (moisture protection, insulation, vapor barrier) and secured finish finishing material.

All wood construction elements necessarily processed antiseptic.It is also recommended to perform the processing of flame retardant.Drains can be used as prior to installation elements, and after everything - decide for yourself.

abat-vent

Pent roof

internal arrangement of saunas

The internal arrangement of saunas

internal arrangement of saunas

Proceed to the internal arrangement of buildings.Start with the walls and ceiling.

walls and ceiling

How to insulate a sauna

How warm sauna

How to insulate a sauna

How warm sauna

Molded mounted countersunk nails in the grooves of each board

Molded mounted countersunk nails in the grooves of each board

for finishing the ceiling and walls of the sauna are best suited wood panels,for example, boards of cedar or spruce.

wood as possible should not have knots and resin.

necessarily insulated Before mounting surface finish.For this, first the frame is attached to the frame bars fixed vapor barrier, in the base of the cell is placed mineral wool, then a layer of insulation vapor barrier is hiding material and in the completion of stuffed directly linings.

Paul

Paul , insulation

Paul, insulation

To finish the floor using a material capable of normal transport of temperature-humidity conditions typical of the sauna.For example, suitable ceramic tiles and other similar materials.

tile mounted on a standard scheme: is pre-alignment base and have it mounted tile by means of specially designed for the job binder composition.

How to mark the floor under the tile

How to mark the tile floor beneath

As laid tile on the wooden floor

As laid tile on the wooden floor

Laying tiles

Laying tiles

also for finishing the sauna floor perfect wooden boards.They are attached to the pre-assembled sleepers.The optimum thickness of the boards -. 5 cm between the elements of finishing is recommended to leave small gaps for removing moisture.Instead of slots can equip one door and close it perforated grille.

usually constructed system, whereby moisture is given in the tray placed under the floor, and from there through the pipe coming out of the building and dumped into a pit, tank or other suitable place.

furnace

Bake in the sauna

oven sauna

After flooring installs the furnace.First settling foundation.The type and size of the foundation are selected individually according to the characteristics of the furnace unit.

for saunas perfect metal stove with 60-80 liter water tank.

heater is best to fill the river boulders.This accessible material is well kept and the temperature does not crack under high temperature.

Bake in the sauna

oven sauna

Ventilation

Ventilation

Ventilation

Ventilation

Ventilation

Organize high-quality ventilation in all rooms sauna.

It's enough to make the exhaust port close to the ceiling and create a supply channel near the floor.

Lighting

Lighting

Lighting Fixtures

sauna staffed with special protective rims.For maximum protection, the fixture of the moisture it closes tight cap.

When choosing fixtures and any electrical appliances, pay attention to their class resistance.It is important that the parameters of products allow them to carry normal environmental conditions.

distance between the ceiling and the luminaire must not be less than 300 mm.Also, lighting fixtures can be mounted under the shelves.Directly above the oven lights are not installed.

Making lighting in the sauna

decoration lighting in the sauna

Shelves

Make a support frame of timber.Make 5 racks.For each level of shelves.

for fastening the frame with flat surfaces suitable for use of the hardware to your liking.From the use of metal fasteners refrain as much as possible.

Traditionally shelves are placed against the wall in front of the stove.

Shelves

Shelves

Shelves

Shelves

Shelves

Shelves

Fasten the boards with the help of cross-sections of the same piece of wood.For fastening lumber to the studs using screws.

Attach the long cross bars one vertical support bar.He will take over the support function for the bottom shelf.

Connect the upper ends of all five pillars with the help of the board.To use the self-tapping screws fastening elements.

Obsheyte shelf boards.sheathing is fastened with a 20-mm gap.To fix the boards is best to use wooden pins.In the case of metallic fasteners are recessed in their timber.

empty space between the top and bottom shelf sew boards.Below the space is best left open - it will provide more efficient drying of moisture, improve ventilation and easier cleaning.

In addition to the shelves buy or do yourself a footrest and headrest.

Wood Cushion

Pillow wood

Headrest

headrest

Water mount in accordance with the pre-prepared project documentation.Finishing and equipping additional rooms sauna perform at its discretion.

This sauna is ready.Can it retrofitted with additional accessories of your choice and enjoy the warmth of his own erected and equipped saunas.

Successful work!

Video - How to build a sauna with their hands