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August 12, 2017 18:06

How to make the balcony with his hands

need for self-construction of the balcony often arises from the owners of private houses or apartments as tenants, in which the existence of such facilities not originally envisaged structure.

How to make the balcony with his hands

balcony How to make your own hands

With work on the construction and decoration of the balcony, you can cope on their own.Learn the leadership position of the above and proceed.

Suspended balcony on the first floor

Suspended balcony on the first floor

Options construction

Article Contents

  • 1 Options construction
  • 2 Construction of balconies on the foundation
    • 2.1 Foundation
    • 2.2 The balconydesign
  • 3 Construction balcony remote
    • 3.1 frame
      • 3.1.1 first step
      • 3.1.2 second step
      • 3.1.3 third step
    • 3.2 Struts
    • 3.3 Support column
    • 3.4 Paul
    • 3.5 Railing
    • 3.6 Glazing
  • 4 Winterizing balcony
    • 4.1 Paul
    • 4.2 Walls
    • 4.3 ceiling
  • 5 finishing
    • 5.1 Video - How to make your own hands balcony

There are two main options for the construction of a balcony, namely:

  • on the foundation. This option is suitable only to owners of apartments on the first floor.Also, such a balcony can be attached to a private home;
  • on the suspension frame. design brought forward the structure of the wall and fitted on the frame of the metallic elements or on the same bracket.

    Freestanding balconies on supports

    free-standing on the balcony supports

If the design is attached to the second and an upper floor it must have additional support.To strengthen the construction of the wall only to be prohibited - it does not stand.

function supports most often perform string.They fit well into the surrounding environment and profitable complement the architecture of the house.

Before you begin, make up or make the specialized organization in the project with a detailed scheme balcony.

Construction of balconies on the foundation

Foundation

Enclosed balcony

Enclosed balcony

If the balcony is attached to the first floor, is quite simple tape base.In the case of the arrangement of an extension to the upper floors, build the band-pier foundation.

In general, the order of arrangement of concrete foundations remained virtually the same.The following is a guide for the construction of band-pier foundation.Remove from management recommendations for installing poles, you get ready to the installation manual tape base.

Foundation

Foundation

first step. Mark the foundation for the future in the field.In order to use the marking pegs and string.

marking

Layout

second step. Get rid of the top layer of soil.Dig a trench the required depth (determined in accordance with the peculiarities of the soil on the ground) and holes for poles.

third step. Beat (screw) the supporting piles.support also can be done independently of the pipes, concrete pillars or other suitable materials.For added strength the installation before installing the bottom of the pillars can be filled pits of 20-30-cm layer of concrete.The empty space between the walls and columns of wells after installation also filled with a solution.

fourth step. Tamp the trench bottom, pour his 10-centimeter layer of gravel and 15-20-cm layer of sand.Each layer is carefully tamp backfill.

fifth step. Collect shuttering of solid boards.

sixth step. Lay reinforcing frame.Use a 10-14 mm diameter rebar.As a result, you should get a reinforcement mesh with a mesh size of less than 150x150 mm.

seventh step. Pour the concrete and give it a month with the cure.Formwork is recommended to dismantle after the complete hardening of concrete.

eighth step. Nestle frozen foundation waterproofing material (asphalt, roofing material).

ninth step. Fill all the empty land.

tenth step. Columns link on the upper edges by means of channel bar.The height of the balcony and the house foundation must match.

Formation balcony frame

Formation balcony frame

The balcony design

first step. Place on finished ground wooden joists or concrete slab.

Installing extensions overlap with his own hands

Installation overlap extension with your hands

second step. With punch create an opening in the wall for mounting the balcony block.

third step. Install balcony unit.After installation, align the slopes with the help of cement mortar and seal the existing cracks using foam.

balcony blocks

balcony block

fourth step. Build a wall.To do this, it's best to use the building blocks, for example, of foam.They have a relatively low weight and will provide a foundation for much smaller load, compared with the same brick.

Parapet of foam blocks

railings of foam blocks

thickness of the walls should be at least 25-30 cm. Move the walls to the upper overlap.

In the process of building walls every 3 rows perform reinforcement.Finally

will equip the roof.The roof construction must be performed with a certain bias in a direction away from home.

For the arrangement of the roof is enough to lay the wooden joists or mounted metal frame, and then lay the finish roofing material.

Roof

Roof

Glazed balcony.After that you will be warm and ready to perform finishing construction.Recommendations for these activities will be presented below.

balcony glazing

The diagram shows the installation of balcony frames with removal

The diagram shows the installation of balcony frames with the removal

Construction balcony remote

This method allows you to build a balcony above the first floor.

Installation of balconies

Installation balconies

frame

construction Construction begins with the arrangement of the frame.

first step

Attach beam 5x15 cm to the bearing wall.For fixing using anchors.

second step

Basic structure

supporting structure

Basic structure

supporting structure

Basic structure

supporting structure

Replace the previously fixed main beam support structure.Attach it so that the total height of the floor after the installation was 50-100 mm below the threshold of the door.Due to this risk will be eliminated penetration of atmospheric moisture into the room.

Basic structure

supporting structure

Basic structure

supporting structure

third step

the opposite side of the longitudinal support member mount and install it crossbars.The support member is located on the columns.The level installation must be provided with a slight slope (2-3 degrees is enough) to ensure effective precipitation of the house exhaust.

balcony frame

frame balcony

balcony frame

frame balcony

frame

frame

Struts

Perform additional strengthening of the frame with the help of braces.In this situation, the function of strut will assume the tilted elements abutting at its lower edge in carrier supporting column or wall, and the upper part - in the transverse beam.

Thanks struts will be substantially increased rigidity index balcony.

In some situations, as it is more convenient to use wooden struts with right angle triangles produced from thick and strong boards.At this point guided by the situation.

Installing balcony unit

Setting balcony unit

Support column

main pillar of the structure under consideration is a band-pier foundation.Recommendations for his arrangement of the previously cited.

With functions supporting columns will cope wooden rafters.beam parameters are selected individually.Often sufficient with the side supports 100 mm.Instead timber can use other suitable material at its discretion.

columns must be installed vertically, otherwise the reliability of not balcony construction question.To ensure the verticality of the column prop temporary braces at the time of the foundation dry.

Construction of balconies

Construction balcony

Paul

Sex on a balcony

Sex on

balcony Lay on the floor planed plank thickness of 4 cm. Pre-treat with antiseptic and flame retardant material.

Lay boards across the support beams.Leave between the boards 2-3 mm clearance to divert precipitation.

for fixing boards using screws.Fastener heads should be slightly sink into the material.

Sex on a balcony

Sex on the balcony

Sex on a balcony

Sex on the balcony

Railing

And last structural element is the balcony railing.The choice of manufacturing material, structure and appearance characteristics of a handrail at the discretion of the owner.and you can do without them, making an appropriate size for the fences with concrete tiles, if desired.

Glazing Glazing can use wooden frames or metal-plastic constructions.In this moment all also left to the discretion of the owner.

Winterizing balcony

sure Insulate the attached balcony.Start with the floor.

Paul

Paul , insulation

Paul, insulation

Paul , insulation

Paul

insulation foam boards suitable for floor insulation.The material is characterized by high thermal insulation properties and normally carries all sorts of loads.

Align the base and glue it to the Styrofoam plates with the help of specially designed for this binder composition.Provide additional fixation plates with plastic dowels.

lay on top of a heater on the mounting adhesive mesh, and then pour the entire structure self-leveling mixture.

Instead, you can make on the basis of a wooden crate, fill her void insulation, and the top fill plywood or boards.

as finish flooring for the balcony is well suited linoleum.It is also possible to use a waterproof laminate and other materials with similar properties.

Walls

Thermal insulation of walls and parapet

Insulation of walls and parapet

wall insulation

Wall insulation

wall insulation

Wall insulation

Thermal insulation of walls and parapet

Insulation of walls and parapet

attached to the wall frame of wooden slats.Step mounting rails is determined by the width of the insulation.

Nestle frame waterproof film.To attach the film using staple gun.Joints waterproofing material is required to cement the tape.

Fill furring cell selected heater.On top lay a vapor barrier insulation.Fixing material is also performed using a staple gun.

top of the finished cake tamp second insulation lath perpendicular with respect to the first mount finishing material.

ceiling

Thermal insulation foam ceiling

Warming ceiling foam

ceiling can be insulated by means of mineral wool.

nailed to the ceiling lathing of boards, with 10-mm thickness.Boards fix edge down.

Fill the gaps between the boards insulation.

Cover the insulation waterproofing materials and nail boards to additional cross rails.They will retain heat and moisture barrier, and provide the necessary ventilation gap between insulation and finishing cake decoration material.

finishing

finishing

finishing

finishing

finishing

for interior decoration balcony suitable lining.The material has excellent properties and easily attached to the crate using klyaymerov.

external finish design is most often done with the use of the siding.This material is characterized by high reliability and excellent performance characteristics, it has an attractive appearance and easy to assemble without the involvement of third-party installers.

In general, when selecting finishing guided by their personal preference and available budget.

Balcony own hands

Balcony own hands

Successful work!

Video - How to make your own hands balcony