Build Daily

Latest

August 12, 2017 18:06

How to insulate a loggia inside

Loggia could well be called the extra room in the apartment, but unfortunately, many its use only in the summer, since it initially has no insulation, and there is not withdrawn radiators.

How to insulate a loggia inside

How to insulate a loggia inside

To know how to insulate a loggia inside, you need to consider different methods and materials that are used for this process.

Immediately it should be noted that the radiators installed in the apartment, stand on a balcony or loggia is forbidden.Therefore , have to do other options bring loggia to the state of a full living room by using various heaters.

Insulating materials used for insulation loggia

Article Contents

  • 1 Thermal insulation materials used to insulate a loggia
  • 2 Preparation loggia to the insulation works
    • 2.1 Waterproofing surfaces
  • 3 How to insulate a loggia inside - assembly work
    • 3.1 warming ceiling
    • 3.2 warming of the floor loggia
    • 3.3 Video: warming of the floor loggia with a lag
    • 3.4 wall insulation loggia
    • 3.5 Video: insulation loggia ektrudirovannym polystyrene
  • 4 Thermal insulation with polyurethane foam
    • 4.1 Video: how is the spraying of polyurethane foam
  • 5 design solutions design loggia
    • 5.1 Video: howinsulated and finished with a loggia

earlier shoplifter range of insulating materials it was small, but today their sold sufficiently large number. This allows you to choose the appropriate depending on the planned system of warming and climatic conditions of the region.

Mineral wool

Mineral wool - traditional insulation, the test of time.She has not lost her popularity and today, especially because this thermoinsulator recently modernized and is produced in many different ways.

Mineral wool is one of the most effective insulation

Mineral wool is one of the most effective insulation

Mineral wool can be fiberglass, rock and slag.It is produced in mats rolls and having a thickness of 20 to 200 mm, and various dimensions.This material is sufficiently flexible, therefore it is very convenient to operate.In addition, the wool is easy to cut the a conventional construction with a knife.

very important its properties is a low heat - and sound conduction, so good wool dampens outside sounds and maintains internal heat in the room.

However, we must remember that working with this heater, you must provide means of protection for the respiratory tract, eyes, face and hands from microscopic particles that separated from the material.Especially careful to work with glass wool as it imperceptible particles may dig into the skin and mucous membranes, irritating them and cause itching.The least harmful in the basalt rock wool.

Foamed polystyrene (foam )

foam - also frequently used material, because it is affordable and well keeps the heat in the rooms and it is easy to mount to a relatively flat surface.

Normal foam may well be used for warming loggia

ordinary foam may well be used for warming loggia

foam is an excellent insulation and sound insulator, it light in weight and has a smooth surface, so when properly installed it can even align the wall.

material is produced with different thickness - from 20 and up to 200 mm, and it may have a different density - it allows you to select the desired option.You should know that the higher the density of the foam, the worse the quality of insulation, but the material with a high density are easier to install and mount, and it can withstand heavy loads.

If Foam Art St. erhu will be covered with a dense material such as plywood, it is better to choose the insulation with lower density - it better retain heat and soundproof room.

Provided when the foam should not only warm, but also to level the surface, you need to choose the option with the highest density and even better use ektrudirovanny polystyrene.

Extruded polystyrene

This type of insulation in their chemical composition, in principle, is an analogue of the usual foam for use in its production is completely different technology.It is made by extrusion, which helps achieve high-density material.So often coated with insulation bulk floor, and it aligns well and keeps the surface.Unlike conventional foam extruded almost not subject to deformation under mechanical stress - even when walking on it, he does not prominaetsya, so it is often used for top flooring.

Extruded polystyrene is much more practical and reliable foam

Extruded polystyrene is much more practical and safer penopalsta

Epps made of different thickness, and sheets having 20 mm and more typically have a special silos nt to I connecting panels in a single plane without gaps.

Such material can be cut with a knife the building, thanks to the joint part of it is easy to install, the sheets are usually fastened together with the "liquid nails" or foam.

advantage over conventional polystyrene foam not only in its density, but low in flammability.

I must say that this stuff is not cheap enough for the price, but for the floor loggia it should be quite a bit so you can afford it.

Polyethylene foam

This material is produced in mats and rolls.He may have a different thickness - the thinnest rolled foam of 2 mm is used for the lining under the laminate, while the thick, 20 mm and used as a separate heater or in combination with other materials.

Roll foil foam

roll foil foam

most effective foam having a foil cover (it still called Heat Reflector ), because it really is able to reflect the heat flow in right direction - into the room, keeping it insidepremises. To material to work properly, it is mounted or stacked foil side to side of the room.

Polyethylene foam in the mats also used for thermal insulation of walls and floors, but less than the web material.Basically it is used for making mats of different thickness for sports and children's games.

Preparation loggia to the insulation works

Prior to repair a loggia can be absolutely unsightly

Prior to repair a loggia can be absolutely unsightly

defined with a heater only after the method of insulation is selected, but before talk about his ways, you need to know how to prepare the room for further processes.What would no insulation technology was chosen, preparation loggia runs the same way. Her need to spend in order to get through the cracks and crevices of the moisture could not penetrate the heater, which from this starts deteriorate and lose their properties, and its functionality come to naught, and mean , all work will be carried outvain.Therefore , do not neglect the preparatory activities or to save them.

Preparing walls, ceiling and floor passes in certain sequence.

1. first step is cleaning surfaces from cement build-up, old paint and other protruding elements, which would interfere with further work.Make sure to remove exfoliated weak or crumbling sections to a "healthy" concrete.

2. Then, a thorough cleaning of dust and debris from the floor surface.Dust it is necessary to collect a vacuum cleaner, because it is necessary to identify cracks in the plates of different sizes and walls.

3. After cleaning, you can continue to work for the sealing of various types of holes, cracks at the joints plates and small cracks.

  • Large and small cracks widen, cleaned, wetted with water and filled with sealant or cement repair mortar if necessary.
Sealing cracks sealant

Sealing cracks sealant

  • slits between the boards also need to expand, probryzgat with water from a spray bottle and fill with foam.
All seams and cracks must be sealed with foam

All seams and cracks must be sealed with foam

  • addition to these flaws in the concrete slabs may show dents and chipped - they too must be repaired.They will not interfere with the evenness of fixtures, but they can collect condensation when temperature changes.For their alignment with the overall surface suitable cement mortar with the addition of glue PVA .

4. After drying all embedded damage, cut off the excess hardened foam and sealant, and then all surfaces are covered with primer.This composition hardened surface will be protected from the appearance of mold.

waterproofing surface

Further, it is necessary to carry out waterproofing the floor and the bottom of the walls, to the height that will be raised floor finish.

Waterproofing is carried out in different ways, and one can choose suitable for execution:

  • Laying of roll waterproofing materials - often selected for this roofing.Its glue on the heated burner bitumen mastic.Today produced improved roofing material having a higher elasticity and its own mastic adhesive layer, which is also the burner is heated.
"Горячая" укладка рубероида

«hot» laying of roofing material

  • impregnation by special trains penetrating - this kind of material used on concrete surfaces.If floors are covered with tiles, this method of waterproofing is not suitable .

This type of waterproofing is applied in several layers , each of which penetrates the thickness of the plate a considerable depth, crystallizing inside and closing all small pores in the concrete.

Apply makeup on the floors and walls must be very careful, wearing gloves to avoid getting burned.

  • For tiled floor suitable coating floor liquid rubber, which is applied with a broad brush on narrow surfaces and roller - on large planes.To this end, the composition of the individual are sometimes poured puddles distribute and roll.

Supported liquid dries to form on the floor and walls film, which securely protect the loggia slab from moisture from the outside.

  • Yet another way to seal the concrete coating - is waterproof plasters.They are applied by brush or trowel, leveling on the surface.
  • « People's way" can be called the flooring and walls of dough with oil paint.This method is better suited for walls, tiled as poorly prepared under the paint the concrete surface will quickly absorb its .

to the concrete surface, you can use special paints acrylic latex-based.

  • affordable way of waterproofing is laying heavy polyethylene film. She lay on the floor with a stop on the walls, to the height of the floor future.It is important to put the material in the corners loggia - it should be done so that film forms a kind of container , which will protect the insulation.On the walls film fixed construction tape.

Any of these methods protect against the ingress of moisture into the room balconies and means - and from the risk of the formation black mold, which is very difficult to fight.

How to insulate a loggia inside - assembly work

After the final drying of the waterproofing, you can go directly to the warming process.

Warming loggia with battens on the walls, ceiling and floor - is the most common and, perhaps, easy on the way today.He simply and quickly put into practice, if the pre-prepared surface of the room and the necessary materials.

The approximate scheme warming loggia with crates

approximate scheme warming loggia with crates

Usually insulation balconies are starting from the ceiling, but you can do it from the walls or floor, each master decides for himself, main - produce quality work .

Warming ceiling

  • Thermal insulation work is carried out on the ceiling in different ways, depending on the insulation.But first, it is best to consolidate the whole of its surface with a thin foam foil surface - it will be a good substrate for crate and the main layer of insulation.
Before mounting furring advisable to immediately lay a layer of foil insulation

Before mounting furring advisable to immediately lay a layer of foil insulation

Polyethylene foam is attached to the double-sided construction adhesive tape or on a universal glue "Moment» - his point-spread on the ceiling, and on top is pressed against a heater.foam sheet, tighten on the wall in the 150 ÷ ​​200 mm - this bend will be an additional insulator for walls and ceiling joints.

Since this further layer of insulation will be installed crate, it needs to be fixed so that it lasted until her installation.

  • Next , on top of insulating material is mounted crate . It can be made from a piece of wood or metal galvanized profile, which is normally used for drywall construction.

And another, and another crate well suited for stacking between its elements of mineral wool or foam.Elements crates mounted at a distance from each other equal to the width of the insulation so that it is firmly between them.When using mineral wool this interval may be reduced by 30 ÷ 50 mm - so it will be even better for the most compact installation.

Laying the mats to the ceiling lathing cell

Laying the mats in the cell ceiling battens

  • next step is laid insulation.Mineral wool - plastic material so firmly arises between the bars.The foam also has rigid structure, so sometimes between elements furring and insulation are formed small gaps.They need to fill with foam, in order to avoid thermal bridges.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling with the help of foam slabs

ceiling Thermal insulation using foam boards

  • Insulation closes on the guide battens plasterboard sheets or wooden paneling.
Strong Penoplex plate can be mounted directly to the ceiling surface

Strong Penoplex plate can be mounted directly to the ceiling surface

Another way is to secure insulation extruded polystyrene foam directly to a concrete ceiling.

Дюбеля-"грибки" для крепления утеплителя

Dyubelya- "fungi" for fixing insulation

Attach mats insulation to the ceiling need special plastic fungi.For these fasteners through insulation in the concrete wall are drilled holes, it set the fungus, and then it neat plastic nail is hammered.

Warming of the floor loggia

floor loggia too insulated in many ways - it can be dry screed floor elevation using lag or just extruded polystyrene flooring over concrete.