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August 12, 2017 18:06

House of aerated concrete with their hands

Building a house of aerated concrete - not quite so easy to measure, but in comparison with the same brick or frame, efforts will have to be much less.We will build a simple one-story house on the tape base.

House of aerated concrete with their hands

House of aerated concrete with their hands

can change the characteristics of the buildings in its sole discretion, if desired - just need to learn the order of the calculations of the walls, all other events are standard for buildings of any material.

Features of the construction of aerated concrete

Features of the construction of aerated concrete

Features concrete blocks (indicators) Autoclave aerated concrete (gas silicate)
Density, kg / m3 500
class for compressive strength In 2,5-3
Frost resistance, cycles F50
to moisture Requires protection
Drinking fire Off
operational thermal conductivity, W / m* With 0,14
thickness of the outer wall (Moscow region), m 0,5
Possibility monolith No

set for construction

article Contents

    • 0.1 set for construction
  • 1 Making foundation
    • 1.1 Mark up area
    • 1.2 Prepare trenches
    • 1.3 Roy trench
    • 1.4 Install formwork
    • 1.5 We put fittings
    • 1.6 poured concrete
    • 1.7 build walls
    • 1.8 spread the first row
    • 1.9 Put 2 or 3 rows
    • 1.10 interstorey Laying nets.Photo
    • 1.11 Equips windows and sills
    • 1.12 Make jumper
    • 1.13 Make Laying nets
  • 2 Making roof
    • 2.1 Video - House of aerated concrete with their hands
  1. Bandsaw.
  2. Drill.
  3. Hand saw.
  4. Manual wall chaser.
  5. mixer.
  6. Elektrofreza.
  7. Bucket scraper.
  8. Carriages for glue.
  9. toothed trowel.
  10. rubber mallet.
  11. Abrasive grater (board).

Making foundation

Mark up area

site preparation

Site preparation

Harvesting site everything that hinders, we clear it and proceed to markup.For this we use reinforcing rods and rope.

determine the future structure of the axis.Take plummet and outline the foundation of the first corner.Perpendicularly thereto stretch the rope to the second and third corners of the structure.

With gon celebrate the 4th corner.We measure the diagonal.If the length is the same - all right angles are the same, you can hammer the bars and pull the rope.

Similarly conduct internal base layout, retreating from the outside of the order of 400 mm (the optimum value for the width of the strip foundation).

dig trenches around the perimeter of the house and under future internal walls.

Prepare trenches

Digging trenches

Digging trenches

Find the lowest point in the area.Hence we reckon the pit depth.The small house can be constructed on a 40-centimeter tape.For the rest, guided by the design features and the site as a whole (freezing depth, groundwater level).

Roy trench

Important!The walls of the pit must be vertical and bottom - smooth.Check it plumb and level.

laid on the bottom of the pit pillow of sand and carefully tamped it.This cushion will promote even distribution of the load on the foundation in the offseason.The recommended thickness -. 15 cm

pour gravel on sand and laid roofing felt.

Install formwork

foundation formwork

formwork foundation

Putting it out of boards, plywood and other similar materials.formwork elements are fastened by means of nails or screws.

Important!At the height of the formwork is done so that it rose above the ground not less than 300 mm.

According inner formwork stretch the perimeter of the line at the level of the upper face of the future fills.

At this stage we think over arrangement of the holes for the input water and sanitation.To do this, lay in the right places the empty tube and fill them with sand.

Puts fittings

An example of the wooden formwork for monolithic construction

Example wooden formwork for monolithic construction

Take rods with a diameter of 12-14 m. Tying them into the net with a flexible steel wire.grid cells may vary in size.The heavier the house, the less should be a side of the square.Most often, the mesh cells enough power to 20x20 cm.

Making the grid size of the trench.Important!Between laid reinforcing layer, and the top of the walls of the trench leaving 5-cm margins, so that later the whole armature is filled with concrete was guaranteed.

poured concrete

fill

Fill

Multiply the width of the foundation of its length and height and determine the required amount of concrete.Cooking or order a mixture.To make use standard recipe:

  • cement - Part 1;
  • gravel - 5 pieces;
  • sand - 3 pieces;
  • water - to the right consistency.

poured concrete solution uniform layers of approximately 200 mm, not in a hurry.Each layer of compacted fill wooden tamper.Fill the concrete up to the level before the rope taut in space formwork.

The process of pouring the foundation tape

process of filling strip foundation

aligns fill the surface with a trowel and pierce concrete reinforcement in several places.Outside gently rattles formwork wooden mallet.

Give basement month for curing.During this time, polyethylene sheltering structure for protection against rain and hot weather shed water to avoid cracking.

Formwork is recommended to take at least 10 days after casting, and is best left for the entire month.

Waterproofing strip foundation roofing material

strip foundation waterproofing roofing material

build walls

Tools for the job

Tools for

for construction in this example, use blocks to the construction of the "tongue and groove".They are simply more convenient to carry arms.You can build with any other gazoblokov - work order does not change.

Pre Clean the upper part of the foundation dried up from the existing dirt and dust, and after his sheltering layer of roofing material.

spread the first row

We put the first row

spread the first row

We put the first row

spread the first row

We put the first row

spread the first row

luggage for first-line use of cement-sand mortar.It dries longer than a special glue, and we will be able to adjust the smoothness of a number of calculations.The minimum thickness - 10 mm.Maximizing no restrictions.This will equalize height differences without much effort.

find the highest corner - we will build on it.Take the line and outline the wall of the house.We put the first gazoblok.Then we put out on the block for each remaining corner and stretch the rope between the building elements.

Gluing

Gluing

sure to check the evenness of stacking each block.We spread the first row of blocks on the perimeter of the house and in the field of erection of interior walls.

Important!We remember the openings for doors.They are, of course, miss.

Put 2 or 3 rows

Put 2 or 3 rows

Put 2 or 3 rows

Take polished and carefully grind the surface of the starting number.Next, we will do so with every laid side by side.Due to this processing, we can apply the adhesive as much as possible even layer.

polish

Polishing

Put the second and after the third series.Using a special glue for laying gazoblokov.We work as on the first row, starting from the corners.Rows of bandages, moving half a block - like masonry.The minimum allowable value of this shift when aerated concrete masonry - 80 mm.

For gluing use buckets with teeth.Units Sets the maximum close to each other, to the best of his fingers, and move back to back.Check the evenness of masonry level.If necessary, align the blocks with a rubber hammer.We work quickly and harmoniously, becauseglue dries very quickly and move gazoblok will be almost impossible.

Tip:When opening the masonry could not get into the whole length of aerocrete, saw off the excess with a special saw or a hacksaw for the simple tree.

interstorey Laying nets.Photo

Rods for Laying nets

rods for Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Laying nets

Masonry walls

masonry walls

Setting up your windows and sills

in this example, the sills have a height of 4 rows of masonry.Window openings armiruem after laying the third row.This will help us to wall chaser.

arrangement in place of the window opening Stroebe 2 parallel lines.At length they need to go beyond the boundaries of the window 300 mm on each side.

in Stroebe laid reinforcement rods and anchoring their cement-sand mortar.Done!Wall installation for reinforced windows.

Next aerocrete continue to spread glue on the already familiar pattern.

Important!The openings for the installation of windows is better not to lay.Of course, in the future they can be cut it out, but it's a waste of time and effort.

Masonry walls

masonry walls.In the photo at the same time with masonry walls made decorative veneer brick

Building a house from gazoblokov

Construction of houses gazoblokov

Make jumper

Gradually we approached the bridges.These structures need to strengthen the area of ​​the wall above door and window openings.Without jumper structure may simply collapse.

Make a jumper over the window .put board

Make a jumper over the window.Put the board

Затем "неснимаемая опалубка" из трех рядов блоков: 1. Снаружи блок толщиной 150; 2. в центре блок толщиной 150 распиленный вдоль пополам; 3. Изнутри блок толщиной 100 мм.

then "non-removable formwork," three rows of blocks:
1. Outside thick block 150;
2. in the center of the block thickness of 150 sawn in half lengthwise;
3. Inside a block of 100 mm thickness.

Take a reinforcing mesh

Take reinforcing mesh

Нарезаем из нее "квадратики", к ним привязываем арматурные прутки

Cut out of it "squares", they tie rebars

We put metal frame into the opening between the concrete and fill Gazoblok

We embed metal frame into the opening between Gazoblok and pour concrete

You can either use ready-made U-shapedblocks (glue to the desired length, install, put the valve and fill with cement mortar) or else make their own formwork.

for manufacturing formwork most convenient to use aerocrete 10-cm width.The blocks are held together by glue.If you can not buy a 10-centimeter blocks simply sawn normal gazoblok 3 equal pieces.

Jumper on interior doors

jumper over a connecting door

splicing unit to the desired length, making Wall Chasers 3 longitudinal ditches, laid them rebars, pour cement mortar and give him a day to dry.

jumpers set the side down with accessories.Gaps fill Gazoblok, pre-cut into desired sizes if necessary.

Make Laying nets

Armpoyas continuous , around the perimeter of the wall

Armpoyas continuous, around the perimeter of the walls

Armpoyas continuous , around the perimeter of the wall

Armpoyas continuous, around the perimeter of the walls

Armpoyas continuous , around the perimeter of the wall

Armpoyas continuous, around the perimeter of the walls

After everything series with window lintelsWe proceed to fill Laying nets, aka seysmopoyas.The construction is made of reinforced concrete and ensures the integrity of gas concrete construction.

Take the 10-centimeter blocks and form of which the formwork on the perimeter walls.Fill the ditch valve and fill the grout.

Laying nets for aerated concrete

Laying nets for aerated

Studs best wrap not to spoil them during the concrete casting

Studs best wrap so as not to spoil them in the process of pouring concrete

Concrete poured

Concrete poured

Driving devices for aerated concrete Laying nets of permanent shuttering

scheme Laying nets devices aerated concrete of permanent formwork

In Laying netsbuild into metal studs for fixing mauerlat.They can we make of the fittings.Even more convenient option - pins with thread.They are easier to fix mauerlat.

on a box at home is ready.

mauerlat

mauerlat

mauerlat

mauerlat

Making roof

mauerlat we have already mounted.It's time to set the rafters.At this stage, all individually - guided by the characteristics of the selected roof structure.

are several options:

  • pent roof.For residential buildings is rarely used.Advantageously, this overlap roof sheds and other outbuildings;
  • gable roof.Suitable for holiday home;
  • attic, hipped and other complex structures.The best choice for high-grade apartment building of concrete blocks.
    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

    Making the roof

    Making roof

Regardless of the chosen design of the roof, it is necessary to complement the insulating layers: waterproofing, thermal and vapor barrier.In some cases (for example, when settling Floor attic) mounted noise insulation material layer.

Warming

Warming

Warming

Warming

anchoring on top of the rafters waterproofing material.The most convenient way to do this with the help of wooden slats.At the same time rail will play a role kontrobreshetki to which the rails are locked in the future battens for roofing material.

Under the waterproofing in the space between the rails battens laid insulation.The most commonly used mineral wool.you can choose other material (polystyrene, foam and so on.) If desired.

Insulation and sheathing

insulation and sheathing

close thermal insulation layer of vapor barrier film.It is attached to the rafters with wooden slats.

In conclusion, laid finish roofing.At this point guided by the available budget and personal preferences.The most popular materials:

  • slate;
  • shingles;
  • profiled;
  • metal;
  • ceramic tile.

Any roofing material is laid, starting from the bottom.As a result, the sheets are fixed so that the sedimentary moisture can drain off without penetrating a roof deck.

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

Installation Ondulina

arrangement of attic

Construction attic

Installation of windows

Installation of windows

on a box of gazoblokov withroof ready.Then you expect work on the installation of utilities and decoration, but that's a topic for a separate manual.

House of aerated concrete with their hands

House of aerated concrete with their hands

House of aerated concrete with their hands

House of aerated concrete with their hands

Successful work!

Video - House of aerated concrete with their hands