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October 18, 2016 23:06

Building a house out of foam blocks

Foam blocks are ideal for building a house.The finished design will be reliable, strong and durable.At the same time on its construction you spend comparatively little money - foam block is cheaper than other popular materials.

Building a house out of foam blocks

Building a house out of foam blocks

The following guide will help you understand the technology of masonry blocks of foam and carry out all the necessary arrangements on their own.

Building a house out of foam blocks

Building a house out of foam blocks

Making foundation

Article Contents

  • 1 Making foundation
    • 1.1 Roy trench
    • 1.2 Making formwork
    • 1.3 Puts bricks
    • 1.4 Do waterproofing
    • 1.5 insulated foundation
    • 1.6 Equips drainage
  • 2 building a house
    • 2.1 Put the first row
    • 2.2 Armiruem laying
    • 2.3 Putssubsequent rows
  • 3 Making roof
    • 3.1 Video - Building a house of foam blocks

We will build a house on a belt brick foundation.The design is extremely simple: below the base of the concrete from the top - the brickwork.In order to achieve adequate stren

gth base, experts recommend at once to lay bricks on cement mortar, not fill them cracks in the masonry in the future as some masters are advised to self-taught.

foundation device

device foundation

Compared with its analogue concrete, brick structure is characterized by higher thermal insulation properties.With proper arrangement, it is 50 years or more, without requiring repair.Just as repair brick base tape is reduced to a banal replacement of destroyed areas, which is also very convenient.

Roy trench

dug pit

dug pit

perform layout based on the size and configuration of the future structure.Thereafter, the entire shooting area topsoil.

Important!Base do not only for external but also for internal walls.

Roy trench required depth.If the ground is heaving - below the freezing point.In other cases it is sufficient pit depth of about half a meter.

width of the holes are sized according to the soil moisture at the site: the higher it is, the wider the trench do.In areas with high humidity and especially close to the surface of the bedding will be made of groundwater drain.In view of the trench width should be about 100 cm beyond the external border of the structure.We fall asleep

bottom of the pit a 15 cm layer of sand shed with water and tamped.

laying the foundation

Laying the foundation

Make

formwork for shuttering suitable unplaned boards and other similar materials.At a height of 10 cm will be sufficient. The width of the formwork is done on half of brick more than the width of the base.

fit into the formwork waterproofing material.Well suited roofing material.He will not give up moisture from the soil through the concrete to bricks.

poured concrete on the height of the formwork and give him a little dry for 3 days.

Building a foundation

Building a foundation

Puts bricks

start laying bricks.We work with any standard dressings.In total, we will publish a series of 4.For the average home from foam blocks power of a base will be sufficient.

Between 1 and 2 rows of bricks placed reinforcing mesh.Also, the valve should be laid on top of the last row of the base.

Foundation

Foundation

Make

waterproofing foundation walls isolate using a back-lining of coating material.Best suited waterproofing bitumen.

waterproofing

Waterproofing

insulated foundation

can insulate the exterior walls of the foam foundation, if desired, and then pour the trench gravel or sand.

Equips drainage

In areas with particularly wet soil necessarily settling drainage.

To do this do the following.

Drain the basement of house

Drainage foundation of the house

first step. harbored the bottom of the trench between the walls and the foundation pit with geotextile.

second step. pour on top of the geotextile layer of gravel.

third step. on gravel should be laid at a slight angle perforated pipes.

fourth step. harbored geotextile tube and fall asleep rubble.

fifth step .Layered structure covered with sand.Thoroughly rammed each layer.

pipes Taps in a pre-furnished drains or wells.

foundation drainage

Drainage foundation

Building a House

Dimensions foam blocks, see Qty 1 m3, pieces Qty in masonry on 1 m, on the condition thathorizontal support platform width units (wall thickness) = 30 cm, and the length = 60 cm
10 x 30 x 60 55 16,7
12 x 30 x 60 46 13,8
15 x 30 x 60 37 11,2
20 x 30 x 60 27 8,4
25 x 30 x 60 22 6,7

Check horizontality of the base surface using a level.We are interested in the angles.If they are all on one level, the clutch starting from any desired angle.If discrepancies are building from the highest point.In this situation, the first series of foam blocks laid in cement mortar - it dries longer than the glue that will allow us to align all of the blocks by one level.

laid on the foundation of roofing material in the layer 2 and proceed to the brickwork.

Put the first row

Put the first row

Put the first row

The level exhibited by 1 unit in each corner.We stretch along the upper edge of the construction elements of the cord - it will help us to be guided in the process of masonry.

fills the space between the corner blocks.Glue or cement solution is applied as the basis of foam blocks and at their edges.Building elements most firmly laid.Each unit shall be verified on the level.

Masonry blocks

masonry blocks

If you can not put a number from a number of blocks, and the maximum accurately cut cleanly extra piece with a special saw either common handsaw with large teeth.Irregularities sand cleanly.It is convenient to make a special tool.In the absence of such, focus on the situation.For example, the surface can be leveled a plane for plasterboard.

Important!When computation of the first and subsequent rows do not forget to leave openings for the installation of doors.Recommendations for arrangement of window openings will follow.

Armiruem laying

Armiruem clutch

Armiruem laying

first row of masonry necessarily reinforced.For this pre-cut at the top edge of the block Stroebe width of 3-4 mm with the same depth.For the arrangement of the recesses use wall chaser or grinders.

cutting foam block

Cutting foam block

Wall Chasers

Wall Chasers

If you plan to build a big house reinforcement is better to do two-lane.In this case, the distance between the cutting grooves and the outer edges of the foam block should not be less than 60 mm.

Stroebe Clear the blocks and dust and pieces of material.Puts 8-10-mm valves in the slots and fill with cement mortar or adhesive for foam blocks.

Armiruem entire first row on the perimeter.In the future, a similar reinforcement runs every 4 rows.

Reinforcement of the walls of the foam blocks at home

reinforcement walls of the house of foam blocks

Puts subsequent rows

following series lay in the familiar manner:

  • exhibit corner blocks;
  • stretch the rope;
  • lay out the walls.
House of foam blocks with their hands

House of foam blocks with their hands

Laying the foam block with his hands

masonry foam block with his hands

Laying the foam block with his hands

masonry foam block with his hands

The partition of foam blocks

partition of foam blocks

Interior partitions

Interior partitions

Methods for masonry interior walls

methods of masonryinterior partitions

The only difference is that starting from the second row of blocks is better to lay on a special adhesive for foam blocks.

Important!Door and window openings necessarily armiruem.Openings for windows armiruem top and bottom.Above the doorway make a jumper.Procedure in both cases the same.

Sills, usually after developing are laying the 4th row.The height of the doorway to glean in its sole discretion, it is usually 2-2.2 m.

Lintels above the windows

lintels over the windows

The jumpers over the windows and the door

jumpers over the windows and the door

for reinforcing openings using metal corner.Dimensions products are selected according to the width of the openings.The most commonly used angles from 5x5 up to 10x10 cm Procedure reinforcement you already know:

  • Stroebe do in blocks;.
  • laid flush with the corners of the prepared recess;
  • Stroebe fill with cement mortar or adhesive mixture.

Important!The length of the cutting grooves is selected so that the length of corners exceeds the width of the opening to be reinforced by at least 0.5 m.

floor joists

floor joists

spread the wall at full height.Thereafter Equips Laying nets for overlap.It is a reinforced concrete structure an average of 200 mm.

Laying nets During the manufacturing process there is nothing particularly difficult.The main thing to do correctly formwork.The design must be split.To use the assembly board or other sheet material, for example, SIR.

Install formwork on top of the walls, is placed inside the reinforcing cage (reinforced recommended in all three planes, so the grid is more convenient to collect in advance and inserted into the mold as a finished product), pour the concrete.Give concrete month the cure and only then continue the construction.

Laying nets

9 Laying nets

Reinforcement

Reinforcement

Pouring concrete

Pouring concrete

Anchor bolts are used for tightening mauerlat

Anchor bolts are used for tightening mauerlat

Making roof

Laying nets ready.We can proceed to the arrangement of the roof.Same procedure as in the construction of houses of other materials, and depends on the selected features of the roof structure.

Floor beams

Floor beams

Mid-floor profile

Mid-floor profile

The overlap can be made of w / b plates

overlap can make w / w plates

The overlap can be made of w / b plates

overlap can make w / w plates

Pasted windows and ceiling mounted ceiling

Pasted windows and installedceiling ceiling

roof type Pick up at its discretion.It can be:

  • pent - is best suited for all sorts of farm buildings;
  • gable - the best option for cottages;
  • hipped, attic, etc.- A perfect solution for residential building.
roof Construction

Arrangement roof

Construction of houses of foam blocks

Construction of houses of foam blocks

Choose the best option and consistently meet all appropriate measures, including:

  • installing trusses;
  • mounting lathing and kontrobreshetok;
  • installation of insulation materials;
  • styling chosen finish.
External wall decoration at home

Wall external finish home

Foam blocks with lining and insulation - brick veneer

Foam blocks with lining and insulation - brick veneer

Successful work!

Photos houses of foam blocks

Photos houses of foam blocks

Photos houses of foam blocks

Photos houses of foam blocks

Photos houses of foam blocks

Photos houses of foam blocks

Video - Building a house of foam blocks