In situations when laying tiles will be youalone, it is difficult to foresee all the pitfalls.Very often have to deal with shortage of materials.The reason for this is the tile fight with sloppy work, the need to trim it to the desired size and get raised portions toilet and bathroom.And that's not to mention the fact that the lining is often necessary to perform in compliance with the pattern arrangement.

But do not give up, because there are key stages of the preparatory work.They will save you the costs for material and time.

The first thing necessary to calculate the number of pieces for the lining.Having placement scheme based on actual s

izes, you define the exact area under the lining.When purchasing select the number of tiles with a margin of 10% of the calculated area.This amount of spare material will certainly not superfluous and can be useful in the future if need replacing laid track or need to be a clear pattern to select bathroom accessories to match the walls.

measures the area of the room

Our calculations on the volume of purchases start with a bathroom measurements.Roulette in the hands and remove the height of the walls and the floor size.Air at a top rarely square shape, usually rectangular.In the first case it will be enough to measure the length of a single wall, and the second - under two.Calculating the value of the room perimeter multiply it to the height of the walls to get the total area.

From the area of the entire room will be deducted dimensions for doorways, windows, exhaust vents and the area of the wall that closes a bath.Her way is to put in the least, but now you can fasten the wall mounting profiles at the level of its upper edge.

If the room has a custom shape and it has a niche, arched walls and columns, all the elements should be measured separately. We do not need to obtain accurate values of their area, to determine the flow of facing materials is enough rough estimates.Total square to rectangular solid portions of walls add dimensions of the elements of complex shape.The result, we need to round off in a big way.

Focusing on the results of measurements, we make a schematic plan bathroom.Either with their account we can ask designers to simulate the project, which shows the finished look of the room after the lining.If desired, it can display the location of the plumbing, furniture and other interior items.

The choice of tiling

Depending on the method of laying ceramic tiles can change the material flow and the speed of work. Select the appropriate method for you can from the options:

Standard;

Diagonal;

Spaced;

Parquet laying

modular stacking

you need lining method choose cautiously.Not all of them are suitable for tiles with a definite direction of the drawing.Now let us consider in more detail the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Standard

widespread method of lining as the floor and walls.Assumes laying fragments smooth horizontal and vertical rows joint to joint.An important condition for accurate placement - this compliance level horizontally and vertically.For this checked right angles triangle, and the deviation from the vertical and horizontal building levels.

standard way to glue rectangular and square tiles, it also comes in handy when installing larger tile.For a richer design can be folded out of the fragments of a concentric pattern or alternate rows of different colors.The very way easy to use and saves a decent amount of time. But at the same time, has drawbacks:

method is suitable only for the tile without seams and regular shape;

Requires free from defects and toning of the plate thickness;

pattern lining will be somewhat monotonous.

you will not be difficult to achieve a good result with a standard installation, if you follow a smooth seam between the rows, and adjust the vertex angles of the neighboring slices.

Marshall tile on the wall, we recommend from the second row horizontally, focusing on the level of fixed beacon.Then all subsequent rows will be laid out flat, and fragments at the junction with floor and ceiling in the case of irregularities can be trimmed.

Diagonal

As the name series of tiles will line up on a diagonal with a slope to the surface at 45 degrees.Due to this the lining extends visually the distance between the plane angles.When a diagonal direction rows visually aligned non-perpendicular to each other the walls and floor.

method is not as simple as the previous one, it means the exact landing in compliance with the tilt angle and trim a large amount of material in the near-wall areas.Laying diagonally takes more time than other methods.

The type of masonry require the development of accurate schemes, taking into account the actual size of tiles and walls.All tiles must be the same size, on the faces have projections and chips.Rational to make a choice in favor of square tiles with this method of installation.

For convenience, the first row of the lining is placed in a standard way.It put tiles of rectangular shape with a length equal to the diagonal of the square pieces of the main clutch.In a series of rectangular pieces of the hypotenuse put down triangular halves of square tiles.From their ranks will be built of solid squares, one after another.It is important to smoothly join the edges of neighboring pieces to their vertices lie on a straight line.Compare the horizontality and verticality of the series level and corrects glued tiles if necessary.

Application Method series

Spread rows in two ways:

in slope.In this case it is easy to leave one side and to deviate from the angle of 45 degrees.Do not put yourself the tile in such a way, if you're not an experienced tiler.

horizontally.This method is easier and you will not be difficult to correctly place the pieces of the lining.Just expose the horizontal and vertical angles of each in a straight line.

Laying offset

Ready pattern surface after such a lining resembles a brick wall. It would be very appropriate if you have selected the material with a bulk surface, stylized natural stone or wood. This method is applicable generally to a rectangular tile, but in the case of square fragments will also look natural.

Placing tiles on the principle of brickwork will look equally good both on the walls and on the floor.It is desirable to select the material monotonous for him.

Stacking, as in the case of the conventional method, is carried out horizontally from the second bottom row.The main feature in the process of laying will follow a predetermined width of the joint between the tiles, in order not to leave too wide a gap in the wall.

Place the next row of the previous with the condition that the seam of the lower mating pieces fell on the middle of the top row of solid rectangles.Laying it would be best to start from the middle to align the bottom seam in the center of the tile.

Parquet

Since paneling lined manner strongly reminiscent of pattern wood flooring, it is more appropriate for the floor.

on a vertical plane to repeat this to be problematic, and the side walls are bent in such a visual picture.

characteristic pattern spread, using only a rectangular tile.The effect of it will be more vivid if the ornament will survey again two kinds of different color plates.

Parquet laying meets 2 types:

Normal herringbone, where rows are zigzag;

Herringbone to attach, where basic tiles are laid out around a small square.

specific pattern parquet laying great room where the walls are joined not at right angles or have a complex shape. most suitable for such a tile pattern with texture of natural wood, warm colors or contrasting combination plate of black and white.In the scheme of facing "a fishbone attach 'will be well looked more saturated and dark colors.

process execution parquet laying is somewhat similar to the laying of the diagonal.It will be necessary to cut the whole piece by a line drawn from the corner to the middle of the most opposite sides of the rectangle.From the resulting pieces formed an equilateral triangle.Having received the required number of such triangles, we put them to the wall.So we get the first row, on top of which lay out the next zigzag.

convenience of such a layout in a small amount of waste.By cutting in general it will be necessary to resort less frequently than in other cases.

modular method

modular stacking due to the large number of components makes the interior of a small bath more detailed and rich. Drawings modules can fold into complex geometric figures, colorful mosaic or even a whole picture.To take advantage of the free space of the room and bring them creative element, we recommend to resort to the help of the designers on arrangement bathrooms.They will design for you individual design.

However, you can perform the work on the modular stacking independently, focusing on the finished cards.They come in kits for the assembly of the module and are sold in specialty stores tile.

During acquisition module of the components need to be guided by an accurate diagram. Dimensions of tiles with different patterns and colors to be displayed in your plan as closely as possible.When building you will certainly need to put under the corners of the triangle, and strictly adhere to the width of all stitches.

Imitations modular assemblies offer you eliminate the need to count all by yourself.Their front side already has a modular grid of the decorative elements.There is a large set of pattern layouts and styles, so you are limited in the choice will not be.

procedure for calculating the number of tiles

In calculating the amount of consumable material it is important to accurately define the area to be closed tiles.For this calculated floor area and walls and are deducted all areas where tiles are not placed: parts of the walls of the bath and shower, door and window openings, ventilation openings.

When calculating the floor and walls of irregular shape conditionally divide them into portions in the form of a combination of simple geometric shapes: triangles, rectangles and trapezoids. calculating separately land area, they add up and round in a big way.

For clarity and better understanding of the location of the fragments in a future scheme of laying, do it to scale.Raschertite patterned grid to see how many solid pieces will be laid on the wall, and where they should be trimmed.

floor

advance forward floor area, the resulting figure is best to round up as many as in square meters.

For example, the results of measurements we have calculated that the floor is 8 m2.When choosing tiles, you're staying on the tiles square shape with dimensions of 35x35 cm. The area of one such fragment will be equal to 0.123 m2.We expect the number of tile fragments, which share a common area at 0.123.Total received 65 pieces.

Knowing that the whole number of fragments in length do not fit and inevitable trimming, adding to the resulting amount of stock in the 8-10 per cent, to have a reserve.Taking into account the calculated volume of material we obtain as a result of 71.5.Rounded to the nearest whole number of tiles and, as we see, for floors, we need 72 tiles.

important to remember that this format tiles are packed by 10 pieces in a pack. If you are unable to purchase individual pieces individually, it is wise to purchase the required number of packs with the amount of material is greater than estimated.The standard number of plates in one package 5, 7, 8, 10 and 12.

Wall

order of calculation for the walls practically almost no different from the calculation for the floor.Knowing the height, and the perimeter of the bathroom, calculate the total area.From it we subtract the sizes of plots, hidden behind the bathroom, and the size of the door frame with the window frames.

Some difficulties arise when stacking pattern includes alternating rows of tiles of different colors, blotches of decorative plates and pencil edging or border.Here we and useful visual scheme.

on paper or in a graphics editor Draw one column tile laying.It mark different colors or numbers plates with different patterns and colors, border, decor.The perimeter of the room is divided by the width of one plate to get the number of tiles for laying in a continuous row.In places the interrupt number of openings or protrusions on the taps respectively subtract and add them to the length of the perimeter.

calculated number of tiles for each type of tile rounded to whole and increase by 5% in order to have a reserve. repeat all of the above, to calculate the cost of each row if several rows of identical tiles to be laid, the sum them together.

So for a room the size of 4x2 m perimeter is 12 m subtract from it the width of the door 60 cm, have a 11.4 m resulting value is divided by the width of the rectangular tiles -... 35 cm Rounding number to an integer, we getplates 33 and 37 in view of the stock pieces.

diagonal

described hitherto tile flow calculation methods are applicable, if you stick to the standard placement schemes or offset rows. defined similarly to the diagonal method of laying tile number is wrong.

diagonal laying in a professional environment tilers known as one of the most expensive on the material.Solid plates are very often and in large quantities cropped calculations as series because the size of the circumcised parts will have time to adjust the time, and where and when to discard a large razbezhnosti.

tile simply count if you do the drawing and marking her laying on graph paper.Solid fragments can be in order to count, and to those that are cut pretty simple for a triangle shape.

If the tile work used a rectangular shape, the trim on the triangle will be a quarter of a sheet.When it laid out a pattern of square sheets, when you trim them bisect.It is easy to count the number of whole tiles will take you to trim.