Build Daily

August 12, 2017 18:06

How to plaster the walls - a video guide , photos , examples

Plaster walls - a complicated process, which is often carried out after a number of the most demanding construction and repair activities.Often stucco performs a decorative function, so at this stage it is necessary to ensure strict horizontal or vertical surface, as well as the highest level of appeal.


  • main features of using plaster
  • plaster Quality and Value
  • Help Professionals
  • Carrying plaster walls
    • Preparations
    • Fitted beacons
    • solution for plaster and technology application

to the surface looked really worthy, you should pay attention to the technology of applying plaster, as well as a number of other issues related to this process.

Of course, it is wet plaster is the most popular option walls, and it should be borne in mind that the serious shortcomings it has not.Practice shows that for leveling the walls are increasingly being used gypsum boards and similar solutions.Of course, a huge range of materials creates a kind of challenge for experts and masters, because t

o choose just one thing - not an easy task.

In this article we consider in detail all the parts of the plaster mixture choice, as well as to analyze the process of finishing the surfaces of this material.It should be borne in mind that to date, to create a smooth and attractive surface is not a big problem, but the main obstacle to the most attractive results is finishing technology, as well as, in some cases, quality and other characteristics of the material.

Plastered walls ,

main features of using plaster

To get started is to navigate that plaster the walls - it's quite messy and time-consuming process that not everyone in the teeth.Of course, the practice shows that the finish of the walls can even hold the inexperienced newcomers, but it should be borne in mind that it is necessary for such a thorough knowledge of the process technology, as well as numerous features of the use and application of the material.Unfortunately, the plaster is a rather unusual material, which may well cause problems working for no apparent reason.

In addition, a lot depends directly on what part of the plaster.Often, manufacturers use a variety of supplements that can significantly affect the finishing process.You can also become a victim of poor quality products, but we'll talk about a little later in this article.

Experts believe that the main advantage of the wet plaster before lining the walls with plaster panels is an attractive surface appearance.However attractive the outer surface of a plaster is obtained only in the case of compliance with all the required parameters associated with the application of technology.


is also important to bear in mind that the wet plaster should be used in small spaces where such repairs do not take away too much time and effort.In turn, the dry plaster (drywall and other materials) are utilized in large spaces, where with the help of large sheets of material can be quickly and efficiently make the room attractive.Too rough walls of equalize wet plaster would be extremely difficult, while gispokartonnye sheets easily conceal even the toughest surfaces disadvantages.

All the same experts emphasize that the most important thing to pay attention to the space in which one or another plaster will be used.The issue lies in the roughness of the walls, the room area, as well as in the project on the basis of which will be upgrading the space.For example, if you want to implement some kind of bold design project (it can be multi-level ceilings, three-dimensional wall parts, and much more), then based on the classic plaster something similar conduct will not work.Therefore it is best to entrust the choice of material to professionals who carefully consider the existing conditions.

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Quality and Value plaster

To purchase high-quality plaster should follow the whole list of requirements.Often, the owners, who want to buy the material, pay attention to the rather well-known manufacturers, engaged in production of building mixes and other materials for a long period of time.And it is likely the most correct decision.Unfortunately, the market can find a huge number of manufacturers of materials for the construction and repair products that do not meet the required parameters.In this case, it is important to remember that low-quality products not buy under any conditions.Often poor quality plaster different low price, which attracts owners who want to save on large-scale repairs every penny.However, such savings would be too strong impact, if after a short time the surface begins to be deformed and crumble.

If we compare the plaster with other decoration materials, the wet finish is actually more expensive than the nearest competitor.That's why owners who want to spend the most cheap repair, use the plastic panels, and even drywall for surface finishing.As a result, the appearance of the walls and ceilings should get quite attractive.But at the same time it should be borne in mind that only by wet plaster can be obtained with the original surface texture, as well as many other effects.Therefore, as we have said, wet plaster is indispensable in a wide range of situations.

Plastered walls , under the wallpaper and video

Help Professionals

  • In the event that the process plaster wall or ceiling for the first time, you can be sure that some of the errors in the application of the technology mix is ​​still manifest.Of course, often we are talking about minor issues, which is hardly any serious problem.At the same time, it makes sense to pay attention to the fact that this business can be entrusted to professionals who not only carry out the full scope of plastering work, but also give full guarantee for the quality of its services.It is obvious that the guarantee is not necessary, but there are many cases in which the plastered surface beginning to crumble and crack.In this case, experts who carried out the work, should all recover and not require a penny.
  • As is the case with the selection of the best plaster to professionals providing services on plaster walls should be treated very seriously.Often these children are those or other companies involved in the repair work.It is necessary to make a choice in favor of proven companies that have the maximum number of positive reviews.
  • last tip associated with the activation of the help of experts, lies in the fact that when doing his own repairs can sometimes hold some consultation with professionals in the industry.The idea is that during the process of finishing the walls can be various things that a beginner is not always able to fully analyze.In such situations, and useful assistance to consultants who often do not even require any financial reward.Such people can be found in major DIY stores, warehouses and supermarkets, related to the sale of materials for repair and construction.This option is most appropriate, as the hosts themselves doing a repair process, we are convinced of the high quality materials and finishes itself.Specialist consultant makes every effort only to employees do not make any mistakes from inexperience.

Carrying plaster walls


Training space to repair - this is an extremely important process, which depends on the result of many things.

  • The first thing to make a room absolutely all things and objects.As you know, wet plaster creates a lot of problems in terms of space pollution.Accordingly, the whole room during the repair will definitely be dirty and unattractive, that poses a danger to things located in the room.By the way, a drywall such problems do not arise.Sometimes, owners decide not to make some items (often furniture), covering all the necessary plastic tools also need to be removed.Separately want to say a few words about the flooring.Often installed in homes or laminate flooring, which can easily damage the building materials.Therefore, you must either cover all the floor of the same film, referred to earlier, or fill the surface of a thick layer of sawdust.All wires in the room should be insulated as they can get water.
  • next stage of preparatory work - it is cleaning the walls.Cleaning the surface is necessary to its very foundations, as any old plaster and other coatings can very quickly come into disrepair, with whom she oblezet and plaster.Cleaning the walls to the foundation must lead to the fact that in the end we get a relatively smooth wall with no significant deficiencies.For easy removal of old plaster and whitewash can be useful kleyter.The material is applied to the surface, it hardens, whereupon all coatings are extremely easily removed from the wall.For this case it is also useful to the most common spatula, allowing extremely fast and comfortable to remove a layer of old material.
  • If the wall are old wallpaper, they must be just soak, and then just take off from the surface, or scrape off with a wire brush.
  • Particular attention should be paid to cracks and other flaws that usually appear after removing the old plaster or other surfaces.If the crack is small, can be armed with an ordinary knife and try to expand it a little flaw, and then fill in the repair mixture (cement).On top of all these places after application must be placed plaster grid.If the damage to the surface too large, it is necessary to align the surface with the help of the same plaster or cement to try to restrict the usual (but in this case it is necessary to wait until the cement attains strength before undertaking major finishing work).
  • Concrete, brick or stone walls are not the best basis for the secure retention of the plaster, so it is advisable to create a finishing process on the surface of the skip some.For this case, you can use a toolbox or a small hammer.Accordingly, over the entire surface, with approximately the same pitch, the skip is created which simply provides an ideal connection.Definitely need to remember that to turn a wall into a fully broken surface does not need quite a bit of small depressions in which the plaster and go down.
  • Particular attention should be paid to the finishing plaster wooden walls.These surfaces are extremely rare, but in some cases it is wet plaster is ideal for creating an attractive space.In such circumstances, the wall surface must be obbit shingles.This is a small thin board with chipped along the fibers.Often used more and metal mesh, it was packed directly on untreated wall instead of this option (it is necessary to protect the grid from corrosion action, inflicting on it a coat of paint).

somehow pick - putty - 2

Fitted beacons

With beacons can be carried out without any problems finishing work, thus providing the ideal on the vertical (or horizontal - depending on the surface, which is amenable to finishing) surface.Often lighthouses installation process consists of the following stages:

  • With the construction level (preferably long) or plumb vertical wall is checked.
  • Then take dowels and hammered them in the corners of the room - one above and one below.Between these elements tied fishing line, which will carry out the function level.
  • Analyzing the arrangement of line, you can set the beacons.They are metal elements (profiles) that are expedient fastened to the wall with small heaps solution.Thus, the profiles are pressed into a solution ensuring a position which makes the wall surface after the process as flat plaster.While the solution is not got the strength, you can freely experiment with the position of profiles, but too much is not necessary to delay the process.The profiles must be in contact with the said fishing line, but it should not push.Step between the beacons should be 1-1.5 m.
  • addition, need and horizontal beacons, the location of which is based on all of the same above-mentioned technologies.In order to avoid any deviation, even the minimum, you should pay attention to the use of classic construction level.It is an indispensable tool to ensure complete quality control.

Now that the beacons are installed, you can safely proceed to the process of preparation of the plaster mixture.Often, this is an extremely simple process, which is described in detail in the documentation on the resource producer.

solution for plaster and coating equipment

For a start it is worth noting the fact that today is actively following solutions are used to plaster walls:

  • Cement solution consisting of 1 part cement and 3 parts sand.
  • mortar consisting of 1 part lime material and 3 parts sand.
  • cement-lime mortar consisting of 1 part cement, 5 parts sand and 1 part lime mortar.
  • Gypsum-lime mortar, consisting of 3 parts lime putty 1 part dry plaster.

Plaster walls - 3

Technology applying the plaster to the surface consists of the following stages:

  • The first layer is called "scratch coat".For this case, we need enough liquid solution that you just need to throw in the wall surface.It is enough to make a small swing (with a small distance from the wall) with a trowel, and which solution is taken.It is worth remembering that if the swing is too sweeping, the mixture is simply sprayed on the surface, and then the result will be quite poor quality.Often peculiar piles, which appear on the wall surface, should form a layer whose thickness is not more than 9 mm - for wooden surfaces, as well as up to 5 mm - for concrete and brick walls.It is better to do scratch coat evenly to the surface quality was really high.
  • second layer is in the main process.The consistency of the solution should be slightly thicker than in the case of the rendering.The thickness of the second layer should be limited to 10 mm.If the wall is too smooth, the layer can be even thinner.Application of the solution occurs by means of a wide spatula.Often this layer is applied in two approaches, as its total thickness is large enough.If we have a really wide spatula, it is necessary to draw attention to the fact that the alignment of the surface can be made between the lighthouses, but this applies only to the uppermost layer of points, in addition to level the surface still have.
  • third layer is often referred to as a finishing or finish coat.The fact is that it is this layer provides maximum smooth surface.Most often this process is activated with a mixture of fine sand.In this scenario, the wall surface is obtained almost smooth.If sand that has too large, it can be screened using a mesh with small cells.This layer is advisable to apply on damp surface.If the second layer has dried, it is possible to equip a conventional paint brush and moistened with water walls.

should be borne in mind that the cooked mixture to be used in the repair process for an hour, because after this period the material starts to lose its basic properties, and then finish walls will be a huge challenge, which is to minimize the already unlikely to succeed.